Administrative community (Bavaria)
The administrative communities were introduced in Bavaria as part of the First Law to Strengthen Local Self-Government of July 27, 1971, which was part of the regional reform in Bavaria . This law was published on September 25, 1979 (GVBl p. 313) under the heading “Administrative Community Regulations for the Free State of Bavaria (VGemO)”.
The first administrative community in Bavaria was founded on April 1, 1973 in Fischen im Allgäu , the Neustadt an der Waldnaab administrative community followed on July 1, 1973. The Nabburg administrative community began operations on January 1, 1974.
On June 30th, 2008 there were 313 administrative communities in Bavaria with 988 member communities in which 2,011,494 inhabitants lived, which corresponded to 16.1% of the population of Bavaria. In 2017 there were 311 administrative communities with 982 member communities (as of January 1, 2017).
The administrative community is an amalgamation of neighboring municipalities belonging to the district while maintaining the population of the municipalities involved. It fulfills public tasks in accordance with the law and serves to strengthen the performance and administrative power of its members. The administrative community is led by the community assembly made up of representatives of the member communities (according to community size, at least first mayor and one community council member). At its head is one of the First Mayors as community chairman. The office takes care of the current administrative work and supports the communities.
The tasks of an administrative community normally include all tasks of the assigned sphere of activity (usually registry office , registration, passport and identity card authorities, found law, fishing , trade law and social matters) except for the issuing of statutes and ordinances . The member communities retain the tasks of their own sphere of activity (community development planning , land-use planning , community planning sovereignty, facilities for culture, youth and sport, fire protection, tourism, budget and finance and statute law), whereby the administrative community acts as the authority of the member communities and thereby z. B. Business of current administration done. The municipalities partially deal with the tasks of their own sphere of activity in the municipal offices.
- All politically independent municipalities in Germany (with municipal associations, rural districts and administrative districts)
- ordinance of the Government of Swabia of 26 February 1973, the Official Gazette 25/1973 S.
- Philipp Hamann: Municipal area reform in Bavaria . S. 90 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
- 40 years of the Nabburg administrative community
- Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing (ed.): State and municipal finances in Bavaria. 2008 invoice results . Statistical report - L13003 200800. Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing, Munich November 2011, p. 34 ( destatis.de [PDF; accessed December 20, 2015]).
- Municipalityfor Bavaria 2015 published. March 3, 2016, accessed February 5, 2017 .
- Law amending the Law on the Local Organization of the State . In: Bavarian Law and Ordinance Gazette . Year 2016, No. 19 , 19 December 2016, p. 349 ( Verkuendung-bayern.de [PDF; accessed on February 5, 2017]).