Landsberg am Lech

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Landsberg am Lech
Landsberg am Lech
Map of Germany, position of the city of Landsberg am Lech highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 3 '  N , 10 ° 53'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Upper Bavaria
County : Landsberg am Lech
Height : 587 m above sea level NHN
Area : 57.9 km 2
Residents: 29,228 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 505 inhabitants per km 2
Postcodes : 86899, 86932
Primaries : 08191, 08246Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / area code contains text
License plate : LL
Community key : 09 1 81 130
City structure: 10 parish parts

City administration address :
Katharinenstrasse 1
86899 Landsberg am Lech
Website :
Lord Mayor : Doris Baumgartl (UBV)
Location of the town of Landsberg am Lech in the Landsberg am Lech district
Ammersee Landkreis Aichach-Friedberg Landkreis Augsburg Landkreis Ostallgäu Landkreis Weilheim-Schongau Landkreis Starnberg Landkreis Fürstenfeldbruck Windach Weil (Oberbayern) Utting am Ammersee Unterdießen Thaining Pürgen Schwifting Schondorf am Ammersee Scheuring Rott (Landkreis Landsberg am Lech) Reichling Prittriching Vilgertshofen Penzing (Bayern) Obermeitingen Landsberg am Lech Kinsau Kaufering Igling Hurlach Hofstetten (Oberbayern) Greifenberg Geltendorf Fuchstal Finning Eresing Egling an der Paar Eching am Ammersee Dießen am Ammersee Denklingen Apfeldorfmap
About this picture

Landsberg am Lech ( listen ? / I ) is a large district town and the administrative seat of the district of the same name in the administrative district of Upper Bavaria . The middle center is located on the Romantic Road and, according to the German Weather Service, is one of the sunniest cities in Germany. Landsberg has a well-preserved old town. Audio file / audio sample



The middle center is around 55 kilometers west of Munich and around 38 kilometers south of Augsburg . The city is the center of the Lechrain , the border landscape between Old Bavaria and Swabia . It is located on the high bank of the Lech and has a well-preserved old town that is well worth seeing.

City structure

The historic old town of Landsberg is nestled between the Lech and its eastern high bank. The districts west of the Lech (Katharinenvorstadt, Neuerpfting, Weststadt, Schwaighofsiedlung - today the largest part of the urban area) and on the eastern high bank (Bayervorstadt) did not emerge until the 19th century.

The municipality consists of five districts , which correspond to the former municipalities, and has ten officially named municipality parts (the type of settlement is indicated in brackets ):

Sandau and Pössing are not officially named parts of the municipality and are counted as part of Landsberg.

Lechwehr with the old town of Landsberg am Lech in the background

Climate table

Landsberg am Lech
Climate diagram
J F. M. A. M. J J A. S. O N D.
Temperature in ° Cprecipitation in mm
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Landsberg am Lech
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 2 3 6th 10 15th 18th 20th 19th 17th 12 6th 3 O 11
Min. Temperature (° C) −5 −4 −1 2 6th 9 11 11 8th 4th 0 −4 O 3.1
Precipitation ( mm ) 89 84 91 127 161 216 199 177 118 89 94 85 Σ 1,530
Rainy days ( d ) 16 15th 15th 16 17th 19th 18th 18th 14th 13 14th 15th Σ 190
Humidity ( % ) 81 78 74 72 72 75 75 77 79 81 82 82 O 77.3
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


middle Ages

Around 1135, a settlement called Phetine was documented in what would later be the urban area of ​​Landsberg, but it did not yet have town charter. In 1158, Duke Heinrich the Lion relocated the important salt road to a more southerly route, building a bridge over the Lech near Phetine. Before that, the salt road at Kaufering led across the river by means of a ford . To protect this bridge, he built a new, larger facility, called " Castrum Landespurch " , including Phetine Castle . The castle was on the one hand the Vogtburg of the Wessobrunn monastery (today the district of Weilheim-Schongau ) and on the other hand it protected the border to the monastery of Augsburg .

A rapidly growing settlement developed under the protection of this castle, which received town charter as early as the 13th century and was soon called "Landesperch" . The present-day town of Landsberg am Lech developed from this.
see also Burgstall Sandau

Lechwehr with the old town of Landsberg am Lech in the background

In 1315 the city burned down in the war between Ludwig the Bavarian and Frederick the Fair . Since the city had an important strategic location, it was rebuilt. The reconstruction was supported by the Duke of Bavaria .

In 1320 the city was given the right to levy salt duties. In this way, the city achieved considerable prosperity through the so-called salt penny .

The first salt barn was built in 1353; by the 17th century there were a total of three. In these salt stalls the salt was stored and also sold. In the 20th century the Salzstadel was used as a location by the Landsberg volunteer fire brigade , and in the 1990s the Landsberg City Library moved to the Lechstadel .

Lechwehr shot from a different perspective

The other trade also developed very well, primarily with grain and wood that was transported across the Lech. The city was constantly expanded and expanded, so that another city wall ring was necessary between 1415 and 1435. This considerably expanded the area in the north and east of Landsberg. In 1419 Duke Ernst approved the river tariff, the city was now allowed to collect 3 pfennigs tariffs from every passing raft , the income was used for the Landsberg fortifications. The Bayertor was built in 1425 as an entrance to the city from the east. The Salzstrasse ( coming from Munich ) also led into the city through this gate .

In 1429, Duke Ernst awarded the city the city coat of arms, which is still valid today . In 1434 he donated the trout drink after the dance with the Landesberger Bürgerfrauen . In 1437 he donated the virgin money . Every year the Landsbergers had to hand over 40 pfennigs of their tax receipts to two innocent virgins as marriage money.

Modern times

Landsberg am Lech around 1580 (colored pen drawing)

Duke Albrecht V initiated the founding of the Landsberg Federation in Landsberg in 1556, with Ferdinand I playing a major role . It is the union of predominantly Catholic territories and cities ( Bavaria , Upper and Upper Austria , the Lutheran imperial city of Nuremberg , Salzburg , the Hochstifte Augsburg , Bamberg and Würzburg , which Kurmainz and Kurtrier later also joined) in order to organize against the Protestant imperial estates, in particular princes like Albrecht Alkibiades von Brandenburg-Kulmbach . The Catholic princes wanted to prevent a further advance of Protestantism . The foundation of the Jesuit college in Landsberg, which opened in 1576, also served to promote recatholicization .

The city ​​suffered a massacre during the Thirty Years War . Swedish troops of General Lennart Torstensson besieged the city from April 11, 1633. On the night of April 19-20, on the orders of Duke Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar , troops fighting on the Protestant side stormed the town. They subsequently slaughtered all residents except for 500 recruits who joined them. In the last two years of the Thirty Years War, which began in 1618, the population fell from 650 to 202.

The first written evidence of house numbering dates from 1762 . The count, which is still valid today, was established in 1790. Regardless of the current street names, this numbering runs from No. 1 on the main square to No. 496a in the Hofgraben . In addition, there are secondary numbers with a, b, c or 1/2, 1/3 and 1/4, which were created in the event of divisions or additional buildings.

National Socialism

Landsberg played a special role in National Socialism due to Adolf Hitler's imprisonment only partially served here . In 1924 he wrote his book " Mein Kampf " while in prison . From 1937 to 1945 Landsberg am Lech stylized itself with the " Hitler cell ", next to Munich and Nuremberg, as the third central site of National Socialism. It became known (made) as a meeting place for the Hitler Youth with the award of the title “Landsberg - City of Youth”. The buildings planned by the city council and supported benevolently by the district, district and state management were only partially implemented.

In 1944, towards the end of World War II, the largest concentration camp complex in the German Reich was built around Landsberg and Kaufering with eleven locations (other large camps had been built in the occupied territories). All of the concentration camps there bore the name “Kaufering”, even if the commandant's office was in Landsberg. On June 18, 1944, the transport with the first 1000 prisoners from Auschwitz arrived in Kaufering. As part of the “Ringeltaube” armaments project, they were supposed to build three gigantic underground bunkers for the production of the new Messerschmitt Me 262 jet fighter . Because of the inhumane housing, because of hunger , cold and illnesses such as typhus , the exploitation of the labor force up to extermination, the prisoners called the concentration camps "cold crematoria". By the end of October 1944, anyone who could no longer work was sent back to Auschwitz to the gas chambers. The last transport to Auschwitz took place on October 25, 1944. 1020 prisoners were sent from camps I, II, III, IV and VII. From November 1944 (the gas chambers were dismantled) the prisoners died in the camp. Most of the prisoners suffering from typhus were sent to the so-called Kaufering IV sick camp . The bodies were buried in mass graves in the area. In April 1945 an attempt was made to "evacuate" the majority of the prisoners who were still able to walk from the area where the Americans were advancing with a so-called death march . The misery train led across Landsberg's old town and up the Neue Bergstrasse. A memorial stone in the upper part of the Neue Bergstrasse commemorates the victims. Only about 15,000 prisoners survived the final phase of the extermination of the Jews and were liberated by the US Army on April 27, 1945. The last remains of the largest concentration camp complex are located on the former concentration camp Kaufering VII near Landsberg. The Landsberg Citizens' Association in the 20th Century for Researching Landsberg Contemporary History around the historian Anton Posset built the European Holocaust Memorial there .

Despite the central importance of the city at the time under National Socialism and the military facilities that were located nearby (since 1935, including the Penzing Air Base ) or within the urban area ( e.g. Saarburg barracks ), Landsberg am Lech remained one of the few district towns Germany spared allied air raids. According to contemporary witnesses, in April 1944 only one fighter aircraft that was on its way to the attack in Munich lost a smaller explosive device that hit and destroyed a medieval house on today's Georg-Hellmair-Platz. This house with number 169, which now houses a café, was only rebuilt in the 1980s under the criteria of monument protection.

post war period

In 1945 many of the Jewish survivors from the concentration camps around Landsberg am Lech were uprooted and homeless. Often they had lost their loved ones or did not know where they were. Thousands of these Displaced Persons (DPs) were accommodated and cared for by the Allies in Landsberg. The Jewish survivors referred to themselves as " She'erit Hapletah " - the rest of the saved.

Main square, in the middle the Marienbrunnen, in the background the historic town hall (before the redesign in 2013)

On May 9, 1945, the US Army set up a DP (Displaced Persons Camp) in the Saarburg barracks . At the end of 1945, around 7,000 DPs lived in this area. More were added when in 1946/47 around 300,000 Jews fled after anti-Semitic excesses from Eastern Europe to the care of the Western Allies. About 23,000 Jewish DPs passed through it during its existence.

From 1947 to 1948, the German film about the fate of Holocaust survivors " Long is the path " with Israel Beker in the lead role was made on the grounds of the Landsberg am Lech DP camp . A street in the same place was named after him.

After the establishment of the State of Israel , the Landsberg DP camp developed more and more into a transit camp. Many of the former concentration camp prisoners prepared for their reintegration and emigration to Israel, the USA or other countries of their choice. In the Landsberg DP camp there were, among other things, schools, workshops, nine kibbutzim and also a camp newspaper, the “Yiddish Landsberger Cajtung”.

By April 1950, the number of people in the DP camp had dropped to 1,500. Landsberg became a camp to which the residents of other DP camps that had been disbanded withdrew until the Landsberg DP camp was finally disbanded on November 1, 1950.

Between 1945 and 1958, the Landsberg prison was used by the American occupying forces to accommodate German war criminals. In 1946 it became the US War Criminals Prison No. 1 . Until 1951 condemned German were in Landsberg war criminals executed . The exact number is controversial and fluctuates between 279 and just over 300. On January 7, 1951, around 4,000 residents demonstrated in Landsberg in favor of pardoning the Nazi criminals, which turned into an anti-Semitic rally.

On September 1, 1963, the Bundeswehr's missile squadron 1 (FKG 1) was set up with the Pershing I operational-tactical weapon system . In 1991 the squadron was disbanded.

On January 1st, 2002 the spelling of the name was officially changed from "Landsberg a.Lech" to "Landsberg am Lech".


On July 1, 1972, the previously independent communities Pitzling and Reisch were incorporated as part of the regional reform in Bavaria (1970–1978).

Landsberg am Lech from the west

Erpfting, into which the municipality of Ellighofen was incorporated in 1972, was added in 1978.

Freedom of circle

From June 1, 1877 to April 1, 1940, the city was part of the immediate district. On April 1, 1948, it regained its district freedom and remained independent of a district until the territorial reform that came into force on July 1, 1972. On this day it was incorporated into the Landsberg am Lech district and received the status of a large district town.


Development of the annual population
year population Remarks
1808 2,524
1840 3,245 500 houses
1861 3,309 with the garrison (7th Jäger Battalion , four Landwehr companies ), 18 Protestants , 829 buildings
1877 4,916 4,784 Catholics, 109 Protestants, 727 residential buildings
1880 5,243
1890 5,470
1900 5,977 with the garrison (a division of field artillery No. 9), including 277 Evangelicals, 5,688 Catholics
1910 7,285 393 Protestants, 6,866 Catholics
1925 7,285 of which 503 Protestants, 7,192 Catholics, four other Christians, 21 Jews
1933 8,264 668 Protestants, 7,549 Catholics, two other Christians, 18 Jews
1939 8,705 thereof 817 Evangelicals, 7,756 Catholics, 24 other Christians, no Jews
1950 11,733
1960 11,700 2,300 of them displaced
1970 16,641 with incorporated localities
1988 19,808
2000 25,564
2010 28,350
2018 29,132 since 1988 an increase of 47.1%
Graphic representation of the development of the population of Landsberg am Lech from 1840 to 2018

After the end of the Second World War , Landsberg am Lech experienced a considerable increase in population as a result of the expulsion of the Germans from the eastern regions of the German Empire . Most of the displaced people who had to be taken in came from the Sudetenland and Silesia .

The population of Landsberg am Lech increased from 1988 to 2008 by 7,904 people or around 40%. Between 1988 and 2018, the population increased by 9,324 and 47.1%, respectively.


City council

Allocation of seats in the city council
year CSU Green SPD UBV FW ÖDP BAL UBV / FW LM FDP total voter turnout
2020 8th 7th 4th 6th - 1 - - 3 1 30th 55.7%
2014 8th 6th 4th - - 1 1 6th 4th - 30th 43.3%
2008 11 5 6th - - 1 1 6th - - 30th 44.1%
2002 13 3 7th 3 2 1 1 - - - 30th 48.3%

BAL = BürgerAktion Landsberg
LM = Landsberger Mitte
UBV = Independent Citizens' Association

Six parliamentary groups were formed in 2014 . BAL and ÖDP have formed a group .


Doris Baumgartl (UBV) has been the Lord Mayor of Landsberg since May 1, 2020 . In the 2020 local elections, she was elected in the runoff election with 66.81% of the vote.

Previous city leaders:

Town twinning

Signpost to the former twin town Failsworth at the mother tower

Culture and sights


View from the Schlossberg to the rear old town

In the old City

Above all, the old town of Landsberg has a number of important buildings that are well worth seeing.

The center of the city is the main square with its unusual triangular shape. At its center is the Marienbrunnen, built around 1700. To the west of it is the old town hall with a magnificent rococo facade by Dominikus Zimmermann . In the southwest of the square is the former Ursuline monastery with the monastery church based on plans by Dominikus Zimmermann. In the northeast, the main square is bounded by the Schmalzturm (also beautiful tower), a city tower from the 13th century.

Further north, the parish church of the Assumption of the Virgin dominates Landsberg's old town. The originally Gothic church building was redesigned in baroque style around 1708. Inside there is high baroque splendor, which Matthias Stiller and Jörg Pfeifer contributed to.

Maltese church with a new city museum

Somewhat hidden in the Vorderen Anger (northern old town) is the Johanniskirche , a sacred building by Dominikus Zimmermann, which is considered one of the most charming creations of the Bavarian Rococo .

To the west of the old town are the former salt towns, which are now used as residential and commercial buildings, but also for the city library and the city archive.

From the Schmalzturm on the main square, the Alte Bergstrasse leads up the "mountain" to the eastern high bank. Left-hand traffic was required on the very narrow and steep road until the 1950s. The romantic, picturesque row of houses in the “Hexenviertel” and Landsberger Schlossberg are located south of Alte Bergstrasse. The castle itself (the Landespurch, which gave the city its name), was demolished in 1800–1810.

On the "mountain", the eastern high bank, are the former Jesuit buildings: the Holy Cross Church (also called Maltese Church, consecrated in 1754), the former Jesuit college (today Heilig-Geist-Spital) and the former Jesuit high school (today Neues City Museum).

Landsberg's old town is surrounded by three, in large parts still well-preserved city walls (see Landsberg am Lech city fortifications ). In the course of this there are, among other things, the Dachlturm and Sandauer Tor in the north, Bäckertor and Färbertor in the west and Nonnentörl and Jungfernsprung in the south. The highlight of the Landsberg city fortifications, however, is the Bayertor in the east, built in 1425 , one of the most impressive and beautiful city gates in southern Germany.

In front of the old town is the four-tier Lech weir ( Karolinen weir ) , which defines the cityscape . On its west side, directly in front of the Karolinenbrücke, is enthroned "Father Lech", a larger than life sculpture from 1952, which allegorically refers to the importance of the river for Landsberg.

Outside the old town

The late Gothic "Bayertor"

In a small park on the west bank of the Lech in the 1880s by Sir is Hubert von Herkomer built medieval castle romance simulating Mutterturm . Today the tower is often used for weddings and romanticizing photographs.

In the Katharinenvorstadt are the old Gothic Katharinenkirchlein (today the war memorial chapel) and the neo-Gothic church of St. Katharina. Other church buildings in the west of the city are the Protestant Christ Church (built 1913/14), the Spötting cemetery church (1765) and the modern parish church of the Holy Angels (1967).

In the west of the city is also the building complex of the penal institution , built between 1904 and 1908 . In front of it is the Spöttinger Friedhof, where both victims and perpetrators of the National Socialist regime are buried.

Landsberg's involvement in the National Socialist tyranny is also evident in the concentration camp cemetery in the industrial area, in the European Holocaust memorial in the Kaufering VII subcamp, in the death march memorial on Neue Bergstrasse and in the bunker in Landsberg's Welfen barracks, which is now used by the military .

The Dreifaltigkeitsfriedhof, located at the Sandauer Brücke, was rebuilt in the early 16th century. Presumably the existing grave sites of the previous cemeteries were no longer sufficient. When historically significant grave sites were to be given up at the beginning of the 1970s, the city council decided to keep such grave stones. From the beginning of the 1980s, no more burials were carried out in the lower part of the cemetery, from the turn of the millennium also in the upper part of the cemetery. The cemetery wall, the Holy Trinity Church and the sacristan's house are under monument protection.

In the districts

In the Landsberg district of Sandau stands the former monastery church of St. Benedikt , which with its Carolingian core is one of the oldest churches in Bavaria.

On the north-eastern outskirts of Pitzling is Pöring Castle with the Maria von der Versöhnung Castle Church, which was built by Dominikus Zimmermann in 1764–1766.

Religious communities

As a small town in Upper Bavaria, Landsberg has a Roman Catholic influence. With the settlement of the Jesuits in the 16th century, the city had even become a center of the Counter Reformation in southern Germany. Even today, the majority of the Landsberg population is of the Roman Catholic denomination. The city's Catholic patron is St. Sebastian , whose feast day is celebrated every year with a procession on a January Sunday. Today the city is divided into two Catholic parishes: In the east (old town and Bayervorstadt including the districts of Pitzling and Reisch) the parish of the Assumption of Mary, in the west the parish of Zu den Heiligen Engeln (formerly St. Ulrich and Katharina). The Erpfting district belongs to the nearby parish of Igling , the Ellighofen district to the Unterdießen parish .

The first Protestants are recorded in Landsberg in 1524. After years of persecution and oppression, a Protestant congregation was only able to establish itself in the city after 1860. The Christ Church on the left bank of the Lech has been the center of the community since 1914.

There has been a New Apostolic Church in Katharinenvorstadt since 1970 .

The Muslim community in Landsberg has a prayer room in the southwest of the city.

Museums and galleries

The former Jesuit grammar school above the old town, built in 1694, houses the New City Museum with its collections on the city's history, municipal handicrafts and painting between Lech and Ammersee (for example the artist group “Die Scholle” ). In addition, the museum shows changing special exhibitions.

In the mother's tower on the left bank of the Lech is the Herkomer Museum, which commemorates the artist and pioneer of automobile sport Hubert von Herkomer .

Exhibition rooms with changing occupancy are the columned hall at the city theater and the town hall gallery in the extension of the old town hall .

Finally, the private shoe museum plant in Landsberg's old town with its extensive collection of historical and contemporary shoes and shoehorns attracts national attention .

Theater and theater groups

The Stadttheater Landsberg is one of the oldest public theaters in Bavaria. It shows guest performances by renowned German theaters, dance and music performances, cabaret and houses the film forum by Kurt Tykwer. The city theater is also home to the Landsberg stage, the most traditional amateur theater group in the city.

The group " Die Stelzer ", founded in 1983, is an internationally active ensemble that performs theater on stilts.

Theater performances and concerts from the area of ​​popular and mass culture also take place in the halls of the Landsberg Sports Center.


Landsberg has distinguished itself as a center of concert organ music for several years. The “Landsberger Orgelsommer”, the “Landsberger Orgelkonzerte” and the international organ competition “Orgelstadt Landsberg” - all initiated by Johannes Skudlik , the cantor of the parish church of the Assumption of Mary - enjoy high national recognition. In addition to Venice and other cities, Landsberg is also the scene of the European organ festival “Via Claudia Augusta”.

Another international festival has been established since 2008 with “Fascination Guitar”, which Christian Gruber is the artistic director.

A musical figurehead of the city is the Landsberg vocal ensemble, which has already won several national and international choir competitions.

The multi-day summer music festival "SoundLaster" has been held since 2012, where local bands - newcomers as well as established artists - can present themselves.


The Lechrain dialect is spoken in Landsberg, combining East Swabian and Central or South Bavarian dialect forms with Middle High German relics in a peculiar hybrid form. However, Lechrainian has been spoken less for years.

In the “Schwabseits” (west of the Lech) parts of the municipality Erpfting and Ellighofen, Swabian dialect forms already predominate.


The only daily newspaper in Landsberg is the “Landsberger Tagblatt”, a local edition of the “ Augsburger Allgemeine ”. With the "Landsberger extra" and the " Kreisbote " there are also two weekly papers with an editorial section. The "Landsberger monthly newspaper" and "Stadt Land Lech" are monthly city magazines.

In the radio media sector, Landsberg belongs to the catchment area of ​​" TOP FM Regionalradio " based in Fürstenfeldbruck . There is no local television program of its own.

Recreational facilities

The sports center Landsberg offers ice , gym and event hall as well as a restaurant and lecture rooms. It is a regular venue for HC Landsberg ice hockey games , other sporting events, theater performances and concerts.

The Inselbad is a special feature of the municipal leisure facilities. The heated outdoor pool is located between the old town and the Lech and offers access to the river, so Landsberg has a natural gravel bathing beach right in the city center.

The glider airfield of the Geratshof glider club is located south of the Ellighofen district.

sports clubs

The city's sporting figureheads are the HC Landsberg ice hockey club and the TSV 1882 Landsberg soccer team .

  • HC Landsberg , the 1st team in 2019/20 plays in the fourth-class Bayernliga . Successor to EV Landsberg who had to file for bankruptcy in spring 2011.
  • TSV 1882 Landsberg , the 2019/20 soccer team plays in the fifth-class Bayernliga Süd .
  • Basketball club DJK Landsberg
  • Free gymnastics club Jahn Landsberg : The 2019/20 soccer team plays in the district league 2 (Zugspitzgruppe).
  • American Football Club Landsberg 2007 eV (Landsberg X-Press): The men's team plays in the third-class regional league.
  • German Alpine Association eV Section Landsberg am Lech
  • 1. BC Landsberg billiards club : Played snooker in the 1. Bundesliga for four years .
  • Türkspor Landsberg : The soccer team plays in A-Class 7 (Zugspitze Group).
  • Ditib Landsberg
  • Rugby Club Landsberg am Lech e. V
  • Swimming Club Lechfeld eV : Newly founded swimming club since March 2019 to promote swimming in Landsberg.
  • Judoclub Samurai eV : Has been teaching judo for over 30 years and has been offering the opportunity to practice parkour since 2010 .

Celebrations and events

Historic children's festival: the Landsberger Ruethenfest
Oldtimer rally: the traditional competition

The Landsberger festival calendar includes the Sebastian procession in honor of the city patron St. Sebastian on a January Sunday, the carnival parade of the schools on "Lumpigen Thursday" , the Lechschall Festival with local music bands in spring, the " Landsberger Wiesn " festival in June, the City festival on the main square in July, the South German pottery market on the Mutterturm in August, the Long Art Night in September and the Landsberg Christmas market in December.

The Landsberg weekly market (every Wednesday and Saturday), the Veitsmarkt in June and the Kreuzmarkt in September have emerged from the old market tradition. Today, the Kreuzmarkt and Veitsmarkt are linked to shopping Sundays in the city.

Every two years the Herkomer competition starts in Landsberg , a touring car rally with vintage cars that commemorates the Landsberg artist and automobile sport pioneer Hubert von Herkomer .

Every four years, the next time in July 2023, the Landsberger Ruethenfest , one of the largest historical children's festivals in Bavaria, takes place. Children present the history of the city in dances, troop camps and pageants.

The nationally known Snowdance Independent Film Festival has found its home in Landsberg since 2014 .

Culinary specialties

The regional cuisine combines Bavarian and Swabian influences .

Several culinary products adorn themselves with the Landsberg name, but here it is difficult to distinguish real traditions from modern marketing methods. The "Landsberger Ring" is a sausage made from beef, pork and potatoes, which is served on sauerkraut. The "Landsberger Rat" is a sweet herbal liqueur based on a medieval recipe. The "Landsberger Gold" and the "Landsberger Weisse" are beers that are brewed according to rediscovered old recipes and distributed regionally.

Soil monuments

See: List of soil monuments in Landsberg am Lech

Economy and Infrastructure



Landsberg is located at the intersection of the Bundesautobahn 96 Munich – Lindau with the Bundesstrasse 17 Augsburg – Füssen, which is built like a motorway between Augsburg and Landsberg. The connection of the B 17 to the A 96 at the Landsberg-West junction is made via Germany's largest roundabout (330 meters in diameter).

The city is also a stop on the famous holiday and tourism route " Romantic Road ". Coming from Augsburg , the route leads east of the Lech via Mering , Prittriching and Weil to Landsberg. The "Romantic Road" swings south to the western bank of the Lech, where it finally reaches Schongau via Fuchstal , Denklingen and Hohenfurch .

The topographical location of the city on the high bank of the Lech is a constant challenge for inner-city traffic. On the old, narrow and steep connection from the high bank to the river valley, the Alte Bergstrasse , left-hand traffic was mandatory until the 1950s for safety reasons . Today all west-east traffic in the city flows over a single route (Katharinenstrasse - Karolinenbrücke - Hauptplatz - Neue Bergstrasse). The high traffic load on these streets, especially on the main square, Landsberg's central square, is a recurring theme in city politics. A south bypass close to the city center (Katharinenstrasse - Neue Bergstrasse) is repeatedly requested, but such plans have not been pursued since 2009.


Citizens station at night

The Landsberg am Lech station is connected via the branch line Landsberg-Kaufering to the German rail network. This line is part of the Lechfeldbahn from Landsberg via Kaufering to Bobingen with a connection to Augsburg.

The section of the Fuchstalbahn to Schongau south of Landsberg has only been used for freight traffic since 1984. An "Initiative Fuchstalbahn" has been trying for years to reactivate passenger traffic on this route.

Landsberg station, built in 1872, was sold to a mobility service provider in 2004. After extensive building renovation and an expansion of the range of services, the “Citizens' Station Landsberg” was named “Station of the Year” in 2007 by the “ Pro-Rail Alliance ” (next to Berlin Central Station ).


Intensive flooding was carried out on the Lech well into the 20th century . Since the rafts could not cross the Lech weir in the city, they were diverted beforehand and - for a fee - led around the weir over the wooden plank route of the "Long Journey". After the decline of the rafting industry, the "Long Voyage" was canceled in the 1970s. Today there is no more water traffic on the Lech in Landsberg.

air traffic

To the north-east of the city is the Landsberg / Lech Air Base , which was mainly used for the transport and supply of the Bundeswehr soldiers working abroad with a UN or NATO mandate and whose Transall-C160 ensured the operation of the air landing and air transport school in Altenstadt near Schongau . Air operations were discontinued as a result of the 2011 Bundeswehr reform at the end of September 2017.

Bike paths

Landsberg is on the long-distance cycle path , which runs as the Via Claudia Augusta along an ancient Roman road of the same name .

power supply

In 1969, the city had sold the then electricity company together with the power grid to Lechwerke . In 2008 the city council decided to buy back the power grid. On January 1, 2010 the Stadtwerke Landsberg, newly founded by the city, started operations. On January 1, 2011, Stadtwerke Landsberg took over the local power grid of the LEW in the core town of Landsberg. Before that, the municipal utility had already offered its environmentally friendly electricity from hydropower and combined heat and power to customers willing to switch. Together with the district and local heating from several block-type thermal power stations , the municipal utilities operate a municipal energy supply in 2 sectors .

Established businesses

Due to the only indirect connection to the national railway network, industrialization in Landsberg only got off to a slow start in the 19th and 20th centuries. Until well into the post-war period, the local garrison was the city's largest employer.

In the 1970s, a settlement of the US chemical and pharmaceutical company Eli Lilly and Company in the northwest of the city failed due to massive public protests. The Landsberg industrial and commercial area, which was designated instead, has since become home to numerous, many small and medium-sized, but also to a number of nationally important companies. The latter include above all Rational AG , world market leader in the manufacture of combi steamers for (large) kitchens, and the Veit Group , the world's leading manufacturer of machines and systems in the field of ironing technology. In Landsberger industrial area is also the headquarters of the find Lutz Fleischwaren GmbH , the publisher modern industry with the distribution center of the Süddeutsche publishing house , an award-winning for its quality management work of iwis motorsysteme GmbH & Co. KG (iwis chains) and the South German Technical Center of ADAC with the service center of the "Yellow Angels" and a crash test facility.

In 2006, a large sawmill belonging to the Austrian Klausner Group began work in the Frauenwald industrial park to the west of the industrial area . The settlement of the company was particularly controversial because of the clearing of the Frauenwald forest intended as a recreational area, an industrial wasteland from the time of the Third Reich (ammunition factory of Dynamit AG ). After only two years in production, the sawmill had stood still since January 2009 and was finally sold in 2010 to the Russian Ilim Timber , which belongs to Boris Zingarevich .


The city is the seat of the Landsberg am Lech district . In addition, a tax office and a district court have their seat in Landsberg.

The Landsberg land surveying office is responsible for the Landsberg am Lech and Starnberg districts. The Weilheim Employment Agency has an office in Landsberg, and the Weilheim State Building Authority has a service center for building construction. The Landsberg Agricultural Office is an office of the Dachau-Fürstenfeldbruck-Landsberg Agriculture Office .

Correctional facility

The Landsberg correctional facility (JVA), built between 1904 and 1908, now serves as a prison for male adult first-time offenders. The Landsberg prison gained national fame through the imprisonment of Adolf Hitler in 1923/24; From 1933 the " Hitler cell " became a place of pilgrimage for National Socialism . After the Second World War, the prison served as "War Criminal Prison No.1" for the American occupation forces. By 1951, 281 war criminals had been executed here.

armed forces

Landsberg has a long tradition as a garrison town . The army maintained until the 1990s, five barracks in and near Landsberg. In the course of several site closings, however, three of these barracks were completely dissolved: the Saarburg barracks located in the city center was converted into the Katharinenanger residential area , and the Ritter von Leeb barracks located on the southwestern outskirts into the “Obere Wiesen” residential area. The site of the former Lechrain barracks located south of the city is now home to the Lechrain industrial estate. The units stationed here, including a tank battalion , mainly used the Dornstetten military training area in the municipality of Unterdießen as training ground .

Today only the Welfen barracks with the repair center 13 and parts of the Bundeswehrdienstleistungszentrum (BwDLZ) Landsberg exist in the city area . To the northeast of the city, in the neighboring municipality of Penzing , is the Landsberg / Lech Air Base , which was home to Air Transport Wing 61 and was decommissioned in September 2017.


The Landsberg Clinic is a care level I hospital in the form of an independent municipal company in the Landsberg am Lech district . It has 221 beds (including the occupancy departments), six dialysis places and eight places in the day clinic for pain therapy. Attached is a vocational school for health and nursing with 51 training places.

A specialist hospital of the Lech-Mangfall-Kliniken for psychiatry and psychotherapy in the district of Upper Bavaria has been affiliated to the Landsberg Clinic since 2002.

Kindergartens and schools


In Landsberg there are 5 day nurseries, 15 kindergartens (including one Waldorf kindergarten and two forest kindergartens) in the new kindergarten year 2017/18. A municipal children's office also helps with finding child minders.

General education schools

In the city of Landsberg there are four primary schools (Erpfting, Katharinenvorstadt, Spitalplatz, Platanenstrasse) and the Landsberg Middle School with the two locations Fritz Beck Middle School and Middle School Schlossberg (the lower secondary schools were reorganized and converted into middle schools in 2012/13).

The school center in Weststadt houses the Johann-Winklhofer-Realschule and the Dominikus-Zimmermann-Gymnasium , both sponsored by the Landsberg am Lech district . The Ignaz-Kögler-Gymnasium in the city center is also subordinate to the district.

In the east of the city is the private Waldorf School Landsberg.

The special educational support center "Schule am Luisenhof" is sponsored by the district.

Vocational schools

The Landsberg vocational schools run by the district include the state vocational school, a vocational school and a technical college.

A vocational school for health and nursing is attached to the Landsberg Clinic.

The district of Upper Bavaria maintains its agricultural education center in Landsberg with a technical school, agricultural machinery school, household technology training and a beekeeping school.

Landsberg is also the seat of Heimerer GmbH social care schools, which carry out training and retraining in the areas of care, therapy and social affairs as well as business, tourism, IT and languages at ten locations in Bavaria and Saxony .


Honorary citizen

sons and daughters of the town

Other personalities associated with the city

  • Father Rupert Mayer (1876–1945), beatified Jesuit priest in 1987, recovered from his leg amputation in Landsberg during the First World War. In 1938 he was imprisoned by the Nazis in Landsberg prison for sermons hostile to the regime.
  • Johnny Cash (1932–2003), one of the most influential American country singers and songwriters, was stationed as a radio operator at a listening post in Landsberg am Lech from 1951–54. Here he bought a guitar, began performing on stage, founded his first band (Landsberg Barbarians) and wrote the "Folsom Prison Blues".
  • Günter Sigl (* 1947), singer and songwriter of the Spider Murphy Gang, spent his childhood and youth in Landsberg am Lech.
  • Ricky Harris (* 1962), American presenter, musician, entertainer and actor, lived in Landsberg am Lech for many years.
  • Martin Schleske (* 1965), violin maker and spiritual writer, lives and works in Landsberg am Lech.
  • Maxi Arland (* 1981), German musician and presenter, lived with his wife in Landsberg am Lech.
  • Anton Posset (1941–2015) historian, dealt intensively with coming to terms with the regional Nazi past

See also


recent chronicles
  • Herbert Regele: 700 years of the city of Landsberg am Lech . Ed .: City of Landsberg am Lech. Landsberg 1980 (94 pages; self-published).
  • Hermann Engl: Landsberg am Lech: City on the Romantic Road; History and sights . Engl, Holzkirchen 1996, ISBN 3-9804072-2-5 (192 pages).
  • Volker Dotter Weich and Karl Filser (eds.): Landsberg in contemporary history - contemporary history in Landsberg . Vögel, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-89650-310-7 (556 pages; in connection with Elke Kiefer and the city of Landsberg am Lech).
  • Weisshaar-Kiem, heather; Fischer, Sonia [Red.]: Home between Upper Bavaria and Swabia . Ed .: Landsberg am Lech district. 1st edition. EOS, St. Ottilien 2010, ISBN 978-3-8306-7437-5 (344 pages; color images).
  • Anton Lichtenstern: Landsberg am Lech history and culture . Holzheu, Mering 2012, ISBN 978-3-938330-14-2 (256 pages; with photographs by Bernd Kittlinger).
older chronicles
  • H. Zintgraf: Landsberg 'a | L. and surroundings - historical = topographical sketch - with view of the city and map of the surroundings, Landsberg 1877 ( E-copy )
  • Franz Dionys Reithofer : Chronological history of the royal. Bavarian cities of Landsberg and Weilheim , the patch of Ebersberg , and the Ramsau monastery; from mostly unused sources. Munich 1815 ( e-copy ).
  • Maximilian Benno Peter von Chlingensperg: The Kingdom of Bavaria in its ancient, historical, artistic and picturesque beauties, containing in a series of steel engravings the most interesting areas, cities, churches, monasteries, castles, baths, other architectural monuments with accompanying texts (illustrated by Johann Poppel ), Munich 1840, Verlag Georg Franz, pp. 155–172 ( e-copy ).
  • Jacob Norbert Friedl: Representation of the royal, Bavarian city of Landsberg. Accompanied with certificates. Landsberg 1819 ( E. copy ).

Web links

Commons : Landsberg am Lech  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. Titus Arnu: Sonnigster place in Germany. Retrieved January 25, 2020 .
  3. ^ Municipality of Landsberg in the local database of the Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online . Bavarian State Library, accessed on September 8, 2019.
  4. ^ Franz von Soden: Gustav Adolph and his army in southern Germany from 1631 to 1635 , vol. 2, p. 71. Erlangen 1867 , queried on April 19, 2011
  5. Maximilian Benno Peter von Chlingensperg: The Kingdom of Bavaria in its ancient, historical, artistic and picturesque beauties, containing in a series of steel engravings the most interesting areas, cities, churches, monasteries, castles, baths, other architectural monuments with accompanying texts (illustrated by Johann Poppel ), Munich 1840, Verlag Georg Franz, p. 165 ( online ).
  6. ^ Anton Posset et al .: The National Socialist Place of Pilgrimage "Landsberg: 1933-1937: The" Hitler City "becomes the" City of Youth ", publisher (ed.): Citizens' Association Landsberg in the 20th Century , Landsberg, 1993, ISBN 3-9803775 -2-0 .
  7. Overview with articles on the subject of "Landsberg City of Youth" on the homepage of the citizens' association Landsberg in the 20th century , accessed on May 29, 2020.
  8. Report on the transfer of 1020 prisoners to the Auschwitz concentration camp on October 25, 1944 from the concentration camps Kaufering I, II, III, IV and VII ,, 2007, accessed on May 29, 2020.
  9. Hans-Peter Föhrding, Heinz Verfürth: When the Jews fled to Germany , Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne, 2017 ISBN 978-3-462-04866-7
  10. Jens Christian Wagner: "Jews out!" Landsberg am Lech, January 1951. Die Zeit No. 5, 2011 of January 28, 2011, p. 18 (with 3 illustrations from the event with Mayor L. Thoma and Member of the Bundestag R. Hunter)
  11. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 601 .
  12. Georg Heinrich Keyser :: Elementary Geography of the Kingdom of Bavaria for the Use of Schools , Munich 1810, p. 59 ( online )
  13. Maximilian Benno Peter von Chlingensperg: The Kingdom of Bavaria in its ancient, historical, artistic and picturesque beauties, containing in a series of steel engravings the most interesting areas, cities, churches, monasteries, castles, baths, other architectural monuments with accompanying texts (illustrated by Johann Poppel ), Munich 1840, Verlag Georg Franz, p. 168 ( online ).
  14. J. Heyberger, Chr. Schmitt and v. Wachter: Topographical-statistical manual of the Kingdom of Bavaria with alphabetical source lexica. Edited from official sources , Munich 1867, p. 137 ( online ).
  15. ^ H. Zintgraf: Landsberg 'a | L. and surroundings - historical = topographical sketch - with a view of the city and map of the surroundings, Landsberg 1877, p. 29 ( online )
  16. a b Historical municipality directory - the population of the municipalities of Bavaria from 1840 to 1952 , issue 192 of the articles on statistics of Bavaria, published by the Bavarian State Statistical Office, Munich 1953, p. 39 ( online, MDZ ).
  17. ^ Meyer's Large Conversational Lexicon . 6th edition, Volume 12, Leipzig / Vienna 1908, p. 120 ( ).
  18. a b c d e f M. Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. City and district of Traunstein (online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006)
  19. a b c d e f Municipal statistics from Landsberg , accessed on January 3, 2011
  20. Results of local elections 2020. OK.VOTE, March 15, 2020, accessed on May 23, 2020 .
  21. Whoever wanted to be mayor . Augsburger Allgemeine March 7, 2012
  22. ^ Daniela Schetar: Dumont Reise Taschenbuch Oberbayern , 1st edition 2010, ISBN 978-3-7701-7308-2 , p. 148
  23. ^ Anton Lichtenstern: The Trinity Cemetery in Landsberg am Lech . Ed .: City of Landsberg am Lech. Hauff, Kaufering 2008, ISBN 978-3-937955-00-1 .
  24. The history of our parish. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 27, 2010 ; Retrieved November 4, 2010 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  25. ^ Samurai Judo Club
  26. ^ Markets in Landsberg. Retrieved January 25, 2020 .
  27. Herkomer - competition. Retrieved January 25, 2020 (German).
  28. Ruethenfestverein | e. V. Landsberg am Lech. Retrieved January 25, 2020 (German).
  29. Snowdance Film Festival ( Memento of the original from January 30, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  30. German master among the tops. Retrieved November 4, 2010 .
  31. Romantic Road. Retrieved January 25, 2020 .
  32. ↑ The southern bypass is still on hold. Retrieved November 4, 2010 .
  33. Retrieved November 4, 2010 .
  34. ^ Bahnhof Landsberg - The Project. Retrieved November 4, 2010 .
  35. Berlin and Landsberg: Die Bahnhöfe des Jahres 2007. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on September 28, 2010 ; Retrieved November 4, 2010 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  36. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 23, 2010 ; Retrieved November 4, 2010 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  37. Retrieved November 4, 2010 .
  38. Competition "The Factory of the Year / GEO 2005". (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on July 19, 2011 ; Retrieved November 4, 2010 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  39. Opening of the Frauenwald for viewing. Archived from the original on September 11, 2012 ; Retrieved August 19, 2017 .
  40. ^ Ilim Timber buys Klausner-Werke. Retrieved November 4, 2010 .
  41. Quality report 2007 of the Landsberg Clinic from January 15, 2008,
  42. ↑ day nurseries. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on August 19, 2017 ; Retrieved August 19, 2017 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  43. Kindergartens. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on August 19, 2017 ; Retrieved August 19, 2017 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  44. Children's office in Landsberg am Lech. Retrieved August 19, 2017 .