Military training area

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sign on the TrÜbPl Bergen, Germany

Troop training areas ( TrÜbPl (D); TÜPl (A)) are, in contrast to on- site training areas , larger state-owned land areas for military use with accommodation for the exercising troops ("troop camps") and with facilities that enable soldiers of all branches of the armed forces and troop types to be a Carry out realistic combat training with practice and combat ammunition, if necessary, from outside firing positions .

Military training areas in Belgium

Military training areas in Germany

The military training area command, or command office for short, ensures the military order on the military training area, the distribution of the individual shooting ranges , training rooms and training facilities . The boundaries of the military training areas are marked by signs; the access is because of the danger of unexploded ordnance - ammunition prohibited. The largest military training areas in Germany are Bergen, Altmark (Colbitz-Letzlinger Heide), Grafenwoehr, Munster North / South and Upper Lusatia.

By the legal definition , military training areas are basically military security areas ; individual parts of the site, mostly external fire positions, can be declared to be military areas only .

Coat of arms military training areas Bundeswehr.png Areas of military training command offices

Since January 1, 2015, the areas of the training area command offices NORTH, EAST and SOUTH have been set up. They are managed by the Bundeswehr Territorial Tasks Command . The commanders of the areas manage the subordinate training areas and ensure regional coordination. They control the utilization of the military training areas of the respective area with regard to occupancy planning and resource management.

The subordinate training areas are managed by commanders. These carry the operator obligations, ensure the operation of the military training area and create the framework conditions for the implementation of shooting and exercise projects by the users.

Military Training Area Command North.pngNORTH division : responsible for the places in Lower Saxony , North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein

Location: Lohheide (Lüneburg Heath, Lower Saxony)

Subordinated to: the military training area commandants Bergen, Munster, Putlos with branch office Todendorf, the air / ground firing range commandantur Nordhorn and the German military representative (DMV) Senne.

Troop Training Area Command East.pngEAST area : responsible for the places in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania , Brandenburg , Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt

Location: Klietz (Altmark, Saxony-Anhalt)

Subordinated to: the military training area commandants Jägerbrück, Klietz, Lehnin, Altengrabow and Oberlausitz.

Military Training Area Command South.pngSOUTH area : responsible for the places in Baden-Württemberg , Bavaria and Rhineland-Palatinate

Location: Wildflecken (Rhön, Bavaria)

Subordinated to: the military training area commandants Wildflecken, Hammelburg, Heuberg, Baumholder and the German Military Representative (DMV) Grafenwöhr.

Under the management of NATO partners :

Haltern Training Area (British) until May 31, 2015

Hohenfels Training Area (American)


Located on a high plateau of Großer Heuberg in the Swabian Alb , the area is covered by the villages of Albstadt in the north, Stetten am kalten Markt with camp Heuberg and Alb barracks (both armies) in the southeast and Meßstetten with the Zollernalb barracks (air force with air surveillance) framed in the northwest. The training area was built at the same time as the Heuberg camp between 1910 and 1916 for the XIV (Baden) Army Corps and, apart from demilitarization, was used for military purposes between the end of the First World War and 1933. During the First and Second World Wars, a prisoner-of-war camp was set up on the practice area, and a so-called protective custody camp was set up by the Nazi regime in early 1933 . From 1945 to 1959 the square was under French administration. The last French army unit withdrew from the Heuberg camp in 1997. Until the turn of the century mainly for the Armored Corps used Heuberg is used in many ways today (besides practicing Force basic training army , electronic warfare , KSK , bomb disposal , military police , Technisches Hilfswerk , Federal Police and police , NBC defense ).


New construction of municipal facilities in Grafenwöhr
The Grafenwöhr military training area is located in the northern Upper Palatinate (northern Bavaria); 226 km². History: Foundation of the square in 1908 (for the III. Army Corps of the Royal Bavarian Army ). Designed for 4800 men and 1200 horses. POW camp for 23,600 prisoners in the First World War. From 1919 to 1935 used by the Reichswehr , until 1945 by the Wehrmacht . At the end of the 1930s, expansion from 90 to 234  km² . Heavy bombing in April 1945. Used by the US Army and armed forces of other NATO countries since World War II . The site is administered by the German Military Representative Office (DMV). Mainly shooting exercises are carried out on the training area, from small-caliber weapons to artillery rockets there are all possible suitable firing ranges and external firing positions. Bomb drops are also regularly practiced over the central impact area A. Except for a few days a year, there is constant practice. The gun thunder can also be heard from afar at night.
The village of Bonnland is a special feature here . It is an isolated village, which is used as a local combat facility, but also as a training area for neighboring units of the fire brigade and the THW . The church in the village is not secularized. B. Weddings take place.
Barracks in Hohenfels
The Hohenfels military training area is one of the largest military training areas in Germany. The military training area is under American administration.
The main base is in the former hamlet of Albertshof . There are also practice villages in Hohenfels that still have the original names such as Raversdorf and Kittensee . They are used for training purposes by the US Army, the German Armed Forces and other NATO units, the military training area fire department (which consists exclusively of German firefighters, but works with US equipment), and the Hohenfels volunteer fire department. As a special feature, there are special exercise areas in which the reaction to attacks on convoys in narrow streets and on motorway sections is trained, as well as artificial tunnel systems in which special forces can practice. Since August 2015, it has also been possible for transport aircraft to practice tactical landings on a gravel runway.
Located in the triangle of Bavaria , Thuringia and Hesse . Adjacent communities are Gersfeld , Motten , Wildflecken . This TrÜbPl is just like Hammelburg in the Bad Kissingen district. Approx. 18 km² of the course are in the state of Hesse. The border between Bavaria and Hesse extends directly over the main target area, Dammersfeldkuppe .


The military training area is managed by the military training area commandantur Ost in Klietz.

Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania

The Jägerbrück military training area was established in 1952 by the Ministry of the Interior of the GDR . In 1956 the site went to the NVA , which used it until it was handed over to the Bundeswehr in 1991. In the course of the realignment of the Bundeswehr , the square was temporarily closed.

Lower Saxony

Shooting range TrpÜbPl Munster Süd
This is the largest military training area in Germany; it is used by many NATO troops.
The first occupation of the place (camp) took place in June 1893 by the 91st Infantry Regiment from Oldenburg under its commander Colonel Paul von Hindenburg , who later became President of the Reich .

North Rhine-Westphalia

The Senne military training area is located north of Paderborn , where there are also four locations of the British Rhine Army .


The neighboring cities are Baumholder and Idar-Oberstein . The military training area is administered by the Bundeswehr; however, exercises by other NATO countries also take place on the site. The military training area also includes two external fire positions for the artillery near Eckersweiler and Reichenbach (near Baumholder) .


Today's training area is one of the most modern TrÜbPl in the Bundeswehr. The square can accommodate 2,350 soldiers. The area was only made a training ground by the Soviet Army after the Second World War . After it was used by the barracked people's police and the NVA , the Bundeswehr took over the site in 1990.


The TrÜbPl near Altengrabow was used until 1994 by the group of Soviet armed forces in Germany (10th Guard Panzer Division). Today it is a training area for the Bundeswehr . Part of the site is in the state of Brandenburg. The military training area is managed by the military training area commandantur Ost in Klietz.
The TrÜbPl Altmark is one of the largest practice areas in Germany. With an area of ​​23,220 hectares, it ranks third after Bergen and Grafenwöhr. The place is basically used and administered by the Combat Training Center Heer (GÜZ) of the Bundeswehr .
The practice area is located near the village of Klietz and around two thirds of it is in the Saxony-Anhalt area and around one third in the Brandenburg area. The local military training area commandantur east leads the military training areas Klietz, Lenin, Altengrabow and Oberlausitz.


The military training area Putlos with a branch in Todendorf in Panker (2.7 km²) is located directly on the sea. Shooting at air targets as well as shooting with barrel and rocket artillery at sea targets is possible here.

Military training areas in France

Warning sign (with misspellings) on the edge of the Camp militaire de Bitche

Military training areas in Greece

Training areas in Great Britain

Military training areas in Italy

Training areas in Canada

Military training areas in Lithuania

Disused places

Military training areas in Austria

Lower Austria
Leopard-2 tanks of the armed forces during an exercise at the Allentsteig military training area (2015)
This military training area was laid out in 1938 to provide training space for the units of military district XVII . See the list of settlements relocated to create the Döllersheim military training area
The Austrian Armed Forces still use this area as a military training area. Furthermore, in the period after 1955, the Liechtenstein barracks were built on the edge of the Allentsteig military training area. The military training area covers approx. 165 km².
  • TÜPl Großmittel, municipality of Ebenfurth
Through a royal donation in 1203, this area came into the possession of the Cistercians from the Heiligenkreuz Abbey in Lower Austria. Without the population having a say, the monastery sold this area to the military in 1912 and also received forest areas in Styria. For Kaisersteinbruch, a center of stonemasonry and a pilgrimage church , a military story began that became a camp story. Already a prisoner of war camp in World War I , a detention camp in the Austro-Fascist corporate state and one of the large prisoner of war camps in World War II , the Stalag XVII A.
Upper Austria

Military training areas in Switzerland

Shooting display on the Simplon artillery firing range (2018)

The term "military training area" is not used in Switzerland - military training areas are called " arsenals ".

There are federal and cantonal weapon stations. In 1993 an initiative tried unsuccessfully (no: 55.3% and 16 stalls) to limit its number to 40. In 2006, however, only 39 weapon stations were operated.

The following gun and shooting ranges are currently in operation in Switzerland:

  • Chamblon arsenal (VD), with branches in Vugelles, Le Day, Bretonnières and Les Rochat
  • Weapons Square Chur (Rossboden and Rheinsand)
  • Thun arsenal
The oldest training area for the Swiss Army. In the evenings and especially on weekends, the weapon area - including tank tracks and paved paths - serves as a public park that is popular with joggers, cyclists, inline skaters and model pilots. Due to the danger of duds , certain zones are not allowed to be entered. There are also several soccer fields, a baseball field and a glider airfield.
  • Waffenplatz Walenstadt (St. Luzisteig)
  • Herisau-Gossau arsenal
  • Waffenplatz Bern (sand)
Mostly used to train army animals, farriers and veterinary troops.
Largest training area, mostly for tank troops.
  • Moudon Gun Square
  • Hinterrhein shooting range
Especially for large-caliber shooting.
  • Bière gun field (VD)
Artillery training center.
  • Wichlen shooting range
Like Hinterrhein: large-caliber shooting.
  • Isone weapon station (TI)
Training for grenadiers and parachute scouts.

Military training areas in the Czech Republic

The following four military training areas have existed in the Czech Republic since 2016:

Formerly: Brdy military training area , Central Bohemia, 260.18 km², closed on December 31, 2015

Former German military training areas

In the area of ​​today's Federal Republic of Germany

Baden-Württemberg Flag of Baden-Württemberg.svg
Münsingen military training area
Bavaria Flag of Bavaria (lozengy) .svg
Lechfeld military training area
Aschaffenburg military training area
Siegenburg Range
Berlin Flag of Berlin.svg
Tempelhofer Feld military training area , originally near Berlin, later Berlin-Tempelhof airport site
Brandenburg Flag of Brandenburg.svg
Bad Liebenwerda military training area , near Hohenleipisch
Bad Saarow-Pieskow military training area, near Bad Saarow
Fürstenberg / Drögen military training area, near Fürstenberg / Havel
Tangersdorf military training area , near Tangersdorf
Streganz military training area, near Münchehofe
Hartmannsdorfer Heide military training area, near Spreenhagen
Wünsdorf military training area, near Wünsdorf
Müllrose-Dubrow military training area, near Dubrow
Kröchlendorff military training area, near Kröchlendorff
Schmachtenhagen military training area, near Schmachtenhagen in the municipality of Nordwestuckermark
Retzow military training area, now part of Lychen
Storbeck military training area, near Storbeck-Frankendorf
Döberitz military training area , near Dallgow-Döberitz
SS military training area Kurmark , near Lieberose
Forst Zinna military training area near Jüterbog -West
Heidehof military training area near Jüterbog-Ost
Wittstock military training area , Ostprignitz-Ruppin district
Hamburg Flag of Hamburg.svg
Höltigbaum military training area
Hesse Flag of Hesse.svg
Griesheim military training area near Darmstadt
Orb military training area, near Bad Orb
Schwarzenborn military training area , North Hesse, has been used as a training site since 2014
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania Flag of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.svg
Granzin-Adamsdorf military training area, near Granzin
Jägerbrück military training area , Western Pomerania (near Torgelow ) has been a site training area since the end of 2014 and will be reactivated as a military training area (with live ammunition) in 2016
Jännersdorf military training area, near Marienfließ
Sundische Wiesen military training area , near Zingst
Fünfeichen military training area , now part of the city of Neubrandenburg
Military training area Ludwigsluster-Grabower Heide, near Ludwigslust
Troop training area Lübenheen 58 km², in West Mecklenburg near Lübenheen
Established by the Wehrmacht and then used by the barracked people's police and NVA . In the meantime it has not only been used by the Bundeswehr, but also by units of allied armed forces and the police. On June 13, 2013, the site was officially decommissioned.
"Tankodrom" military training area Parchim, northwest of Parchim
Slater Tannen military training area, near Slate, now part of Parchim
Demener Räumde military training area, near Demen
Prora military training area, near Prora
Lower Saxony Flag of Lower Saxony.svg
Altenwalde military training area
TrÜbPl Ehra-Lessien was decommissioned in summer 2013.
Military training area Neu Wulmstorf
North Rhine-Westphalia Flag of North Rhine-Westphalia.svg
Friedrichsfeld military training area, now part of the city of Voerde
Haltern Training Area was under British administration and was abandoned on June 1, 2015.
is still closed to the public for security reasons.
Vogelsang military training area , was under Belgian administration and was given up on December 31, 2005. Today the Eifel National Park is there
Wahn military training area , near Cologne-Wahnheide
Rhineland-Palatinate Flag of Rhineland-Palatinate.svg
Daaden military training area , Westerwald. The military training area was decommissioned at the end of 2013.
Saxony Flag of Saxony.svg
Königsbrück military training area
Zeithain military training area
Schleswig-Holstein Flag of Schleswig-Holstein.svg
Training area Nordoe near Breitenburg , see inland dunes Nordoe
Lockstedt military training area, near Itzehoe
Jägerslust military training area , near Flensburg
Thuringia Flag of Thuringia.svg
Weberstedt military training area, today part of the Hainich National Park
Ohrdruf military training area , today Gotha training area

In former German territories and occupied areas of Eastern Europe

East Prussia Flag of Prussia - Province of East Prussia.svg
Arys military training area near Arys ( Johannisburg district )
Stablack military training area in Stablack ( Preußisch Eylau district )
Allenstein military training area, near Allenstein
Training area north near Mielau
Pomerania Flag of the Principality of Schwarzburg.svg
Groß Born military training area near Groß Born
Rügenwalde-Bad shooting range , near Darłowo (Rügenwalde)
West Prussia Flag of Prussia - Province of West Prussia.svg
Hammerstein military training area near Hammerstein
Graudenz military training area, near Graudenz
Danzig military training area, near Danzig
Group training area or heather in the Tucheler Heide
Kulm military training area, near Kulm
Rippin Training Area, near Rippin
Schwetz military training area, near Schwetz
Thorn military training area , near Thorn
Putzig military training area, near Putzig
Lübbenberg military training area, near Konitz
SS military training area West Prussia , near Bruss
Silesia Flag of Prussia - Province of Silesia.svg
Lamsdorf military training area near Lamsdorf
Udetfeld military training area near Warthenau
Mechau military training area, near Guhrau
Neuhammer military training area near Neuhammer
Wartheland Flag of Prussia - Province of Posen.svg
Schrimm military training area, near Schrimm
Waldowsee military training area near Waldow
Schieratz military training area near Schieratz
Welun military training area, near Welun
Warth camp military training area near Posen
Alsace-Lorraine Service flag Alsace-Lorraine Kaiserreich.svg
Bitsch military training area , near Bitsch
Hagenau military training area near Hagenau
Oberhofen military training area , near Oberhofen an der Moder
Eupen-Malmedy Flag of the German Community in Belgium.svg
Elsenborn military training area near Bütgenbach
East Brandenburg Flag of Prussia - Province of Brandenburg.svg
Troop training area earthworm camp, near Meseritz
Meseritz military training area, near Meseritz
Reich Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia Flag of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.svg
SS training area in Bohemia , near Beneschau
Jungbunzlau military training area, near Jungbunzlau
Melnik military training area, near Melnik
Milowitz military training area , near Milowitz
Kammwald military training area , near Pibrans
Pardubice military training area, near Pardubice
Rokitzan Training Area, near Rokitzan
Schlan military training area, near Schlan
Tabor military training area, near Tabor
Wischau military training area , near Wischau
General Government of Poland
SS military training area at Heidelager near Blizna
Training area in the middle of Radom
Reichshof military training area, near Reichshof
Military training area south , near Mielec
Rembertow military training area, near Warsaw
Galicia military training area , near Lemberg
SS military training area moor camp near Białystok
Reichskommissariat Ostland
SS military training area at Seelager near Dondangen
German protection zone, within Slovakia
Small Carpathian military training area , near Malacky


  • Oliver Lepsius, German law on NATO training areas. Lit, Münster 1995, ISBN 978-3-8258-2427-3 .
  • Paul Burckhardt, The Grafenwöhr Training Area, Hohenfels, Wildflecken , 1989.
  • Bundestag, Register on the negotiations of the German Bundestag and the Bundesrat, Part 1, Edition 3 , Bundestag, 1990, pages 3200 ff.

Web links

Commons : Military training grounds  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: military training area  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

See also

List of Soviet military bases in Germany

Individual evidence

  1.!ut/p/c4/HYu5DsIwEET_aNdBII6OKA1INFCAadDGscLmsKONYxo-HpuZ0WueBp-Y6ihyS4G9owEfqA0f6g_Mff3qGw-zlcjGAol5c4SVKjbQkVtI8J7fjQXjnQ2ZwbrAia1Q8AKTlzBks4gkA9ygVkVVqrX6p0j77m_6XF7UdledyitO43j8AWTSw-4!/ | Military training areas for the Bundeswehr in a new structure
  3. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p data sheet TrÜbPl. (PDF) (No longer available online.) In: Bundeswehr, 2011, archived from the original on November 7, 2013 ; Retrieved November 1, 2011 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  4. New slope in Hohenfels. In: Flug Revue, August 14, 2015, accessed August 15, 2015 .
  5. Jägerbrück is again a military training area, from December 1, 2017
  6. Archived copy ( memento of the original dated September 2, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (accessed June 7, 2014) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  7. Information website and usage regulations for the Thun arsenal:
  10. Archived copy ( Memento of the original dated May 30, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /