|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania|
|Height :||6 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||72.23 km 2|
|Residents:||9046 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||125 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area code :||03976|
|License plate :||VG, ANK, GW, PW, SBG, UEM, WLG|
|Community key :||13 0 75 131|
|LOCODE :||DE TGW|
City administration address :
|Mayoress :||Kerstin Pukallus|
|Location of the city of Torgelow in the Vorpommern-Greifswald district|
Torgelow ( [ˈtɔʁɡəlo] ) is a small town in the district of Vorpommern-Greifswald in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Germany). It is the administrative seat of the Torgelow-Ferdinandshof office formed on January 1, 2005 , to which six more municipalities belong. Torgelow forms a basic center for its surroundings .
The following districts belong to the city of Torgelow:
Housing estates within the urban area are Drögeheide and Spechtberg.
The place name Torgelow is of Polish origin and means something like marketplace (cf. Polish targ , Upper Sorbian torhošćo ) from the root word "Torg" . Here, at the confluence of the Uecker and Randow rivers, was an important trading post with Alt-Torgelow Castle.
According to a less likely alternative interpretation, the place name should come from the Polabian turŭ for aurochs or Turreghlaue for bull's head.
A castle and landscape were mentioned as early as 1270 "in mercia turglowe". Torgelow was first mentioned in a document on April 14, 1281, when the Brandenburg Margrave Otto IV signed a certificate at Torgelow Castle. In 1333 Henning and Hermann Torgelowen were named. Around 1350, Bertram Hase had Alt-Torgelow Castle built. He was notorious as a highwayman and robber baron and defied the armed forces of the sovereign himself. Duke Bogislaw VI. could not take the strong castle despite a long siege, a comparison was made, but Hase continued his robbery. 1446 besieged Duke Wartislaw IX. the castle again, because the descendant Zacharias Hase was also a robber baron. But he could not withstand the overwhelming odds and fled. The castle was destroyed. When Hase returned, the Anklam merchants, who were particularly hard hit by the highway robbery, prevented the castle from being rebuilt. 1454 enfeoffed Duke Wartislaw IX. the knight Bernd von Muckerwitz (Pomerania) with the Torgelow estate, but his family died out soon after 1568. The knightly estate then became the domain of the Duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast .
1600 to 1900
The settlement was completely destroyed in the Thirty Years War . Queen Christine of Sweden decided after the peace treaties of Munster and Osnabrück to settle the place with Finns and Livonians . At the end of the Northern War , in 1720, Old Western Pomerania and thus also Torgelow belonged to Prussia .
Torgelow became famous when lawn iron ore was found at the beginning of the 18th century . This was the basis of the cabinet order of Frederick II of December 25, 1753 for the construction of the "Royal Prussian Ironworks at Torgelow". Torgelow now developed into an industrial village .
The steelworks was a separate police district until after 1865. Torgelow was the parish village and in 1865 had a church, a preacher's widow's house, a sexton's house, three schools, a steam mill, a Krughof, 105 residential buildings and 208 farm buildings. The place had 1570 inhabitants in 330 families, including six half-farmers and 102 Büdner , the others were day laborers in the extensive state forests, but many craftsmen were also based in the residential areas. At that time the following places belonged to Torgelow:
- Benningen (also called Schafbrück) - with a Büdner position since 1765, there were two residential and two farm buildings with eleven residents in two families
- Carlsfelde - since 1770 in long lease with a brickworks, which was converted into a lime kiln in 1840, there were three residential and six farm buildings with 40 residents in eight families
- Heinrichsruh - a brickworks, which did not belong to the village of the same name, but to Torgelow, the place had only one residential and one farm building, where the bricklayer lived with his wife
- Spechtberg - the place was a Büdnerstelle, which had been freely owned since 1794, with two residential and three farm buildings, the place had twelve residents in two families.
At that time there were 14 foundries . From 1935 onwards, a large explosives factory near the Spechtberg district was built by Deutsche Sprengchemie GmbH under the code name "See II" . At the same time , the German Air Force established an ammunition plant (Muna), the Torgelow air ammunition plant (also Luftmunitionsanstalt 1 / III), in the Müggenburg state forest . During the Second World War , 3,500 men and women from the countries occupied by Germany had to do forced labor in these factories under horrific conditions . Many of the slave laborers died or were murdered.
Torgelow received town charter on May 4, 1945 from the Soviet town commander . After the Second World War, the foundries on the site of the former Haller works were merged to form VEB GUS (cast and forged parts ), until 1989 as VEB Gießerei und Maschinenbau "Max Matern", one of the largest companies in the region. Parts were built for the shipyards in Rostock and engine housings were cast.
On July 1, 1950, the previously independent municipality of Jägerbrück was incorporated.
From 1952 to 1994 Torgelow belonged to the Ueckermünde district (until 1990 in the GDR - Neubrandenburg district , then in the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania). In 1994 the city was incorporated into the Uecker-Randow district. Since the district reform in 2011 , it has been in the Vorpommern-Greifswald district .
Since 1991, the historic city center has been thoroughly renovated as part of the urban development funding. For its exemplary urban planning cooperation with the cities of Ueckermünde and Eggesin , Torgelow was awarded in the federal competition " Urban Redevelopment East " in 2002.
In 2006 Torgelow celebrated its 725th and the iron foundry its 250th.
Districts and housing developments
Müggenburg is located in a clearing in the middle of the state forest. To the east extends the area of an extensive wooded inland dune. The place was a domain and in 1770 received a Dutch shop , a Büdnerei , a tar smelling shop and a rod beating in the sub-forestry .
In 1865 Müggenburg had a school, 14 residential and 23 farm buildings. There were 231 residents in 48 families, of which 13 were owners.
The railway line from Jatznick to Ueckermünde is south of the village. The OPAL gas pipeline from Lubmin to Saxony runs to the west next to the town.
Drögeheide with Jägerbrück
Spechtberg was initially assigned to the Torgelow village as a place to live. An area south of the locality is still called “Büdnerland”. Since Spechtberg was separated from Torgelow by the Uecker, it developed independently with a lime kiln and a forestry department. It was not until the 1950s that Spechtberg became a large town with the establishment of the NVA barracks there with the associated housing estate for the officers and professional soldiers and their families. After the reunification , the tank battalion 413 "Ferdinand von Schill" of the Bundeswehr established itself there .
Status: December 31 of the respective year
|Party / group of voters||Seats|
|Citizens' alliance with competence for Western Pomerania||4th|
|Free voters Torgelow||2|
- 1992–2018 Ralf Gottschalk
- 2018– Kerstin Pukallus
Pukallus was elected in the mayoral election on November 11, 2018 with 71% of the valid votes for a term of nine years.
coat of arms
Blazon : “Split; in front in silver crossed diagonally: a black mallet and a black iron; behind in blue a torn, gold-reinforced red griffin head. "
The coat of arms was designed around 1898. It was registered under number 12 of the coat of arms of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.
|Justification of the coat of arms: The coat of arms initially only used in the "Torgelower Tageblatt" combines a coat of arms with an economic reference character with a symbol of power. Mallets and irons symbolize the iron industry that determined the development of the place, the Greifenkopf and the shield colors refer to its affiliation to the former province of Pomerania.|
The flag was approved by the Ministry of the Interior on February 27, 1992.
It is streaked lengthways with blue, white and blue. The blue stripes each take up one twelfth of the height of the flag cloth. In the center of the flag is the city coat of arms, which takes up about two thirds of the height of the flag. The length of the flag is related to the height as 5: 3.
The official seal shows the city coat of arms with the inscription "STADT TORGELOW * LANDKREIS VORPOMMERN-GREIFSWALD".
- Kamień Pomorski (Cammin), Poland
- Espelkamp , North Rhine-Westphalia
- Pomerode , Brazil (cooperation agreement)
- Evangelical Christ Church, built between 1882 and 1884 in neo -Gothic style. The large colored chancel windows and the Mehmel organ, built around 1890 by the organ building company Friedrich Albert Mehmel from Stettin , as well as the baptismal font from 1624 (other sources 1660) are significant .
- Catholic Herz-Jesu-Kirche, built in 1932 according to plans by Carl Kühn in the style of Expressionism . The compact tower above the chancel takes over its semicircular rear wall in the exterior view. Above from clinker is a 1938 brick altar Hubert Schöllgen in sgraffito technique created Crucifixion .
- Ukranenland open-air museum , with reconstructions of houses and equipment, shows the Slavic settlement of the Ueckern lowlands in the early Middle Ages.
- The ruins of Torgelow Castle in the city center, Friedrichstrasse 1, are on the Uecker next to the villa that houses the tourist information office. The castle was the seat of the von Muckerwitz family and was destroyed in the Thirty Years War.
- "Castrum Turglowe" open-air museum, in which life in the 13th century can be recreated, was built next to Villa Friedrichstrasse 1
- Bell chair, memorial stone and remains of the park on the ironworks site
- Rest area for water hikers at the Ueckerwehr
- Memorial to the named anti - fascist resistance fighters Torgelow at Hüttenwerkplatz (since 1972)
- Memorial for the victims of fascism in Bahnhofstrasse (erected in 1969), which was supplemented in 1977 by a group of figures by the sculptor Ludwig Engelhardt . The stele was torn down in 1992 and the plastic was taken to the community cemetery.
- War cemetery to honor the victims of war and tyranny, was built in 1994 in the city's cemetery. This included 22 graves of soldiers from the Red Army , the VdN honorary cemetery from 1974, graves of victims of forced labor and members of the Wehrmacht .
- Memorial stone for the Scholl siblings at the Diesterweg School (1968), was knocked over in 1991. Until 1999 it lay broken in a bush, unnoticed.
- A plaque commemorating a mass demonstration by the residents against the Nazis' takeover on January 30, 1933 , was attached to the German House (after 1945 "House of the Creators") (1970), was removed in 1990 and handed over to the home parlor.
- Memorial plaque for the communist Max Matern in Königstrasse (1991)
Economy and Infrastructure
The iron foundry Torgelow GmbH is a metal processing company with about 400 employees, the largest employer in Torgelow. The Bundeswehr is stationed in Torgelow with the Jäger Battalion 413 and five of its companies.
Torgelow has been connected to the Jatznick – Ueckermünde railway line since 1884 . Torgelow train station is served every two hours by the regional express line RE 4 of Deutsche Bahn ( Pasewalk –Ueckermünde Stadthafen) and every hour during rush hour.
The Berlin – Usedom long-distance cycle route runs through the city .
- Pestalozzi Primary School , Goethestrasse 2
- Regional school Albert Einstein , Albert-Einstein-Straße 3
- Central vocational school Uecker-Randow as a branch, Ueckermünder Str.
- District music school as a branch, Ueckermünder Straße 17
- Chess: SAV Torgelow, plays in the chess Bundesliga Women
- Wrestling: SAV Torgelow, already active in the 2nd Bundesliga
- Handball: HSV Greif Torgelow 07
- Karate: Karate-Budo-Torgelow
2018, August: Ralf Gottschalk (1953–2018), long-time mayor
sons and daughters of the town
- Albert Parlow (1824–1888), composer, music director of the Prussian army
- Walter Mentzel (1899–1978), politician (NSDAP, DP , CDU)
- Rudolf Lentzsch (1900–1945), trade union official, resistance fighter against National Socialism
- Bruno Lentzsch (1903–1972), politician (SED)
- Liane Croon (1927–2000), actress
- Kurt Meier (* 1930), diplomat of the GDR
- Falko Behrendt (* 1951), painter and graphic artist
Personalities associated with Torgelow
- August Manns (1825–1907), military bandmaster and conductor, grew up in Torgelow
- Bernd Köhlert (1942–1964), mercenary in the Congo, grew up in Torgelow
- Angelika Janz (* 1952), writer, head of the women's culture group “Soul Worlds” in Torgelow
- Patrick Dahlemann (* 1988), politician (SPD), lives in Torgelow
- Philipp Amthor (* 1992), politician (CDU), grew up in Torgelow
- Bernhard Albrecht, Ulrich Blume: Torgelow in Pomerania. A consideration of its development under Ascanic-Brandenburg, Ducal-Pomeranian and royal-Swedish claims to power 1281–1720. Verlag Druckerei Steffen, Friedland / Meckl. 2004, ISBN 3-937669-28-0 .
- Heinrich Berghaus : Land book of the Duchy of Pomerania and the Principality of Rügen . Part II, Volume 1, Anklam 1865, pp. 1021-1027. (on-line)
- Ulf Böttcher (photos), Ulrich Blume (text): Torgelow. In the heart of Western Pomerania. Stadt-Bild-Verlag, Leipzig 2013, ISBN 978-3-942146-41-8 .
- Website of the city of Torgelow
- History of the explosives plants See I and See II as well as the Torgelow air ammunition plant
- Statistisches Amt MV - population status of the districts, offices and municipalities 2019 (XLS file) (official population figures in the update of the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Regional Spatial Development Program Vorpommern (RREP Vorpommern) 2010. Accessed on June 25, 2019 . - Central local division with regional, middle and basic centers
- Main statute of the city of Torgelow, § 13
- Heinrich Berghaus : Land book of the Duchy of Pomerania and the Principality of Rügen . Part II, Volume 1, Anklam 1865, p. 1027 (online)
- Paul Kühnel: The Slavic place names in Meklenburg. In: Yearbooks of the Association for Mecklenburg History and Archeology. Volume 46, 1881, , pp. 3-168, here p. 146.
- Ernst Eichler , Hans Walther : City name book of the GDR. 2nd, revised edition. Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig 1988, ISBN 3-323-00007-2 , p. 276.
- Heinrich Berghaus : Land book of the Duchy of Pomerania and the Principality of Rügen . Part II, Volume 1, Anklam 1865, pp. 1021-1027 (online)
- Wolfgang Wilhelmus: History of the Jews in Greifswald, Wolgast and the surrounding area. Scheunen-Verlag, Kückenshagen 2007
- Heinrich Berghaus : Land book of the Duchy of Pomerania and the Principality of Rügen . Part II, Volume 1, Anklam 1865, p. 1006 (online)
- Population development of the districts and municipalities in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Statistical Report AI of the Statistical Office Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)
- Announcement of the final election results for the election to the Torgelow city council on May 26th, 2019. City of Torgelow, accessed on June 10, 2020 .
- Lutz Storbeck: Ralf Gottschalk died: Mourning for Torgelow's mayor. In: Nordkurier.de . September 27, 2018, accessed June 20, 2020 .
- Main statute of the city of Torgelow. (pdf; 299 kB) Section 6, Paragraph 6. In: torgelow.de. February 13, 2013, accessed June 20, 2020 .
- Lutz Storbeck: Gottschalk successor: Kerstin Pukallus is the new mayor of Torgelow. In: Nordkurier.de. November 11, 2018, accessed June 20, 2020 .
- Hans-Heinz Schütt: On shield and flag production office TINUS, Schwerin 2011, ISBN 978-3-9814380-0-0 , p. 418/419.
- Main Statute of the City of Torgelow, § 1 (PDF).
- Article research: german-circle.de
- Catholic parish Hoppenwalde Pasewalk
- Jägerbataillon 413rd German Army, January 17, 2018, accessed on February 13, 2018 .
- Interior Minister pays tribute to the mayor of Torgelow who died. in: Die Welt , September 28, 2018.