|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania|
|Height :||4 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||84.64 km 2|
|Residents:||8442 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||100 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||17373|
|Area code :||039771|
|License plate :||VG, ANK, GW, PW, SBG, UEM, WLG|
|Community key :||13 0 75 136|
|LOCODE :||DE UCK|
|City structure:||2 districts|
City administration address :
|Am Rathaus 3
|Mayor :||Jürgen Kliewe|
|Location of the city of Ueckermünde in the Vorpommern-Greifswald district|
The seaside resort of Ueckermünde (pronounced [ˌʏkɐmʏndə] ) is an office-free town in the Vorpommern-Greifswald in northeastern Mecklenburg-Vorpommern . The port city lies at the confluence of the Uecker in the Szczecin Lagoon and is the smallest of the 18 middle-class centers in terms of population .
Ueckermünde is located at the mouth of the Uecker in the Stettiner Haff . The area around Ueckermünde is - apart from some elevations barely 20 meters high - almost flat. The natural area is protected by the nature park on the Szczecin Lagoon . Southeast of the city, the Ueckermünder Heide, the largest forest area in Western Pomerania, extends over 50 kilometers to the Polish Police (Pölitz). Between 1936 and 1945 there were also two explosives factories here, designated with the cover names See I and See II, commonly called Muna (munitions factories ).
The districts belong to Ueckermünde
The actual urban area is divided into:
- Ueckermünde Ost (garden city)
- Ueckermünde West
- Ueckermünde old town
- Neuendorf (Haffbad)
The name is derived from the Wendish Ukrer , a Slavic peoples who lived in the Uecker catchment area before 1200. In 934 Widukind von Corvey mentions the Slavic Uchri tribe . Other sources also wrote of the Vucrani or Ucrani tribe and, in 1178, of the Ucra province . 1178 the name Ucramund appears in the documents. The name of the tribe, the landscape and the river then changed via Ukeremund , Ukeremunde to Ukermunde (1284).
In the old Slavic times, Ueckermünde was a fishermen's settlement due to its location.
Ucramund was first mentioned in a document in 1178 (other sources 1223) and in 1243 it was subordinated to the Grobe monastery on Usedom. Duke Barnim I founded a monastery around 1260 , and the original trading center was granted city rights under Luebian law . In 1276 the place was named as civitas and in 1284 the castrum ukermunde , the castle of the Dukes of Pomerania from the Greifenhaus , initially built as a castle .
In the 13th century, the city was also fortified with a city wall and two gates that withstood the siege by Brandenburg troops. In the great city fire of 1473, many of the medieval houses and the church fell victim to the flames. Then the late Gothic town church of St. Mary was built, which was completely abandoned in 1753 for a new building.
In 1540 the construction of the four wings of the castle was started by the Pomeranian Duke Philip I and, according to an inscription on the castle tower, it was completed in 1546. The construction of the entire complex with castle, stables, chapel and farm buildings was completed in 1551.
16th to 19th century
The following centuries marked many sieges and reciprocal conquests of the city. The city was almost completely destroyed in the Thirty Years' War , only 15 of the 1,600 inhabitants survived. In 1631 around 40 houses were destroyed in a city fire, including the town hall, in 1639 there were only ten habitable houses. In 1648 the city became Swedish after the Peace of Westphalia . Queen Christina of Sweden decided to settle the places in the area with Finns and Livonians .
After Russian and Saxon troops occupied Stettin and Western Pomerania in the Great Northern War , Prussia took over provisional administration of the area for a payment of 400,000 thalers. With the peace of Stockholm , the acquisition of Western Pomerania with Stettin, Usedom and Wollin was decided on January 21st (or February 1st) 1720 against a payment of two million thalers. Ueckermünde had thus become Prussian. In the same year the dilapidated castle was torn down except for the south wing and the rest of the keep .
At the beginning of the 18th century, well-known princes of the time are said to have stayed in Ueckermünde again and again: the soldier king Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia, August III. , King of Poland and Elector of Saxony, the King of Poland Stanislaus I. Leszczyński and the Russian Tsar Peter the Great .
The Swedish army conquered the city in 1761 and set up their commanders' quarters in the castle. In 1766 the Gothic church was replaced by a new building. In 1806 Ueckermünde was occupied by French troops. As in the time of the Slavs , the inhabitants still lived mainly from fishing .
The city began to flourish at the end of the 18th and early 19th centuries. Similar to Torgelow were after the discovery of the lawn iron ore several iron foundries built. The brick industry with around 50 brick factories emerged in the 19th century. Ueckermünde became an important transshipment point, and shipbuilding also developed. From 1781 to 1795 102 ships were launched in Ueckermünde. After the Prussian administrative reform, the district of Ueckermünde was established in 1816 (with 832 square kilometers and 24,000 inhabitants) in the administrative district of Stettin in the province of Pomerania .
Around the middle of the 19th century, the shipowners represented in Ueckermünde had 27 merchant ships .
In the second half of the 19th century, many new buildings were built, which still characterize the old town around the market and St. Mary's Church. At the end of the 19th century, the Ueckermünde Provincial Insane Asylum (now AMEOS Klinikum Ueckermünde ) , which was then considered progressive, was established.
During the time of National Socialism , the ten to twelve Jewish families still in the city were persecuted, driven into emigration or murdered. A Jewish cemetery established in 1821 survived the National Socialist terror, but later fell into disrepair, was desecrated, but came under state protection in 1961 through the establishment of a memorial. During the Second World War, under the cover name See I , explosives were produced in the Ueckermünde explosives factory , located in the forest towards Eggesin . In 1945 the city was handed over to the Soviet troops without a fight and without any major war damage.
In 1950 the Haffmuseum, which is now housed in the castle, was opened and expanded several times. In 1962 the construction of the 18 hectare zoo Ueckermünde began with over 400 animals of almost 120 species and over 150,000 visitors annually. At the end of the 1960s, a new district was built in the east of the city in which up to 6000 people lived.
The largest company in the GDR era was a foundry with 1,100 employees. In 1997 the last of the 50 brickworks in Ueckermünde was closed.
The old town remained intact in GDR times, even if many buildings suffered major structural damage due to decades of maintenance backlog. From 1991 the historic city center with the preserved south wing of the castle (museum, city administration) was renovated as part of urban development funding, as was the old bulwark, an essential part of the old port. The district of Ueckermünde Ost (garden city) was completely redeveloped as part of the urban redevelopment east. The area was characterized by prefabricated buildings with high vacancy rates, which led to partial demolition measures and restructuring processes.
In the early 1990s, numerous hotels, guest houses and holiday apartments were built , a marina with 400 berths and 200 holiday apartments was built near the Szczecin Lagoon. In 2001 Ueckermünde was given the title of "State Recognized Resort". In 2002, Ueckermünde was recognized for its exemplary urban planning cooperation with the cities of Eggesin and Torgelow in the federal “ Urban Redevelopment East ” competition. Ueckermünde has been allowed to call itself Seebad since 2013 .
From 1819 to 1994 Ueckermünde was the district town of the Ueckermünde district , initially in the Prussian province of Pomerania , from 1952 to 1990 in the GDR district of Neubrandenburg , from 1990 to 1994 in the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania . After the district reform on June 12, 1994, she had to surrender this title to Pasewalk , the district town of the newly created district of Uecker-Randow . Since the district reform in 2011 , Ueckermünde has been in the Vorpommern-Greifswald district .
The river bathing establishment on the Uecker was opened in 1889, the lido in Ueckermünde in 1924 and the Haffbad with the beach hall and the changing room in 1927 . The municipal bathing and tourism association was founded in 1935. The first postcards from Ueckermünde also date from this time, on which “Haffbad Ueckermünde, the cheap bathing resort for workers seeking relaxation” could be read. After the war, large parts of the beach were turned into trenches, and the jetty where passenger ships and seaplanes docked was destroyed.
In the 1950s, a shipping pier was built on the Ueckerkopf (1959), the beach park was designed and the beach hall was restored. In the 1960s, a ten-kilometer belt around the city was declared a protected landscape area. In 1969 the municipal purpose association Erholungswesen Haffüste Ueckermünde was formed under the responsibility of the city of Ueckermünde. In the following year, the municipalities of Ueckermünde, Mönkebude , Grambin and Vogelsang launched a municipal economic project called “Hafftourist” to promote common tourist interests. After the fall of the Wall, the entire beach was renovated and made barrier-free.
Ueckermünde has had a large psychiatric clinic for many years. The sanatorium, today the “Christophorus Hospital”, was considered to be extremely progressive towards the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century. New treatment methods and forms of therapy were introduced. The mentally ill and handicapped were no longer just kept, but - as far as possible - employed and promoted according to the standards of the time.
When the National Socialists came to power, the political framework for dealing with the mentally ill and disabled changed. The Ueckermünder Heilanstalt gained notoriety in the course of the " destruction of life unworthy of life ", when tens of thousands of defenseless patients were murdered in the so-called T4 campaign and numerous children fell victim to child "euthanasia" .
Ueckermünde was clearly an important center of this action in Western Pomerania. While a large part of the sanatoriums in the area was closed and some were converted into SS barracks, the facility there remained. The number of newly admitted patients from closed hospitals rose, and mortality skyrocketed to the same extent. Hundreds of Nazi murders of the sick were covered up with the help of the Nazi special registry office and recorded as "normal" illness-related deaths in the hospital's statistics.
The inhumane accommodation and treatment of the disabled in psychiatry during the GDR period until shortly after the fall of the Wall was documented in 1993 by the ARD report “Die Hölle von Ueckermünde” by journalist Ernst Klee .
On July 1, 1950, the previously independent municipality of Bellin was incorporated.
Status: December 31 of the respective year
The castle has been the seat of the mayor since 1999. The city administration is located in Rathausgasse.
The city council has consisted of 21 elected city representatives since May 26, 2019. These are composed as follows:
|Party / list||CDU||The left||SPD||For-Ue.de||Free voters||FDP|
- 2012–2018: Gerd Walther (Die Linke)
- since 2018: Jürgen Kliewe (independent)
After reports of drug use, Walther was suspended by the city council in March 2018 and retired in December 2018 for health reasons.
Jürgen Kliewe was elected in the mayoral election on May 26, 2019 with 60.4% of the valid votes for a term of seven years.
coat of arms
Blazon : “In silver an upright red griffin reinforced with gold. On the shield is a forward-facing, red-and-silver bulged blue helmet with gold clasps, gold fittings, gold necklaces, silver-red covers and two gold capital letters "V" next to each other. "
The coat of arms was redefined in 1994 and registered under number 41 of the coat of arms of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.
|Justification of the coat of arms: In the coat of arms, which is based on the seal image of a seal mentioned in 1284, the griffin refers to the city's founder and lord as a symbol of the Pomeranian dukes. The capital letters in Latin spelling in the full coat of arms, which probably originated in the last quarter of the 16th century, are to be read as "UU" and mean "URBS UCRA" = city on the Uecker.|
The flag is striped lengthways with red, white and red. The red stripes each take up a quarter, the white stripe takes up half the height of the flag cloth. In the middle of the white stripe is the city's full coat of arms, which takes up two fifths of the height of the flag. The length of the flag is related to the height as 5: 3.
The official seal shows the city coat of arms with the inscription "STADT SEEBAD UECKERMÜNDE".
There are town partnerships with the municipality of Pyrzyce in Poland (since 2017) and with Sande (Friesland) (since 2007). In addition, there was a partnership with Neuwarp (Nowe Warpno) in Poland from 1993 to 2015 .
Sights and culture
→ See also the list of architectural monuments in Ueckermünde
- Baroque St. Mary's Church from 1766, flat-roofed long building with an inner gallery and a remarkable pulpit altar from 1775. The neo-Gothic west tower dates from 1863.
- Half-timbered house at Rathausgasse 2 (today social welfare office) from the middle of the 18th century, completely renovated in 1992
- City harbor with the old bulwark
- Old town with half-timbered and gabled buildings, including on the market square and the Ackerhof. The former elliptical course of the city wall can be seen in the city plan.
- South wing of the former Pomeranian ducal palace, built in 1546 including the tower of the previous building, today a museum and city administration
- Memorial plaque for the anti-fascist Max Matern on the house where he was born on Dorfstrasse in the Berndshof district in the 1950s
- Memorial for the patients of the Provincial Sanatorium on the grounds of the Ameos Clinic Ueckermünde who were murdered between 1939 and 1945 by the Nazi "euthanasia" and the so-called T4 campaign (from 1991)
- Graves of women and men from the Soviet Union, Poland and Albania who were victims of forced labor , with 35 individual graves
- Memorial for the KPD chairman Ernst Thälmann at Platz des Sportlers (formerly at the old district office) (from 1959)
- Memorial with a memorial stone in memory of the Jewish cemetery and the Jewish victims of fascism on Wiesenstrasse (from 1961)
- Stumbling blocks in memory of Ueckermünder victims of National Socialism , including in Ueckerstraße.
- Ueckermünde Zoo with over 400 animals from 100 species . In addition to domestic pets and wild animals, this also includes various species of monkeys, lions, parrots, llamas and kangaroos.
- August Bartelt nature trail , named after the city's naturalist and local explorer
- Ueckermünder Haff bathing beach with a length of over 800 meters and a wide shore zone
- Am Stettiner Haff nature park with the river, forest and meadow landscapes of the Ueckermünder Heide , surrounds the entire city on the land side
- The Haffmuseum in the castle houses an exhibition on the city and regional history with finds and objects
- of prehistory and early history
- the city's history
- the main branches of business in the Ueckermünde area (foundries, brickworks, fishing and shipping)
- the houses and businesses of different time periods
- Haff Sail on the Stettiner Haff, after the Hanse Sail and the Müritz Sail, the third largest sailing event in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (every spring)
- Hafftage, the largest festival in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, which celebrated its 55th edition in 2018 and takes place regularly on the fourth weekend in July
- Haffmarathon , fun run , organized annually in spring since 1982 by the local sports club SV Einheit Ueckermünde
Economy and Transport
Today the economy in Ueckermünde is predominantly characterized by tourism . The accommodation facilities range from small rooms in private rental to 3 to 4-star hotels and holiday apartments with their own boat berths. Since the late 1990s, in addition to water sports tourism, nature and cycling tourism have been increasingly expanded.
With around 200 jobs in the Ueckermünder foundry and other medium-sized companies u. a. In boat building, the chemical industry and wood processing, the city is an important production location for the region.
In addition to the city and yacht harbor, Ueckermünde has an industrial harbor that also offers large freighters the opportunity to handle goods. In 2013, 145,000 tons of goods were handled in the port (2012: 110,000 tons).
On the outskirts of the city is the Diakonie-Klinikum Ueckermünde, which was expanded into a modern hospital in the mid-1990s.
In Ueckermünde, the state roads L 28 intersect between Ferdinandshof and Eggesin and L 31 between Ducherow and Altwarp . The federal highway 109 runs from Anklam to Prenzlau 13 kilometers west of the city . The closest motorway junctions are Pasewalk-Nord and Pasewalk-Süd on the A 20 ( Rostock - Uckermark triangle ).
The city is the end of the Jatznick – Ueckermünde railway line . With one of the few new lines in recent years, the railway line was extended from what was then Ueckermünde station to directly into the city harbor. From there, trains on the RE 4 regional express line run to Pasewalk . From there there are connections to Berlin, Stralsund and Neubrandenburg .
- 1836: Johann Gottfried Ravenstein, preacher and deacon
- 1849: Friedrich Wilhelm Wenzel, lawyer
- 1875: Otto Friedrich Weber, lawyer
- 1888: Count von Rittberg , district administrator
- 1917: Ludwig von Schröder , Admiral
- 1918: Max Münter, industrialist
- 1924: Ernst Albrecht, politician
- 1929: Karl Leitzke, businessman
- 1939: August Bartelt , teacher and organist
- 1975: Machmud Gafarow, city commander
- 1985: Ernst Decker, resistance fighter
- 1999: Marianne Buggenhagen , disabled athlete
People born in Ueckermünde
- Bogislaw von Schwerin (1622–1678), Brandenburg general
- Friedrich VII. Magnus (1647–1709), Margrave of Baden-Durlach
- Giulio Perotti , actually Julius Prott (1841–1901), opera singer
- Heinrich Fischer (1861–1924), geographer and educator
- Georg Thiele (1866–1917), classical philologist
- Robert Kutner (1867–1913), urologist and publicist
- August Kobus (1900–1946), politician (NSDAP), born in the Neuendorf district
- Max Matern (1902–1935), communist, born in the Berndshof district
- Georg Schewe (1909–1989), naval officer
- Gerhard Krause (1912–1982), theologian
- Achim Felz (* 1933), architect
- Gregor Laschen (1941–2018), editor
- Uwe Saeger (* 1948), writer
- Michael Droese (* 1952), athlete
- Marianne Buggenhagen (* 1953), disabled athlete (athletics)
- Ulrich van der Heyden (* 1954), political scientist and university professor
- Andreas Texter (* 1960), politician (CDU)
- Peter Thiede (* 1968), rower
- Kerstin Fiedler-Wilhelm (* 1968), politician (CDU)
- Lutz Hecker (* 1969), politician (AfD)
- Katja Piesker (* 1977), building researcher
- Tino Müller (* 1978), politician (NPD)
- Ben Zucker (born 1983), singer
- Philipp Amthor (* 1992), politician (CDU)
- August Bartelt : History of the city of Ueckermünde and its property communities . Ueckermünde 1926
- Heiko Bergmann: The Jatznick - Ueckermünde Railway . Thon, Schwerin 1993, ISBN 3-928820-20-6
- Heike Bernhardt: Institutional Psychiatry and "Euthanasia" in Pomerania 1933 to 1945. The murders of children and adults using the example of the Ueckermünde State Hospital . Mabuse, Frankfurt am Main 1994, ISBN 3-925499-91-1 (Dissertation University of Leipzig).
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- The hell of Ueckermünde . Ernst Klee's report (43 min.) Was broadcast on ARD in April 1993 , cf. TV program from April 14, 1993. The film shows a shocking way of dealing with disabled people.
- Population development of the districts and municipalities in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Statistical Report AI of the Statistical Office Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)
- City of Seebad Ueckermünde - overall result. Retrieved August 24, 2019 .
- State law - service portal MV. Retrieved September 20, 2018 .
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