|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania|
|Height :||16 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||16.18 km 2|
|Residents:||7867 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||486 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||18225|
|Area code :||038293|
|License plate :||LRO, BÜZ, DBR, GÜ, ROS, TET|
|Community key :||13 0 72 060|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Rüdiger Kozian (independent)|
|Location of the city of Kühlungsborn in the Rostock district|
Kühlungsborn is located on the Mecklenburg Baltic Sea coast, about 25 kilometers from Rostock . Immediately south of the city rises the mountain range of the cooling with the Bastorf lighthouse, which can be seen from afar .
Kühlungsborn is the largest bathing and recreation area in Mecklenburg and is located directly on the Mecklenburg Bay . The city was awarded the title “Seebad” on February 15, 1996. With a length of 3,150 meters, Kühlungsborn has one of the longest beach promenades in Germany. At the western end the promenade flows into Baltic Square. The wide sandy beach stretches for about six kilometers.
Another special feature of Kühlungsborn is the city forest , which is relatively large compared to the size of the city , which - and this is even more rare - is completely enclosed by the small city. This leads to a ring-shaped built-up urban area, in the middle of which is the one and a half kilometer large urban forest.
The place forms a basic center for its surroundings .
The history of the three original villages Arendsee, Brunshaupten and Gut Fulgen, from which Kühlungsborn was formed in 1937, goes back almost 800 years. In 1177, "Bruno von Cubanze" and "two villages of Brunos" were mentioned in a document. “Cubanze” may mean temple district or clearing. In 1219 the name "Brunshövede" (= courtyard or port of Brunos) was mentioned in a deed of foundation of the Sonnenkamp nunnery. At that time the village was donated by the sovereign to the Sonnenkamp nunnery , which was initially located in Parchow near Kröpelin and later in Neukloster . The village of Arendsee is said to have received its name from the nuns of this monastery, after the monastery of the same name in the Altmark . Fulgen was only mentioned during the Thirty Years War , when all three villages were badly hit, but Fulgen especially. Brunshaupten was a row village that roughly followed the course of the Cubanze brook. The oldest part of Arendsee can be found where the road to Rerik leaves Kühlungsborn in a sharp bend. Before the Thirty Years War, Fulgen was a large village east of Brunshaupten. The inhabitants of the three villages lived from fishing and agriculture. Some were allowed to Erbpächter call their leased land was the size of small peasant holdings, most wirtschafteten on Büdnereien and cottagers land .
Beginnings of tourism
In 1857 the leaseholder E. Wittholz von Fulgen had a two-storey lodging house built and a swimming brochure printed out in which he recommended himself to take in bathers, and charged 7 to 9 Reichstaler per week for maintenance, boarding, lodging and baths, depending on the room requirements . The Baltic storm flood on 12./13. November 1872 caused considerable damage to the Fulgen farm. Since all the meadows and pastures and even the stables were under water, the cattle were quickly housed in the comfortable lodging house for a few days. In 1881 bathers came to Brunshaupten and three years later to Arendsee. A sea rescue station was set up in Arendsee in 1882. In 1887 there were around 600 residents and 300 guests in Brunshaupten. From Kröpelin, the construction of a road to Brunshaupten began in 1895. From then on, a post bus drove to Arendsee and Brunshaupten twice a day. This tour took about an hour with private vehicles. You could also get to and from Kröpelin with a pair of horses without a break or stop for 6 marks a one-way trip to Brunshaupten and Arendsee. There was a bathing club that decided in 1899 that a warm bathing establishment should be built. At that time, some lodging houses such as the "Ostseehotel" or the "Strandperle" were ready for occupancy. For the first time, a promenade footbridge of 120 meters in length was built into the Baltic Sea. The construction of the promenade that ran parallel to the beach began in 1900. On June 1, 1901, the warm bath was opened for the holiday guests, who were also present for the first time during the Easter holidays. The connecting route between Arendsee and Brunshaupten, today Ostseeallee, was opened for development in 1904. Magnificent villas were built in the resort architecture typical of the region. The lodging houses for the affluent public were furnished to a high standard. At the beginning of the 20th century, the hotels and pensions were built in the dune area . On August 4, 1906, kerosene lamps were introduced as street lighting, as gas or electrical systems would have been too expensive given the large expansion of Brunshaupten and Arendsee. The central water supply system was built between 1908 and 1912 . In 1909 it was decided to build a gas works. The Molli Bäderbahn has been running from Bad Doberan via Heiligendamm to Brunshaupten and Arendsee since 1910 . In 1911 both places received electricity. In 1912 there was around 17 million marks in private capital in the houses of the bathing districts.
Despite common interests, the communities of Brunshaupten (with Fulgen) and Arendsee worked separately, often in sharp competition with one another. Many institutions were and are therefore twofold (e.g. the east and west concert gardens, two piers). The number of guests rose sharply during the peace periods (1913: 28,000 guests with 2,600 inhabitants, 1933–1935: 30,000–45,000 bathers annually, 1970–1981: 130,000–160,000 bathers annually).
City foundation and World War II
In 1937 the municipalities of Arendsee and Brunshaupten were merged with the associated Fulgen estate to form the municipality of Brunshaupten-Arendsee. The city of Kühlungsborn was created on April 1, 1938 by renaming the municipality, which had been administratively united one year earlier, and by giving it the name "city". The name Kühlungsborn is an artificial word that is derived from the terms cooling (name of the mountain range south of the place) and Born (source, well) and was interpreted at the time as "a fountain of health and new strength". During the years of the Second World War , Kühlungsborn took in numerous evacuates from the air war , women and children, not only from the heavily bombed Rostock , but also from Berlin and West Germany. From 1944/45 onwards, Kühlungsborn became a temporary or permanent new place to live for many war refugees from the east.
Anti-Semitism in Kühlungsborn
Anti-Semitism already existed in the area during the German Empire ; it solidified during the Weimar Republic . After the National Socialists came to power, it increased more and more. In a supplement to the Jewish CV newspaper of May 8, 1931, inns were listed that Jewish citizens were not recommended to visit. The following statement by the owner of an accommodation facility has been handed down:
"I would like to draw your attention to the fact that I am a member of the Deutschvölkische Freedom Party, and since you are Jewish, we will not get through each other."
The villa of the Jewish judiciary Wilhelm Hausmann (1856–1921) built in 1912 - today known as Villa Baltic - brought his widow into the newly established Academic Society Hausmann-Stiftung Arendsee , which was established as a recreational center by the University for the Science of Judaism in Berlin. and meeting place for Jewish academics was strictly ritual. A few months after it opened, Villa Hausmann became the target of smear campaigns, for example it was referred to as the Jewish Castle by the Sea or the Jewish Marble Palace . In February 1934, the headquarters of the Federation of German Transport Associations and Baths called on all state associations and baths to exclude non-Aryan bath doctors. Since there were no Jewish bath doctors practicing in the two baths in Arendsee and Brunshaupten, these measures had no effect. The mood against Jewish bathers was fueled by regional National Socialist leaders and by propaganda by the NSDAP. The exclusion of these bathers increased sharply from around 1934.
The Central Association of German Citizens of the Jewish Faith established at the end of 1935 "that Jews were in fact denied residence on the North and Baltic Sea coasts by resolutions of the local spa administrations and by appropriate signs". A headline by the Low German Observer on July 7, 1935 read: “Arendsee will be clean of Jews”.
Since January 5, 1952, the former military area on the vineyard was again used by different units. In total, up to 18 different units were stationed in the Kühlungsborn office one after the other or partly at the same time, with one being appointed as a location unit. From 1958 to 1990 the combat swimmer unit KSK 18 of the NVA - Volksmarine, consisting of around 100 men, was stationed in Kühlungsborn. Since 1965, the training battalion of the border troops of the GDR was stationed in the 6th Coastal Border Brigade in the village. The unit consisted of five companies with a crew of about 400 people.
On November 14, 1989, the Ministry of National Defense of the GDR announced the lifting of the exclusion zone in the border area on the state border with the Federal Republic. In the course of this, the sea waters of the GDR were also approved for sport boat traffic in their entire width up to twelve nautical miles. In the last months of the GDR's existence, the border troops dismantled a number of border security systems such as watchtowers and barriers. The Baltic Sea border tower in Kühlungsborn is still preserved . It is one of two border towers still in existence , of a former total of 27.
Nationalization of tourism
A large number of hotels and guesthouses were expropriated, nationalized and converted into holiday homes and facilities of the state Free German Trade Union Federation during the " Aktion Rose " in 1953. 50 facilities were nationalized in Kühlungsborn. If the owners resisted, they were partially convicted in show trials. Many had to flee to the Federal Republic of Germany . Until 1989, the now state holiday facilities were mainly used for holiday and spa stays by GDR citizens in accordance with strict guidelines for the allocation of places and the allocation of so-called FDGB holiday checks.
As in most of the Baltic Sea resorts in the GDR until 1989, individual tourism was either not possible or only possible to a very limited extent (through the use of private apartments or camping). The costs of using the FDGB holiday check were very low (60-100 GDR marks for 14 days of full board by the sea). Due to the uniform holiday season (July / August) in the GDR, Kühlungsborn and especially all trade facilities were regularly flooded by holidaymakers during this time. There were frequent supply shortages in the retail facilities. In the so-called " Baltic Sea Weeks " (mostly the first week of July), which were held annually as festival weeks for around three decades, the GDR leadership tried to gain international recognition. There was a better range of goods and numerous top-class cultural events. The participants from the countries bordering the Baltic Sea and Norway were accommodated in holiday homes that were specially reserved for this purpose.
The facilities of the holiday service on the Baltic Sea were subordinate to the Rostock district board. This was divided into the three branches of Binz, Heringsdorf and Kühlungsborn. The Kühlungsborn branch comprised the administrative area of the rest homes and other contractual partners in the coastal section. From 1961 to 1963, the agency consisted of a manager and eight employees; it was housed in the former Dr. Robert Koch Hotel (now Hotel Arendsee). At that time, 37 holiday homes were operated. Together with the private landlords, around 5000 beds were available. In 1963 Fritz Uhlig was given the management of the holiday service in Kühlungsborn. He was supposed to convert the service into an overall company, taking modern economic conditions into account. This task was made more difficult by the partly desolate condition of the buildings and the inadequate qualification of the 450 employees. The district building authority in Bad Doberan approved the repair of a building for the Kühlungsborn holiday property every year. Uhlig found a partial solution on the verge of legality, the holiday service awarded so-called outdoor beds to state-owned medium-sized companies for one season. These companies then made work and materials available free of charge outside of the main travel season in return. In this way, central heating was installed, interior fittings were renewed and facades were painted. In addition, so-called after-work brigades restored entire houses out of season. In 1963 and 1964 a total of nine houses were completely overhauled. The qualifications of the employees were still very poor; of the 450 permanent employees and 150 seasonal workers, only 15 were trained as cooks or waiters. The recreation home Am Karpfenteich has been converted into a boarding school for apprentices in the profession of commercial clerk. Around 100 service staff were trained every year. Between 1964 and 1987, 369 cooks and 174 receptionists left. 517 restaurant and hotel specialists and around 100 apprentices from other professional groups are responsible for the facility. The quality of the services improved noticeably. The vacation service was the city's largest employer. In March 1980 the vacation service had 997 beds and accommodated between 80,000 and 87,000 vacationers annually. The FDGB looked after the homes that had been fully occupied until 1990, but shortly after the fall of the Wall there were signs of disintegration in the administrative structures. The head of the facilities was dismissed; the employees selected three people from among their ranks, who were entrusted with the management until the end of the season. Then the Treuhand hired a company Lochner GmbH to handle the service. There were 20 caretakers who took care of the security of the building structure and the theft protection of the objects. By 1991, all remaining inventory parts, food and luxury items and basic items were handed over to the city administration. A number of previous owners demanded their former hotels and pensions back. The holiday service was finally terminated on December 31, 1991; the personnel files were stored at the BfA in Berlin, all other documents were kept in the state main archive in Schwerin. In the communist era which was in pioneer - camps " Max Reichpietsch " operated.
Development from 1990
Since the reunification of Germany , the historic town center has been fundamentally renovated within the framework of urban development funding; many historical buildings have been restored. However, this went hand in hand with the demolition of 26 buildings, some of which were significant, of the historic spa architecture, such as the Arendsee Kurhaus, which was completed in 1906 and released for demolition in 1994 after some resistance. There are numerous new buildings of hotels and holiday apartments and exemplary refurbished hotels and pensions of the old spa architecture available for individual tourism. Kühlungsborn remained a community without tall buildings, because no house could be built higher than the tallest trees. These building specifications also had to be adhered to when building the steeple of the Catholic Church. The pier was built again in 1991 in Kühlungsborn-Ost, and the 3200 meter long beach promenade was completely paved by 2007. Since the mid-1990s, Kühlungsborn has once again become a very popular year-round destination for the holiday season. From 2002 to 2004 the new sports boat harbor with 400 berths was built in Kühlungsborn-Ost. The new boat harbor, into which the Fulgenbach flows, already recorded over 13,000 boat arrivals in 2007 with a stay of over two nights.
The press center was set up in Kühlungsborn-Ost for the G8 summit in Heiligendamm 2007 . About 5390 journalists representing 1,045 media from 78 countries were accredited and most of them also lived in Kühlungsborn. The Molli served during the summit for journalists as a shuttle between the press center and Heiligendamm.
From 1952 to 2011, Kühlungsborn belonged to the Bad Doberan district (until 1990 in the GDR - Rostock district , then in the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania). Since the district reform in 2011 , the city has been in the Rostock district .
Status: December 31 of the respective year
The city council of Kühlungsborn consists of 20 members and the mayor. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following result:
|Party / list||Voices 2014||Voices 2019||Seats 2014||Seats 2019|
|Independent voter community (UWG)||9.7%||12.7%||2||3|
|Future Initiative (IZ)||-||10.7%||-||2|
|Individual applicant Uwe Ziesig||13.7%||9.5%||1||1|
|Kühlungsborn List (KL)||8.1%||8.5%||1||2|
|Craftsmen and Trade Association (HGV Tourism)||10.1%||7.7%||2||2|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens||5.7%||6.7%||1||1|
|All in all||17th||20th|
Ziesig's share of the vote corresponded to three seats in 2014 and two in 2019. Therefore, two or one seat in the city council remains vacant.
The mayor (chairman of the city council) is Uwe Ziesig.
- 2002–2017: Rainer Karl (independent)
- since 2018: Rüdiger Kozian (independent)
Kozian was elected for a term of seven years in the mayoral election on October 8, 2017 with 58.4% of the valid votes.
coat of arms
The coat of arms was awarded on September 2, 1940 by the Reichsstatthalter Mecklenburg and registered under the number 20 of the coat of arms of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. It was designed by Hans Schweitzer from Berlin.
Blazon : "In blue three (2: 1) flying silver seagulls with upright, black-silver ending half-flight."
The flag shows three silver seagulls flying to the right with upright black wings on a blue background.
- Steam narrow-gauge railway “ Molli ”, the section Bad Doberan - Heiligendamm (then Fürstenbad) was inaugurated in 1886, the extension to Brunshaupten and Arendsee took place in 1910, the interior fittings of the wagons were reconstructed in the GDR times with wall materials that were modern at the time
- Evangelical-Lutheran early Gothic Johanniskirche in Kühlungsborn-Ost, listed building from the 13th century with a late Gothic triumphal cross group from the 15th century. The nave is made of field stones, the vaults, frames, windows and portals are made of bricks. The pulpit is from 1698. The cemetery surrounding the church is bordered by a stone wall.
- Holy Trinity Roman Catholic Church , consecrated in 2000
- Pier in Kühlungsborn Ost , new construction in 1991, 240 m long, since 1999 again with shipping. The two original wooden structures of the piers in Kühlungsborn East and West were crushed by the ice masses in the winters of 1929 and 1941/42 and only partially rebuilt. The bridges were shortened during the GDR era. After the Second World War, regular shipping only took place in the early years of the GDR and was discontinued when the Wall was built in 1961 because of the opportunities to escape to the Federal Republic of Germany .
- Baltic Sea border tower near the pier, one of the last surviving GDR border towers, which gives an authentic experience of the history of the division of Germany. Ascent possible.
- Beach promenade , completed in 2007, from Kühlungsborn-West to the harbor promenade in the new Kühlungsborn boat harbor, approx. 3,200 meters long. At the transition from the beach promenade to the harbor promenade is the handicapped beach access, which was built in 2007 and is now a supraregional model. The sandy beach here is over 100 meters wide. The beach promenade and the harbor promenade are part of the European long-distance hiking trail E9.
- Harbor promenade between the stick anchor of the beach residence and the flood protection gates on Deichschart to the forecourt of the Kühlungsborn boat harbor, 360 meters long. The stick anchor is one of the largest of its kind. It weighs 3,200 kg; is 2.45 meters wide from tip to tip (= flukes) and the shaft (= handle) is (without shackle) 3.93 meters long. The stick measures 3.57 meters.
- Memorial from 1972 for the victims of fascism in the Strandstrasse in Kühlungsborn-Ost by the artist Renata Ahrens
- Sea rescue boat Konrad-Otto of the DGzRS , stationed at the east pier of the marina
- Windmill in the former district of Brunshaupten, listed building. The Erdholländer mill was mentioned in 1791 in the Mecklenburg state calendar .
- Cooling , wooded ridge with good prospects south of Kühlungsborn, emerged as a compression moraine during the Ice Age
Impressions of the Baltic Sea and the beach
Economy and Infrastructure
The focus of the economic development of Kühlungsborn lies in tourism. In 2013, 410,000 guests booked 2,440,000 overnight stays. The place has 16,500 guest beds.
The city's economic structure is largely determined by small commercial and craft businesses.
Kühlungsborn is the seat of the Institute for Atmospheric Physics belonging to the Leibniz Association from 1992 at the University of Rostock . The nearby Baltic Sea Wind Radar (Oswin VHF Radar) from 1999 is operated as a research radar .
Kühlungsborn can be reached via state road L 11 from federal road 105 from the direction of Kröpelin . The L 12 runs from Neubukow via Kühlungsborn to Bad Doberan . The closest motorway junctions are Kröpelin (12) and Bad Doberan (13) on the A 20 motorway ( Lübeck- Rostock).
The Bäderbahn Molli runs from the Ostseebad Kühlungsborn West , Central and East stations via Heiligendamm to Bad Doberan . The connection to the Doberan narrow-gauge railway took place in 1910.
- Bus route 103 from Rerik via Kühlungsborn and Reddelich to Bad Doberan
- Bus route 104 south via Kröpelin to Bad Doberan
- Bus route 121 west to Rerik and east via Heiligendamm to Rostock
- Town hall, Ostseeallee 20
- City library, beach promenade pavilion 7
- Mollimuseum, Fritz – Reuter – Straße 16
- Kunsthalle, Ostseeallee 48
- Heimatstube, Ostseeallee 18
- Tourist Information, Ostseeallee 19
- Fritz Reuter Primary School, Hermannstrasse 9
- School center Kühlungsborn, associated regional school and grammar school, new series 73a
- AWO children's home "Min to Hus"
- AWO social station home nursing
- AWO "Kita Bummi"
- Iduna retirement and nursing home
- Youth center, Zur Asbeck 10
- Ostseeklinik Kühlungsborn
- Mother and child clinic "Godetiet"
- Mother-and-child spa house "Strandpark"
- Mother-child health clinic "Stella Maris"
- Workers Welfare Association Bad Doberan / Kühlungsborn
- Friends of the school center in Kühlungsborn
- Fischerverein Kühlungsborn
- Tourist association Ostseebad Kühlungsborn
- Craftsmen and trade association
- Heimatverein Heimatfreunde Kühlungsborn
- Clan MacLeod Society Germany
- Culture Association Mecklenburg Inspired
- German Riviera eV
- Art Association Kühlungsborn
- "Plattsnacker" local history association
- Association to maintain the tradition of the Molli
- Marina Association Kühlungsborn
The football club FSV Kühlungsborn plays in the sixth-class association league Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in the 2019/20 season .
sons and daughters of the town
- Hans-Dieter Raspe (* 1937), politician ( LDPD )
- Egon Henninger (* 1940), swimming athlete
- Eckhard Creutz (* 1943), city director
- Christine Heinze (* 1949), actress
- Wolfgang Millgramm (* 1954), opera singer
- Cornelia Rickert (* 1954), volleyball player
- Gunnar Decker (* 1965), book author
- Kathrin Spoerr (* 1965), journalist
- Jean Maesér (born 1966), actor
- Anja Pyritz (* 1970), rower
- Dana Pyritz (* 1970), rower
- Katy Hoffmeister (* 1973), politician (CDU), Minister of Justice of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
- Karsten Ganschow (* 1978), handball player
- Dirk Reichl (* 1981), cyclist
- Marco Vorbeck (* 1981), soccer player
- Susann Utes (* 1991), soccer player
Personalities associated with Kühlungsborn
- Babette von Bülow (1850–1927), writer, died in Arendsee
- Arnold Lyongrün (1871–1935), painter, frequent stays in Kühlungsborn, during which numerous oil paintings of the Baltic Sea were created
- Günther Scharfenberg (1930–2019), diplomat of the GDR, lived in Kühlungsborn
- Klaus Praefcke (1933–2013), chemist, grew up in Kühlungsborn
- Dietrich Becker (* 1940), painter, lived in Kühlungsborn
- Hans Christian Feldmann, Gerd Baier, Dietlinde Brugmann, Antje Heling and Barbara Rimpel: Handbuch der Deutschen Kunstdenkmäler Mecklenburg-Vorpommern , Dehio-Handbuch , Deutscher Kunstverlag, Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-422-03081-6 .
- Hans-Ulrich Pfeiffer: The Bad Doberan - Kühlungsborn bathing railway and the Neubukow Ow - Blengow - Bastorf beet railway . Kenning-Verlag, 2005
- Jürgen Jahncke: Kühlungsborn: a foray into the life of the seaside resort . Redieck & Schade, Rostock 2010, ISBN 3-934116-54-X
- Statistisches Amt MV - population status of the districts, offices and municipalities 2019 (XLS file) (official population figures in the update of the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Facts and Figures. In: kuehlungsborn.de. City of Kühlungsborn, accessed June 6, 2017 .
- Regional Spatial Development Program Central Mecklenburg / Rostock 2011 - Central locations and perspective development, planning region MMR, accessed on July 12, 2015
- History of the Baltic seaside resort
- Reference to the hereditary tenant Wittholz
- Establishment of a sea rescue station
- Development of the Ostseeallee
- Hans Christian Feldmann, Gerd Baier, Dietlinde Brugmann, Antje Heling and Barbara Rimpel: Handbook of German Art Monuments Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania . Dehio-Handbuch , Deutscher Kunstverlag, 2000, ISBN 3-422-03081-6 , p. 294
- the places
- Jürgen Jahncke: Kühlungsborn - a foray through the life of the seaside resort. Redieck & Schade, Rostock 2006, ISBN 3-934116-54-X , p. 73.
- Daniel Sprenger: From the "Judenschloss" to the ruin of the reunification In: ndr.de , January 10, 2014.
- Alexander Schacht: Lost grave slab discovered. in: Ostsee-Zeitung , February 20, 2008, p. 13.
- Jürgen Jahncke: Kühlungsborn - a foray through the life of the seaside resort . Redieck & Schade, Rostock 2006, ISBN 3-934116-54-X , pp. 73/74.
- Günter Henneberg: From the history of the military base on the vineyards . In: Kühlungsborner Jahrbuch 2012, Touristik Service Kühlungsborn, 2012, p. 55.
- "GDR secret". mdr, April 14, 2009
- Jürgen Jahncke: Kühlungsborn - a foray through the life of the seaside resort. Redieck & Schade, Rostock 2006, ISBN 3-934116-54-X .
- History Ostseebad Kühlungsborn: Aktion Rose In: kuehlungsborn.de
- Jürgen Jahncke: Kühlungsborn - a foray through the life of the seaside resort. Redieck & Schade, Rostock 2006, ISBN 3-934116-54-X , pp. 157/158.
- Jürgen Jahncke: Kühlungsborn - a foray through the life of the seaside resort. Redieck & Schade, Rostock 2006, ISBN 3-934116-54-X , pp. 159-160.
- Jürgen Jahncke: Kühlungsborn - a foray through the life of the seaside resort. Redieck & Schade, Rostock 2006, ISBN 3-934116-54-X , pp. 162/163.
- Facebook entry
- Population development of the districts and municipalities in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Statistical Report AI of the Statistical Office Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)
- Result of the election for the city council on May 25, 2014
- Result of the election for the city council on May 26, 2019
- Main statute of the city of Ostseebad Kühlungsborn, § 7
- Rüdiger Kozian is the new mayor of the Baltic Sea resort. In: Ostsee-Zeitung , October 8, 2017.
- Hans Christian Feldmann, Gerd Baier, Dietlinde Brugmann, Antje Heling and Barbara Rimpel: Handbook of German Art Monuments Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania . Dehio-Handbuch, Deutscher Kunstverlag 2000, ISBN 3-422-03081-6 , page 295
- Pages of the parish
- Hans Christian Feldmann, Gerd Baier, Dietlinde Brugmann, Antje Heling and Barbara Rimpel: Handbook of German Art Monuments Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania . Dehio-Handbuch , Deutscher Kunstverlag 2000, ISBN 3-422-03081-6 , page 295
- Facts and Figures , kuehlungsborn.de
- Hans Christian Feldmann, Gerd Baier, Dietlinde Brugmann, Antje Heling and Barbara Rimpel: Handbook of German Art Monuments Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania . Dehio-Handbuch, Deutscher Kunstverlag 2000, ISBN 3-422-03081-6 , page 294
- Tourismusverband Mecklenburg-Vorpommern eV: Baltic Sea Cycle Route . In: Tourismusverband Mecklenburg-Vorpommern eV ( auf-nach-mv.de [accessed on May 12, 2017]).
- translator2: EuroVelo 10 - EuroVelo. Retrieved May 12, 2017 .