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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Sassnitz
Map of Germany, position of the city of Sassnitz highlighted

Coordinates: 54 ° 31 '  N , 13 ° 39'  E

Basic data
State : Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
County : Western Pomerania-Ruegen
Height : 34 m above sea level NHN
Area : 47.07 km 2
Residents: 9186 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 195 inhabitants per km 2
Postcodes : 18540, 18546
Area code : 038392
License plate : VR, GMN, NVP, RDG, RÜG
Community key : 13 0 73 080

City administration address :
Hauptstrasse 33
18546 Sassnitz
Website :
Mayor : Frank Kracht ( The Left )
Location of the city of Sassnitz in the Vorpommern-Rügen district
Rostock Landkreis Mecklenburgische Seenplatte Landkreis Rostock Landkreis Vorpommern-Greifswald Landkreis Vorpommern-Greifswald Landkreis Vorpommern-Greifswald Altenpleen Groß Mohrdorf Groß Mohrdorf Groß Mohrdorf Klausdorf (bei Stralsund) Kramerhof Preetz (bei Stralsund) Prohn Saal (Vorpommern) Barth Divitz-Spoldershagen Fuhlendorf (Vorpommern) Fuhlendorf (Vorpommern) Fuhlendorf (Vorpommern) Fuhlendorf (Vorpommern) Karnin (bei Barth) Kenz-Küstrow Löbnitz (Vorpommern) Lüdershagen Pruchten Saal (Vorpommern) Trinwillershagen Bergen auf Rügen Buschvitz Garz/Rügen Gustow Lietzow Parchtitz Patzig Poseritz Ralswiek Rappin Sehlen Ahrenshoop Born a. Darß Dierhagen Prerow Wieck a. Darß Wustrow (Fischland) Franzburg Glewitz Gremersdorf-Buchholz Millienhagen-Oebelitz Papenhagen Richtenberg Splietsdorf Velgast Weitenhagen (Landkreis Vorpommern-Rügen) Wendisch Baggendorf Elmenhorst (Vorpommern) Sundhagen Wittenhagen Baabe Göhren (Rügen) Lancken-Granitz Sellin Mönchgut Zirkow Groß Kordshagen Jakobsdorf Lüssow (bei Stralsund) Lüssow (bei Stralsund) Niepars Pantelitz Steinhagen (Vorpommern) Wendorf Zarrendorf Altenkirchen (Rügen) Breege Dranske Glowe Lohme Putgarten Sagard Wiek (Rügen) Bad Sülze Dettmannsdorf Deyelsdorf Drechow Eixen Grammendorf Gransebieth Hugoldsdorf Lindholz Tribsees Ahrenshagen-Daskow Schlemmin Ribnitz-Damgarten Semlow Altefähr Dreschvitz Dreschvitz Gingst Insel Hiddensee Kluis Neuenkirchen (Rügen) Neuenkirchen (Rügen) Rambin Samtens Schaprode Schaprode Trent (Rügen) Ummanz (Gemeinde) Ummanz (Gemeinde) Ummanz (Gemeinde) Binz Grimmen Marlow Putbus Putbus Sassnitz Stralsund Stralsund Süderholz Zingst Zingst Zingstmap
About this picture

The city of Sassnitz (until February 2, 1993 Saßnitz ) is a state-approved resort on the Baltic Sea . It is located on the Jasmund peninsula in the northeast of the island of Rügen and belongs to the district of Vorpommern-Rügen in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Germany).

For many centuries it was primarily a small fishing village, around 1890 a larger port and the railway connection were added. Saßnitz became a popular ferry location and seaside resort . The place only received city ​​rights in 1957 , making it the second youngest city in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.

In 2012, Sassnitz received the UNESCO World Natural Heritage title for the rich primeval beech forests in the Jasmund National Park . To the north-east of the city center, the chalk coast begins with the Stubbenkammer and the Königsstuhl . Sassnitz is also known for its spa architecture in the spa district and for the Sassnitz ferry port in the southern district of Mukran.


Geographical location

Sassnitz (2011)
Chalk cliffs near Sassnitz
Fishing boats in the city harbor

The urban area of ​​Sassnitz extends in the northeast of the island of Rügen, in the eastern part of the Jasmund peninsula to the Schmalen Heide in the south. This landscape is best known for its chalk cliffs. In addition, ice age deposits shape the landscape. Depressions are often occupied by smaller lakes. The most striking chalk cliff is the 118 meter high Königsstuhl . Large parts of the urban area cover different forest forms with their typical habitats. The forest on the coastal slopes is a specialty. There are rare woody plants such as wild pears, wild apples and yews. The city is located on the coastal slope at the southern end of the Stubnitz , a seven and a half kilometers long and up to four kilometers wide beech forest . The remaining areas are moors, beaches, meadows, pastures and settlement areas. In the south of the urban area near Mukran are the Wostevitz ponds , a protected marshy depression. The Steinbach flows through the built-up urban area .

There is another lake near the Königsstuhl, the Herthasee , which is around 150 meters in diameter and up to eleven meters deep. It is shrouded in legend and therefore a magnet for tourists.

The city of Sassnitz forms a basic center for its region , with partial functions of a medium-sized center (including the ferry port with international connections).

City structure

The city of Sassnitz consists of the following districts:

  • Blieschow
  • Buddenhagen
  • Dargast
  • Drosevitz
  • Dubnitz
  • Klementelvitz
  • Mukran
  • New Mukran
  • Werder
  • Wostevitz


  • Dwas boiling
  • Krampas
  • Lancken
  • Lenz


The Jasmund peninsula is geologically very young. The formation process began around 12,000 years ago with the end of the Vistula Ice Age , which left a young moraine landscape here . The thawing inland ice lifted the land below and the depressions were filled with water, creating the predecessor of the later Baltic Sea, the Ancylus Sea . So only the protruding ridges remained as islands. The large forms of the coasts in the southern part of the Baltic Sea were formed by the Littorina transgression about 7000 to 2500 years ago. About 5000 years ago the sea level rose to its present level. The Jasmund emerged from the high areas. The erosive effect of waves and currents created steep banks that still characterize the landscape today.


Large stone grave in the Stubnitz north of Sassnitz
Hotels on the seafront
Old ferry port with city skyline
Old town, in the background the Jasmund National Park

Until around 1900

The name Sassnitz probably goes back to a Slavic word that means pine (today Polish sosna , Russian and Ukrainian сосна). The area around Sassnitz is an old settlement since the Neolithic and the Bronze Age. The numerous large stone and tumulus graves clearly show this. The ramparts at the "Hengst" and the Buddenhagener "Schloßberg" to the north of the city, like many other archaeological finds, point to settlement in the Slav period.

It was not until 1906 that the farming and fishing village of Crampas and the fishing village of Saßnitz were merged to form the municipality of Saßnitz. Fishing was (and is) important. The desire of many urban citizens to relax by the sea led to a rapid and strong revival on the coasts of the Baltic and North Sea at the end of the 19th century, including on Rügen. As early as 1824, it is reported, the family of the Berlin theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher traveled to Saßnitz for a swim.

In his book Effi Briest, Theodor Fontane named Major von Crampas' lover after the fishing village on Rügen, wrote about Lake Herthasee with its Wendish sacrificial stones, and had the following sentence made in the book: " To travel to Rügen means to travel to Saßnitz ." Johannes Brahms and Kaiser Wilhelm were other illustrious visitors to Saßnitz.

In 1871 the road to Saßnitz was expanded, in 1891 the town was connected to the railway network from Bergen , from 1878 there was a ship connection to Stettin, in 1889 the port in Saßnitz and soon afterwards sea connections to Rønne ( Bornholm ), Trelleborg and Memel . The new connections made the place grow rapidly. The chalk industry was expanded, fish and fish products dominated the working life and tourism grew, with other places with beaches developing better.

From 1900

The beach promenade was built at the beginning of the 20th century. The typical resort architecture with pensions and hotels shaped the appearance of the place during this time. After the ferry and mail steamer lines began, Saßnitz became a civil servants' place with the corresponding new residential buildings.

In 1935/1936 a training castle of the NSDAP was built , which was used by the German Labor Front . Your architect was Julius Schulte-Frohlinde . During the war it became a military hospital, after 1945 the Saßnitz hospital was housed in it (demolished in 1996).

From spring 1945 until the end of the war in May 1945 there was a satellite camp of the Ravensbrück concentration camp in Saßnitz . The fenced and guarded prisoner barracks , only around 20 square meters in size, was located at the end of the former Wedding Park near today's Karl-Liebknecht-Ring. The prisoners, the majority of whom belonged to Jehovah's Witnesses , were assigned as craftsmen to the research institute of the Reich Labor Association for the utilization of seaweed for public health and against deficiency diseases . The commandant of the subcamp was the emeritus professor, painter and sculptor SS-Oberführer Arnold Waldschmidt under the direction of the SS Economic and Administrative Main Office . Today several stumbling blocks in the city remind of the prisoners.

From the end of February 1945, Saßnitz increasingly became an alternative port for refugees from the east for the overburdened Swinoujscie . On the night of March 6th to 7th, 1945, a British bombing raid with 191 Lancaster bombers took place on the city and the ships lying in the harbor and in the roadstead  . 17 vehicles were sunk, including the hospital ship Robert Möhring (353 dead) in the ferry bed and the destroyer Z 28 (150 dead) in the roadstead . In total, around 1200 people died in the 20-minute attack. 537 apartments were destroyed and the east pier and the quay were badly damaged.

Built between Sassnitz and Dargast and entertained the VEB pumped storage Hohenwarte to GDR times the operating pioneer camp " Pablo Neruda " for the children of his company employees.

In 1949 the VEB Fischkombinat Saßnitz was established at the port and employed up to 2200 workers. With the Lauterbach part of the business, it became the second largest food goods factory in the GDR. In 1977 150,000 tons of canned fish, 3,000 tons of preserves and 500 tons of smoked products were produced.

1957 Saßnitz received the city charter . The fishing industry was expanded, but the boarding houses increasingly fell into disrepair because holidaymakers preferred the sandy beaches in the south and north of the island.

Around 1977 the Saßnitz fishing fleet had 48 26.5 m cutters, 15 freeze trawlers and 2 refrigerated and transport vessels. It landed over 60,000 tons of fish annually.

In 1984, a new port for rail ferry traffic between the GDR and the Soviet Union was built in Mukran. After 1991 the Sassnitz ferry port was restructured for connections throughout the Baltic Sea region.

From 1991 the historic city center was completely renovated as part of urban development funding. The houses of the resort architecture were renovated and kept largely uniform in white. The old town harbor was included in the urban redevelopment from 2000.

In 2007 a 274 m long suspension bridge for pedestrians was inaugurated, which connects the city center between the train station, Rügen gallery, spa hotel and main street with the Sassnitz harbor.

From 1952 to 1955 Sassnitz was part of the Bergen district in the newly founded GDR district of Rostock . The circle Bergen was on 1 January 1956 with the Kreis Bergen on Rügen county united. Sassnitz belonged to this district in the Rostock district from 1956 to 1990, and from 1990 to 2011 to the Rügen district in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania . Since the district reform in 2011 , the city has been in the Vorpommern-Rügen district .

Population development

With the boom as a seaside resort and ferry port, the population of the community of Sassnitz grew steadily, from 332 in 1885 to 3987 in 1925 and 7826 in 1939. The further expansion as a ferry and fishing port brought Sassnitz, which was elevated to a town in 1957, another strong population increase (1957: 12.284, 1971: 13.676, 1981: 14.944). Since 1990, however, the population has decreased significantly again.

year Residents
1990 13,032
1995 12,241
2000 11,637
2005 10,813
2010 10,366
year Residents
2015 9,560
2016 9,485
2017 9,435
2018 9,320
2019 9,186

Status: December 31 of the respective year


Election for city council 2019
Turnout: 48.6% (2014: 41.1%)
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
-9.7  % p
-10.2  % p
-0.4  % p
+ 14.4  % p
-4.9  % p
+ 8.8  % p
-1.0  % p
-1.0  % p
+ 2.0  % p

City council

The city ​​council of the city of Sassnitz consists of 21 members. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following result:

Party / group of voters Share of votes Seats
The left 19.9% 4th
CDU 18.0% 4th
SPD 15.5% 3
AfD 14.4% 3
Alternative Free Voting Community (AFW) 10.8% 2
Citizens for Sassnitz (BVR) 08.8% 2
FDP 06.2% 1
Senior Voters Association (SWG) 02.4% 1
Individual applicant Falko Gärtig 02.0% 1

BVR, SWG and the individual applicant Gärtig have joined forces to form the BfS (citizens for Sassnitz) group.


  • 1994–2015: Dieter Holtz (Die Linke)
  • since 2015: Frank Kracht (Die Linke)

Kracht was elected in the mayoral election on September 20, 2015 with 52.6% of the valid votes for a term of seven years.

Coat of arms, flag and official seal

The city of Sassnitz has a coat of arms, a flag and an official seal. The coat of arms was adopted in 1959 by the Saßnitz city council, the name of the city at that time, confirmed by a resolution of the city council of Sassnitz on November 1, 1994 and registered under No. 17 of the coat of arms of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. The flag was approved by the Interior Minister of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania on July 9, 1997.

coat of arms
"The coat of arms shows in blue a red and silver split lighthouse with silver rays of light emerging from a gap in the upper row of a red, silver-framed brick wall."
“The city flag shows the colors blue-white-blue in three vertical stripes. The blue stripes each take up two ninths of the flag height. The white stripe takes up five ninths of the height and is covered in the middle with the city arms. The height of the coat of arms is related to the height of the flag cloth as 4 to 9. Height and length of the flag cloth are related to each other like 3 to 5. "
Official seal

The official seal shows the city's coat of arms and the inscription "STADT SASSNITZ • LANDKREIS VORPOMMERN-RÜGEN".

Town twinning

Sights and culture

town hall
Old fishing port
Suspension bridge to the port
St. John's Church


  • Old town with the blue and white oldest house in Sassnitz in Karlstrasse. House Seerose (Ringstrasse 5) and Villa Hertha are worth seeing.
  • Evangelical St. Johannis Church on a hill between Sassnitz and Crampas on Stubbenkammerstraße, started in 1880 according to plans by city planner Adolf Gerstenberg (Berlin), inaugurated in 1883
  • City hall based on plans by Gustav Bähr (Berlin), opened in 1910 as a warm bath and community center for the citizens. A picturesque glass painting on the main portal reminds of the former function of a bathhouse.
  • Outer pier with a length of 1450 m, construction started in 1889, completion in 1912
  • Pier light on the east pier, erected in 1903, replaced by the current green and white lighthouse in 1937 . The more than 15 meter high lighthouse is a designated architectural monument and has an octagonal steel tower construction with a cantilevered, circumferential balcony on the lantern house.
  • Sea pilot station in Hafenstrasse above the port, completed in 1895 as part of the port expansion, served as a residential building for the harbor master and as accommodation for the sea ​​pilots , restored in 2004
  • Suspension bridge, 274 m long, completed in 2007, pedestrian connection between the city center and the port, construction according to plans by Schlaich , Bergemann and Partner (Stuttgart), awarded the German Bridge Construction Prize 2010
  • Glass station and ferry terminal in the port of Sassnitz with a tradition of over 100 years of ferry traffic to Sweden and Northern Europe
  • Senior center of the AWO from 2005 on the edge of the Dwasiedener Wald, consisting of a nursing home and service housing complex with old and handicapped accessible apartments. In collaboration with artists, a sensory garden with a secured circular path for people with dementia was created.
  • Dwasieden Castle in the middle of a park in the Dwasieden Forest. The ruins give an idea of ​​the eventful history of this once imposing building. The major Aachen banker Adolph von Hansemann acquired the property from Baron Eduard von Barnekow in the mid-19th century. The mansion was built between 1873 and 1876 according to a design by Friedrich Hitzig in the Italian neo-renaissance style, blown up in 1947, the single-storey parts of the side wings were preserved.
  • Hill grave in the forest Dwasiedener

Historical monuments

Memorial to the deep-sea fishermen who did not return from the sea
Postage stamp of the GDR from 1981 with the memorial for the anti-fascist resistance fighters
  • Memorial for the victims of fascism by the sculptor Reinhard Schmidt from 1973 in the park opposite the town hall
  • Honorary grave with memorial stone for the social democratic seaman Hermann Bebert, who was executed as a conscientious objector in 1945, in the forest cemetery. The special school on Stubbenkammerstraße has been named after him since 1970.
  • Memorial stone in honor of Lenin , who stayed briefly in Sassnitz in 1917 on the way from his Swiss exile to Russia. The memorial stone stands on a small meadow on Rügenplatz and was restored in 2017.


Panorama of the Sassnitz harbor


Restaurants on the beach promenade
HMS Otus in the port of Sassnitz
  • Königsstuhl National Park Center , opened in 2004, with a viewing platform, adventure exhibition and multi-vision cinema
  • Sassnitz zoo on the edge of the Jasmund National Park, the only zoo on the island of Rügen
  • Gummanz Chalk Museum, the only chalk museum in Europe not far from Sassnitz near Sagard on the site of the open-cast chalk mine, which was operated from 1855 to 1962, shows original equipment as well as the geological relationships, chalk mining and chalk processing on picture and text boards. In summer there is regular advice on finding fossils for collectors.
  • Glass station, part of the former Sassnitz Hafen station , has lost its former function due to the expansion of the new Sassnitz ferry port in Mukran and is now home to an exhibition and event hall as well as the Museum of Underwater Archeology. There are some exhibits from the boat finds from Ralswiek .
  • Fisheries and harbor museum, documents the history of fishing on Rügen and the old Sassnitz harbor. One of the exhibits is the "Havel" fishing cutter. In the harbor there are excursion boats and fishing boats, the British submarine HMS Otus and the coastal freighter "Annemarie", which was converted into a passenger ship by 2007.
  • Alaris Butterfly Park, in operation since July 2003, is home to hundreds of free-flying butterflies in tropical surroundings
  • Light Games Sassnitz, cinema and cultural cinema of the island of Ruegen. Since 2000, sophisticated program cinema films have been shown in the Grundtvighaus every Friday. A branch of the cinema is the Cliffkulturkino in Sellin.
  • Youth project E-Werk, start-up center for projects and ideas for disadvantaged young people and young adults to create jobs for the common good. A youth, culture, service and event center with an event hall and a bed house at youth hostel level was created from the 100-year-old Sassnitz power plant.
  • Urban and evangelical meeting center from 2000 in Gerhart-Hauptmann-Ring 50, meeting point for older people, meanwhile grown together with other projects such as café "Kiek in", Spinnstube, Klönstube of the CJD Garz, Klönclub, clothing exchange, various self-help groups, ESV Sassnitz (strength training for everyone) and the church youth club Saskia
  • De Jasmunder flat dancers, folk dance group made up of girls and boys
  • Sassnitz Youth Brass Band from 1959
  • Folk Choir Sassnitz from 1964
  • Sassnitz Carnival Club (SKC) from 1975

Regular events

  • Splendid meeting of the Sassnitz Carnival Club annually in the Dwasieden sports hall
  • Children's festival in the zoo with pony rides, music and entertainment on the next Sunday of Children's Day
  • Midsummer bonfire, event following the Swedish tradition with guests from the twin town Trelleborg
  • Main street festival of the city, participation of the tradespeople, since 2001 on the last weekend in June
  • Summer concerts in St. John's Church, regularly June to September
  • Rügen Harbor Days, annually on the second weekend in July for three days at the city harbor
  • Sassnitzer Molensoiree, long night on the Sassnitz pier on the first Saturday in August
  • Summer festival in the zoo, pony rides, music and entertainment, mid-August
  • Promenade revue on the beach promenade and pier on the last weekend in August
  • Advent market in the old town on the first of Advent

Economy and Infrastructure


Old ferry port around 1970
Ferry terminal in Mukran
New Sassnitz-Mukran ferry port

The economy of Sassnitz is determined by tourism and the port economy.

The chalk mining at Klementelvitz far from Sassnitz is a traditional industry of the island. Chalk has been mined here in open-cast mining since 1840 . The chalk is not only used for the production of gypsum , but because of its high quality it is also used by power plants for their filter systems. The Rügen chalk is used for health and preventive medicine in the chalk spa in Sassnitz.

The Rügen Fisch AG (formerly New Rügenfisch GmbH ) is based in Sassnitz. The company, which was extensively modernized after reunification, is an employer for around 200 people in Sassnitz and produces a wide range of canned fish. In addition, the Cuxhaven Kutterfisch headquarters has a branch in Sassnitz. Sassnitz is also the home port for coastal and small deep-sea fishing ships.

At the end of the 1990s, the Meyer shipyard in Papenburg was considering building a shipyard for cruise ships here. However, this was rejected on all sides because of the proximity to the national park and the change in the lake silhouette associated with the construction of such a facility.

The Sassnitz ferry port in the Mukran district ( Mukran Port ) is Germany's easternmost port for large-scale shipping. This location enables the shortest sea connections from Germany to Sweden, Denmark ( Bornholm ), Finland, Russia and the Baltic States. The port is located on the Prorer Wiek directly on the open sea and thus enables the shipping industry to navigate easily. Water depths of 10½ m make the port accessible to all classes of ships operating in the Baltic Sea region. In 2013 the total throughput in the port of Sassnitz-Mukran was 3.2 million  tons (t) (2012: 3.5 million t, 2011: 4.9 million t)

Thanks to its flexible track systems, the Sassnitz ferry port had developed into a special port for combined freight traffic . In the meantime, the use is decreasing, in 2013 only 20,000  freight wagons (2012 31,000 wagons) were transshipped on the Stena Line route to and from Trelleborg . There are around 7,400 wagons annually on the lines to and from the Baltic States .

Various industrial and commercial companies are located at Mukran Port:

  • At Euro-Baltic Fischververarbeitung GmbH of the Dutch operating company Parlevliet & Van der Plas , over 30,000 tons of herring are processed into herring rags, fillets and frozen goods for the fish industry . A large proportion is supplied by fishermen from Sassnitz and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, who deliver their catches at agreed fixed prices with their own cutters, with rented fish tankers or by truck to the pier of the modern fish processing center. The rest is delivered from Schleswig-Holstein , Denmark and Sweden.
  • The INVO planning GmbH from Ribnitz-Damgarten to establish a brick factory for 36 million euros on the former railway land in the area of the ferry terminal to the locational advantages in terms of delivery and collection of granules to use and finished products by sea.

The sea pilots of the Warnemünde- based Pilot Brotherhood Wismar-Rostock-Stralsund are responsible for piloting tasks in the port of Sassnitz and the upstream sea area .

A locational advantage had Mukran the construction of the Nord Stream - natural gas - pipeline from Russia to Lubmin. The steel pipes with a diameter of 1.4 m were transported here from the Ruhr area . A factory for the concrete coating and preservation of the pipe elements was set up on the spacious railway site, and all the pipes for both lines were completed here. After interim storage on the station and port premises, the pipe elements were brought to the laying vessels, where they were processed and lowered.

For the planned laying of the second strand, Nord Stream 2, starting in 2018, the systems in Mukran have been used again for the storage and concrete coating of numerous other pipes since the end of 2016.

On the site at the Sassnitz ferry port, an industrial area of ​​around 23 hectares was developed for relocation between 2013 and the beginning of 2015 for 9.8 million euros. For this purpose, EU funds were used to improve the regional economic structure in the amount of 5.5 million euros.


Mukran ferry station - pipes for the Nord Stream gas pipeline on the left

Sassnitz is the end point of the federal highway 96 to Stralsund . This is also where the L 29 state road to Binz and Putbus begins .

Sassnitz train station is on the Stralsund – Sassnitz railway line . Trains on the RE9 regional express line run to Rostock here and at the Lancken stop .

In addition to the Sassnitz train station, there is the ferry station in Mukran called Sassnitz Fährhafen . Even before the First World War , Sassnitz Hafen station was set up as a ferry station for the so-called royal line to Sweden ( Trelleborg ). In the 1980s, has been in the district Mukran a new ferry port with wide - and standard gauge - tracks built. From there there are connections to Denmark ( Rønne on Bornholm ) and Saint Petersburg ( Russia ). The route to Klaipėda , Lithuania , was suspended on September 30, 2013.

In addition to road vehicles, the Stena Line ferries to Trelleborg (Sweden) also carry rail cars. In addition to the still existing night train connection Berlin - Malmö (only with couchette cars ), freight wagons were also transported until 2014 . In 2013 there were around 20,000, in 2004 around 60,000 freight wagons. As a result of this development, the shipping company Stena Line relocated freight traffic by rail ferry between Germany and Sweden to Rostock in mid-June 2014. In 2013, 524,000 passengers used the Königslinie to Trelleborg. A total of more than 561,000 ferry passengers were counted in Sassnitz in 2013.

The ferry line to Bornholm has been served year-round with the Hammershus since 2018 , previously only in summer.


  • Ostseeblick Primary School, Schulstrasse 5
  • Regional school, Geschwister-Scholl-Straße 8
  • General special school, Mukraner Straße 5
  • Rügen Vocational School, Straße der Jugend 7
  • Day care center Lütt Matten der Volkssolidarität
  • Kunterbunt day care center for people's solidarity
  • Day care center March 8th of the Evangelical Church Congregation St. Johannis


The SG Empor Sassnitz is the largest sports club on the island of Rügen with around 700 members. It includes the sections football, handball, volleyball, tennis, table tennis, badminton, athletics, judo, bowling, senior sports and weight training.

  • Dwasieden sports field on the edge of the Dwasieden forest with a 400 m cinder track and two long jump pits
  • Dwasieden sports hall with handball court dimensions and four other smaller sports halls
  • Skater facility on the way to the Dwasieden sports hall


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities associated with Sassnitz

Lenin monument


The German goddess Hertha , also called Earth Mother Nerthus , is said to have lived in the Jasmund National Park in the Herthaburg , which is named after her . In fact, some earth walls belonged to a former Slavic refuge . Allegedly the goddess Hertha went to Lake Herthasee once a year to bathe in it. Mortals were barred from seeing the bathing goddess. Therefore, all servants and slaves who helped her bathe were then drowned in the lake. Theodor Fontane took up this legend in his novel Effi Briest .

The Königsstuhl also got its name from an incident in the legendary past. He who could climb the cliffs from the seaside became king.

Another legend reports that the famous privateer Klaus Störtebeker was born in 1340 on the Ruschvitz estate on Jasmund. The pirate gorge in Sassnitz, not far from the old town, is said to have been one of the numerous hiding places of Klaus Störtebeker and his Vitalienbrüders in the Baltic Sea. Since 1993 the Störtebeker Festival has been taking place on the open-air stage in Ralswiek in the summer months .


  • Aegir: Sassnitz 100 years of seaside resort. A memorial and a chronicle . 1924, 20 pp.
  • Frank Biederstaedt: So Saßnitz will never become a major seaside resort. The history of the seaside resorts of Crampas and Sassnitz . Edition Pommern, Elmenhorst 2009, ISBN 978-3-939680-05-5 .
  • Frank Biederstaedt: "... and when it is destroyed, the country is ruined." The checkered history of the Stubnitz on Rügen . Elmenhorst 2011, ISBN 978-3-939680-10-9 .
  • Wulf Krentzien: The Sassnitz ports and their ferry traffic . Erfurt 2006, ISBN 978-3-86680-016-8 .
  • Stadtarchiv Sassnitz (ed.) And Frank Biederstaedt: Sassnitz views - Sassnitz everyday life: from the photo collection of the Sassnitz city archive . Edition Pommern, Elmenhorst / Vorpommern 2019, ISBN 978-3-939680-54-3 .
  • Willi Ritter: A home for Jörg - Sassnitz stories . Edition Pommern, Elmenhorst / Vorpommern 2020, ISBN 978-3-939680-61-1 .

Web links

Commons : Sassnitz  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
 Wikinews: Sassnitz  - in the news
Wikivoyage: Sassnitz  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. Statistisches Amt MV - population status of the districts, offices and municipalities 2019 (XLS file) (official population figures in the update of the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. Regional Spatial Development Program Vorpommern (RREP) 2010 ( Memento of the original from September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. - Central local structure with regional, medium and basic centers, accessed on July 12, 2015 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  3. a b c d main statute of the city of Sassnitz, § 1
  4. ^ Hanswilhelm Haefs, place names and local stories on Rügen, Munich 2003, p. 84
  5. ^ Theodor Fontane: Effi Briest ; Appendix to the origin, p. 355 to p. 104 and p. 280, in dtv, 1995, ISBN 3-423-02366-X
  6. Hell on 18 square meters Article from the Ostseezeitung Rügen, February 3, 2006
  7. a b c Lehmann / Meyer: Rügen AZ. Wähmann-Verlag, Schwerin 1977, p. 75.
  8. ^ Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Rügen district. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  9. Population development of the districts and municipalities in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Statistical Report AI of the Statistical Office Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)
  10. Election of the city council of Sassnitz on May 25, 2014
  11. Election of the city council of the city of Sassnitz on May 26th, 2019. Retrieved July 22, 2020 .
  12. Mayor has "ruled" for 20 years. In: Ostsee-Zeitung . November 29, 2014, accessed July 22, 2020 .
  13. Main statute of the city of Sassnitz, § 7
  14. ^ Result of the mayoral election on September 20, 2015
  15. Entry about the twin cities on the homepage of the city of Sassnitz.Retrieved on April 9, 2019, 6:44 pm
  16. The seaports of Neuvorpommern, 1904: The port of Saßnitz, page 57 (PDF; 8.1 MB)
  17. ^ The sea ports of New Western Pomerania, 1904: The port of Saßnitz, page 58 (PDF; 8.1 MB)
  19. Lichtspiele Sassnitz
  21. ^ Eckhard-Herbert Arndt: envelope in the northeast is increasing . In: Daily port report of January 20, 2014, p. 3, ISSN  2190-8753
  22. Balance sheet of the German seaports 2011 . In: Hansa , Heft 4/2012, pp. 77-81, Schiffahrts-Verlag Hansa, Hamburg 2012, ISSN  0017-7504
  23. a b Stena Line relocates rail traffic. In: Daily port report of April 28, 2014, p. 3.
  24. A visit to the largest fish factory in Europe. Galileo, ProSieben on YouTube , accessed December 7, 2019.
  25. General Pilot Ordinance, as of December 2010, accessed on June 8, 2016
  26. Peter Kleinort: Start of production for pipe works · Work on second Baltic Sea pipeline "Nord Stream 2" begins · Laying from 2018 . In: Daily port report of May 10, 2017, p. 15
  27. New industrial park for Sassnitz · The handling of goods at the ferry port has almost halved within 13 years . In: Daily port report of February 6, 205, p. 3
  28. ^ Lithuania ferry from Sassnitz to Klaipeda. Retrieved January 12, 2014 .
  29. ^ Peter Kleinort: Northeast ports with a mixed balance . In: Daily port report , May 16, 2014, p. 2
  30. BORNHOLMSLINJEN - year-round direct ferries from only 19 euros. Retrieved January 24, 2019 .