Friedrich Hitzig

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Georg Friedrich Heinrich Hitzig (born April 8, 1811 in Berlin ; † October 11, 1881 there ) was a German architect of classicism and historicism .


He was the son of the lawyer Julius Eduard Hitzig , graduated from the vocational school and the Berlin building academy . In 1829 he passed the surveyor's examination. He worked as an intern under Karl Friedrich Schinkel in the construction of the Berlin observatory . In 1837 he passed the master builder examination and settled in Berlin as a private master builder. Hitzig became a particularly sought-after architect in the period after Schinkel. He developed its classicist style by using elements of the Renaissance in his designs. In 1845 he went on a study trip to Italy . He then became a member of the Prussian building deputation in 1850 and a member of the Academy of Arts in 1855 . In 1857 and 1864 he made further study trips, including to Egypt , Greece , Turkey , Trieste and Paris . In 1868 he became a member of the Senate of the Academy of Arts and in 1875 its president. On October 1, 1880, he was elected department conductor for structural engineering by the Academy of Civil Engineering.

The family grave is located in the Dorotheenstädtischer Friedhof in Berlin-Mitte . His father and son Eduard Hitzig are also buried there.

Buildings and designs

Market hall in Berlin
Kronenberg Palace in Warsaw
Mausoleum of the Hitzig family on the Dorotheenstädtischer Friedhof in Berlin-Mitte, Schinkel's tomb in the foreground


  • Hans Christian Förster: The fashion architect according to Schinkel. In: TU intern , No. 10, October 2006.
  • Neidhardt Krauss: The architect Friedrich Hitzig and his castle buildings in Mecklenburg and Western Pomerania. In: Baltic Studies , Volume 79 (1993), ISSN  0067-3099 , pp. 58-77.
  • Irmgard Wirth:  Hitzig, Friedrich. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 9, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1972, ISBN 3-428-00190-7 , p. 274 ( digitized version ).
  • Ute Wachsmuth-Major: The Berlin architect Friedrich Hitzig (1811-1881) , dissertation TU Berlin 1996

Web links

Commons : Friedrich Hitzig  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Alexander Dunker (ed.): The rural residences, castles and residences of the knightly landowners in the Prussian monarchy . tape 9 . Published by Alexander Dunker, Berlin 1860.
  2. Year of construction and two illustrations , accessed on February 4, 2013