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Marshal Beresford disarms a Polish lance bearer at the Battle of Albuera.  Drawn by T. Sutherland, 1831
In the Battle of Albuera , an allied army led by the British wins against the Franco-Polish army.
Wilhelmine Reichard, first German balloonist
Wilhelmine Reichard is the first German woman to take a balloon ride .
Friedrich Mohs
Friedrich Mohs sets up
a ten-level hardness scale
for minerals .
1811 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1259/60 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1803/04 (September 11th / 12th)
Bengali solar calendar 1216/17 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2354/55 (southern Buddhism); 2353/54 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 75th (76th) cycle

Year of the metal sheep辛未 ( at the beginning of the year metal horse 庚午)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1173/74 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4144/45 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1189/90
Islamic calendar 1225/26 (turn of the year 25/26 January)
Jewish calendar 5571/72 (September 18-19)
Coptic Calendar 1527/28 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 986/987
Seleucid era Babylon: 2121/22 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2122/23 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1867/68 (April)


Politics and world events

Europe 1811

Coalition wars

Iberian Peninsula
Battle of the Gévora
Battle of Fuentes de Oñoro
Swedish-British War
  • June 15: The only bloodshed in the British-Swedish War occurs when a Swedish unit attacks a group of peasant compatriots who oppose the drafting of soldiers .

Great Britain

George, Prince of Wales

Central Europe

  • April 1: The Berlin Police Regulations create the first criminal police in Germany in Berlin .
  • June 1: In Austria , the General Civil Code , valid from the beginning of 1812 , is proclaimed by an imperial patent .
  • June 10: In Karlsruhe , the 82-year-old Karl Friedrich dies since the death of his grandfather Karl III. Wilhelm in 1738 initially more formal, since his declaration of maturity in 1746 also ruling ruler in Baden - most recently as Grand Duke since 1806 .
  • September 14th: In Prussia, the regulation edict is issued , which obliges the peasants released from inheritance to return parts of their land to their former landlords as compensation.

Latin America

Battle of Las Piedras

North America





Austria's national bankruptcy

War economy

Business start-ups


science and technology


Natural sciences

Teaching and Research




Title page of the first edition

Music and theater



The outbreak of the city fire


Friedrich Ludwig Jahn gymnasium


January February

Daniel Payne

March April

Robert Wilhelm Bunsen

May June

Giulia Grisi

July August

Elisha Graves Otis

September October

Franz Liszt

November December

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Heinrich von Kleist

Web links

Commons : 1811  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files