Ignaz Fränzl

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Ignaz Fränzl, portrait of Johann Wilhelm Hoffnas (1727–1795)

Igna (t) z Franz Joseph Fränz (e) l (born June 4, 1736 in Mannheim ; † September 3, 1811 ibid) was a German composer , conductor , violinist and violist .


The son of the trumpeter Ferdinand Rudolph Fränzl played the violin as an "accessist" in the Mannheim court orchestra since 1747. At the age of eighteen he was a violinist in the orchestra, and in 1759 he was earning an annual salary of 500 guilders more than Mozart's time in Salzburg. He went on concert tours, a. a. 1768 to Paris and 1786 to Vienna. In 1773 he was together with Giovanni Battista Toeschi (1735-1800) concertmaster of the Mannheim court orchestra.

In 1777 Fränzl got to know Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart , who visited Mannheim after a concert tour with his mother and who had very positive comments about Fränzl as a violinist. After the elector Karl Theodor moved his residence from Mannheim to Munich, Fränzl founded the academy concerts with the remaining musicians of the court orchestra . In 1779 Fränzl became Kapellmeister of the newly founded National Theater Orchestra ; he held this position until 1803. In 1789 Johann Anton André from Offenbach was a violinist in the orchestra. His successor was the cellist Peter Ritter .

As a composer, Fränzl u. a. with two symphonies, a wind quintet, several violin concertos and six string trios and quartets each. His students include the violinist Friedrich Wilhelm Pixis and the singer Marianne Crux . His son Ferdinand Fränzl also became known as a violinist.


  • Op. 1: Deux Concerto a Violon principal, premier et second Dessus, Alto et Basse , Flutes ou Hautbois et deux Cors ad Libitum (Paris)
  • Op. 2: Six Trios pour deux Violons et Basse (Paris, 1770; Lyon)
  • Op. 6: Trois Quatuors a deux Violons ou une Flaut un Violon Alto et Basse (Paris, 1777)
  • Symphony periodique a plusieurs Instruments (Mannheim)
  • 2 symphony in symphony a più Strumenti composte da vari Autori (Paris)


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Gustav Schilling (arrangement): Encyclopedia of the Entire Musical Sciences or Universal Lexicon of Tonkunst (...). First volume. A. To Bq. Franz Heinrich Köhler, Stuttgart 1835, p. 196