Violinist (musician)

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Violinist with her instrument
“The black violinist” (Paganini), stage representation on a watercolor by Ernst Oppler

Geiger or violinist is the name of a musician , the violin playing, regardless of whether Classical , jazz , folk , folk or popular music is and whether, chamber music and orchestral musicians perform as soloists.

Selection of some important violinists

Some violinists were not only virtuosos, but also left behind important compositions of solo literature for violin and ensemble music for strings, but occasionally also other works. The most important of the early Baroque include Giovanni Battista Fontana , Dario Castello , Marco Uccellini , Antonio Bertali and Maurizio Cazzati ; in the high baroque in Germany Johann Heinrich Schmelzer , Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber and Johann Jacob Walther , and in Italy Arcangelo Corelli ; in the late baroque period Antonio Vivaldi , Giuseppe Tartini , Pietro Locatelli , and the French Jean-Marie Leclair .

The gallant style can Johann Stamitz , Carl Stamitz , Gaetano Pugnani , Christian Cannabich and Pietro Nardini assign.

Giovanni Battista Viotti , Pierre Rode , Louis Spohr and Rodolphe Kreutzer smoothed the transition from classical to early romanticism .

In the early 19th century, Niccolò Paganini developed a brilliant playing technique, he caused a sensation in his day with his double flagellet and his daring pizzicati . Other well-known violinists of the 19th century were Joseph Joachim (friend of Johannes Brahms ), the Müller brothers and Leopold Auer , a Hungarian who trained many famous violinists first in Moscow and then in the USA. Charles-Auguste de Bériot , Henri Vieuxtemps and Eugène Ysaÿe are considered to be the founders of the famous Franco-Belgian school (Paris, Brussels, Liège).

The students of the next generation include violinists such as Yehudi Menuhin , Fritz Kreisler , Jascha Heifetz , Arthur Grumiaux , Isaac Stern , David Oistrach and Henryk Szeryng , who in turn taught today's generation of violinists.

In the 20th century, different styles developed, which brought forth jazz violinists such as Stéphane Grappelli and Helmut Zacharias or the (standing violinist ) André Rieu, who is in the tradition of the coffee house violinist . David Garrett was able to place himself in the German charts as a violinist. There are also talented violinists in the field of Irish Celtic music.

Since the 1960s, baroque violinists have made a name for themselves in the field of classical music, making music based on the knowledge of historical performance practice .

See also


  • Joachim W. Hartnack: Great violinists of our time . Atlantis Music Book, 1993, ISBN 978-3-254-00171-9 .
  • Harald Eggebrecht : Great violinists: Kreisler, Heifetz, Oistrach, Mutter, Hahn and Co. (Piper series, 4302) Piper, Munich / Zurich 2005, ISBN 3-492-24302-9 .
  • Albrecht Roeseler (with Norbert Hornig): Great violinists of our century. (Piper series, 2375) Extended new edition. Piper, Munich / Zurich 1996, ISBN 3-492-22375-3 .
  • Stefan Drees (Hrsg.): Lexicon of the violin. Laaber-Verlag, Laaber 2004, ISBN 3-89007-544-4 .
  • Urs Frauchiger: Your own tone. Conversations about the art of violin playing. (Odeon, 3) Ammann, Zurich 2000, ISBN 3-250-30003-9 .

Web links

Commons : Violinist  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Geiger  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Wiktionary: Violinist  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations