Carl Stamitz

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Carl Stamitz

Carl Philipp Stamitz (born May 7, 1745 in Mannheim ; † November 9, 1801 in Jena ) was a German violinist and composer . He is counted to the second generation of the Mannheim school .


Carl Philipp Stamitz was the eldest son of the composer Johann Wenzel Stamitz , who was a virtuoso on violin, viola and viola d'amore . He gave his son his first lessons in violin and cello. After the early death of his father in 1757, Christian Cannabich , Ignaz Holzbauer and Franz Xaver Richter took over the musical training of Carl Philipps. From 1762 to 1770 he was second violinist in the famous Mannheim court orchestra . In this position he got to know the entire Mannheim repertoire. In 1770 Stamitz moved to Paris, became court composer for Duke Louis de Noailles and got to know the composer François-Joseph Gossec . From 1772 Stamitz lived in Versailles and composed his first program symphony La promenade royale . To a certain extent he possessed Mozart's gift of revealing his best qualities in works for the solo instrument. In 1779 he moved to The Hague, where he gave 28 concerts at the court of William V of Orange . In one of them the 12-year-old Ludwig van Beethoven sat at the fortepiano.

In the following years Stamitz made numerous trips that took him to Strasbourg, London, Saint Petersburg, Augsburg, Nuremberg, Kassel, Lübeck, Magdeburg and Jena. In 1786 he led a performance of Handel's Messiah in the Berlin Cathedral together with Johann Adam Hiller . In spring 1787 Stamitz stayed in Dresden. The magazine of Saxon history in 1787 wrote about this:

“On this occasion I also note that the famous Braccist Stamitz has been in Dresden for a month, doesn’t let it be heard in public, but with his heart. Karl KH Marcolini and on April 13th with Graf v. Knuht gave a concert for the noblesse and then his station in Kön. Prussia. Services will begin. For himself he only plays the viola and viola d'Amour, but, as is well known, sets almost all instruments with extraordinary beauty. "

In 1791 Stamitz married Maria Josepha Pilz , with whom he later had four children, but all of them died in childhood.

From 1794 Stamitz directed the academic concerts in Jena. His wife Maria Josepha died in January 1801, and Stamitz followed her on November 9 of the same year, shortly before a planned trip to Saint Petersburg. After his death, almost all of his possessions were auctioned off to pay off Stamitz's debts. Many of his works have since disappeared.

Works (excerpt)

  • 2 operas (lost)
  • 11 clarinet concerts
  • 1 oboe concerto
  • 15 violin concerts
  • Viola Concerto in D major op.1
  • 7 flute concerts
  • 4 cello concerts
  • 80 symphonies, some with concert solo groups
  • Trio sonatas
  • 6 quartets op.14
  • 12 string trios op.16
  • 6 duos for violin and cello op.19
  • 19 duos for violin and viola
  • Violin duets
  • 7 bassoon concerts
  • 1 basset horn concert
  • 3 horn concerts (lost)


  • Klaus Stübler, Christine Wolf: Harenberg composers lexicon . MAYERS Lexikonverlag, Mannheim 2004, ISBN 3-411-76117-2 , p. 895 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Egon Wellesz and F. W. Sternfeld: The Concerto . In this. (Ed.): The New Oxford History of Music. Volume VII - The Age of Enlightenment , London a. a. 1973, p. 461