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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

Bonnie Prince Charlie
With the victory in the
Battle of Prestonpans,
the Jacobites
under Charles Edward Stuart gain control over
all of Scotland .
Franz I, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
Franz I Stephan
von Habsburg-Lothringen ,
husband of Maria Theresa ,
becomes Holy Roman Emperor .
Prussian attack near Hohenfriedberg
Prussia wins the Battle of Hohenfriedberg in Silesia
over Austrians and Saxons.
1745 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1193/94 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1737/38 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1150/1151 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2288/89 (southern Buddhism); 2287/88 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the Wood Ox 乙丑 ( at the beginning of the year Wood Rat R)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1107/08 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4078/79 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1123/24 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1157/58 (turn of the year 2/3 February)
Jewish calendar 5505/06 (September 26-27)
Coptic calendar 1461/62 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 920/921
Seleucid era Babylon: 2055/56 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2056/57 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1801/02 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

War of the Austrian Succession

Elector Maximilian III. Joseph of Bavaria
Fontenoy battle plan

The war in the colonies

The siege of Louisbourg


Great Britain

Caricature of John Cope fleeing after the lost battle


Catherine, around 15 years old, in a painting by Louis Caravaque (1745)


Tokugawa Ieshige in classic court dress


  • With the Wandsbecker Mercurius , a newspaper appears for the first time in Germany that is specifically aimed at the general public.

science and technology


Music and theater

Frontispiece and title page from La Princesse de Navarre, 1745
Pierre Jélyotte in the travesty role of the nymph Platée (painting by Charles-Antoine Coypel )

The ballet comedy Platée by Jean-Philippe Rameau will be premiered on March 31st in the now splendidly expanded rooms of the Great Stables in Versailles . The libretto is by Adrien-Joseph Le Valois d'Orville , who has revised the libretto Platée ou Junon Jalouse ( Plataea, or Juno is jealous ) by Jacques Autreau , which Rameau bought for it. The occasion of the premiere is the wedding celebration of Louis Ferdinand de Bourbon, dauphin de Viennois , son of King Louis XV., and the Infanta Maria Theresa Rafaela of Spain , according to contemporary sources, just as the title character was no beauty. Instead of getting the composer into trouble because of this, the performance was well received and a few months later Rameau was appointed to the position of royal court composer with a substantial annual income.

God Save the King

Publication 1745

The hymn God Save the King will be performed for the first time on September 28th in an arrangement by Thomas Arne in honor of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland . The authorship for the work is claimed by the son of the poet Henry Carey for his father. While the lyrics could well have come from him, the origin of the melody is unclear.


nature and environment

Chestnut Tree of the Hundred Horses ( Jean-Pierre Houël , ca.1777)


First quarter

Alessandro Volta

Second quarter

Third quarter

Domenico Pozzi

Fourth Quarter

Infanta Maria Luisa ca.1748

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1745


First quarter

Coffin of Emperor Charles VII in the Theatine Church

Second quarter

Third quarter

Fourth Quarter

Jonathan Swift (around 1710)

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1745

Web links

Commons : 1745  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files