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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

King August II in the field in armor and ermine cloak as well as with the sash of the Order of the White Eagle, painted by his favorite painter de Silvestre
Saxony's ruler
August the Strong is
elected King of Poland .
The young Peter the Great learns shipbuilding in Zaandam
Tsar Peter I begins
the Great Legation .
Battle of Zenta
Prince Eugene of Savoy defeats the Ottomans
in the Battle of Zenta in the Great Turkish War .
1697 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1145/46 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1689/90 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1102/03 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2240/41 (southern Buddhism); 2239/40 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the Fire Ox丁丑 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Rat 丙子)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1059/60 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4030/31 (October 2-3)
Iranian calendar 1075/76
Islamic calendar 1108/09 (turn of the year 19/20 July)
Jewish calendar 5457/58 (September 15/16)
Coptic calendar 1413/14 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 872/873
Seleucid era Babylon: 2007/08 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2008/09 (New Year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1753/54 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

War of the Palatinate Succession / King William's War

Storming of Cartagena
  • April to June: During the attack on Cartagena , French privateers succeed in conquering the Spanish city ​​in what is now Colombia. This French coup leads to increased readiness for peace in Spain and the start of peace negotiations in Rijswijk in May.
Rijswijk peace negotiations 1697
contemporary copper engraving

Great Turkish War



Charles XII. on horseback
Copper engraving on the castle fire

Saxony / Poland






Illustration for the Petit Poucet by Antoine Clouzier in the first edition of the Contes from 1697

Music and theater

Society and religion

  • January 8 : Scottish medical student Thomas Aikenhead is the last person to be gallows for blasphemy in what is now Britain . The execution of the “blasphemer”, for whom no defense counsel was provided during his trial, caused a sensation across Europe.
The wedding of 1697


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Charles VII as emperor
Canaletto's birthplace in Venice

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

  • Pema Rigdzin , Tibetan clergyman of the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism and founder of the Dzogchen monastery in Garzê (* 1625 )
  • Mose Zacuto , Jewish poet and Kabbalist (* around 1625 )

Web links

Commons : 1697  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files