Music year 1697
|Music year 1697|
- Johann Sebastian Bach learns to play the organ in Ohrdruf and gains a deeper understanding of the structure and mechanics of this instrument - presumably through the many repairs to the organ in the Michaeliskirche, in which his older brother Johann Christoph Bach is also involved.
- Georg Philipp Telemann spent his youth in Hildesheim from 1697 . He becomes a student at the Andreanum high school . Under the direction of the director Johann Christoph Losius, he perfected his musical training and learned - also here mostly as an autodidact - organ , violin , viola da gamba , transverse flute , oboe , shawm , double bass and bass trombone .
- This year is significant for the history of French opera: André Campra and André Cardinal Destouches are celebrating their stage debuts with great success (see below) and are bringing new momentum and more lightness to French opera, which stagnated after Lully's death (1687). Both composers have brilliant careers ahead of them.
- The Opéra du Quai au Foin in Brussels, which opened in 1682, closes its doors.
- The famous Old - castrato Giovanni Francesco Grossi, better known as Siface is, when on May 29, Ferrara murdered because of a love affair with the widowed Countess Elena Marsili. Behind the act were the woman's brothers, who viewed the relationship as a disgrace to their family.
- February 4th : The world premiere of the opera La clemenza d'Augusto by Giovanni Bononcini takes place in Tordinona in Rome .
- July 28th : The tragedy lyrique Vénus et Adonis by Henri Desmarest , based on a libretto by Jean-Baptiste Rousseau , is premiered at the Académie royale de musique in Paris , with Marie Le Rochois as Venus and Louis Gaulard Dumesny as Adonis. The story is based on Ovid's Metamorphoses . The opera saw various performances in France, Germany and Belgium and was probably Desmarest's most successful stage work.
- Reinhard Keiser's opera The Beloved Adonis , which is premiered at the Hamburg Opera on Gänsemarkt , deals with the same story . The libretto is by Christian Heinrich Postel .
- October 7th : The Pastorale héroïque Issé by André Cardinal Destouches based on a libretto by Antoine Houdar de La Motte is premiered in Fontainebleau . Louis XIV is enthusiastic and wants Destouches to compose a prologue. The work will be premiered in this form for the wedding of the king's grandson Louis, Duc de Bourgogne , with Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy on December 17th in Trianon . The first performance followed on December 30th at the Théâtre du Palais-Royal . In 1708 Destouches revised the opera.
- October 24 : André Campra's L'Europe galante , with a libretto by Antoine Houdar de La Motte, also experienced a brilliant triumph at the Palais Royal in Paris. It is the composer's stage debut and the first significant work from the still completely new genre of opéra-ballet .
- December 15 : The first performance of Alessandro Scarlatti's La caduta de 'decemviri is celebrated at the Teatro San Bartolomeo in Naples , the libretto is by Silvio Stampiglia . The main role of Appio Claudio is sung by the famous castrato soprano Matteo Sassano, known as Matteuccio ; The young Nicolino can be heard in the supporting role of Icilio .
- Two operas by Carlo Agostino Badia will be premiered in Vienna :
- Bacco, vincitore dell'India
- La pace tra i numi discordi nella rovina di Troia
- Antonio Caldara - La promessa sebata al primo
- Two school dramas by Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber on libretti by Wolfgang Rinswerger have premieres in Salzburg :
- Infelix parentum amor in Fernando filio… (C. App. 23); only received text
- Invidia gloriae umbra in C. Julio Caesare repraesentata… (C. App. 28); only received text
- Daniel Purcell and Jeremiah Clarke collaborate on the music for Elkanah Settle's play World in the Moon .
- The trio sonatas Ten Sonata's in Four Parts by Henry Purcell are published posthumously in London. The trio sonatas nos. 1–4 were composed around 1678–79, the trio sonatas nos. 7–9 probably in the years 1681–82, the trio sonatas nos. 10 probably 1683–84.
- Johann Krieger - Six musical roles, ... to all lovers of the piano / to play on a spinet or clavicordio ...
- Johann Georg Ahle - Musical Summer Talk
- Antonio Stradivari makes the cello Castelbarco .
- January 30th : Johann Joachim Quantz , musician, composer and flute teacher of Frederick the Great († 1773 )
- February 20 : Friedrich Maximilian von Lersner , German librettist and mayor († 1753 )
- March 30th : Faustina Bordoni , Italian singer († 1781 )
- April 16 : Johann Gottlieb Görner , German composer and organist († 1778 )
- April 26 : Adam Falckenhagen , German lutenist († 1754 )
- May 10 : Jean-Marie Leclair , French composer and violinist († 1764 )
- June 11 : Francesco Antonio Vallotti , Italian composer, music theorist and organist († 1780 )
- June 21 (baptized): Franz Faßmann , Bohemian organ builder († after 1760)
- November 9 : Claudio Casciolini , Italian composer († 1760 )
- December 5 : Giuseppe de Majo , Italian composer († 1771 )
- January 4th : Amalia Katharina von Waldeck-Eisenberg , Countess von Erbach-Erbach, song poet and composer (* 1640 )
- January 6th : Carlo Mannelli , Italian composer and violinist (* 1640 )
- February 11th : Georg Handel , court surgeon and servant of the Wettin Duke Johann Adolf I, father of Georg Friedrich Handel (* 1622 )
- April 8 : Nicolaus Bruhns , German-Danish composer (* 1665 )
- May 18 : Guillaume Dumanoir , French composer, dance master and violinist (* 1615 )
- May 29 : Siface (aka Giovanni Francesco Grossi), famous Italian old castrato, murdered (* 1653 )
- June 21 : Jonas Rudberus , Swedish organ builder and pastor (* 1636 )
- September 28 : Christian Flor , German composer and organist (* 1626 )
- October 12 : John Ravenscroft , English composer and violinist (* 1650 )
- October 28 : Johann Friedrich Meister , German composer and organist (* before 1638)
- November 14th : Giuseppe Tricarico , Italian composer (* 1623 )
- December 24th : Matthias Schurig , German organ builder (* between 1640 and 1650)