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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

Frederick the Great in the field of the War of the Bavarian Succession
The Bavarian War of Succession begins.
It is considered the last cabinet war .
Portrait of James Cook by Nathaniel Dance, 1776, National Maritime Museum
James Cook
is the first European to land in Hawaii .
Antonio Salieri, oil on canvas by Joseph Willibrod Mähler
Antonio Salieri celebrates numerous successes on his trip to Italy.
1778 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1226/27 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1770/71 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1183/84 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2321/22 (southern Buddhism); 2320/21 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the earth dog戊戌 ( at the beginning of the year fire rooster 丁酉)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1140/41 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4111/12 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1156/57 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1191/92 (January 29/30)
Jewish calendar 5538/39 (September 21/22)
Coptic calendar 1494/95 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 953/954
Seleucid era Babylon: 2088/89 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2089/90 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1834/35 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

American War of Independence

Painting of the Battle of Monmouth
Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze
Battle of St. Lucia

War of the Bavarian Succession

James Cook's world tour

  • January 18 : James Cook discovers the Hawaiian Islands on his third South Seas voyage, which he christened the Sandwich Islands . Two days later they land on Kaua'i , where the team stays for ten days and determines that the population is linguistically related to Tahiti . The resolution then sails towards the North American continent. Cook reached what is now Oregon at the end of March and is the first European to enter the Nootka Sound . Then he drives through the Aleutian Islands to the Bering Strait until the pack ice prevents him from continuing his journey. On a westerly course, Cook then reached Asia and reached Cape Deschnjow , the easternmost point of the Siberian coast, before returning to the Aleutian Islands.
  • October 26th : James Cook sets course again for the Hawaiian Islands, where he arrives at the end of December in Kealakekua Bay, where a festival in honor of the god Lono is taking place, and for this reason the kapu , which normally lies above the bay, is canceled .


science and technology

Weißes Roß, the location of the first school in Leipzig


nature and environment

Bogd Khan Uul



First quarter

Second quarter

Third quarter

Friedrich Ludwig Jahn
Clemens Brentano, around 1837

Fourth Quarter

Giovanni Battista Belzoni
Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac
Humphry Davy, 1821

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Carl von Linné, 1775

Second half of the year

Jean-Jacques Rousseau, pastel by Maurice Quentin de La Tour

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1778

Web links

Commons : 1778  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files