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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

Scheme of claims to the Spanish throne
The War of the Spanish Succession begins.
Coronation procession of Frederick I with the crown on his head and scepter in hand, contemporary painting by Johann Georg Wolfgang (1662–1744)
Friedrich III. , Elector of Brandenburg ,
crowns himself King in Prussia in Königsberg .
Cover sheet of the Hamburg comparison
The Hamburg settlement sealed the third main division of Mecklenburg .
Christian Thomasius, portrait of Johann Christian Heinrich Sporleder
Christian Thomasius
writes the
Dissertatio de crimine magiae
against the persecution of witches .
1701 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1149/50 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1693/94 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1106/07 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2244/45 (southern Buddhism); 2243/44 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the Metal Snake辛巳 ( at the beginning of the year Metal Dragon 庚辰)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1063/64 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4034/35 (2-3 October)
Iranian calendar 1079/80
Islamic calendar 1112/13 (turn of the year June 7th / 8th)
Jewish calendar 5461/62 (October 2-3)
Coptic calendar 1417/18 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 876/877
Seleucid era Babylon: 2011/12 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2012/13 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1757/58 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Great Northern War

Poland-Lithuania and its neighbors 1701
Charles XII. crosses the Daugava
Swedish artillery bombs Dünamünde near Riga
  • July 9th: In the Battle of the Daugava near Riga , Saxon , Russian and Courland soldiers stand together against the Swedish army. The Swedes can form a bridgehead and crush the Allies. The Russians flee the theater of war and the Saxon army does not stop with its retreat until it has reached Prussian soil. Kurland is thus open to the Swedes, who take the capital Mitau without any resistance worth mentioning. At the end of the year, the Dünamünde fortress also falls .
  • September 15: (Estonia): Swedish units under Colonel Wolmar Anton von Schlippenbach defeat a Russian army about ten times as strong under General Boris Sheremetew in several skirmishes near Rauge .
  • December 29th: During the second major invasion of Livonia, led by General Boris Sheremetyev, the Russians win the battle of Erastfer against the 2200-strong Swedish army commanded by Schlippenbach . The Swedish casualties are estimated at around 1,000 men. After looting and destroying the area, the Russian forces withdraw again. The victory has great moral significance for the Russians, who see for the first time that they can defeat the Swedes.

War of the Spanish Succession

Europe at the beginning of the War of the Spanish Succession in 1701
Map of the battle of Carpi
Royal wedding in Figueres

Holy Roman Empire

Anointing of Frederick I by two Protestant bishops after his coronation, Königsberg 1701

Principality of Monaco


Act of Settlement


  • October 5th: The so-called trade in sagas within the Three Leagues between Catholic and Reformed communities escalates into a military conflict. Sagogn is occupied by Reformed people, Falera is sacked. On October 28, the Catholic parishes were fined in a settlement.


Copy of the original contract, with pictograms of the signed peoples
Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville, Governor of Louisiana


6 pfennigs 1701, "Red Sigh"

The Electorate of Saxony under August the Strong began in the Leipzig Mint with the minting of the “ Red Sigh ”, an inferior six-pfennig coin that triggered a money crisis.

science and technology

Journal de Trévoux , title page of the first edition


Main article : Music year 1701
  • Georg Philipp Telemann came to Leipzig as a student and, with the support of Mayor Franz Conrad Romanus, gathered a group of music-loving fellow students around him. This ensemble, soon to be called Telemannisches Collegium Musicum , developed a fixed organizational structure with regular rehearsals and concerts, despite the high fluctuation of its student members, and played the latest repertoire on a professional level.




January to May

June to December

  • 0October 9: Johann Samuel Agner , German Protestant clergyman and writer († 1769)
  • 0October 9: Tobias Schramm , German instrument and organ builder († 1771)
  • October 15: Maria Margareta d'Youville , Canadian founder and saint of the Roman Catholic Church († 1771)
  • October 22: Maria Amalia of Austria , Electress of Bavaria and Empress of the Holy Roman Empire († 1756)
  • October 30: Anton Gogeisl , German Jesuit and missionary in China († 1771)
  • October 31: William Ellery , British trader, lawyer and politician, Lieutenant Governor of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations († 1764)
Different to Celsius
  • 0December 7th: Anders Celsius , Swedish astronomer, mathematician and physicist († 1744)
  • December 17: Mang Anton Stapf , South German Rococo sculptor († 1772)

Exact date of birth unknown


January to April

  • 0January 3: Louis I , Prince of Monaco (* 1642)
Bust of Ernst Rüdiger Graf Starhemberg

May to August

September to December

King James II

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1701  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files