Calendar overview 1701
|War of the Spanish Succession begins.|
Friedrich III. , Elector of Brandenburg ,
crowns himself King in Prussia in Königsberg .
|Hamburg settlement sealed the third main division of Mecklenburg .||
Christian Thomasius writes the Dissertatio de crimine magiae
against the persecution of witches .
|1701 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1149/50 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1693/94 (turn of the year 10/11 September)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1106/07 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2244/45 (southern Buddhism); 2243/44 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||73rd (74th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1063/64 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4034/35 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1112/13 (turn of the year June 7/8)|
|Jewish calendar||5461/62 (October 2/3)|
|Coptic calendar||1417/18 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 2011/12 (New Year April)
Syria: 2012/13 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1757/58 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Great Northern War
- February 26 : Russia and Saxony-Poland sign a new alliance treaty in Birsen (Lithuania) in the Great Northern War .
- June 17th : After the usual military displays, the advance of the Swedish army under King Charles XII begins . via Wolmar and Wenden to Riga .
- June 24th : Swedish armed forces with seven ships under the command of Karl Lewe try unsuccessfully to take possession of the port of Arkhangelsk and destroy it. Two Swedish ships are captured by the Russians.
- July 9 : In the Battle of the Daugava near Riga in the Great Northern War , Saxon , Russian and Courland soldiers stand together against the Swedish army. The Swedes can form a bridgehead and crush the Allies. The Russians flee the theater of war and the Saxon army does not stop with its retreat until it has reached Prussian soil. Kurland is thus open to the Swedes, who take the capital Mitau without significant resistance. At the end of the year, the Dünamünde fortress also falls .
- September 15 : (Estonia): Swedish units under Colonel Wolmar Anton von Schlippenbach defeat a roughly ten times stronger Russian army under General Boris Sheremetew in several skirmishes near Rauge .
- December 29th : During the second major invasion of Livonia led by General Boris Sheremetyev, the Russians win the battle of Erastfer against the 2200-strong Swedish army commanded by Schlippenbach . The Swedish losses are estimated at around 1,000 men. After looting and destroying the area, the Russian forces withdraw again. The victory has great moral significance for the Russians, who see for the first time that they can defeat the Swedes.
War of the Spanish Succession
- February 18 : Philip of Anjou, the grandson of Louis XIV of France , moves into Madrid as Philip V of Spain . His claims to the throne are contested by various other aspirants. The War of the Spanish Succession for the legacy of the last Spanish Habsburg , King Charles II of Spain, begins.
- July 9 : An Austrian army of 11,300 men under Prince Eugene of Savoy defeated a 1,500 to 2,000-man French division on the Adige in the battle of Carpi .
- September 1 : In the battle of Chiari , the Austrian army under Prince Eugene of Savoy defeats French troops under François de Neufville, duc de Villeroy in northern Italy.
- September 7 : Emperor Leopold I , King Wilhelm III. England and the Netherlands conclude the Hague Grand Alliance to curb French hegemony. Other participants subsequently join the alliance.
- November 3 : Philip V marries the 13-year-old Princess Maria Luisa Gabriella of Savoy in Figueres . A proxy wedding took place on June 11th in Turin Cathedral .
Holy Roman Empire
- January 17th: Elector Friedrich III. von Brandenburg founds the Black Eagle Order the day before his self-coronation in order to bind the Prussian nobility to the new kingdom.
- January 18 : Friedrich III, Elector of Brandenburg , crowns himself as Friedrich I in Königsberg as " King in Prussia ". The ceremony , largely staged by Friedrich himself, takes place in Königsberg Castle . The so-called Königsberg century begins with the event .
- March 8 : The Hamburg settlement ends the five-year succession dispute over the partial duchy of Mecklenburg-Güstrow and seals the third main division of Mecklenburg . The duchy is actually divided into the (partial) duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin , which has changed territory, and the newly formed (partial) duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz .
- Prince Leopold von Anhalt-Dessau becomes governor of Magdeburg Fortress .
Principality of Monaco
- January 3rd : Antoine I from the Grimaldi family follows his late father Louis I as Prince of Monaco .
- June: With the Act of Settlement , the English Parliament creates the basis for the succession of the House of Hanover in the Kingdom of England . After the death of Queen Anne , the last Protestant heir to the throne in the House of Stuart , the right of succession goes to Sophie von der Pfalz , daughter of Elisabeth Stuart and the closest living Protestant relative of the English royal family , or her Protestant descendants over. Catholics and their spouses are excluded from the line of succession.
- October 5 : The so-called trade in sagas within the Three Leagues between Catholic and Reformed communities escalates into a military conflict. Sagogn is occupied by Reformed people, Falera is sacked. On October 28th, the Catholic parishes were fined in a settlement.
- July 24 : The French officer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac built on the Detroit River , the Fort Detroit to the British to prevent further advance into the West and so the French monopolization of the North American fur trade permit. The city of Detroit developed from the trading post .
- August 4th : The so-called Beaver Wars , which has been going on since 1640 and part of the French and Iroquois Wars between the Iroquois Indian tribes and the neighboring tribes allied with France (mainly Algonquin ), end with the Great Peace of Montreal .
- August 21 : Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville becomes second governor of the French colony of Louisiana .
- The Electorate of Saxony under August the Strong began in the Leipzig Mint with the minting of the “ Red Sigh ”, an inferior six-pfennig coin that triggered a money crisis.
science and technology
- January / February: In Trévoux first time that appears Journal de Trévoux or Mémoires pour l'Histoire Des Sciences & des Beaux-Arts one of members of, the Jesuits published scientific journal in which to 1767 monthly publications from all fields of science, from history, Literature and linguistics, law, canon law, theology, philosophy, economics, mathematics, physics, astronomy and, to a lesser extent, the fine arts and fiction are presented and discussed.
- October 9th : The English colony of Connecticut decides to build a collegiate school from which Yale University develops.
- November: Christian Thomasius publishes the Dissertatio de crimine magiae against the persecution of witches .
- June 28 : The opera house in front of the Salztor in Naumburg an der Saale, built on behalf of Duke Moritz Wilhelm von Sachsen-Zeitz , opens. The construction plans probably come from the state master builder Johann Heinrich Gengenbach .
- July 12 : The world premiere of the opera La fede ne 'tradimenti by Attilio Ariosti on the libretto by Gerolamo Gigli takes place in Berlin.
- October 26th : The opera The wonderful Psyche by Reinhard Keizer is premiered on the occasion of the birthday of the Prussian Queen Sophie Charlotte of Hanover at the Theater am Gänsemarkt in Hamburg.
- Georg Philipp Telemann comes to Leipzig as a student and, with the support of Mayor Franz Conrad Romanus, gathers a crowd of music-loving fellow students around him. This ensemble, soon to be called Telemannisches Collegium Musicum , developed a fixed organizational structure with regular rehearsals and concerts and played the latest repertoire on a professional level, despite the high fluctuation of its student members.
- May 12th : The Salzburg prince archbishop Johann Ernst von Thun und Hohenstein donates the Order of St. Ruperti and donates Emsburg Castle to it . Emperor Leopold I gave his approval on August 23 , the official celebrations will take place on November 15 in the Order of the Holy Trinity .
- May 29th : The pilgrimage church Mariabuchen in Lohr am Main is consecrated.
- December: The Franciscan monastery Telfs in Tyrol is settled.
- In Rome the Accademia dei Nobili Ecclesiastici is founded and by Pope Clement XI. approved.
- Duke Maximilian Philipp Hieronymus von Bayern-Leuchtenberg founds the Herz Jesu monastery in Mindelheim .
- The construction of the Klokoty monastery begins in Tábor .
- January 1 : François de Roches , Swiss Protestant clergyman and university professor († 1769 )
- January 3 : Johann Konrad Spörl , German Protestant theologian († 1773 )
- January 6 : Georg Ludwig von Bar , German canon, writer and translator († 1767 )
- January 6 : Johannes Caprez , Swiss Protestant clergyman († 1777 )
- January 7th : Johann Nicolaus Frobesius , German mathematician, physicist and philosopher († 1756 )
- February 1 : Johan Joachim Agrell , Swedish composer and conductor († 1765 )
- February 2 : Franz Karl Conradi , German legal scholar († 1748 )
- February 2 : Louis Antoine de Gontaut-Biron , Duke of Biron and von Lauzun, Marshal of France († 1788 )
- February 13 : Vittoria Tesi , Italian opera singer († 1775 )
- March 1 : Johann Jakob Breitinger , Swiss philologist and author († 1776 )
- March 1 : Ignatz Anton von Weiser , playwright, dialect poet and mayor of Salzburg († 1785 )
- March 6 : Louis-René de Caradeuc de La Chalotais , French lawyer († 1785 )
- March 8 : Moritz Casimir I of Bentheim-Tecklenburg , reg. Count of Tecklenburg and Limburg, Lord of Rheda († 1768 )
- March 12th : Wilhelm von Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg , German nobleman, Imperial General Field Master († 1771 )
- March 16 : Daniel Salthenius , Swedish educator and Protestant theologian († 1750 )
- March 24 : Vincent Rumpff , Mayor of Hamburg († 1781 )
- March 30 : Johann Georg Beer , German architect and builder († 1781 )
- April 1 : Friedrich von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg , royal Danish general († 1766 )
- April 5 : Jonathan Krause , German Protestant theologian and hymn poet († 1762 )
- April 9 : Andreas Elias von Büchner , German physician († 1769 )
- April 26 : Johann Friedrich Christ , German archaeologist and art historian († 1756 )
- April 26 : Christian Ludwig Liscow , German satirist († 1760 )
- April 27th : Charles Emanuel III. , Duke of Savoy and King of Sardinia-Piedmont († 1773 )
- April 28 : Françoise Basseporte , French painter († 1780 )
- June 21 : Otto Magnus von Schwerin , Prussian general († 1777 )
- June 23 : Antonio Cristofori , Italian painter and musician († 1737 )
- June 28 : Cölestin Gugger von Staudach , prince abbot of the St. Gallen monastery († 1767 )
- August 10 : Christian Ludwig von Löwenstern , German painter, poet and composer († 1754 )
- August 10 : Andreas Florens Rivinus , German legal scholar († 1761 )
- August 23 : Franz Karl Eusebius von Waldburg-Friedberg and Trauchburg , Prince-Bishop of Chiemsee († 1772 )
- September 14 : Maurus Xaverius Herbst , German Benedictine and abbot of the Plankstetten monastery († 1757 )
- September 19 : Johann Andreas Buttstedt , German Protestant clergyman and university professor († 1765 )
- September 22nd : Anna Magdalena Wilcke , German singer, second wife of Johann Sebastian Bach († 1760 )
- October 9 : Johann Samuel Agner , German Protestant clergyman and writer († 1769 )
- October 15 : Maria Margareta d'Youville , Canadian founder and saint of the Roman Catholic Church († 1771 )
- October 22 : Maria Amalia of Austria , Electress of Bavaria and Empress of the Holy Roman Empire († 1756 )
- October 30 : Anton Gogeisl , German Jesuit and missionary in China († 1771 )
- October 31 : William Ellery , British trader, lawyer and politician, Lieutenant Governor of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations († 1764 )
- November 5 : Friedrich Groschuff , German philologist († 1784 )
- November 6th : Melchior Eberhard , South German sculptor († 1777 )
- December 7th : Anders Celsius , Swedish astronomer, mathematician and physicist († 1744 )
- December 17 : Mang Anton Stapf , South German Rococo sculptor († 1772 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Johann Georg Aichgasser , Upper Swabian organ builder († 1767 )
- John Jefferys , English watchmaker († 1754 )
- Dmitri Jakowlewitsch Laptew , Russian polar explorer and naval officer († 1771 )
- Wu Jingzi , Chinese writer († 1754 )
- January 4th : Ernst Rüdiger von Starhemberg , Vienna City Commander and Imperial General, defender of Vienna during the Second Turkish Siege in 1683 (* 1638 )
- January 5 : Louis François Le Tellier, Marquis de Barbezieux , French Minister of War (* 1668 )
- January 12 : Abraham Leuthner , Bohemian bricklayer and builder (* around 1639 )
- January 13 : Friedrich Ulrich Calixt , German Lutheran theologian (* 1622 )
- January 14th : Tokugawa Mitsukuni , Japanese prince (* 1628 )
- January 24th : Johan II. De Witt , Dutch patrician (* 1662 )
- January 31 : Andreas Schweimb , German master organ builder (* 1654 )
- February 3 : Aeneas Sylvius Caprara , Imperial Field Marshal (* 1631 )
- February 15 : Urbain Chevreau , French writer, historian, Romanist and grammarian (* 1613 )
- February 15 : François de Clermont-Tonnerre , Bishop and Count of Noyon (* 1629 )
- February 15 : Adam Drese , German Kapellmeister and composer (* 1620 )
- February 17th : Dorothee Elisabeth Tretschlaff , probably last victim of the witch hunt in Brandenburg (* 1685 )
- February 23 : Christoph Kormart , German writer and translator (* 1644 )
- February 23 : William Williams , English violinist and composer (* 1675 )
- March 4 : Keichū , Japanese Buddhist monk and philologist (* 1640 )
- March 10 : Johann Schelle , German composer (* 1648 )
- March 15 : Joachim von Ahlefeldt , bailiff and district administrator of Cismar (* 1650 )
- March 25 : Jean Regnault de Segrais , French poet (* 1624 )
- March 28 : Domenico Guidi , Italian sculptor (* 1625 )
- April 8 : Antonio Petrini , Franconian builder of Italian descent (* 1631 )
- April 18 : Heinrich , Prince of Nassau-Dillenburg (* 1641 )
- April 18 : Joachim Bartholomäus Meyer , German librarian and hymn poet (* 1624 )
- April 23 : Samuel Schumacher , Swiss Protestant clergyman and Pietist (* 1664 )
- April 27 : Paul Fugger von Kirchberg and Weißenhorn , Reichshofrat and Bavarian High Court Master (* 1637 )
- May 6 : Johann Georg Prunner , Austrian master stonemason and sculptor (* 1652 )
- May 12 : Johann Schmuzer , German plasterer (* 1642 )
- May 19 : Johann Baal , German composer (* 1657 )
- May 20 : Hermann Fock , merchant and councilor of the Hanseatic City of Lübeck (* 1634 )
- May 20 : Raisin Elisabeth Menthe , morganatic wife of Duke Rudolf August zu Braunschweig-Lüneburg and Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (* 1663 )
- May 20 : Christiana von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg , Duchess of Saxony-Merseburg (* 1634 )
- May 21 : Daniel Male , electoral Brandenburg court goldsmith and elder of the guild (* 1625 )
- May 23 : Anne Hilarion de Costentin de Tourville , French admiral and marshal (* 1642 )
- May 23 : William Kidd , Scottish-American privateer (* 1645 )
- June 2 : Madeleine de Scudéry , French Baroque writer (* 1607 )
- June 7 : Ferdinand Wilhelm , Duke of Württemberg, German military leader and field marshal (* 1659 )
- June 9 : Philippe I de Bourbon , Duke of Orleans, brother of Louis XIV (* 1640 )
- June 20 : Joachim Rosenow , German mathematician (* 1618 )
- June 26th : Giulia Masotti , called La Dori , Italian opera singer (* around 1650 )
- July 2 : Egid Schor , Austrian painter (* 1627 )
- July 17th : Giulio Cesare Arresti , Italian organist, conductor and composer (* 1619 )
- before July 27th: Thomas Asselijn , Dutch poet of French origin (* around 1620 )
- August 20 : Charles Sedley , English poet (* 1639 )
- August 22nd : Charles Chevillet , French actor and playwright (* 1642 )
- August 24 : Ahasverus Fritsch , German lawyer and hymn poet (* 1629 )
- August 31 : Samuel Chappuzeau , French traveler, doctor, writer and teacher (* 1625 )
- September 8th : Adolf Sigismund von Burman , Bonn clergyman and civil servant at the Electoral Cologne court (* 1637 )
- September 15 : Edmé Boursault , French playwright and writer (* 1638 )
- September 16 : James II , King of England, Scotland and Ireland (* 1633 )
- September 18 : Gottfried Kapaun von Swoykow , Bishop of Königgrätz (* 1636 )
- September 26th : Joachim Friedrich Carstens , German lawyer and councilor of the Hanseatic City of Lübeck (* 1632 )
- October 6 : Miguel de Barrios , Spanish-Jewish poet and historian (* 1635 )
- October 13 : Andreas Anton Schmelzer , Austrian violinist and composer (* 1653 )
- October 14 : Friedrich von Kospoth , Electoral Saxon Privy Councilor and Supervisor of the County of Mansfeld (* 1630 )
- November 13th : Johann Frühwirth , Austrian sculptor (* 1640 )
- November 22nd : Salomon Reisel , German medic (* 1625 )
- December 1 : Maria Benigna Franziska von Sachsen-Lauenburg , Princess Piccolomini, Duchess of Amalfi and mistress of the East Bohemian rule Nachod (* 1635 )
- December 11th : Pierre Landry , French engraver and publisher (* before 1631)
- December 18 : Wilhelm von Brandt , lieutenant general in Brandenburg-Prussia (* 1644 )
- December 27 : Johann Wolfgang Textor the Elder , German lawyer and archivist (* 1638 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Konrad Bethmann , German mint master and mint master (* 1652 )
- Abraham Conrad Buchau , German sculptor (* 1623 )
- Andreas Christoph Clamer , Austrian composer and singer (* 1633 )
- Johannes Erb , Swiss Protestant clergyman (* 1635 )
- Kondiaronk , chief of the Tionontati Hurons (* 1649 )
- Giovanni Domenico Partenio , Venetian singer, composer and conductor (* before 1650)
- Jan Chryzostom Pasek , Polish nobleman and writer (* around 1636 )
- Burchard Wulff , Lübeck painter (* around 1620 )
- Gaetano Zumbo , Italian wax artist (* 1656 )