Calendar overview 1079
|Friedrich I was awarded the Duchy of Swabia . The rise of the Hohenstaufen begins.||Stanislaus of Cracow is murdered.|
|1079 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||527/528 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1622/23 (southern Buddhism); 1621/22 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||62nd (63rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||441/442 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||457/458 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||471/472 (July 3-4)|
|Jewish calendar||4839/40 (August 30/31)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1389/90 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1390/91 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1135/36 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- El Cid defeats the Emir Abd Allah of Granada in the Battle of Cabra .
- King Alfonso VI of León , Castile and Galicia defeated the Emir of Badajoz , Al-Mutawwakkil, in the Battle of Coria , conquered the city and occupied large parts of the principality of the Dhun-Nunids of Toledo .
- Alfonso VI marries Constance of Burgundy in the late year .
- April 11th : Bishop Stanislaus of Cracow is murdered on the orders of the Polish King Bolesław II . His successor as Bishop of Cracow is Lambert III.
- April 20 : With the papal bull Antiqua sanctorum patrum , Pope Gregory VII restructures the Catholic Church in France in order to strengthen his position in the investiture dispute . The previous diocese of Lyon is elevated to an archdiocese with this bull and various church provinces are assigned to it.
- Udo von Gleichen-Reinhausen succeeds Hezilo , who died on August 5th, as Bishop of Hildesheim .
- Gampopa , founder of the Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana) († 1153 )
- Kiliç Arslan I , Seljuk Sultan of Rum († 1107 )
- Pierre Abelard , French theologian and philosopher († 1142 )
Date of death secured
- January 8 : Adela of France , Countess of Flanders and saint (* around 1010 )
- April 11 : Stanislaus of Cracow , Bishop of Cracow (* around 1030 )
- May 5th : Eberhard , Bishop of Naumburg
- August 5th : Hezilo of Hildesheim , Bishop of Hildesheim (* around 1022 )
- October 25th : Landulf of Pisa , Bishop of Pisa
- November 14th : Werner II. , Bishop of Strasbourg (* around 1048 )
- December 2nd : Mabile de Bellême , wife of the Norman Baron Roger de Montgomerie, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury
Exact date of death unknown
- Adelheid von Turin , wife of Rudolf von Rheinfelden (* around 1050 )
- Elî Herîrî , Kurdish poet (* 1009 )
- Warin II , Abbot of Corvey