Calendar overview 1076
|Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII declare each other deposed in the investiture dispute .|
|1076 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||524/525 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1619/20 (southern Buddhism); 1618/19 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||62nd (63rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||438/439 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||454/455 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||468/469 (August 4th / 5th)|
|Jewish calendar||4836/37 (August 31 / September 1)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1386/87 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1387/88 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1132/33 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- January 24th : The Roman-German King Heinrich IV declares Pope Gregory VII deposed at the court conference in Worms . Beginning of the investiture dispute between the church and the emperor.
- February 14 : Pope Gregory VII declares King Henry IV deposed at the Synod of Lent that he convened and pronounces the ban on church . With this all his subjects are released from the oath of loyalty they have taken .
Other events in Europe
- December 13th : Norman conquest of southern Italy : Robert Guiskard and Richard von Capua conquer Salerno after a short siege . The Principality of Salerno went under as the last Lombard state.
- December 25 : Boleslaw II the Bold (pol. Bolesław II Śmiały ) is crowned King of Poland .
First documentary mentions
science and technology
- Adam von Bremen finishes his work on his history of the Archdiocese of Hamburg and mentions the discovery of Vinland ( America ) by the Grænlendingar .
- Hildolf becomes Archbishop of Cologne . He succeeds Anno II, who died at the end of the previous year . He did not receive the pallium from the Pope , probably because he was one of King Henry IV's followers.
- In the Karantanische Mark the Carinthian Margrave Markwart IV founded the St. Lambrecht Monastery.
- June: Mstislav I , Grand Duke of the Kievan Rus († 1132 )
- August 24 : al-Mustali , Caliph of the Fatimids († 1101 )
- asch-Schahrastani , Islamic religious historian († 1153 )
- Gilbert von Neuffontaines , French knight and military leader, monastery founder and saint († 1152 )
- Ibn al-ʿArabī al-Maʿāfirī , Islamic legal scholar and theologian († 1148 )
Date of death secured
- February 3 : Imad , Bishop of Paderborn (* around 1000 )
- February 27 : Gottfried IV. , Duke of Lower Lorraine (* around 1040 )
- March 18 : Ermengarde , Countess of Gâtinais (* around 1018 )
- March 21 : Robert I , Duke of Burgundy (* 1011 )
- April 18 : Beatrix of Lorraine , Margravine of Tuscien (* around 1017 )
- April 27th : Wilhelm I , Bishop of Utrecht
- April 28 : Sven Estridsson , King of Denmark (* around 1020 )
- May 31 : Waltheof II., Earl of Northumbria (* 1050 )
- June 4 : Sancho IV , King of Navarre (* 1040 )
- June 23 : Leutbert , Bishop of Cambrai (* around 1000 )
- December 27 : Svyatoslav II , Grand Duke of the Kievan Rus (* 1027 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Markwart IV , Duke of Carinthia and Margrave of Istria-Carniola (* around 1015 )
- Raimund Berengar I , Count of Barcelona (* around 1023 )