Calendar overview 1015
Bernward von Hildesheim
consecrates the Michaeliskirche in Hildesheim .
|1015 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||463/464 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1558/59 (southern Buddhism); 1557/58 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||61st (62nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||377/378 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||405/406 (turn of the year 20/21 June)|
|Jewish calendar||4775/76 (September 16-17)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1325/26 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1326/27 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1071/72 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- Summer: The Dane Knut the Great , who asserts his claim to power after his father Sven Gabelbart, who died the previous year, invades England with an invading army and fights King denthelred, who has returned from exile .
- Autumn: Olav II. Haraldsson becomes King of Norway . In a personal encounter in Fjaler , he prevails against Håkon Eiriksson , the viceroy of Sven Gabelbart, who died last year . The meeting is described differently in the sources. The Skalde Sigvat Tordsson describes the meeting as a friendly discussion about the future role of Olav and Håkon in Norway. Snorri Sturluson, on the other hand, describes in his Heimskringla that the first encounter was quite hostile and ended with Håkon's temporary capture. He was only released against the promise to leave the country and not to return. Håkon then went to England and was mentioned there in many English documents.
Western and Central Europe
- July: The Roman-German Emperor Heinrich II leads a fourth campaign against Duke Bolesław I Chrobry of Poland . Before that he had his army plunder the Mark Lausitz, presumably a targeted punitive action against the disgraced Margrave Gero to force him to participate in the campaign. When Krusty Henry army falls on 1 September / 1 October in an ambush, with Gero and 200 men of which he commands rear guard are killed. The campaign itself was unsuccessful, and numerous Saxon nobles died fighting.
- September 12th : Duke Gottfried II of Lower Lorraine wins together with his brother Hermann von Eenham in the battle of Florennes against Reginar V. von Hainaut , Lambert I von Löwen and Balderich von Drenthe . Lambert falls and is inherited by his son Lambert II as Count of Leuven and Brussels .
- July 15 : Sviatopolk I. , after his father's death I. Vladimir Grand Prince of Kievan Rus . He first asserted himself in the capital Kiev , but his half-brother Yaroslav stayed in Novgorod , the second most important city in Russia, and collected Scandinavian warriors there. During the first fighting, Boris and Gleb , two other sons of Vladimir, are murdered. A little later another brother, Svyatoslav , prince of the Drewlyans , who fled to the Carpathian Mountains, suffers the same fate.
- After the death of Gavril Radomir , his cousin Ivan Wladislaw becomes the last tsar of the first Bulgarian empire .
- Mujahid , ruler of the Taifa Kingdom of Dénia , which includes the Balearic Islands in addition to the area around Dénia on the Iberian mainland , undertakes a large-scale attempt to conquer the island of Sardinia , which consists of four judicates , and to spread Islam in Italy . He conquered large areas of the island and began building a residential city. Pope Benedict VIII succeeds in forging an alliance of the maritime republics of Pisa and Genoa against the “ Saracens ”.
First documentary mentions
- February 5 : In an exchange document between Heinrich II and the Imperial Abbey of Hersfeld , the places Rodheim , today a district of Oberickelsheim , as well as Schnackenwerth and Welbhausen are mentioned for the first time: Henry the Holy equips the Hersfeld farms of Rodheim, Welbhausen, Schnackenwerth and Wonfurt the since 1007 existing diocese of Bamberg under Bishop Eberhard I made. "Rodeheim" comes into the possession of the newly founded episcopal monastery Michelsberg in Bamberg.
- April 17th : Schwarzenfeld is mentioned for the first time as Suarzinvelt in a deed of gift from Emperor Heinrich II to the Diocese of Bamberg .
- December 20 : The death of the Meissen bishop Eido I while he was passing through, with the mention in Thietmar von Merseburg's chronicle, led to the first documented appearance of the city of Leipzig (“urbe libzi”).
- The Macedonian town of Bitola is first mentioned in the Bulgarian Bitola inscription .
- Biesnitz is mentioned by Thietmar von Merseburg.
- Máriakéménd is mentioned for the first time in a document.
- Little Marlow is first mentioned in a document.
Religion / culture
- May 18th : Bishop Thietmar von Merseburg lays the foundation stone for the construction of a representative cathedral in the diocese of Merseburg in place of the previous Johanneskirche, the future Merseburg Cathedral .
- September 29th : Bishop Bernward von Hildesheim consecrates the completed Michaeliskirche in Hildesheim . The construction of the church probably started in 1010 .
- Under Bishop Werner I von Habsburg , the new construction of the Strasbourg cathedral begins . The previous building was damaged by lightning strike in 1007 .
Exact date of birth unknown
- Andrew I , King of Hungary († 1060 )
- Harald III. Hardråde , King of Norway († 1066 )
- Gruoch , Scottish princess and queen, role model for Shakespeare's Lady MacBeth
- Naljor Chenpo , Tibetan Buddhist and abbot of the Radreng Monastery († 1078 )
Born around 1015
- Alfanus of Salerno , poet, translator and Archbishop of Salerno († 1085 )
- Altmann von Passau , founder of the monastery and bishop in Passau, Catholic saint († 1091 )
- Eberhard IV. , Graf von Nellenburg, Count in the Count Zürichgau and Neckargau († around 1078 / 79 / 80 )
- Robert Guiskard , Norman ruler, Duke of Apulia and Calabria († 1085 )
Date of death secured
- April 14th : Heribert , abbot of the Benedictine monastery in Münsterschwarzach
- May 31 : Ernst I , Duke of Swabia (* before 994)
- July 15 : Vladimir I , Prince of Kiev (* around 960 )
- September 12 : Lambert I , Count of Löwen (* around 971 )
- December 14 : Arduin of Ivrea , King of Italy and Margrave of Ivrea (* around 955 )
- December 20 : Eido I. , Bishop of Meissen (* 955 )
- December 24th : Megingod , Archbishop of Trier
Exact date of death unknown
- September 1 / October 1 : Gero , Margrave of the Lausitz region (* around 970 )
- September 1st / October 1st : Volkmar II. , Graf im Harzgau
- November: David , King of the Nubian-Christian Empire of Alwa
- Gavril Radomir , Tsar of the First Bulgarian Empire (* after 970)
- Svyatoslav , Prince of the Drewlyans (* around 977 )
Died around 1015
- Geoffroy de Brionne , Count of Eu