Calendar overview 1066
|Harald II of England defeats King Harald Hardråde of Norway in the Battle of Stamford Bridge .|
|battle of Hastings against William the Conqueror .|
|1066 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||514/515 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1609/10 (southern Buddhism); 1608/09 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||62nd (63rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||428/429 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||444/445 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||458/459 (November 21-22)|
|Jewish calendar||4826/27 (September 22-23)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1376/77 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1377/78 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1122/23 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Norman conquest of England
- January 5th : The English King Edward the Confessor dies without a clear succession plan. The English Witan elect Harald Godwinson as his heir to the throne the following day . But William of Normandy and the Norwegian King Harald Hardråde also lay claim to the crown. Harald Hardråde first travels to the Orkneys with a large army and goes ashore in England around September 10th . He is supported by Toste Godwinsson , the exiled brother of the English King Harald.
- September 20 : Harald Hardråde and Toste Godwinsson defeat an Anglo-Saxon army under Morcar , Earl of Northumberland, and his brother Edwin, Earl of Mercia , in the Battle of Fulford .
- September 25th : King Harald II of England repulses Harald Hardråde's attempt to conquer Norway at the Battle of Stamford Bridge in Yorkshire. The victorious British army, weakened by the bloody battle, rushed south on a two-week forced march.
- After Harald Hardråde's death at the Battle of Stamford Bridge, his son Magnus II becomes King of Norway . His brother Olav , who accompanied his father on the campaign to England, is temporarily going to Orkney , but also lays claim to the Norwegian throne.
- September 28th : William of Normandy, who had been delayed for several weeks by bad weather and unfavorable winds, reached the south coast of England at Pevensey in Sussex.
- October 14 : Near the present village Battle it comes to the Battle of Hastings . William the Conqueror defeats the English King Harald II, who falls in battle, and thus conquers England .
- December 25 : William the Conqueror is in Westminster Abbey for the King of England crowned.
The Abodrite Rebellion
- Archbishop Adalbert von Bremen is overthrown because he has exploited the power of rule to enrich his church from crown property. In the ensuing uprising of the pagan Abodritic nobility, the Christian velvet ruler Gottschalk der Wende is killed on June 7th . The priest Ansverus is stoned with other monks on July 15th . Gottschalk's son Budivoj took over the leadership of the West Slavic Abodrites for a short time, but was soon driven out by the pagan leader Kruto . Gottschalk's underage son Heinrich flees with his mother to Denmark to see Sven Estridsson . The Mecklenburg Archbishop Johannes Scotus is also captured in the course of the uprising and murdered on November 10th .
- In the course of the Abodrite uprising, the Viking settlement Haithabu was destroyed by the Western Slavs . Until then, a large part of the exchange between Scandinavia and the Franconian Empire was handled in this wik (bay, trading place).
- December 30th : The Granada massacre is considered the first pogrom on European soil. A crowd storms the palace of the Berber Zirids in the Islamic dominion of al-Andalus , crucifies the Jewish vizier Joseph ibn Naghrela , son of Shmuel ha-Nagid , and massacres most of the city's Jewish population. More than 1,500 Jewish families, around 4,000 people, are murdered.
- Harshavarman III. follows his older brother Udayadityavarman II after his death as King of the Khmer Empire of Angkor . He is the last representative of his dynasty.
- Archbishop Eberhard von Trier dies on April 15th . At the instigation of Archbishop Annos II , the Archbishop of Cologne , his nephew Kuno von Pfullingen is entrusted with the office. The city's nobility, passed over in the election, kidnapped the newly elected archbishop on May 18th and murdered him on June 1st . The Trier cathedral chapter finally elects Udo von Nellenburg, one of its own members, as the new archbishop of Trier .
- Reconstruction of the Italian monastery of Montecassino, destroyed by the Arabs
Date of death secured
- January 5th : Edward the Confessor , Anglo-Saxon King of England (* around 1004 )
- April 15 : Eberhard von Trier , Archbishop of Trier (* around 1010 )
- June 1st : Kuno I. von Pfullingen , Archbishop of Trier (* around 1016 )
- June 7 : Gottschalk der Wende , Abodritian prince and martyr (* around 1000 )
- June 27 : Arialdus , Roman Catholic deacon and martyr (* around 1000 )
- July 15 : Ansverus , Benedictine abbot and martyr (* 1038 )
- August 15 : Ibn al-Farrā ' , Islamic scholar (* 990 )
- September 25 : Toste Godwinsson , Earl of Northumbria (* around 1026 )
- September 25 : Harald IHardråde , King of Norway (* 1015 )
- October 14 : Harald II , last Anglo-Saxon King of England before the conquest of the kingdom by the Normans (* 1022 )
- October 14 : Gyrth Godwinson , brother of Harald II (* around 1030 )
- October 14 : Leofwine Godwinson , brother of Harald II (* 1035 )
- October 14th : Taillefer , Norman bard
- November 10 : Johannes Scotus , Roman Catholic bishop, martyr and saint (* around 990 )
- December 11 : Conan II , Duke of Brittany (* after 1018)
Exact date of death unknown
- al-Baihaqī , Arab scholar (* 994 )
- Craft , Bishop of Meissen
- Reiner , Bishop of Meissen
- Udayadityavarman II , King of the Khmer Empire of Angkor