Calendar overview 1394
|Benedict XIII. is elected antipope in Avignon .||Seoul becomes the capital of Korea under King Taejo .|
|1394 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||842/843 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||5th house - Macuilli Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February 4th Feuerstein - Nahui Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1937/38 (southern Buddhism); 1936/37 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||68th (69th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||756/757 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||796/797 (turn of the year 26/27 October)|
|Jewish calendar||5154/55 (August 26-27)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1704/05 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1705/06 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1450/51|
Politics and world events
- November 29 : The Korean King Taejo , founder of the Joseon Dynasty , moves the capital from Kaes Kang to Hanyang, today's Seoul .
- Ashikaga Yoshimitsu retires as the Shogun of Japan and hands over the office to his son Ashikaga Yoshimochi .
Ottoman Empire / Crusader States
- January: Duke Nerio I Acciaiuoli loses the city of Neopatros to the Ottomans under Bayezid I , with which the Duchy of Neopatria finally goes under.
- November: After the death of Nerio I Acciaiuoli , his illegitimate son Antonio I Acciaiuoli takes over the reign of the Duchy of Athens . He is supposed to administer the duchy, threatened by the Ottomans , until a legitimate successor of Nerios arrives from Florence to take over the official duties, which however never happens.
Holy Roman Empire
- December 10th : When Count Eberhard dies without heirs, the County of Zweibrücken falls to the Electoral Palatinate .
- Hamburg acquires a knighthood from the Lappes at the mouth of the Elbe as the " Ritzebüttel Office ", for better control over the mouth of the Elbe and the North Sea ( pirates ).
Other events in Europe
- Anti-Judaism # Pogroms and Expulsions : Karl VI. expels all Jews from France . Most of them first fled to the Holy Roman Empire, to German or Italian areas.
- After the death of his father Abu l-Abbas Ahmad II, Abd al-Aziz II becomes the Hafsid Caliph in Ifrīqiya . He must first assert himself against revolts of his relatives in Bone, Sfax, Bougie and Constantine as well as against local dynasties in Tripoli, Gafsa and Biskra. The Bedouins must also be subjugated again before the empire can be pacified. Through a tax reform and the promotion of small craftsmen, he tried to revive the economy of the empire successfully. This also serves the conclusion of trade agreements with Sicily, the Italian Maritime Republics and Aragon. However, the trade is considerably strained by the piracy of the Hafsiden, which was already carried out under his father.
First documentary mentions
- Filzbach is first mentioned in a document.
- King Richard II. Founded by Royal Charter , the Worshipful Company of Mercers , the first Livery Company of the City of London . The company's task is initially to protect and represent the interests of merchants as a guild , in particular those of cloth dealers, exporters of sheep's wool and importers of velvet, silk and other high-quality textile goods.
Culture and society
- October: Construction of Jongmyo Shrine begins.
- Louis de Valois, duc d'Orléans founds the Ordre du Porc-Épic on the occasion of the birth of his first son Charles in France .
- September 28 : In Avignon , Pietro de Luna is unanimously elected to succeed the antipope Clement VII , who died on September 16, and reigns there as antipope Benedict XIII. , while in Rome Pope Boniface IX. ruled. The occidental schism continues.
Date of birth saved
- February 1 : Ikkyū Sōjun , Japanese Zen master and poet, creator of the Japanese tea ceremony († 1481 )
- March 4 : Henry the Navigator , Prince of Portugal and patron of the sea († 1460 )
- March 22nd : Ulugh Beg , Timurid prince in Samarkand, astronomer and martyr of science († 1449 )
- June 4 : Philippa of England , Queen of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, Duchess of Pomerania († 1430 )
- July 12th : Ashikaga Yoshinori , Shogun of the Ashikaga Shogunate in Japan († 1441 )
- July 25 : James I , King of Scotland († 1437 )
- November 24th : Charles de Valois , French nobleman and poet († 1465 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Marguerite des Baux , Countess of Saint-Pol, of Brienne and of Conversano († 1469 )
- Antonio Beccadelli , Sicilian humanist († 1471 )
- John Fortescue , English lawyer and political writer († 1476 )
- Andreas Fugger , German businessman and ancestor of the Fugger vom Reh († 1457 )
- Michael de la Pole , English nobleman († 1415 )
- Sidi Boushaki , Islamic theologian († 1453 )
- Johannes Soreth , French priest and Prior General of the Order of the Carmelites († 1471 )
- Yangnyung , Korean prince, poet, painter and writer († 1462 )
Born around 1394
- Johann Lüneburg , Mayor of the Hanseatic City of Lübeck († 1461 )
- Arnold von Rotberg , Prince-Bishop of Basel († 1458 )
January to July
- March 16 : John Hawkwood , Italian condottiere of English origin (* around 1320 )
- May 23 : Johannes Walther , hospital master of the Kreuzherrenkloster in Memmingen
- June 4 : Mary de Bohun , English noblewoman, mother of Henry V of England (* around 1369 )
- June 7th : Anne of Bohemia , first royal wife of Richard II of England (* 1366 )
- June 12 : Guy de Prangins , Bishop of Lausanne
- June 13 : Wartislaw VI. , Duke of Barth and Wolgast (* around 1345 )
- June 25 : Dorothea von Montau , German Catholic saint (* 1347 )
- July 9 : Nicholas III. , Duke of Troppau and Leobschütz (* around 1339 )
- July 24th : Alexander Stewart , Scottish nobleman, known under the name: Wolf von Badenoch (* around 1343 )
- July 29th : Ruprecht von Berg , Elect-Prince-Bishop of Passau and Paderborn (* around 1365 )
August to December
- August 8th : Marino Bulcani , Neapolitan Cardinal of the Catholic Church
- August 27 : Chōkei , Emperor of Japan (* 1343 )
- September 7th : Adolf III. von der Mark , Bishop in the Diocese of Münster, Elect of the Archdiocese of Cologne, Count of Kleve and Regent of the County of Mark (* around 1334 )
- October 12 : Johann Sobieslaus of Luxemburg-Moravia , postulated bishop of Olomouc, bishop of Leitomischl and patriarch of Aquileja (* 1352 )
- October 13 : Christian von Witzleben , Bishop of Naumburg
- December 10th : Eberhard , last Count of Zweibrücken (* 1330 )
- December 13 : Otto I , Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg and Prince in the Principality of Göttingen (* around 1330 )
- December 28 : Maria Angelina Dukaina Palaiologina , ruler in the Despotate of Epirus (* around 1350 )
Exact date of death unknown
- before March 15: Gerhard Kikpot von Kalkar , German theologian and rector of the University of Cologne
- between February 24th and May 6th: Lorenz , Herr zu Werle-Güstrow (* between 1338 and 1340)
- November: Nerio I. Acciaiuoli , Florentine patrician, Duke of Athens
- Abu l-Abbas Ahmad II , Hafsid Caliph in Ifriqiya
- Fazlallah Astarabadi , Azerbaijani philosopher and poet, founder of the mystical Hurūfīya Movement (* 1339 / 40 )
- Gottfried VIII. , Count of Ziegenhain and Nidda
- Heinrich VII. , Duke of Sagan, ducal Glogau and Steinach
- Constanze of Castile , Castilian princess and pretender to the throne (* 1354 )