Calendar overview 1334
Florence Cathedral .
expert in the Eckhart trial
becomes Pope Benedict XII.
|Cologne Charterhouse is founded.|
|1334 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||782/783 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||10th house - Matlactli Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February 9th Feuerstein - Chicuhnahui Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1877/78 (southern Buddhism); 1876/77 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||696/697 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||734/735 (turn of the year August 31 / September 1)|
|Jewish calendar||5094/95 (August 31 / September 1)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1644/45 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1645/46 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1390/91|
Politics and world events
- October 9 : Casimir III. , King of Poland from the Kujaw Piast dynasty , on the occasion of his accession to the throne, issued the statute of Wiślica for the establishment of a state unit for Lesser Poland . The reasons for the adoption of the statute are the creation of a generally binding legal framework, the strengthening of the rights of the peasant class and the Jews, which are of great importance for the development of trade, especially with their credit transactions and the mints they manage. The statute made Poland a refuge for Jews from Europe-wide persecution for centuries.
- December 13th to 20th : Jacques Fournier , who worked as an inquisitor among other things as an expert in the Eckhart trial, is appointed by the conclave after one-week deliberations as the successor of Johannes XXII , who died on December 4th . elected Pope and takes the name Benedict XII. on. The second Avignon Pope , like his predecessor Ludwig, will not recognize Bavaria as king and will have a papal palace built in Avignon . In contrast to his predecessors, however, he combats nepotism in the church and reduces war spending from 64% to 6% of the papal budget.
- The Rudolstadt office is acquired by the Counts of Schwarzburg-Blankenburg from the property of the Counts of Orlamünde .
City rights and first documentary mentions
- Hettstedt and Heubach receive city rights .
- The Georgenberg in Micheldorf / Upper Austria is first mentioned in a document as St. Jörgerberg . The spread of the archaeological finds is about 1800 years.
- Schwechat is first mentioned as a market.
- First documented mention of Bauen , Dörnach and Tscheppach
science and technology
- The canonist and theologian Matthaios Blastares begins in Thessaloniki , where he lives as Hieromonachos in the Kyr Isaak monastery, with the work on his main work, the late Byzantine legal collection Syntagma kata stoicheion .
- The Collège des Lombards , one of the schools of the University of Paris , is founded by André Ghini, Bishop of Arras, for eleven scholars from Italy.
- Konrad von Megenberg received a professorship at the University of Paris after completing his studies in Artes Liberales .
- Giotto becomes chief builder of the Duomo in Florence . Because of his old age, he turned his main attention to the construction of a more than 110 meter high campanile , the completion of which still seems possible during his lifetime.
- The House of the Blackheads in Riga is mentioned for the first time in a document as the New House of the Great Guild . It serves both the merchants and the predominantly German citizens of Riga for meetings and corresponds to the Arthurian courts built in other cities at the time . The house, built in Gothic style, with its steep gable roof, whose ridge reaches a height of 27 meters, corresponds to a medieval house.
- Burchard Grelle , Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Bremen , forbids the traders and showmen of the folk festival at Hamburg's Mariendom to be present in the cathedral.
- May: Pope John XXII. introduces the Feast of Trinity in the Calendarium Romanum Generale .
- December 6th : Archbishop Walram von Jülich of Cologne issues the deed of foundation for the Cologne Charterhouse .
- The Franciscan and chronicle of the order Angelus Clarenus has to flee again from the Benedictine Abbey of Subiaco from persecution by the Inquisition and seeks refuge in a southern Italian hermit community.
- The general minister of the Franciscans, Michael von Cesena , who is in exile with King Ludwig IV in Munich after he met Pope John XXII. Has accused heresy and has been sentenced to life imprisonment in absentia, demands in an appeal a council superordinate to the Pope , which should settle the controversy between Ludwig and the Pope.
- November 23rd : The heavy Clemens flood rages on the North Sea . The villages of Arngast and Jadelee go under on the coast and the Jade Bay is greatly expanded.
Date of birth saved
- January 4th : Amadeus VI. , Count of Savoy († 1383 )
- January 13 : Henry II , King of Castile and León († 1379 )
- May 25 : Sukō , Japanese Emperor of the North Court († 1398 )
- August 30 : Peter I , King of Castile († 1369 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Jacques de Guyse , Franciscan and historian († 1399 )
- James I , King of Cyprus († 1398 )
- Kunigunde von Sayn , German nobleman and countess of Westerburg († 1383 )
- Luigi II Gonzaga , Count of Mantua († 1382 )
- an-Nasir al-Hasan , Sultan of Egypt († 1361 )
- Ala'a ad-Din Kudschuk , Sultan of the Mamluks († 1345 )
- María de Padilla , mistress of Peter I of Castile and León († 1361 )
- Hayam Wuruk , King of the Majapahit Empire († 1389 )
Date of death secured
- January 14th : Nikolaus von Stralendorf , Canon of Lübeck and Schwerin
- January 17th : John of Brittany , Earl of Richmond (* 1266 )
- March 28 : Rudolf III. von Montfort , Bishop of Chur and Constance (* around 1270 )
- April 9 : Heinrich Wogenap , Bishop of Warmia
- June 7th : Emich I. Count of Nassau-Hadamar
- 23 August : Syrgiannes Palaiologos , Byzantine aristocrat and general (* around 1290 )
- September 10 : Durandus of St. Pourçain , Bishop of Limoux (* around 1270 )
- September 25th : Philip I , Lord of Piedmont and Prince of Achaia (* 1278 )
- October 30 : Wocho , Bishop of Seckau
- November 23 : Ulrich I , Landgrave of Leuchtenberg (* 1293 )
- November 27th : Agnes von Brandenburg , Margravine of Brandenburg and Duchess of Braunschweig and Lüneburg (* 1298 )
- December 4 : Isabel le Despenser , English nobleman (* around 1290 )
- December 4th : John XXII. , Pope of the Roman Catholic Church (* around 1245 )
- December 14th : Otto IV. , Duke of Lower Bavaria-Landshut (* 1307 )
Exact date of death unknown
- February: Ulrich I , Abbot of St. Blasien
- before March 1st : James Audley , English knight (* before 1289)
- Safi ad-Din Ardabili , Persian clergyman (* 1252 )
- Haukr Erlendsson , Icelandic lawyer
- Henry Cliffe , English cleric (* around 1280)
- Johann III. , Count von Gützkow
- Johannes I. , Abbot of Münsterschwarzach
- Saen Phu , King of the Lan Na Empire in Northern Thailand
- Tarmashirin , Khan of the Chgatai Mongols