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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Giotto monument in Florence
Giotto becomes
chief builder
Florence Cathedral .
Benedict XII.
Jacques Fournier , who worked as an
expert in the Eckhart trial
becomes Pope Benedict XII.
Deed of foundation of the Cologne Charterhouse dated December 6, 1334, shown without a seal
The Cologne Charterhouse is founded.
1334 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 782/783 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1326/27
Aztec calendar 10th house - Matlactli Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February 9th Feuerstein - Chicuhnahui Tecpatl )
Buddhist calendar 1877/78 (southern Buddhism); 1876/77 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 67th (68th) cycle

Year of the Wood Dog甲戌 ( at the beginning of the year water tap 癸酉)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 696/697 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 712/713
Islamic calendar 734/735 (turn of the year August 31 / September 1)
Jewish calendar 5094/95 (August 31 / September 1)
Coptic calendar 1050/51
Malayalam calendar 509/510
Seleucid era Babylon: 1644/45 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1645/46 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1372
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1390/91


Politics and world events


  • October 9 : Casimir III. , King of Poland from the Kujaw Piast dynasty , on the occasion of his accession to the throne, issued the statute of Wiślica for the establishment of a state unit for Lesser Poland . The reasons for the adoption of the statute are the creation of a generally binding legal framework, the strengthening of the rights of the peasant class and the Jews, which are of great importance for the development of trade, especially with their credit transactions and the mints they manage. The statute made Poland a refuge for Jews from Europe-wide persecution for centuries.
Coat of arms of Pope Benedict XII.

City rights and first documentary mentions

science and technology

Matthaios Blastares, Syntagma kata stoicheion in the manuscript written in 1368/1369


The Campanile in Florence designed by Giotto and his successors
  • Giotto becomes chief builder of the Duomo in Florence . Because of his old age, he turned his main attention to the construction of a more than 110 meter high campanile , the completion of which still seems possible during his lifetime.
The house of the Blackheads on Rathausplatz after its true to original reconstruction
  • The House of the Blackheads in Riga is mentioned for the first time in a document as the New House of the Great Guild . It serves both the merchants and the predominantly German citizens of Riga for meetings and corresponds to the Arthurian courts built in other cities at the time . The house, built in Gothic style, with its steep gable roof, whose ridge reaches a height of 27 meters, corresponds to a medieval house.





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