Calendar overview 1345
|Estonia , the uprising was finally put down on St. George's Night .||
Charles of Blois
becomes Duke of Brittany .
|1345 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||793/794 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||8. Feuerstein - Chicuei Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 7th pipes - Chicome Acatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1888/89 (southern Buddhism); 1887/88 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||707/708 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||745/746 (turn of the year 3rd / 4th May)|
|Jewish calendar||5105/06 (August 28-29)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1655/56 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1656/57 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1401/02|
Politics and world events
Northern Europe / Baltic States
- Winter 1345/46: In Estonia , the uprising on St. George's Night after more than two years is finally and bloodily suppressed by the Brothers of the Sword . As the last Danish city in Estonia, Narva falls to the Teutonic Order .
Byzantine Empire / Balkans
- John V wins the upper hand in the Byzantine Civil War , which began in 1341 after the death of Emperor Andronikos III. has broken out.
- June 11 : Influential Byzantine minister Alexios Apokaukos is overwhelmed and killed by prisoners while inspecting a political prison under construction without his bodyguard . Anna of Savoy , who ruled in the name of her underage son Johannes V and is in a civil war fueled by Apokaukos with the anti-emperor Johannes Kantakuzenos , has all 200 prisoners executed.
- July 7th : The battle of Peritheorion between the troops of Momchil , the quasi-independent ruler of the Rhodope Mountains , and an allied force of Byzantine troops under John VI. and Turkish troops under Umur Bey von Aydin , ends with a clear victory for the Byzantine-Turkish alliance. Momchil dies on the battlefield. The Byzantine forces then regain control of the region.
- August 12 : Venetian troops begin the siege of the Croatian-Hungarian coastal city of Zadar in northern Dalmatia .
- King Stefan Uroš IV. Dušan of Serbia rises to the position of Emperor of Serbia and the Roman Empire ( Imperator Rasciae et Romaniae ) in his new residence Skopje at Christmas .
Holy Roman Empire
- Simone Boccanegra is forced to give up government affairs as doge of the Republic of Genoa at a people's assembly called by himself .
Hundred Years War
- June: Henry of Grosmont, Earl of Derby , lands in Gascony with a small army from England and replenishes them with local troops. With these troops he led a large-scale Chevauchée across the border, aiming to capture the important city of Bergerac in August. Among other things, the city of Auberoche is conquered.
- September 16 : Charles von Blois from the House of Châtillon , favored by France , becomes Duke of Brittany after his English- backed opponent Johann von Montfort dies in Hennebont . The War of the Breton Succession as part of the Hundred Years War lasted another two decades.
- Early October: By order of Jean II le Bon , Duke of Normandy , French troops under the command of Louis of Poitiers counterattack Henry Grosmont's English troops. You begin with the siege of Auberoche Castle.
- October 21 : The English win decisive victory in the Battle of Auberoche . As a result, they can take control of the entire region.
City rights and first documentary mentions
- Gelterfingen , Manama , Niederdorf , Bad Wildbad and Klein Ilsede are first mentioned in a document
- Potsdam and Oldenburg are granted city rights.
- Members of the since 1180 existing Guild of Pepperers , a religious and socially committed brotherhood of merchants who deal in spices, gold and other luxury goods from Konstantin Opel and the Mediterranean, forming a new brotherhood. The later Worshipful Company of Grocers is one of London's Great Twelve City Livery Companies .
- The plague , raging since 1331 and later spreading over Europe as the Black Death , reaches Sarai on the lower Volga and the Crimea as well as the empire of the Golden Horde under Dschani Beg .
nature and environment
Date of birth saved
Exact date of birth unknown
- Agnes von Durazzo , Neapolitan princess († 1383 or 1388 )
- Vuk Branković , Serbian prince († 1397 )
- Kadi Burhan al-Din , Azerbaijani poet, vizier and Atabeg († 1398 )
- Euphemia , Scottish nobles († 1394 / 95 )
- Paolo di Giovanni Fei , Italian painter († 1411 )
- Walter Fitzwalter , English nobleman and military man († 1386 )
- Charles III , King of Naples († 1386 )
Born around 1345
- Eustache Deschamps , French poet († 1404 )
- Elisabeth of Pomerania , wife of Emperor Charles IV († 1393 )
- Maud Ufford , English nobleman († 1413 )
Date of death secured
- January 17th : Heinrich von Asti , Italian bishop, papal diplomat and leader of the crusade
- February 2 : Ludwig the Junker , son of Landgrave Otto I of Hesse (* 1305 )
- February 24 : Stephan II , Bishop of Lebus
- March 11th : Aigustė Anastasia of Lithuania , Grand Duchess of Moscow (* between 1316 and 1321)
- April 14 : Richard Aungerville , Bishop of Durham and Lord Chancellor of England (* 1287 )
- May 1st : Peregrinus Laziosi , saint of the Roman Catholic Church (* around 1265 )
- June 11 : Alexios Apokaukos , Byzantine statesman
- June 20 : Simon Montagu , Bishop of Worcester and Bishop of Ely (c. 1304 )
- July 7th : Momchil , Bulgarian voivode and robber baron (* around 1305 )
- July 18 : Adam Orleton , English clergyman, politician and diplomat (* around 1275 )
- August 23 : Otto II von Wolfskeel , Bishop of Würzburg
- September 16 : John IV , Duke of Brittany (* 1295 )
- September 18 : Andreas , Hungarian prince (* 1327 )
- September 22nd : Henry of Lancaster , English magnate (* around 1280 )
- September 26th : Wilhelm IV. , Count of Holland and Hainaut (* around 1318 )
- November 3 : Peter I , Count of Dreux (* 1298 )
- November 13 : Constança Manuel , Queen of Portugal (* around 1318 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Ala'a ad-Din Kudschuk , Sultan of the Mamluks (* 1334 )
- As-Salih Ismail , Sultan of the Mamluks (* 1325 )
- Ciuto Brandini , labor leader in Florence
- Henry III. , Count of Ortenburg
- Wilke von Kraack , Dean of Lübeck and Canon of Schwerin