Calendar overview 1325
Dimitri II of Vladimir murdered
Yuri I Daniilowitsch of Moscow .
Alfonso IV becomes king of Portugal after the death of
his father Dionysius .
Karl von Valois dies.
|1325 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||773/774 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||1. Feuerstein - Ce Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 13th pipes - Matlactli omey Acatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1868/69 (southern Buddhism); 1867/68 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||687/688 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||725/726 (turn of the year December 7th / 8th)|
|Jewish calendar||5085/86 (September 8/9)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1635/36 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1636/37 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1381/82|
Politics and world events
- January 7th : In Portugal , after the death of King Dionysius, his son Alfonso IV ascends the throne. At the beginning of his reign he has to deal with the claims to the throne of his half-brothers, the illegitimate children of his father. After his accession to the throne, he banished them from Portugal, which led to an armed conflict that could soon be resolved.
- July 6th : After Ismail I is murdered , his ten-year-old son Muhammad IV becomes Emir of Granada . He is the sixth ruler from the Nasrid dynasty .
- August 13 : On his 14th birthday, Alfonso XI reached of Castile comes of age and begins to consolidate his rule. In doing so, he relies primarily on the cities and cracks down on insurgent nobles. In the same year he married the seven-year-old Constança Manuel , the daughter of his teacher and meanwhile adversary Juan Manuel .
Holy Roman Empire
- March 12th : After the death of Erich II , his underage son Waldemar V is under the tutelage of his uncle Gerhard III. von Holstein-Rendsburg Duke of Schleswig .
- March 13 : Confronted with the continued resistance of Leopold von Habsburg , the ban by Pope Johannes XXII. and the subsequent apostasy of the Bohemian King John of Luxembourg , the Roman-German King Ludwig IV releases the Habsburg Frederick the Fair after three years of imprisonment with the Trausnitz Treaty. In return, Friedrich recognizes Ludwig as the legitimate head of the Reich and undertakes to return to prison if he does not succeed in persuading his brothers Leopold and Rudolf to submit to Ludwig. When he does not succeed in this submission to Leopold, he returns, although Pope Johannes XXII. relieved of his obligation, returned to Munich as a prisoner. In view of this gesture, Ludwig agrees with Friedrich to lead the government of the empire together, a treaty that is contested by the electors and the Pope.
- June 5th : Ulrich III. follows his late father Eberhard I as Count of Württemberg . After taking office, he renewed the alliance treaty concluded in 1319 with Frederick the Fair of Habsburg .
- November 8th : After the Rügen dynasty died out due to the childless death of the last Slavic prince Wizlaw III. Duke Wartislaw IV of Pommern-Wolgast comes into the possession of the Principality of Rügen on the basis of an inheritance contract . A year later the War of the Rügen Succession begins with Duke Heinrich II of Mecklenburg .
- The war of the four gentlemen Johann von Luxemburg , Balduin von Luxemburg , Archbishop von Trier , Count Edward I von Bar and Duke Friedrich IV von Lorraine against the city of Metz continues, the fortress Metz continues to be besieged. Pope John XXII. on December 14th instructs the Bishop of Metz to bring about an armistice between the parties to the dispute, which are already showing signs of war fatigue.
- November 21 : . Dimitri II , Grand Prince of Vladimir , kills in the Horde before the eyes of the Khan Özbeg the Moscow Prince Yury of Moscow , of the execution of his father in 1319 was partly responsible.
First documentary mentions
- July 19 : Ritsebutle , today a district of Cuxhaven , is first mentioned in a document when Wolderich Lappe promises in a contract that he will no longer take action against Jan von Stotel and Luder von Wersebe .
science and technology
- Ibn Battuta begins his first great journey.
- August 1st : John XXII. appoints Nicholas of Strasbourg as one (of two) visitors to the Cologne Convention of Dominicans .
- The Carmelite Church of the Weißenburg Monastery in Bavaria is founded.
- The Marienkirche in Herford is consecrated.
Date of birth saved
- March 1 : Gidō Shūshin , Japanese Buddhist monk and poet († 1388 )
- May 12 : Ruprecht II of the Palatinate , Elector of the Palatinate († 1398 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- as-Salih Ismail , Sultan of the Mamluks († 1345 )
- Barnim IV , Duke of Pomerania († 1365 )
- Arnaud de Corbie , Chancellor of France († 1414 )
- Abraham Cresques , Catalan cartographer and compass maker († around 1387)
- Eleanor of Sicily , Queen of Aragón († 1375 )
- Heinrich von Langenstein , theologian, church politician and astronomer († 1397 )
Born around 1325
- John de Clinton , English nobleman and politician († 1398 )
- Archibald Douglas , Scottish nobleman († 1400 )
- Robert Hales , Prior of the Order of St. John and Chancellor of the Exchequer of England († 1381 )
- Tommaso da Modena , Italian painter († around 1375)
Date of death secured
- January 7th : Dionysius , King of Portugal (* 1261 )
- January 20 : John Hastings , English nobleman (* 1287 )
- March 12th : Erich II , Duke of Schleswig (* around 1288 )
- March 17 : Gerhard von Wippingen , Bishop of Lausanne and Basel (* 1262 / 67 )
- March 20 : William Ferrers , English nobleman (* 1272 )
- April 5 : Ralph de Monthermer , English knight (* around 1270 )
- June 5 : Eberhard I , Count of Württemberg (* 1265 )
- July 6th : Ismail I , Emir of Granada (* 1279 )
- July 6th : John Salmon , Lord Chancellor and Bishop of Norwich
- September 21 : Burchard III. , Archbishop of Magdeburg
- October 13 : Robert VII , Count of Auvergne and Boulogne (* around 1282 )
- November 1st : Alexander Huno , council secretary, chronicler and councilor of the Hanseatic city of Lübeck
- November 8th : Wizlaw III. , last Slavic prince of Rügen (* 1265 or 1268 )
- November 21 : Juri I. Daniilowitsch , Prince of Moscow (* 1281 )
- November 27th : Vitus von Habdank , Bishop of Breslau
- December 18 : al-ʿAllāma al-Hillī , Shiite theologian (* 1250 )
- December 19, 1325 or 1327 : Agnes of France , French princess and duchess of Burgundy (* 1260 )
Exact date of death unknown
- March: Robert de Umfraville , English nobleman (* 1276 )
- December 5th or 16th : Charles I of Valois , Regent of France (* 1270 )
- Amīr Chosrau Dehlavī , Indo-Persian poet and musicologist (* 1253 )
- Chai Songkhram , King of Lan Na
- Ghiyas-ud-din Tughluq Shah I , Sultan of Delhi
- Alwin Grope , Councilor of the Hanseatic City of Lübeck
- Keizan Jōkin , Japanese Buddhist monk, founder of the Zen temple Sōji-ji (* 1264 )
Died around 1325
- Ingram de Umfraville , Scottish nobleman