Calendar overview 1319
|Magnus Eriksson becomes King of Norway and Sweden .||bull Ad ea ex quibus , Pope John XXII confirms . the order of Christ .|
|1319 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||767/768 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||8. Rabbit - Chicuei Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February 7th house - Chicome Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1862/63 (southern Buddhism); 1861/62 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||681/682 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||718/719 (turn of the year 21/22 February)|
|Jewish calendar||5079/80 (September 14/15)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1629/30 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1630/31 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1375/76|
Politics and world events
- September 6 : The body of Grand Duke Mikhail Yaroslavich , who was executed in the horde last year , is transferred to Tver and buried in the Church of the Redeemer. As the political saint of the Russian Church, he becomes a heavy burden on the reputation of Yuri I Daniilowitsch of Moscow .
- May 8 : In Norway , the Harfagr family and Håkon V. die out in the male line. He is succeeded by his three-year-old grandson Magnus Eriksson , who is also elected King of Sweden on July 8th that same year . His mother Ingebjørg Håkonsdatter takes over the guardianship, which leads to tensions with the Norwegian and Swedish council aristocracy.
- November 13th : King Erik VI. of Denmark dies. His brother Christoph is considered to be his most likely successor, although he was not elected king by the Imperial Council until a year later , after he had restricted his rights to tax collection in a hand-over against the nobility.
Holy Roman Empire
- August 14th : Margrave Waldemar dies in Brandenburg . This ends the rule of the Ascanian Margraves of Brandenburg . With the death of his minor nephew Heinrich the child, who was therefore not yet able to rule, a year later ( 1320 ), the dynasty of the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg died out.
- September 7th : In the battle of Wöhrden the Dithmarscher destroy a Holstein and Mecklenburg invasion army, which under Gerhard III. from Holstein invaded the country. It takes 85 years before someone tries to conquer Dithmarschen again.
- In the war with Scotland, the English King Edward II besieged the border town of Berwick from September 7th, the defense of which was organized by Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland , and John Crab .
- September 12th : A Scottish army with Thomas Randolph bypasses the besiegers and defeats an English contingent under John Hotham and William Melton in the Battle of Myton , which finally leads to the breaking of the siege of Berwick on September 17th . Edward II retires to Newcastle until September 20th .
- At the end of October a Scottish army crossed the English border and sacked several English cities.
- In December the warring parties signed a two-year armistice.
First documentary mentions
- June 8th : After a year in office, Heinrich III dies . von Daun , Bishop of Worms . On August 11 will Conrad IV. Schoneck per compromissum elected his successor. The papal confirmation takes place on October 16, and on October 30 the new chief shepherd makes his solemn entry into Worms.
- November 26th : Rigaud de Asserio is promoted to Bishop of the Diocese of Winchester , succeeding John Sandale , who died on November 2nd . On December 12th, the Pope released him from the obligation to come to the papal court for episcopal ordination and allowed him to be ordained by a bishop of his choice.
Order of knights
- March 14th : With the bull Ad ea ex quibus , Pope John XXII confirms . the Order of Christ founded by King Dionysius of Portugal and stipulates that all goods of the Templar Order forbidden by him are transferred to the new order and that the Order of Christ has to live according to the rules of the Knightly Order of Calatrava . Jurisdiction is transferred to the abbot of the Cistercian monastery of Alcobaça , and he continues to receive the right to take the oath of allegiance to the Grand Master of the Order of Christ. As a religious house, John XXII. the fortress of Castro Marim in southwest Portugal.
- September 8th : The Groningen comparison between the 20 independent order houses of the Johanniter with the Steinfurter Komtur Heinrich von Selbach regulates the right of the Komtur to visit the order houses and to be duly accepted.
- The Coming Boekzetel and the Coming Burlage of the Order of St. John are mentioned for the first time.
- Weather : In some Slavic countries , the famine that has existed across Europe since 1315 continues.
Date of birth saved
- April 26 : John II , King of France († 1364 )
- 5th September : Peter IV. , King of Aragon, as Peter I also King of Sardinia and Duke of Athens and Neopatria († 1387 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Andrea II. Muzaka , founder of the Albanian principality of Muzakaj († 1372 )
- Albrecht the Beautiful , Burgrave of Nuremberg († 1361 )
- Elisabeth von Henneberg-Schleusingen , Countess of Württemberg († 1389 )
- Johann II , Count of Hoya († 1377 )
- Johanna von Dreux , Countess of Penthièvre and titular Duchess of Brittany († 1384 )
- Stephan II , Duke of Bavaria († 1375 )
Born around 1319
- William Dacre , English military man and politician († 1361 )
- Jacob I , Count of La Marche († 1362 )
- Matteo II. Visconti , city lord of Bologna, Lodi, Piacenza and Parma († 1355 )
Date of death secured
- March 5 : Jean II , Dauphin of Viennois (* 1280 )
- April 20 : Irmgard von Kleve , regent of the county of Berg
- May 8 : Håkon V , King of Norway (* 1270 )
- May 19 : Ludwig , Count of Évreux (* 1276 )
- June 8 : Heinrich III. von Daun , Bishop of Worms
- August 12 : Rudolf I , Count Palatine of the Palatinate (* 1274 )
- August 14 : Waldemar , Margrave of the Mark Brandenburg (* 1281 )
- September 7th : Bernhard von Gützkow , Count von Gützkow
- September 23 : Heinrich von Würben , Prince-Bishop of Breslau
- October 9 : Wilhelm Hase von Waldeck , Bohemian nobleman and politician
- November 2 : John Sandale , English official and clergyman, Lord Chancellor of England, Lord High Treasurer and Bishop of Winchester (* around 1274 )
- November 11th : Beatrix of Luxembourg , Queen of Hungary (* 1305 )
- November 13th : Erik VI. , King of Denmark (* 1274 )
Exact date of death unknown
- October: William Montagu, 2nd Baron Montagu , English nobleman, military, civil servant and courtier (* around 1285 )
- Andrea I. Muzaka , Albanian prince
- Duccio di Buoninsegna , Italian painter from Siena (* around 1255 )
- Eberhard Sachs , Provost of the Cathedral in Salzburg
- Guan Daosheng , Chinese painter, calligrapher and poet (* 1262 )
- Hermann IV. , Count of Weimar-Orlamünde
- Johannes von Arnsberg , provost of Meschede
Died around 1319
- Gruffydd ap Maredudd , Welsh Lord of Deheubarth