Calendar overview 1364
Charles V becomes
King of France.
|Jagiellonian University in Cracow is founded.|
|1364 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||812/813 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||1. Pipes - Ce Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 13th Rabbit - Matlactli omey Tochtli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1907/08 (southern Buddhism); 1906/07 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||726/727 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||765/766 (turn of the year 27/28 September)|
|Jewish calendar||5124/25 (August 28/29)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1674/75 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1675/76 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1420/21|
Politics and world events
- Beginning of the year: Hundred Years' War : As one of his sons, who were given to the British as hostages in 1360 , flees, John II offers himself up as a prisoner and dies on April 8th in London. His eldest son, Charles V , becomes the new King of France .
- May 16 : Charles II, the bad one , of Navarre is defeated by Bertrand du Guesclin in the War of the Breton Succession in the Battle of Cocherel . His territories in Normandy are confiscated, after which he drops his claims to the French throne in the Hundred Years War .
- May 19 : Charles V and Jeanne de Bourbon are crowned and anointed as the French ruling couple in Reims Cathedral .
- September 29th : The Battle of Auray ends the War of the Breton Succession. Charles of Blois , allied with France, fell. The French king has to recognize Johann von Montfort as Duke of Brittany .
Holy Roman Empire
- November 18 : Rudolf IV of Austria and his brothers Albrecht III , who remained childless, regulate the rules of the house . and Leopold III. The rulership in the Habsburg lands after his death: Based on the Albertine house rules from 1355 , the existing and future rulers are to rule undivided and jointly in peace by the surviving brothers. Accordingly, every male Habsburg should also bear the title of all countries in his name. In spite of all of this, the representation of Austria externally or the collection of taxes is incumbent on the elder, who is thus given a certain special position.
- Emperor Charles IV of the House of Luxemburg concludes an inheritance contract with the Habsburgs in Brno , in which both sexes register each other as heirs.
- Adolf II von der Mark resigns from the office of Archbishop of Cologne in order to prepare himself for the succession in the county of Kleve , which is ruled by his childless great-uncle Count Johann . His successor is his uncle Engelbert III. von der Mark , who compensated him for this, among other things, with the Rheinberg district of Cologne, which is adjacent to Kleve .
Other events in Europe
- At the end of January, three galleys set out from Venice to put down the revolt of the Venetian settlers on Crete that broke out in the previous year .
- On April 10th, a fleet of crusaders set out for the island. Only a few days after landing, the army under Lucchino dal Verme defeated the rebels and took the capital Candia on May 10th .
First documentary mentions and city rights
- Attiswil , Mehlbruch , Rumisberg , Mühledorf and Weißdorf are first mentioned in a document.
- Mönchengladbach receives city rights .
science and technology
- May 12 : King Casimir the Great founded with the approval of Pope Urban V in Krakow by the introduction of General Studies , the first university in Poland and the second in Central Europe, which today's Jagiellonian University .
- After 16 years of construction, Giovanni de Dondi completed the astrarium , one of the first astronomical clocks , and had it installed on the market square in Padua .
- The University of Bologna receives a theological faculty.
Date of birth saved
Exact date of birth unknown
- Al-Maqrīzī , Arab historian and writer († 1442 )
- Bernhard I , Margrave of Baden († 1431 )
- Christine de Pizan , French writer († around 1430 )
- Gyeltshab Je , person of Tibetan Buddhism († 1432 )
- Charles II , Duke of Lorraine († 1431 )
- Manuel III , Emperor of Trebizond († 1417 )
- Ralph Neville , English nobleman and partisan of the House of Lancaster († 1425 )
- Qadi Zada , Turkish mathematician and astronomer († 1436 )
Born around 1364
- Elizabeth Plantagenet , English nobleman from the House of Lancaster († 1425 )
- John Arundel , English nobleman († 1390 )
Date of death secured
- January 4th : Rudolf Losse , registry and notary (* around 1310 )
- February 16 : John Maltravers , English nobleman and courtier (* around 1290 )
- March 5th : Nikolaus I von Gutenburg , abbot of the Benedictine monastery in Einsiedeln
- April 8 : John II , King of France (* 1319 )
- May 17th : Johann I , Lord of Ligny, Beauvoir and Roussy from the House of Luxembourg
- June 6 : Wenceslas I , Duke of Legnica (* 1310 / 1318 )
- June 11th : Agnes , Queen of Hungary (* around 1281 )
- June 30th : Ernst von Pardubitz , Czech clergyman, politician and Archbishop of Prague (* around 1300 )
- July 11th : Arnold von Vitinghove , Landmaster of the Teutonic Order in Livonia
- August 5 : Kōgon , Japanese pretender to the throne (* 1313 )
- August 9 : Dietrich III. von Limburg , Count of Limburg (* around 1291 )
- September 10th : Robert of Taranto , Prince of Taranto, Albania and Achaia, and Titular Emperor of Constantinople (* around 1318 )
- September 29 : Karl von Blois , Duke of Brittany, Count of Penthièvre and Goëllo as well as Vice-Count of Limoges and Lord of Guise (* around 1319 )
- October 9 : Heinrich Taube von Selbach , cleric, lawyer and chronicler
Exact date of death unknown
- Butön Rinchen Drub , scholar of the Sakya school of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1290 )
- Gajah Mada , Prime Minister and Military Leader of Majapahit
- Elisenda de Montcada , Queen of Aragón (* 1292 )
- Henry III. , Abbot of Murrhardt
- Johann von Limburg-Styrum , Lord of Styrum (* around 1285 )
- Burkhardt Sturmfeder , Württemberg knight and underland bailiff (* around 1300 )
- Tshelpa Künga Dorje , Tibetan prince and clergyman of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1309 )
- Waldemar III. , King of Denmark and Duke of Schleswig (* 1314 )