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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Coin from Aachen with the inscription + LVDOVICV • S • REX and + TVRONVS • CIVIS from the year 1314
Ludwig the Bavarian is elected Roman-German king.
Friedrich the fair
However, a minority of the electors chose the Habsburg Frederick the Fair .
Battle of Bannockburn
In the Battle of Bannockburn , the Scottish King Robert "The" Bruce defeated the English King Edward II.
1314 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 762/763 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1306/07
Aztec calendar 3rd house - Jei Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February 2nd Feuerstein - Ome Tecpatl )
Buddhist calendar 1857/58 (southern Buddhism); 1856/57 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 66th (67th) cycle

Year of the wood tiger甲寅 ( at the beginning of the year water buffalo 癸丑)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 676/677 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 692/693
Islamic calendar 713/714 (turn of the year April 16/17)
Jewish calendar 5074/75 (September 11-12)
Coptic calendar 1030/31
Malayalam calendar 489/490
Seleucid era Babylon: 1624/25 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1625/26 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1352
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1370/71


Politics and world events


  • March 18 : A commission appointed by Pope Clement V announces the verdict against the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar , which was dissolved two years ago , Jacques de Molay , the Master of Normandy Geoffroy de Charnay and two other Knights Templar in front of the Church of Notre Dame de Paris : Es is imprisonment for life for alleged heresy and sodomy. De Molay and de Charnay protested violently and retracted all their previous confessions, while the other two remained silent. When the papal judicial commission withdrew for further deliberation, King Philip IV of France , who was not present when the verdict was pronounced, decided to execute Jacques de Molay and Geoffroy de Charnay immediately, without waiting for the verdict of the Church. In the evening the two are burned at the stake in Paris.
A document from Louis X from December 1314; Paris, Archives nationales, J 163 B, no.59
  • November 29th : Philip the Handsome dies in France . Since both he and Pope Clement V die within a short time after the execution of Jacques de Molay, the rumor arises that the two have been cursed by the Grand Master. Philip's successor is Ludwig X. , also called the brawler.

Holy Roman Empire

Scotland / England

Other events in Europe


Chūzan in central Okinawa during the Sanzan period
  • Tamagusuku , against whose assumption of the office of Supreme Prince of Okinawa, rebellions of the other island princes broke out in the previous year, proclaims the state of Chūzan from his future capital Urasoe . Several princes then fled with their entourage to the north and south of the island and brought the areas there under their control. The Sanzan period begins.

City rights and first documentary mentions

science and technology



Butön Rinchen Drub , eleventh abbot of Shalu Monastery near Xigazê in Tibet , founds the Buddhist Riphug Monastery not far from here in Shigatse .


Camerlengo coat of arms during the Sedis vacancy

After the death of Pope Clement V on April 20, the conclave for the election of a successor begins on May 1 in Carpentras , which Clemens had previously made his second residence, chaired by Cardinal Dean Niccolò Alberti . However, it will be two years before the participants can agree on a new Pope . Three months after the beginning of the conclave, a fire breaks out in the city, whereupon the 24 cardinals at that time leave the city. The attempt to restart the election was unsuccessful until the end of the year, even after several negotiations.



Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Clemens V's tomb

Second half of the year

Grave bust of Philip IV the beautiful

Exact date of death unknown

  • before January 4, 1315, probably end of 1314: John Balliol , King of Scotland

Web links

Commons : 1314  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files