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◄◄ | | 1234 | 1235 | 1236 | 1237 | 1238 | 1239 | 1240 | 1241 | 1242 | | ►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog

Conquest of Vladimir by the Mongols
Mongols under Batu Khan conquer the capital Vladimir in the principality of Vladimir-Suzdal .
Mindaugas, King of Lithuania
Mindaugas I becomes
king of Lithuania .
1238 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 686/687 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1230/31
Buddhist calendar 1781/82 (southern Buddhism); 1780/81 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65th (66th) cycle

Year of the earth dog戊戌 ( at the beginning of the year fire rooster 丁酉)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 600/601 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 616/617
Islamic calendar 635/636 (turn of the year 13/14 August)
Jewish calendar 4998/99 (September 10-11)
Coptic calendar 954/955
Malayalam calendar 413/414
Seleucid era Babylon: 1548/49 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1549/50 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1276
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1294/95 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Eastern and Northern Europe

The conquest of Vladimir
  • Batu Khan's hordes destroy Moscow after fierce resistance from residents . After seven weeks of siege, Batu Khan conquered and destroyed the city of Koselsk .
  • The Principality of Belo Osero in Northern Russia is established.
  • Mindaugas I becomes king of Lithuania .

Holy Roman Empire

Iberian Peninsula

James I of Aragon moves into the conquered Valencia; Fresco in the Convent of Alcañiz

Asia Minor

Ayyubid empires

  • Al-Kamil , Sultan of Egypt from the Ayyubid dynasty , conquered Damascus and disempowered his younger brother al-Salih Ismail . However, when he wanted to turn against his nephew Nasir Yusuf in Aleppo in order to finally reunite the Ayyubid Empire in one hand, he died on March 6th . He is followed by his 18-year-old son al-Adil II , whereupon power struggles break out again among the Ayyubids. Al-Adil's half-brother al-Salih Ayyub asserts claims to the entire empire from his previous domain in Mesopotamia and marches against Damascus.

Other events in Asia

City rights and first documentary mentions


Relic trade

Louis IX of France receives the relics of the Crown of Thorns, the Holy Cross and the Holy Lance ( Chroniques de Saint-Denis , 14th century)
  • September 4th : The barons ruling Constantinople in the absence of Emperor Baldwin II pledge the alleged crown of thorns of Christ, one of the most precious reliquary treasures of Christendom, to a Venetian merchant due to lack of money . After four months without payment of the debt, it will become his property in accordance with the contract. When King Louis IX. learns of this from France , he immediately sends a delegation to Constantinople to purchase the relic. She returns to her homeland not only with the crown of thorns, but also with parts of the Holy Cross and the Holy Lance .

Church hierarchy



Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1238


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1238

Web links

Commons : 1238  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files