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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Frederick II leads the captured Carroccio to Cremona, (illustration in a manuscript from the 14th century)
In northern Italy, Emperor Friedrich II wins a victory over an army of the Lombard League in the battle of Cortenuova .
1237 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 685/686 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1229/30
Buddhist calendar 1780/81 (southern Buddhism); 1779/80 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65th (66th) cycle

Year of the Fire Rooster丁酉 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Monkey 丙申)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 599/600 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 615/616
Islamic calendar 634/635 (turn of the year 23/24 August)
Jewish calendar 4997/98 (September 20-21)
Coptic calendar 953/954
Malayalam calendar 412/413
Seleucid era Babylon: 1547/48 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1548/49 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1275
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1293/94 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Holy Roman Empire

  • February: After his election in 1235 still failed, the eight-year-old Konrad IV , son of Emperor Friedrich II , is elected Roman-German king at a court conference in Vienna , but is not crowned. The electoral act contains not only the title of Roman-German king, but also the future successor as Roman-German emperor. Pope Gregory IX does not recognize the choice of the Staufer .
  • August / September: Emperor Friedrich II sets off from Augsburg on a new campaign to Italy against the Lombards League . His son Konrad stays in Germany to formally represent his father. The Archbishop of Mainz Siegfried III stands to him. von Eppstein as Reichsgubernator aside.
  • Mantua goes over from the Lombard League to the side of the emperor.
  • November 27th : In northern Italy , Emperor Friedrich II wins a victory over an army of the Lombard League under the command of Milan in the battle of Cortenuova . Milan loses its flag car , Petrus Tiepolo, son of the Doge of Venice and Podestà of Milan at the same time , is captured. The peace negotiations that followed failed, however, because of Frederick's demand for unconditional submission.

British Islands

Iberian Peninsula / Reconquista

The sarcophagus of Bernat Guillem d'Entença in the Abbey of El Puig.

Zayyan ibn Mardanish , ruler of the Taifa kingdom of Balansiya , attacks the strategically important hill El Puig de Santa María held by Aragón when there is only a relatively small garrison under the command of Bernat Guillem I d'Entença , while King Jacob is there I. withdrew from Aragón to Catalonia. Despite his numerical inferiority, Bernat Guillem achieved a complete victory in the battle of El Puig de Santa María , which in the course of the Reconquista contributed significantly to the conquest of Valencia and the establishment of the Kingdom of Valencia the following year. Bernat Guillem himself died at the end of the year from injuries sustained in the battle.


Crusader States

Ayyubid empires

Eastern Europe

Expansion of the Mongol Empire during the Mongol Storm


First documentary mentions and city rights


La ronde au dieu d'amour
manuscript of the rose novel (1420–30)



Church hierarchy

Founding of monasteries and consecrations



Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Johanna's sarcophagus in Beaumaris church

Web links

Commons : 1237  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files