Calendar overview 1185
|Gempei War ends with the sea battle of Dan-no-ura .|
|Tamar of Georgia founds the rock city of Vardsia .||
Sancho I ascends
the throne of Portugal .
|1185 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||633/634 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1728/29 (southern Buddhism); 1727/28 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||64th (65th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||547/548 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||580/581 (turn of the year April 3rd / 4th)|
|Jewish calendar||4945/46 (August 28-29)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1495/96 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1496/97 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1241/42 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- After a long series of defeats, the Taira clan retreats to Yashima on the Shikoku coast on the Seto Inland Sea . Here they have a fortress and an improvised palace for the underage Emperor Antoku and the throne insignia of Japan that they were able to take into their possession earlier in the year. Minamoto no Yoshitsune arrives in Shikoku with a small force of only about 100 men. Most of his ships have been destroyed or lost in a storm. However, he is being supplied with supplies by an ally, Kajiwara Kagetoki . As the Taira anticipate a sea attack, Minamoto no Yoshitsune has a fire lit in the rear of the enemy to make the Taira believe that a large force is approaching from the land. They give up the fortress and palace and withdraw with the emperor and the throne regalia on their ships.
- March 22 : The Minamoto samurai family triumphs in the Battle of Yashima , but the majority of the Taira escape to Dan-no-ura by ship.
- April 25 : With the decisive victory of the Minamoto over the Taira in the sea battle of Dan-no-ura , the Gempei War in Japan , which is now firmly in the hands of the Minamoto, ends . Emperor Antoku drowns, the imperial sword, one of the three imperial regalia of Japan, sinks in the sea.
- The Kamakura period ( Kamakura shogunate ) in Japan begins. Minamoto no Yoritomo becomes the most powerful man in the state, but comes into conflict with his younger brother Minamoto no Yoshitsune. Despite several oaths of loyalty to his brother, Yoshitsune is sentenced to death on October 9th .
Byzantine Empire / Normans in southern Italy
- September 12 : . Isaac II Angelos is after the death of Andronikos I. emperor of the Byzantine Empire levied.
- Tankred of Lecce is in command of the Norman fleet against Byzantium.
Other events in Europe
- December 6th : In Portugal , King Sancho I ascends the throne after the death of his father Alfons I.
- December 10th : The army of Ottokar I. Přemysl , Duke of Bohemia , defeats the troops of Konrad III. Otto , Margrave of Moravia , at the Battle of Loděnice .
- Queen Tamar of Georgia founds the rock city of Vardsia .
- Campaign of Prince Igor Swjatoslawitsch of Novgorod-Seversk , which in Igor's described
First documentary mentions
- First documentary mention of Arni , Birrwil , Büren an der Aare , Ehningen , Erlach , Gals , Islisberg , Kappel am Albis , Kirchlindach , Luzein , Menznau , Mitterteich , Müntschemier , Neustadt , Rüti near Büren , Twann , Villmergen , Vlotho , Wilnsdorf and Wynigen
Culture and religion
- November 25th : Uberto Crivelli, Archbishop of Milan since January 9th , is elected Pope . He takes the name Urban III. and will be crowned on December 1st . As a member of a Milanese family, like most Lombards, he is in opposition to Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa.
- Start of construction on Temple Church ( Templar Church ) in London (completed in 1240 )
- The Avignon bridge will be completed in a construction period of eight years .
- After 12 years of construction, the campanile for Pisa Cathedral, which has grown to three floors, begins to tilt . The construction work in Pisa then rested for around 100 years.
- Fire in Bamberg Cathedral
Date of birth saved
- April 23 : Alfonso II , King of Portugal († 1223 )
- July 7 : ʿAbd al-Wāhid al-Marrākuschī , Islamic historiographer and scholar († around 1228 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Angelus the Carmelite , saint († around 1220 )
- Inge Bårdsson , King of Norway († 1217 )
- Constantine , Grand Duke of Vladimir († 1218 )
- Michael von Tschernigow , Russian ruler († 1246 )
- Robert III , Count of Dreux († 1234 )
- Raimund-Roger Trencavel , Vice Count of Carcassonne († 1209 )
Born around 1185
- Alexander von Hales , Franciscan, Doctor irrefragibilis called († 1245 )
- Engelbert von Berg , Archbishop of Cologne († 1225 )
- Xacbert de Barbaira , Occitan knight and Faydit († around 1275 )
Date of death secured
- January 1 : Gilla Brigte , Prince of Galloway (* around 1126 )
- February 9th : Dietrich von Landsberg and Eilenburg , Margrave of Niederlausitz and Landsberg
- March 16 : Baldwin IV , King of Jerusalem (* 1161 )
- March 31 : Beatrix von Rethel , Queen of Sicily (* 1130 )
- April 25 : Antoku , Emperor of Japan (* 1178 )
- June 11th : Konrad II. Von Raitenbuch , Bishop of Regensburg
- June 16 : Richeza von Everstein , Polish nobleman (* around 1135 )
- June 18 : Gunzelin I , Count of Schwerin (* around 1127 )
- July 18 : Stefan von Uppsala , Swedish clergyman and first Archbishop of Old Uppsala
- July 25 : Arducius de Faucigny , Bishop of Geneva
- September 12 : Andronikos I , Byzantine emperor (* around 1122 )
- October 14th : Alan of Auxerre , Bishop of Auxerre
- October 28 : Ludwig III. von Arnstein , count and founder of the monastery (* 1109 )
- November 25 : Lucius III. , Pope from 1181 to 1185 (* around 1097 )
- December 6th : Alfonso I , first king of Portugal (* 1109 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Anno , Bishop of Minden
- Bhaskara II , Indian mathematician (* 1114 )
- Uberto Allucingoli , Cardinal of the Catholic Church
- Hywel ap Ieuaf , little Welsh king
- Johannes Komnenos , Byzantine co-emperor (* 1159 )
- Taira no Shigehira , Samurai (* 1158 )
- Taira no Tomomori , Samurai (* 1152 )
- Ibn Tufail , philosopher, astronomer, doctor, mathematician and Sufi (* 1110 )