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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Naval Battle of Dan-no-ura
The Gempei War ends with the sea ​​battle of Dan-no-ura .
Vardzia cave city, Georgia
Tamar of Georgia founds the rock city of Vardsia .
King Sancho I of Portugal
Sancho I ascends
the throne of Portugal .
1185 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 633/634 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1177/78
Buddhist calendar 1728/29 (southern Buddhism); 1727/28 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 64th (65th) cycle

Year of the wood snake乙巳 ( at the beginning of the year wood dragon 甲辰)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 547/548 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 563/564
Islamic calendar 580/581 (turn of the year April 3rd / 4th)
Jewish calendar 4945/46 (August 28-29)
Coptic calendar 901/902
Malayalam calendar 360/361
Seleucid era Babylon: 1495/96 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1496/97 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1223
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1241/42 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


  • After a long series of defeats, the Taira clan retreats to Yashima on the Shikoku coast on the Seto Inland Sea . Here they have a fortress and an improvised palace for the underage Emperor Antoku and the throne insignia of Japan that they were able to take into their possession earlier in the year. Minamoto no Yoshitsune arrives in Shikoku with a small force of only about 100 men. Most of his ships have been destroyed or lost in a storm. However, he is being supplied with supplies by an ally, Kajiwara Kagetoki . As the Taira anticipate a sea attack, Minamoto no Yoshitsune has a fire lit in the rear of the enemy to make the Taira believe that a large force is approaching from the land. They give up the fortress and palace and withdraw with the emperor and the throne regalia on their ships.
  • March 22 : The Minamoto samurai family triumphs in the Battle of Yashima , but the majority of the Taira escape to Dan-no-ura by ship.
  • April 25 : With the decisive victory of the Minamoto over the Taira in the sea ​​battle of Dan-no-ura , the Gempei War in Japan , which is now firmly in the hands of the Minamoto, ends . Emperor Antoku drowns, the imperial sword, one of the three imperial regalia of Japan, sinks in the sea.
  • The Kamakura period ( Kamakura shogunate ) in Japan begins. Minamoto no Yoritomo becomes the most powerful man in the state, but comes into conflict with his younger brother Minamoto no Yoshitsune. Despite several oaths of loyalty to his brother, Yoshitsune is sentenced to death on October 9th .

Byzantine Empire / Normans in southern Italy

Electron coin, Isaac II. Angelus

Other events in Europe

First documentary mentions

Culture and religion



Date of birth saved

King Alfonso II of Portugal

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1185


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1185  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files