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Heads of State · Nekrolog

The crusader castle Kerak in today's Jordan
Sultan Saladin begins the siege of Kerak .
1183 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 631/632 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1175/76
Buddhist calendar 1726/27 (southern Buddhism); 1725/26 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 64th (65th) cycle

Year of the water hare癸卯 ( at the beginning of the year water tiger 壬寅)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 545/546 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 561/562
Islamic calendar 578/579 (April 25-26)
Jewish calendar 4943/44 (September 18-19)
Coptic calendar 899/900
Malayalam calendar 358/359
Seleucid era Babylon: 1493/94 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1494/95 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1221
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1239/40 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


Kaiserbrunnen in Constance - Certificate of the Peace of Constance
  • In the winter of 1183/1184 negotiations take place between Friedrich I Barbarossa and Wilhelm II , King of Sicily , with the result of an alliance between the German and the Norman Empire.

middle East

  • November 20 : The Ayyubids under Sultan Saladin begin the war with the Kingdom of Jerusalem with the siege of Kerak . Although Kerak's defenders under Renaud de Châtillon were surprised by the arrival of the Muslim army, they managed to withdraw into the fortifications. Saladin then has the fortress bombarded with nine siege engines. The crusaders feel so little threatened in the well-developed castle that they do not even interrupt the wedding between Humfried IV of Toron and the only eleven-year-old Isabella of Jerusalem . Stephanie von Milly , Renaud's wife and Humfried's mother, manages to persuade Saladin not to shoot at the tower where the wedding is being celebrated during the festivities - while the attack on the rest of the castle continues unhindered.
  • Finally, Baldwin IV provides a relief army under the command of Raimund III. from Tripoli , in which he himself moves in a sedan chair. When the army approaches, Saladin withdraws and Baldwin triumphantly triumphs in the castle on December 4th .


First documentary mentions




Date of death secured

Equestrian monument to Otto I of Bavaria
in the Hofgarten in Munich

Exact date of death unknown

Tomb of Margaret of Navarre in Monreale Cathedral

Web links

Commons : 1183  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files