Calendar overview 1183
|Saladin begins the siege of Kerak .|
|1183 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||631/632 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1726/27 (southern Buddhism); 1725/26 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||64th (65th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||545/546 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||578/579 (April 25-26)|
|Jewish calendar||4943/44 (September 18-19)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1493/94 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1494/95 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1239/40 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- June 25 : The Lombard League and Emperor Friedrich I. Barbarossa conclude the Peace of Constance , in which Hermann IV , Margrave of Baden is guarantor.
- In the winter of 1183/1184 negotiations take place between Friedrich I Barbarossa and Wilhelm II , King of Sicily , with the result of an alliance between the German and the Norman Empire.
- November 20 : The Ayyubids under Sultan Saladin begin the war with the Kingdom of Jerusalem with the siege of Kerak . Although Kerak's defenders under Renaud de Châtillon were surprised by the arrival of the Muslim army, they managed to withdraw into the fortifications. Saladin then has the fortress bombarded with nine siege engines. The crusaders feel so little threatened in the well-developed castle that they do not even interrupt the wedding between Humfried IV of Toron and the only eleven-year-old Isabella of Jerusalem . Stephanie von Milly , Renaud's wife and Humfried's mother, manages to persuade Saladin not to shoot at the tower where the wedding is being celebrated during the festivities - while the attack on the rest of the castle continues unhindered.
- Finally, Baldwin IV provides a relief army under the command of Raimund III. from Tripoli , in which he himself moves in a sedan chair. When the army approaches, Saladin withdraws and Baldwin triumphantly triumphs in the castle on December 4th .
- June 2 : The Battle of Kurikara is considered the turning point of the Gempei War between the Taira and the Minamoto and one of the bloodiest battles in Japanese history . Minamoto no Yoshinaka defeated with his army a numerically superior army under Taira Koremori , which, however, largely consists of inexperienced farmers.
First documentary mentions
- The location is first mentioned in a document.
- Hyacinth of Poland , founder of the Dominican Order in Poland, saint († 1257 )
- Dschötschi , son of Genghis Khan, ancestor of the Golden Horde († 1227 )
Date of death secured
- January 5 : Ibn Baschkuwāl , Andalusian historian (* 1101 )
- January 14 or 15 : Ratibor , Prince of Pomerania (* around 1160 )
- February 6 : Hildegund von Meer , abbess (* around 1115)
- February 20 : Petrus Cellensis , Abbot of Saint-Remi in Reims and Bishop of Chartres (* around 1115 )
- May 22nd : Berthold von Bussnang , Bishop of Constance
- May 25th : Arnold I. von Valancourt , Archbishop of Trier (* around 1120 )
- June 3rd or 4th: Nicholas ap Gwrgan , Welsh clergyman
- June 11 : Henry the Younger , co-king of England (* 1155 )
- July 11th : Otto I , Duke of Bavaria (* around 1117 )
- August 23 : Christian I. von Buch , Archbishop of Mainz and Imperial Arch Chancellor (* around 1130 )
- August 27 : Mary of Antioch , Empress of Byzantium (* 1145 )
- October: Alexios II Komnenus , Emperor of Byzantium (* 1167 )
- November 23 : William FitzRobert , Earl of Gloucester (* 1116 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Alexios Komnenos , Byzantine aristocrat (* 1141 )
- Gilbert de Aissailly , Grand Master of the Order of St. John
- Margaret of Navarre , regent of Sicily (* 1128 )
- Rainer von Montferrat , Margrave of Montferrat (* around 1162 )