Calendar overview 1120
|White Ship sinks in the English Channel with the English Crown Prince William Ætheling on board.||Vladislav I becomes Duke of Bohemia for the second time .|
|Liber Floridus was created around 1120 .|
|1120 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||568/569 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1663/64 (southern Buddhism); 1662/63 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63rd (64th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||482/483 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||498/499 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||513/514 (April 1-2)|
|Jewish calendar||4880/81 (August 25-26)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1430/31 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1431/32 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1176/77 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- January 16 : Council of Nablus : Ecclesiastical and secular princes draft the first written laws for the Kingdom of Jerusalem .
- June 17th : Alfonso I of Aragón destroys with the support of Duke Wilhelm IX. of Aquitaine an army of the Almoravids near Cutanda .
- November 25th : The White Ship sinks in the English Channel. The English Crown Prince William Ætheling is among the dead .
Founding of cities and first mentions in documents
- Duke Konrad von Zähringen gives the city of Freiburg im Breisgau market and town rights.
- Althengstett and Sitzenkirch are first mentioned in a document.
- Count Rapoto I established the fortress of Ortenburg and founds the imperial county of Ortenburg .
Science and culture
- around 1120: The Liber Floridus is created, an encyclopedic work by the canonist Lambert de Saint-Omer, which deals with various theological, natural-philosophical and historical questions. The work contains a quasi-chronological report of world events up to the year 1119. Biblical, astronomical, geographical and natural-philosophical topics are dealt with.
- Foundation of the Premonstratensian Order
Exact date of birth unknown
- Fujiwara no Yorinaga , Minister on the left in the Japanese Fujiwara clan († 1156 )
- Ioveta von Bethanien , Abbess of the St. Lazarus Monastery in Jerusalem († around 1170 )
- Jehuda ibn Tibbon , Jewish translator († 1190 )
- Louis VII , King of France († 1180 )
Born around 1120
- Arnold I. von Valancourt , Archbishop of Trier († 1183 )
- Erik IX. , King of Sweden and patron saint of Sweden († 1160 )
- Philipp von Milly , Lord of Nablus and Grand Master of the Templar Order († 1171 )
- Ranulf de Glanville , Anglo-Norman nobleman and Justiciar of England († 1190 )
- Urban III. , Pope († 1187 )
- William de Vere , Lord Chancellor of England († 1198 )
Date of death secured
- March 11th : Adelheid von Enzberg , Countess of Tübingen and founder of the monastery
- March 23 : Bruno von Beutelsbach , canon at Speyer Cathedral and abbot of Hirsau Monastery
- July 15 : Egino , German Benedictine abbot in the monastery of St. Ulrich and Afra (* around 1065 )
- September 3 : Gerhard Sasso , founder of the Order of St. John (* around 1040 )
- September 24th : Welf V , Duke of Bavaria (* probably 1073 )
- October 31 : Otto II , Count von Scheyern
- November 25th : William Ætheling , English Crown Prince (* before August 1103 )
- November 25 : Richard d'Avranches , 2nd Earl of Chester (* 1094 )
- November 25 : Richard FitzRoy , Anglo-Norman prince (* before 1101)
Exact date of death unknown
- Balduin III. , Count of Hainaut (* 1088 )
- Botvid , Swedish Catholic saint
- Bruning , Bishop of Hildesheim
- Eudo Dapifer , Seneschal of England
- Guillaume II. De Garlande , Seneschal of France
- Siroslaus I , Bishop of Wroclaw
- William V , Count of Angoulême