Calendar overview 1187
After victories in the battles of Cresson and at Hattin
, Sultan Saladin begins the siege of Jerusalem .
|Balian von Ibelin hands over the city .|
|1187 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||635/636 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1730/31 (southern Buddhism); 1729/30 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||64th (65th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||549/550 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||582/583 (turn of the year March 12/13)|
|Jewish calendar||4947/48 (September 4th / 5th)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1497/98 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1498/99 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1243/44 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- May 1st : The crusaders under Gérard de Ridefort are defeated by the Ayyubids in the battle of the well of Cresson . Gérard flees, making him one of only three survivors. The captured knights of the order are executed.
- July 2nd : Saladin conquers Tiberias after a brief siege .
- July 4th : With the defeat of the Christian army against Saladin in the Battle of the Horns of Hattin , a large part of the Kingdom of Jerusalem falls to the Muslims .
- September 20 : The siege of Jerusalem by Sultan Saladin begins.
- October 2 : Saladin conquers Jerusalem , ending 88 years of Christian rule. Balian von Ibelin surrenders the city. Unlike after the conquest by a Christian crusader army, which caused a bloodbath among the civilian population in 1099 , there were no violent riots in the fall of Jerusalem thanks to the surrender. Saladin employs guards who are effective in preventing looting, rape or killings from occurring.
- October 29th : In the Bull Audita tremendi , Pope Gregory VIII calls on the secular rulers to recapture Jerusalem . The result is the Third Crusade .
First documentary mentions
Culture and society
- October 20th : Pope Urban III dies after a two-year pontificate . in Ferrara , allegedly out of dismay at the fall of Jerusalem. The very next day the Augustinian canon Alberto di Morra is elected Pope at the same place and takes the name Gregory VIII . He died of a fever on December 17th .
- December 19 : Paolo Scolari , Bishop of Palestrina , is elected Pope in the second papal election of the year and takes the name Clement III. on.
- February 23 : Peter of Portugal , Count of Urgell, Lord of Mallorca († 1258 )
- April 13 : Arthur I , son of the Duke of Brittany, designated English heir to the throne († 1203 )
- Guido von Cortona , Italian Franciscan († 1247 )
- Lorepa Wangchug Tsondru , person of Tibetan Buddhism († 1250 )
Date of death secured
- January 23 : Sobiesław I. , Samboride, Duke of East Pomerania (* around 1130 )
- February 18 : Gilbert Foliot , Bishop of Hereford and Bishop of London (* around 1110 )
- March 18 : Bogislaw I , Duke of Pomerania (* around 1130 )
- April: Alexios Branas , Byzantine general and usurper
- May 1st : Roger de Moulins , Grand Master of the Order of St. John
- July: Renaud de Châtillon , crusader, Prince of Antioch, Lord of Oultrejordain and Hebron (* around 1125 )
- October 1 : Yaroslav Osmomysl , prince of the Kievan Rus (* 1119 )
- October 20 : Urban III. , Pope (* around 1120 )
- November 9th : Song Gaozong , Chinese Emperor (* 1107 )
- December 17th : Gregory VIII , Pope (* around 1100 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Alexios Komnenos , Byzantine prince (* around 1160 )
- Gerhard von Cremona , translator, deacon and teacher (* 1114 )
- Johan von Uppsala , Archbishop of Sweden
- Owain Fychan , Welsh Prince
- Raimund III. , Count of Tripoli (* around 1142 )
- Ruben III. , Prince of Lesser Armenia