Coswig (Anhalt)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Coswig (Anhalt)
Coswig (Anhalt)
Map of Germany, position of the city of Coswig (Anhalt) highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 53 '  N , 12 ° 27'  E

Basic data
State : Saxony-Anhalt
County : Wittenberg
Height : 77 m above sea level NHN
Area : 295.75 km 2
Residents: 11,642 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 39 inhabitants per km 2
Postcodes : 06868, 06869
Primaries : 034903, 034907, 034923, 034929
License plate : WB, GHC, JE
Community key : 15 0 91 060

City administration address :
Am Markt 1
06869 Coswig (Anhalt)
Website :
Mayor : Axel Clauß (independent)
Location of the city of Coswig (Anhalt) in the district of Wittenberg
Brandenburg Sachsen Dessau-Roßlau Landkreis Anhalt-Bitterfeld Annaburg Bad Schmiedeberg Coswig (Anhalt) Gräfenhainichen Jessen (Elster) Kemberg Oranienbaum-Wörlitz Lutherstadt Wittenberg Zahna-Elster Zahna-Elstermap
About this picture

Coswig (Anhalt) is a town in the Wittenberg district in Saxony-Anhalt (Germany).


View over the Elbe towards the city and the castle

Coswig is located on the north bank of the Elbe in the south of the Fläming ridge .

City structure

The following 16 villages belong to Coswig (Anhalt):

Neighboring communities

Clockwise (starting from the north): Wiesenburg / Mark , Lutherstadt Wittenberg , Oranienbaum-Wörlitz , Dessau-Roßlau .


The Mesolithic grave of Coswig (Anhalt) , the only known cremation of the Mesolithic in Germany, was discovered in 2001 near the Elbe on the edge of a Late Bronze Age burial ground.

A castle Cossewiz is mentioned as early as 1187 at the current location . It is not known whether a Slavic settlement existed before this time. Coswig is known as an oppidum in 1215 and was considered the most important town of the Anhalt Ascanians north of the Elbe at that time .

As early as the 16th century, Coswig was supplied with drinking water from Wörpen through a water pipe . During this time, weaving, pottery and agriculture (including hop growing) played the most important economic role.

During the Schmalkaldic War , the city was largely destroyed by Spanish troops. During the Thirty Years' War , Wallenstein also stayed in Coswig.

Coswig Castle
Coswig Castle on a lidded tankard from 1676 in the Württemberg State Museum

Coswig was part of the Principality of Anhalt-Zerbst from 1603 to 1793 . The castle in the city was built from 1667 to 1677 by the Dutch architect Cornelis Ryckwaert and served as a widow's residence until the 19th century. While older Renaissance forms were used in the architectural decoration of the north-facing main wing , the entire complex took up contemporary influences from French baroque architecture . From 1874 the castle was partially converted into a prison and for this purpose the south wing was increased by two storeys.

During the Nazi era , the prison housed in the castle was overcrowded with 900 (instead of the planned 300) people, many of them for political reasons. Then there were the 850 prisoners from the Griebo subcamp , around 300 of whom died due to the inhumane living conditions. During the Second World War , hundreds of prisoners of war as well as women and men from the countries occupied by Germany had to do forced labor in armaments factories . On November 14, 1944, 94 people were killed in an explosion at the Westfälisch-Anhaltischen Sprengstoff AG ( WASAG ) plant .

In 1987 the city celebrated its 800th anniversary.

On July 2, 2007, the city and all member villages of the Coswig (Anhalt) administrative community were incorporated into the Wittenberg district due to a regional reform of the Anhalt-Zerbst district .

The castle was sold in 2006, and the new owner Magnolia Albertazzi has been planning to set up a cultural center here ever since. The upper floors of the south wing added in the 19th century were dismantled to restore the castle to its original state.

Administrative affiliation


The first incorporations in the area of ​​the current city of Coswig (Anhalt) took place on July 1, 1950. Six municipalities had to give up their independence. On January 1, 1964, Pülzig was reorganized. On October 1, 1965, the last of these measures during the GDR era took place with the incorporation of offices in Klieken.

With the incorporation of Lukos into Thießen, the second wave of incorporation began on May 1st, 1999. Finally, only incorporations into the city of Coswig (Anhalt) followed: on January 1st, 2004 Zieko, on January 1st, 2008 Wörpen, in 2009 a total of eleven former municipalities and in 2010 another three locations.

Former parish date annotation
Bears January 1, 2010
Buko January 1, 2009
Office October 1, 1965 Incorporation after Klieken
Cobbelsdorf January 1, 2009
Over there March 1, 2009
Goritz July 1, 1950 Incorporation after Serno
Grochewitz July 1, 1950 Incorporation after Serno
Dog air July 1, 2009
Jeber mountain peace July 1, 2009
Paws March 1, 2009
Köselitz January 1, 2009
Krakow July 1, 1950 Incorporation after Ragosen
Luko May 1, 1999 Incorporation to Thießen
Möllensdorf July 1, 2009
Pülzig July 1, 1950
January 1, 1964
Incorporation to Möllensdorf,
reclassification to Cobbelsdorf
Ragosen July 1, 2009
Senst January 1, 2009
Serno January 1, 2009
Stackelitz January 1, 2010
Thießen September 1, 2010
Wahlsdorf July 1, 1950 Incorporation to Wörpen
Pastures July 1, 1950 Incorporation to Jeber-Bergfrieden
Wörpen January 1, 2008
Zieko January 1, 2004


18% of the population belong to the Evangelical Church , 4% to the Roman Catholic Church .

For the 2270 Protestant Christians there are six parishes with a total of 22 churches. The parishes of St. Nicolai in the city center, St. Jakobi (Ragösen) and St. Petri (Thießen) each have only one church . Five churches belong to the Epiphany community of Weiden: St. Bonifatius (Hundeluft) and the village churches of Grochewitz, Serno, Stackelitz and Weiden. With St. Johannes (Buko), St. Petri (Düben), St. Pauli (Luko), St. Johannes (Zieko), the Commandery Church Buro and the Kreuzkirche Klieken, six churches belong to the Zieko community of hope. The Martinsgemeinde Wörpen has no fewer than eight village churches: St. Pauli (Köselitz), St. Jakobus (Pülzig), St. Petri (Senst), St. Martin (Wörpen), the Gustav-Adolf-Kirche Göritz and the village churches of Cobbelsdorf, Möllensdorf and Wahlsdorf.

The 500 Catholics can use the churches of St. Michael (Coswig) and Mariä Himmelfahrt (Hundeluft), both of which belong to the parish of the Holy Family in Roßlau .

There is also a New Apostolic Church ; the community has 170 members.


City council

The City Council of Coswig consists of 26 city councilors and has been composed as follows since the local elections on May 26, 2019 (voter turnout 57.9%):

town hall
fraction Seats
CDU 7th
AfD 3
Citizenship Council Coswig (Anhalt) 3
Free community of voters 3
The left 3
Free voters 2
Green 1
Individual applicant Günther Lutze 1
total 26th

The mayor is an additional member.


Doris Berlin was the full-time mayor of Coswig from 2000 to 2017. She was confirmed in the mayoral election on February 16, 2014 with 100% of the valid votes for her third seven-year term.

Berlin retired on June 30, 2017. In the mayoral election on May 7, 2017, Axel Clauss (independent) was elected her successor with 71.8% of the valid votes.

coat of arms

Coswiger city arms

Blazon : “In the blue shield sprinkled with twelve gold stars is a female figure in a long, silver dress, crowned in gold, in her right hand a gold helmet , the left holding a shield. The shield is split, in front in silver a red gold-armored eagle at the gap, behind nine times black and gold, covered with a green diamond wreath. "

The coat of arms was designed by the municipal heraldist Jörg Mantzsch in 1994 based on a corrected (in the 19th century, the Anhalt stem shield was reversed) historical template and included in the approval process.


The flag of the city of Coswig (Anhalt) is striped in red and blue with an applied coat of arms.

Town twinning

Coswig (Anhalt) has had a partnership with the city of Stadtallendorf in Hesse since 1993 .



  • Memorial complexes with individual and mass graves in the forest cemetery on Wittenberger Straße
  • Memorial stone for the victims of fascism at the entrance of Karl Kothe's palace
  • Memorial stone and plaques for 15 Soviet, 3 Dutch, 2 French, one Italian and 73 German victims of the WASAG accident of November 14, 1944
  • Memorial stone for victims of forced labor
  • Memorial stone for Hermann Hagendorf, the head of the local group Coswig of the Red Front Fighters Association , who was murdered in 1933 in Oranienburg concentration camp
  • Memorial to the fallen Soviet soldiers
  • Memorial stone for the fallen German soldiers
  • Memorial wall for the Jewish victims of the Nazi regime in Domstrasse (former location of the synagogue )
  • Memorial plaque to the work of Hermann Cohen in the museum of the monastery courtyard. The Cohen Society, which deals with the life and work of the Jewish philosopher and holds international conferences every year, has its headquarters in Coswig .
  • Memorial stone for Friedrich Ebert on Rudolf-Breitscheid-Platz
  • Memorial stone for Johann Wolfgang von Goethe by Karl Kothe in Wittenberger Strasse
  • Facade of the cemetery hall by Karl Kothe on the forest cemetery in Wittenberger Strasse

Economy and Infrastructure


Road traffic

Coswig is on federal highway 107 between Wiesenburg / Mark and Graefenhainichen and on federal highway 187 between Dessau-Roßlau and Lutherstadt Wittenberg . The Coswig junction on Autobahn 9 ( Berlin - Munich ) is about 4 km to the west. The Köselitz junction (about 9 km north) is also on the city's territory. In 2005 there was an extensive expansion of the Elbe Cycle Path running through Coswig .

Rail transport

The Roßlau – Falkenberg / Elster railway line has a stop and a freight station in the city. At the Coswig (Anh) stop , regional trains run every hour to Dessau-Roßlau and on to Halle (Saale) or Leipzig and in the opposite direction to Lutherstadt Wittenberg and on to Annaburg . The station of the Berlin-Anhalt Railway was inaugurated on September 10, 1841. The current station building dates from 1898, is largely empty and is advertised for sale (status 2018).

As part of the renovation of the Roßlau / Dessau railway traffic junction, the Coswig train station was also modernized in 2016. The platforms were rebuilt in a different location and the forecourts on both sides of the tracks were redesigned.

Greier cable ferry Coswig


As a city on the Elbe, Coswig has a dock for passenger ships. In May 2007 the marina, another landing stage for private ship travelers and boat owners, was opened. On the outskirts of Coswig there is also a yaw ferry across the Elbe on the K 2376 district road to Wörlitz .


The MediClin AG operates in Coswig the only heart center in the region Anhalt . The nearest general hospital is in Lutherstadt Wittenberg.

Established businesses

The SchwörerHaus KG operates in Coswig the equipment Center East and a plant for the production of large-size cement-bonded wood-based panels. The company Mall-Umweltsysteme can be found right next to it. The Netto retail chain has been operating a distribution center for central Germany in Coswig since 2008.


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities associated with Coswig


  • Matthias Prasse: City Church St. Nicolai and former Dominican convent in Coswig (Anh.) . Herrenhaus-Kultur-Verlag, Dresden 2009, ISBN 978-3-00-027632-3 .
  • Matthias Prasse: Coswig Castle in Anhalt. A guide to history and architecture . Herrenhaus-Kultur-Verlag, Dresden 2009, ISBN 978-3-00-027631-6 .
  • Matthias Prasse: The German order of knights in office: Commandery, order church and historical garden . Herrenhaus-Kultur-Verlag, Dresden 2008, ISBN 978-3-00-024926-6 .
  • Sebastian Müller: Franz Huebner and the development of the community in Coswig . Edition-Punctum-Saliens-Verlag, Nürtingen 2008.

Web links

Commons : Coswig  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Coswig (Anhalt)  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt, population of the municipalities - as of December 31, 2019 (PDF) (update) ( help ).
  2. Main statutes of the city of Coswig (Anhalt)
  3. New life in old walls. Mitteldeutsche Zeitung of September 14, 2008
  4. Municipalities 1994 and their changes since January 1, 1948 in the new federal states , Metzler-Poeschel publishing house, Stuttgart, 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 , publisher: Federal Statistical Office
  5. StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 1999
  6. ^ StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2004
  7. StBA Area: changes from 01.01. until December 31, 2008
  8. StBA: Area changes on 01/01/2009
  9. StBA: Area changes from January 2nd to December 31st, 2009
  10. GemNeuglG WB (PDF).
  11. 2011 census
  12. Catholic community Coswig (Anhalt)
  13. New Apostolic Congregation Coswig (Anhalt)
  14. ^ Result of the local election on May 26, 2019
  15. Preliminary results of the 2019 city council elections. City administration Coswig (Anhalt), accessed on June 16, 2019 .
  16. ^ Result of the mayoral election on February 16, 2014
  17. Coswig needs a new mayor. In: Mitteldeutsche Zeitung . 18th January 2017.
  18. ^ Runoff election of the mayoral election in the city of Coswig (Anhalt) on May 7th, 2017. Final result.
  19. Simonetti House. Simonetti Haus Coswig (Anhalt) eV, accessed on July 21, 2020 .
  20. Cohen-Gesellschaft Coswig (Anhalt) ( Memento of the original from August 27, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  21. ^ Bahnhof Coswig (Anhalt) on
  22. Second stage of the modernization of the Roßlau / Dessau railway junction begins. (No longer available online.) Deutsche Bahn AG, April 27, 2012, archived from the original on February 24, 2013 ; Retrieved December 3, 2012 .