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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Dessau-Roßlau
Map of Germany, position of the city of Dessau-Roßlau highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 52 '  N , 12 ° 15'  E

Basic data
State : Saxony-Anhalt
Height : 59 m above sea level NHN
Area : 244.74 km 2
Residents: 80,103 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 327 inhabitants per km 2
Postcodes : 06842-06849,
06861, 06862Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / zip code contains text
Primaries : 0340 , 034901Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / area code contains text Template: Infobox administrative unit in Germany / maintenance / area code incorrect
License plate : DE, RSL
Community key : 15 0 01 000

City administration address :
Zerbster Strasse 4
06844 Dessau-Roßlau
Website :
Lord Mayor : Peter Kuras ( FDP )
Location of Dessau-Roßlau in Saxony-Anhalt
Altmarkkreis Salzwedel Landkreis Stendal Landkreis Börde Magdeburg Landkreis Jerichower Land Landkreis Harz Salzlandkreis Landkreis Anhalt-Bitterfeld Dessau-Roßlau Landkreis Wittenberg Saalekreis Halle (Saale) Burgenlandkreis Landkreis Mansfeld-Südharz Berlin Sachsen Thüringen Niedersachsen Brandenburgmap
About this picture
Bauhaus Dessau , part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site

Dessau-Roßlau [ ˈdɛsa͜u ˈrɔsla͜u ] is an independent city in Saxony-Anhalt , Germany. It was created during the district reform on July 1, 2007 from the merger of the independent city of Dessau and the city ​​of Roßlau (Elbe) , which previously belonged to the disbanded district of Anhalt-Zerbst . In terms of the number of inhabitants, the city is the third largest city after Halle (Saale) and Magdeburg and one of three regional centers in the state . The closest larger cities are Halle, about 40 km south, Leipzig , about 52 km southeast and Magdeburg, about 65 km northwest. Historically, Dessau was the capital and residence of the prince and later duchy of Anhalt-Dessau and Anhalt . 80% of Dessau was destroyed in the air raids on Dessau in World War II.


Geographical location

Dessau-Roßlau is located in the middle of an extensive meadow landscape on both sides of the middle Elbe and on the Mulde, which flows into the Elbe in the urban area. However, Dessau-Roßlau is threatened every year by floods when the two rivers flow together. This is the case when the Elbe carries too much water, so that the trough water cannot completely drain into the Elbe and backs up. In 2002 the Waldersee district was completely flooded.

In the south, the city borders on the wooded Mosigkauer Heide, in the north on the equally wooded areas of southern Fläming . The highest natural elevation is the 111 m high Spitzberg near the Streetz district, the highest newer artificial elevation is the approx. 110 m high former garbage dump (Scherbelberg) in the southwest of the city. The Wallwitzberg on the southern bank of the Elbe with a height of 76 m was raised in the 18th century. Dessau-Roßlau is surrounded by numerous palaces and parks and is therefore one of the greenest cities in Germany.

Dessau, aerial photo (2019)

Neighboring communities

The following communities border the city of Dessau-Roßlau. They are called clockwise starting in the north:

Other well-known neighboring cities that do not border Dessau-Roßlau are Wittenberg , Bitterfeld-Wolfen and Köthen (Anhalt) .

City structure

For statistical purposes, the Dessau-Roßlaus urban area is divided into 2 districts and 25 districts . The city districts 1 to 21 belong to the Dessau district, 22 to 25 to Roßlau (Elbe).


Dessau-Roßlau is, like all of Germany, in the moderate climatic area. However, the temperature can easily rise to over 35 ° C in hot summers and drop to below −20 ° C in very cold winters.

Dessau-Roßlau has very little rainfall, as the city lies in the rain shadow of the Harz Mountains and large rainy areas, which usually run from the Atlantic through Central Europe, rain down before reaching Dessau-Roßlau am Harz. The situation is similar with precipitation from the southwest and southeast, with the Thuringian Forest and the Ore Mountains in the way. Large areas of precipitation can only reach the city from the northwest.


Town hall and market square Dessau, 2009

Since the city has only existed in this form since July 1, 2007, further information on the history can be found under Dessau and Roßlau (Elbe) . For more information on the topic, see the main articles History of the City of Dessau and Battle of Dessau .

The city of Dessau-Roßlau was established on July 1, 2007 as part of the district reform in Saxony-Anhalt . After the merger of Dessau and Roßlau, the population was 91,243 (as of December 31, 2006). Dessau-Roßlau could have reached 100,000 inhabitants through the discussed incorporation of the administrative community of Wörlitzer Winkel and Quellendorfs and thus become a large city , but these two administrative units took different paths with the territorial reform. Dessau already had city status from 1935 through the incorporation of Roßlau (on April 1, 1946, Roßlau became an independent city again and a district town on July 25, 1952) and from 1972 to 1990.

In February 2010, the Dessau funding affair became known, which led to the establishment of a committee of inquiry in the state parliament of Saxony-Anhalt , which presented its final report in December 2015.


Former parish date annotation
Old people October 1, 1923 Incorporation to Dessau
Brambach January 1, 2005 Incorporation to Dessau
Dellnau May 1, 1930
April 15, 1933
Incorporation to Dessau,
reclassification to Mildensee
Dessau July 1, 2007 Merger with Roßlau / Elbe to form Dessau-Roßlau
Großkühnau October 1, 1923 Incorporation to Dessau
Haideburg, manor district January 1, 1949 Incorporation to Dessau
Jonitz May 1, 1930
April 15, 1933
April 1, 1935
Incorporation to Dessau,
outsourcing from Dessau,
merger with Naundorf to form Jonitz-Naundorf
Jonitz-Naundorf July 24, 1935 Renaming to Waldersee
Kleinkühnau October 1, 1923 Incorporation to Dessau
Kleutsch July 1, 1994 Incorporation to Dessau
Kochstedt July 1, 1950 Incorporation to Dessau
Meinsdorf October 1, 1965 Incorporation to Roßlau / Elbe
Mildensee November 1, 1945 Incorporation to Dessau
Mosigkau July 25, 1952 Incorporation to Dessau
Muhlstedt January 1, 2003 Incorporation to Roßlau / Elbe
Natho July 1, 1950 Incorporation to Streetz
Naundorf May 1, 1930
April 15, 1933
April 1, 1935
Incorporation to Dessau,
outsourcing from Dessau,
merger with Jonitz to Jonitz-Naundorf
Neeken July 1, 1950 Incorporation to Brambach
Poetnitz May 1, 1930
April 15, 1933
Incorporation to Dessau,
reclassification to Mildensee
Rietzmeck July 1, 1950 Incorporation to Brambach
Rodleben January 1, 2005 Incorporation to Dessau
Roßlau / Elbe April 1, 1935
April 1, 1946
July 1, 2007
Incorporation to Dessau,
outsourcing from Dessau,
merger with Dessau to Dessau-Roßlau
Scholitz May 1, 1930
April 15, 1933
Incorporation to Dessau,
reclassification to Mildensee
Sollnitz July 1, 1994 Incorporation to Dessau
Streetz January 1, 2001 Incorporation to Roßlau / Elbe
Tornau July 1, 1950 Incorporation to Rodleben
Killing October 1, 1923 Incorporation to Dessau
Waldersee November 1, 1945 Incorporation to Dessau
Ziebigk October 1, 1923 Incorporation to Dessau


Population development

Population pyramid for Dessau-Roßlau (data source: 2011 census)

On December 31, 2016, the " official population " of Dessau-Roßlau was 82,505 according to the state statistical office of Saxony-Anhalt (only main residences and after comparison with the other state offices ).


Non-denominational residents

The majority of the inhabitants of Dessau-Roßlaus are - as in most cities of the former GDR - non-denominational.

Protestant church

The city of Dessau belonged to the Archdiocese of Magdeburg from the beginning. 1534 was by George III. the Reformation officially introduced in Dessau . After the unification of the principalities of Anhalt in 1863, Dessau was the capital and thus also the seat of the church administration of the Evangelical Church of Anhalt , which was given a synodal basis between 1875 and 1878. After the First World War, the regional church was headed by a senior church councilor who has held the title of church president since 1957. Its official seat is in Dessau. The Protestant parishes of Dessau-Roßlaus belong - if they are not free churches - either to the parish of Dessau or to Zerbst in the Evangelical Church of Anhalt , which is divided into several regions. The border runs along the Elbe.

Catholic Church

From 1750 there were again Catholics in Dessau, the number of whom grew steadily. In 1858 they got their own church again. The parishes of Dessau-Roßlaus are now part of the Dessau deanery within the Magdeburg diocese .

The municipalities Propstei St. Peter and Paul , Dreieinigkeit Dessau-Süd and St. Josef Dessau-Alten belong to the municipal association Dessau-Aken-Oranienbaum. The Herz Jesu congregation in Roßlau, on the other hand, is part of the Roßlau-Zerbst-Coswig community .

New Apostolic Church

Since the church was founded at the end of the 19th century, there have been New Apostolic Christians in Dessau-Roßlau who have gathered in their own church. Today the congregation belongs to the New Apostolic Church Saxony-Anhalt Kdö.R. with administrative headquarters in Magdeburg.


In Dessau, the city where Moses Mendelssohn and Kurt Weill come from, there is now a Jewish community again. It has around 350 members and consists mainly of immigrants from the former Soviet Union.


The proportion of Islamic residents is low compared to other German cities. An Islamic center has existed on Askanische Strasse since 2010.

Dialect border

Dessau-Roßlau lies on both sides of the Benrath line , which follows the Elbe here, and thus at the transition from the High German - more precisely the East Central German - dialects to the Low German language .


Election of the Dessau-Roßlau City Council in 2019
Turnout: 53.8% (2014: 46.9%)
Pro DE
Forum-BL g
Free Group
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
Pro DE
Forum-BL g
Free Group
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
g 2014 separate candidacy: BL 3.8%; Forum 3.7%
Distribution of seats in the
Dessau-Roßlau City Council 2019
A total of 50 seats

City council

Due to the merger of Dessau and Roßlau in 2007, a new city council was elected on April 22, 2007, although the last local elections were not held until 2004. However, as in other municipalities in the state, the electoral period of this city council did not end until 2014 in accordance with Section 46 (3) Local Election Act of the State of Saxony-Anhalt, so that the councils were exceptionally elected for seven years.

The 50 members of the city council are distributed among the individual lists and parties as follows:

(Result of the local elections on May 26, 2019)

Parties and constituencies percent




CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 22.8 12 28.3 14th 26.6 13 30.7 31.6
AfD Alternative for Germany 16.8 8th 5.9 3 - - - -
THE LEFT. THE LEFT. 14.6 7th 21.3 11 18.8 10 22.8 19.6
GREEN Alliance 90 / The Greens 10.1 5 6.5 3 4.2 2 3.5 3.2
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 9.1 5 14.1 7th 16.0 8th 15.8 27.5
Pro DE Pro Dessau-Roßlau 8.6 4th 9.9 5 10.7 5 4.6 -
Forum-BL New forum - Citizen List Dessau-Roßlau 8.4 4th - - - - - -
Free Group Free parliamentary group Dessau-Roßlau 4.9 3 - - - - - -
FDP Free Democratic Party 4.7 2 4.5 2 7.6 4th 6.2 6.9
Citizen List Citizen list - THE ALTERNATIVE for Dessau-Roßlau - - 3.8 2 4.9 3 5.3 -
NEW FORUM New forum - - 3.7 2 5.2 3 3.0 2.6
NPD National Democratic Party of Germany 1.8 1 - - - -
FW Free voters Dessau-Roßlau - - - - 2.3 1 3.1 2.6
DVU German People's Union - - - - 2.0 1 - 0.9
RFL Rosslau women's list Dessau-Roßlau - - - - 0.7 - - -
Offensive D Offensive D - - - - 0.7 - 0.4 -
DSU German Social Union - - - - 0.4 - 1.2 2.2
Otherwise. Others - - - - - - 3.4 2.8
total 50 100 50 100 50 100 100
Turnout in percent 46.9 46.2 40.7 45.2

  • DIE LINKE competed as PDS until 2004 .
  • Pro Dessau started as Pro Dessau-Roßlau in 2007.
  • 1999 and 2004 including the district council election results of the city of Roßlau (Elbe).
  • For the 1999 and 2004 elections, no seats have been allocated.

The following parliamentary groups have formed in the city council: CDU (12 members), "GRÜNE, FDP, Forum-BL" (11 members), AfD (8 members), DIE LINKE. (7 members), SPD (5 members), Pro DE (4 members), Free Group (3 members).

Chairman of the City Council
  • 2014– 0000: Lothar Ehm (CDU)
  • 2007-2014: Stefan Exner (CDU)

In addition, the city council includes the directly elected mayor .

Lord Mayor

The Lord Mayor is Peter Kuras , who was elected on June 15, 2014 with 75.82% of the votes in a runoff election for 7 years . He is the successor to the city's first mayor, Klemens Koschig (non-party), who was elected to office in 2007 with 56.8 percent of the vote. Koschig was previously mayor of Roßlau (Elbe) .

Lord Mayor of Dessau

  • 1834–1848: Georg Gottfried Richter
  • 1848–1852: Karl Wilhelm Fritsche
  • 1852–1884: Franz Medicus, Lord Mayor from 1864
  • 1884–1897: Friedrich Funk
  • 1898–1918: Ernst Ebeling
  • 1918–1933: Fritz Hesse ( DDP ), Lord Mayor from 1927
  • 1933: Emil Evers ( NSDAP ), (provisional)
  • 1933–1945: Hanns Sander (NSDAP)
  • 1945: Friedrich Walther (independent)
  • 1945–1946: Fritz Hesse ( LDP )
  • 1946–1949: Karl Adolphs ( SED )
  • 1949–1951: Lisa Krause (SED)
  • 1951–1961: Maria Dank (SED)
  • 1955–1956: Paul Zabel, Lord Mayor in a transitional period
  • 1961–1963: Helmut Klapproth (SED)
  • 1963–1984: Thea Hauschild (SED)
  • 1984–1990: Sylvia Retzke (SED)
  • 1990: Christoph Döring, ( Acting Mayor from 1987 to 1988 )
  • 1990–1994: Jürgen Neubert ( FDP )
  • 1994–2006: Hans-Georg Otto ( SPD / later non-party)
  • November 1, 2006 to July 1, 2007: Baudezernent Karl Gröger officiating

Mayor of Roßlau (Elbe)

  • approx. 1824–1848: Karl August Bergholz
  • 1848–1864: Carl Friedrich Eschebach
  • 1864: Christian Wilhelm Sachsenberg (acting)
  • 1864–1895: Emil Poetsch
  • 1895–1900: Georg Zimmer-Wallis
  • 1900–1902: Joseph Heinrich Alfred Hottenrott
  • 1902–1916: Franz Ludwig Hünefeld
  • 1916–1935: Albert Julius Donnepp
  • 1935–1946: united with Dessau
  • April 29, 1945–1947: Hermann Heinrich Reckeweg ( SPD / SED )
  • June 9, 1947 to September 15, 1947: City Councilor Parnemann (SED?) (Provisional)
  • 1947–1950: Paul Karl Watzel (SED?)
  • 1950 – approx. Mid-1950s: Erich Kröber (SED?)
  • Mid-1950s – 1965: Rudolf Hamdorf (SED?)
  • 1965–1978: Anneliese Clemens (SED?)
  • 1978–1990: Josef Plicka (SED?)
  • May 23, 1990 to October 25, 1990: Helmut Jost ( CDU ), resignation October 4, 1990
  • 1990–2007: Klemens Koschig ( NF / independent)
Lord Mayor of Dessau-Roßlau

coat of arms

Blazon : “Quartered; Field 1: in silver at the gap a right-hand red eagle, armed with gold and tongued with red, field 2: nine times divided black over gold, covered with a diagonal green diamond wreath , field 3: quartered with gold and red, field 4: in silver on blue water a red ship moving to the left, on the set golden sail a left-turned, standing black bear with a silver crown and a silver hatchet turned away in each forepaws; the top of the mast covered with a blue carp; the bow flag blue over white. A stylized red wall crown with five gate towers set off above the head of the shield as a sign . "

The coat of arms has its origin in the heart shield of the Duchy of Anhalt , whose residence city Dessau was. It had been in use as the Dessau coat of arms since 1540. The eagle stands for the margraviate of Brandenburg , the bar and diamond wreath for the duchy of Saxony . Field three filled the entire base of the shield until the merger with Roßlau and is taken from the coat of arms of those of Waldersee , which, as in the coat of arms of Anhalt, was reinterpreted into the coat of arms of the county of Waldersee. The Roßlaus coat of arms was added in 2007 as a fourth field . The coat of arms has had a crown on top of it since 1952. The coat of arms in its current form was designed by the Magdeburg heraldist Jörg Mantzsch .

Town twinning

Information board at the entrance to the village (2011)

Dessau maintains the following cities a twinning :

Culture and sights

Dessau is the UNESCO World Heritage Bauhaus and Dessau-Wörlitz , which twice in the World Heritage List next to Weimar the only German city UNESCO is represented. Only Berlin has more entries with three World Heritage sites.

Castles and Gardens

Rock garden, created as part of the "400 qm Dessau" project

Theaters and museums

Anhalt theater
Museum of Natural History and Prehistory

Secular structures

Bauhaus buildings - the "modern building"

Feininger Masters' House

Other historical buildings


Important buildings after 1945

Sacred buildings

Protestant churches

Marienkirche and Prince Leopold Monument
George Church

Catholic churches

The Catholic Provost Church of St. Peter and Paul in Dessau
The Catholic Herz Jesukirche in Roßlau at Schillerplatz

Jewish institutions

  • The Old Synagogue was inaugurated on February 18, 1908 and destroyed in 1938.
  • The Kantorhaus (rabbi house) was built in 1889. Today it is the religious and cultural center of the Dessau Jewish community.

More Attractions


Peace bell in front of the Dessau town hall (2006)
  • Prince Leopold I of Anhalt-Dessau ("The old Dessauer"), Schlossplatz
  • Prince Leopold III. Friedrich Franz ("Father Franz"), in front of the Johanniskirche
  • Monument "THE DEAD OF WORLD WAR II: 1940.1941.1942.1943.1944.1945" on the cemetery 2
  • Memorial “MEMENTO 7 MARCH 1945”: On the edge of the grave fields for the victims of the air raids on Dessau in World War II on cemetery 2
  • Memorial stone to the flood of the century in August 2002 , Dessau-Waldersee, Schwedenwall
  • Memorial to the memory of the production of Zyklon B , brewery bridge
  • 1958 memorial for the victims of fascism , city park; Place of honor for those persecuted by the Nazi regime, cemetery III; Memorial stone for the victims of fascism and Stalinism, Mildensee Wilhelm-Feuerherdt-Platz
  • Sandstone stele at the former location of the synagogue , Askanische Strasse / corner of Kantorstrasse
  • Grave site of the social democratic Reichsbannerführer Wilhelm Feuerherdt , cemetery I.
  • Memorial steles for murdered anti-fascists of local importance: Friedrich Mentzel, Ziebigk, Saalestrasse / corner of Schulstrasse; Hans Heinen, Junkalor-Werk; Karl Hans and Wilhelm Bieser, Willy-Lohmann-Strasse detention center; Paul Kmiec, Schwarzer Weg retirement home
  • Memorial sites for murdered anti-fascists of national importance: Werner Seelenbinder , Törten primary school, Möster Strasse; Ernst Thälmann , in Törten Am Hang and in Dessau-Süd, Lorkstrasse; the Scholl siblings , elementary school of the same name in Bernburger Strasse, and in Mildensee, Tiergartenstrasse and the corner of Breitscheidstrasse
  • Sculpture by Kurt Weill and Bertolt Brecht (sitting opposite each other with a globe in between), Lidice-Platz, north
  • Peace bell: Cast from the steel of the weapons of the combat groups that were collected and destroyed at the turn of 1989 , at the town hall
  • Jahnstein in memory of Friedrich Ludwig Jahn at Hauptstrasse 66 in Roßlau


Grave field with victims of the air raids on Dessau in cemetery II "MEMENTO 7 MARCH 1945"
  • Friedhof I Historic cemetery , one of the first communal cemeteries in Germany, laid out for the reign of Prince Franz by Friedrich Wilhelm von Erdmannsdorff with the mausoleum of Prince Nikolai Abramowitsch Putjatin
  • Cemetery II: Grave fields with most of the victims of the air raids on Dessau in World War II
  • Cemetery III, opposite the former crematorium
  • Central cemetery between Groß- and Kleinkühnau
  • Israelitischer Friedhof, Am Leipziger Tor
  • Cemetery of the Brambach district with the graves of Soviet and Polish forced laborers
  • Cemetery in the Rodleben district with the graves of 13 men and women from different nations who were victims of forced labor

Regular events

Motorboat races at the Kornhaus
Color festival green, landing of the Aeroflorale II
  • Kurt Weill Festival
  • Elbe bathing day
  • Color festival of the Bauhaus Dessau
  • JAZZ | CULTURAL TOUR Museum night in Dessau-Roßlau
  • Long Night of the Stars (at Walter Gropius Gymnasium)
  • Leopoldsfest with medieval market, since 2004 as city festival (weekend at the turn of the month June / July)
  • Night Shift - Pub Music Night (Saturday in May and September)
  • Big Schifferball (2nd Saturday in the New Year)
  • Easter market on the Wasserburg (Palm Sunday)
  • Easter fire (on Easter Sunday night in all parts of the city, but especially popular in Mühlstedt)
  • Bathtub race on the Rossel (Whit Monday)
  • Motorboat races on the Kornhaus course on the Elbe (since 1957)
  • Radio play nights at Wallwitzburg (July / August) since 2007
  • Burgtheatersommer of the theaterBurg Roßlau on the Wasserburg Roßlau (beginning of August) (closed in 2012 due to a lack of financial support from the Ministry of Culture of Saxony-Anhalt)
  • Local festival and boatman festival (always on the last weekend in August)
  • Backhaus festival with farmers' market in Streetz (2nd Saturday in September)
  • Advent market on the Wasserburg (3rd Advent weekend)
  • This Is Ska : one of the largest European Ska festivals in the Roßlauer Wasserburg (June / July)
  • Carnival : Dessau-Roßlau, together with Köthen (Anhalt), is the stronghold of the carnival in Saxony-Anhalt.
  • Metalfest Open Air Germany : Between 2009 (still under the name Legacyfest ) and 2012 (mid / end of May) the metal festival took place at Dessau airfield.
  • Destruction Derby : Hardcore festival in the Roßlauer Wasserburg , has been held annually since 2013 (in August).
  • Dog & Family Festival - A family event in June / July all about animal welfare
  • Adventure Dog Race - For interested dog owners who are enthusiastic about sport

Leisure and sports facilities

View of the Paul Greifzu Stadium

Since the mid-1990s, the city has increasingly focused on sports. The Dessau-Roßlauer handball players have been the main club in the 2nd Bundesliga since 1992 under various club names. In addition, events such as the Dessau City Run, the annual athletics meeting in the Paul Greifzu Stadium and the cycling race in the city center have been launched, which have made Dessau-Roßlau internationally known as a sports city.

Cycling and hiking

Economy and Infrastructure

In 2016 Dessau-Roßlau generated a gross domestic product (GDP) of € 2.391 billion. The GDP per capita in the same year was € 28,907 (Saxony-Anhalt: € 26,364 / Germany € 38,180). There were around 42,400 employed people in the city in 2017. The unemployment rate was 7.7% in December 2018.



Dessau-Roßlau is a railway junction with connections to Magdeburg ( Trebnitz – Leipzig line ), Berlin via Bad Belzig ( Wiesenburg – Roßlau line ), Falkenberg / Elster via Lutherstadt Wittenberg ( Węgliniec – Roßlau line ), Leipzig or Halle (Saale) via Bitterfeld ( Trebnitz – Leipzig railway line) and Aschersleben via Köthen (Anhalt) ( Dessau – Köthen railway line ), all of which start from Dessau main station .

Even in the early years of the railway , Dessau, which received a rail connection as early as 1840 with the construction of the main line of the Berlin-Anhalt Railway , was an important junction in the rail network due to the Elbe bridge . In 1911 the Dessau – Bitterfeld line was one of the first to be electrified in Germany .

From 2000 to 2002, two ICE trains stopped in Dessau every day . With investments of 50 million euros, the section between Dessau and Roßlau was completely renewed between 2008 and 2011, the railway embankment was rebuilt in a different location and all bridge structures were rebuilt in the course of the Mulde crossing. After completion of this work, all track systems and platforms including the associated control and safety technology in the Dessau / Roßlau railway junction will be renewed and electronic interlockings built by 2014 . The investment volume for this is around 300 million euros.

Wörlitz train station in Dessau

In the Dessau-Roßlau urban area, the network of Deutsche Bahn includes the Dessau Süd train stations on the route to Bitterfeld, Dessau-Alten and Dessau-Mosigkau on the route to Köthen, Roßlau (Elbe) and Rodleben on the route to Magdeburg and Meinsdorf On the route to Wittenberg and Berlin, where regional trains stop, there are also regional express trains in Roßlau (Elbe) . The former train stations Dessau Wallwitzhafen (towards Roßlau) and Dessau-Haideburg (towards Bitterfeld) are no longer served. Dessau has been an end point of the S2 line of the Central German S-Bahn since 2015, and the S8 line since 2017.

The Mitteldeutscher Verkehrsverbund (MDV) tariff has been in effect on regular local trains since December 2019 .

The Dessau-Wörlitzer Railway leads to the city of Wörlitz with the Wörlitzer Park, 15 km east of Dessau-Roßlau . The route also begins at the main train station (platform 1). The Dessau-Waldersee and Dessau-Adria stops are served in the urban area . The building of the Wörlitz train station in Dessau, where the line started earlier, is now integrated into the premises of the Federal Environment Agency and is used by the latter.

Public transport

Local public transport ( ÖPNV ) is served by tram and bus lines of the municipal enterprise Dessauer Verkehrsgesellschaft mbH of Dessauer Versorgungs- und Verkehrsgesellschaft mbH (DVV). There are currently two trams and 16 bus routes (6 of them only in late-night traffic), with the tram only running in the southern Elbe district of Dessau. Every year the DVG transports around 4.7 million people.

While the Dessau city network was merged with the Roßlauer regional bus network on July 1, 2009 and a uniform line and tariff area was created, the offer was tightened on July 3, 2017 and the DVG Dessau was entrusted with the entire public transport via direct allocation. The bus company Müller from Roßlau, Heinrich Reisen from Oranienbaum and Vetter GmbH from Salzfurtkapelle act as subcontractors.


The federal motorway 9 ( Berlin - Munich ) , built in 1938 and expanded to six lanes by the year 2000, runs through the southeastern urban area of ​​Dessau-Roßlaus . These include the junctions Dessau-Süd (on Bundesstrasse 184 ) and Dessau-Ost (on Bundesstrasse 185 ). The city can also be reached from the Vockerode junction of the A 9 via a state road and north of the Elbe from the Coswig junction via the federal road 187 (towards Magdeburg) to Roßlau.

Due to the Roßlauer Elbe Bridge , the city was a crossroads of trade routes early on. Today the federal highways B 184, B 185 and B 187 as well as several state roads run through Dessau-Roßlau.

Bicycle traffic

The bicycle plays an important role as an everyday means of transport in Dessau-Roßlau. In 2008, around 25% of the total volume of traffic in the city was attributable to bicycle traffic. The Dessau-Roßlau city administration has had a bicycle traffic concept drawn up since 2011. With the Elberadweg and the Europaradweg R1 (from France to Saint Petersburg) two of the most important German long-distance cycle routes lead through Dessau.



Dessau-Roßlau is also connected to the waterway network. Roßlau has a freight port and a shipyard on the northern bank of the Elbe. Passenger landing stages are located in Roßlau and Dessau am Kornhaus . The Leopoldshafen , named after Prince Leopold I of Anhalt-Dessau , who had it laid out for the grain trade, is now a sports boat harbor with oar rental. The boathouse there is worth seeing . The start-finish tower is used for regular motorboat races, and the grain house course is marked with buoys on the Elbe . The Wallwitz and Elbhafen , once built to handle goods from rail to water, had sidings on the main Dessau – Roßlau line. Today the Wallwitzhafen is another private sport boat harbor.


The airfield Dessau is located in the northwest of the city and belongs to the category of airfields (ICAO: EDAD). It is located in the Kleinkühnau district, on the border with Alten. Arrival by charter aircraft is possible. The asphalt runway, newly built in the early 1990s, is 1000 m long. There is also a grass runway for gliding .

The Leipzig / Halle airport is located 50 km south of the city.


In Dessau-Roßlau, the AnhaltKurier appears as a local edition of the Mitteldeutsche Zeitung . The free advertising papers Wochenspiegel and Super Sonntag appear weekly. REGJO - the regional journal for the economic area Leipzig / Halle appears quarterly. leo-Das Anhalt Magazin is the regional event and culture magazine and appears monthly.

The Central German Broadcasting and radio SAW each maintain a local studio in Dessau. The Open Canal Dessau broadcasts in the city's cable network . Furthermore, the regional transmitter RAN 1 broadcasts via cable and antenna on channel 54.


Dessau-Roßlau is one of the centers in the industrial triangle Halle-Leipzig-Dessau . Until 1945 the city was known for products of mechanical and plant engineering as well as aircraft construction ( wagon construction , railway works , Junkers factories , Polysius cement plants).

While the economy was still dominated by large companies up to the turn of 1990 (around 300 companies provided around 55,000 jobs), the structural change that has taken place since then towards a service location has been largely characterized by small to medium-sized companies (around 42,000 jobs in around 3,500 companies) ). As is usual for a regional center, Dessau-Roßlau radiates into the region, so that many employees commute from the surrounding area. The unemployment rate was around 8.7% in mid-2017.

Within the service sector, the communication industry ( call center ), retail and health care are of great importance. For several years now, the city has been establishing itself as a location for the pharmaceutical industry. Traditional machine and plant engineering also continues to be important.

The following structure-determining companies are located or active in the city:

  • IDT Biologika GmbH (pharmaceutical industry, approx. 1,600 employees)
  • DB Fahrzeuginstandhaltung GmbH Dessau plant (Deutsche Bahn, electric locomotives, approx. 1,300 employees)
  • Sitel GmbH (call center, approx. 800 employees)
  • Stadtwerke (approx. 420 employees)
  • Burchard Führer Group (retirement and nursing homes, approx. 420 employees)
  • Oncotec Pharma Produktion GmbH (pharmaceutical industry, approx. 240 employees)
  • MVZ Labor Dessau GmbH (health services, approx. 200 employees)
  • AEM-Anhaltische Elektromotorenwerk Dessau GmbH (three-phase motors and generators, approx. 170 employees)
  • Octapharma Dessau GmbH (pharmaceutical industry, approx. 160 employees)
  • DHW Deutsche Hydrierwerke GmbH in Roßlau, founded in 1916 (pharmaceutical industry, approx. 160 employees)

Protected areas

There are six designated nature reserves in the district (as of February 2017).

Public facilities

The Federal Environment Agency in Dessau-Roßlau

Public law institutions


  • Anhalt University of Applied Sciences with courses in architecture, facility management, design, surveying and geoinformatics.
  • IHK Bildungszentrum Halle-Dessau GmbH
  • Adult Education Center Dessau-Roßlau
  • The city is the seat of three vocational schools (Anhalt Vocational School Center “Hugo Junkers” - Vocational Schools I and II and Vocational Schools III - “Chapon School”).
  • Walter Gropius grammar school ( European school )
  • Liborius Gymnasium - sponsored by the Diocese of Magdeburg
  • The Philanthropinum , whose name goes back to the founding by Johann Bernhard Basedow .
  • Kurt Weill Music School

School history

The Europagymnasium in Dessau-Nord, the Prof.-Max-Müller-Gymnasium in the Alten district and the Fürst-Franz-Gymnasium in Ziebigk no longer exist today. As a result of demographic change, budget planning in the country and structural changes in the grammar school career, these schools were affiliated to the Gymnasium Philanthropinum . After the city merger, the fifth grades from Roßlau have been gradually added to the Philanthropinum since 2007. At the end of the 2008/2009 school year, the Goethe-Gymnasium in Roßlau was closed. The classes there now also completely belong to the Philanthropinum. The Goethe School, a high school for boys, also no longer exists.

City Archives Dessau-Roßlau
State Main Archive Saxony-Anhalt

Libraries and Archives

  • Anhalt State Library in Dessau with main library, scientific library and special collections; District libraries in the south, Ziebigk, Zoberberg and in Roßlau. There is a lending point in the Rodleben district.
  • City Archives
  • State Main Archive Saxony-Anhalt , location Dessau - housed in the remarkable old water tower
  • Specialized environmental library in the Federal Environment Agency, holdings: over 350,000 media units, almost 1,000 current journals on environmental issues (largest environmental library in German-speaking countries)


  • Städtisches Klinikum Dessau (The skin tumor center of the clinic is the only one certified in Saxony-Anhalt next to that of the Quedlinburg clinic.)
  • St. Joseph Hospital - Specialized hospital for psychiatry, psychotherapy, psychotherapeutic medicine of the Alexians
  • Diakonissenkrankenhaus Dessau - Hospital of the Anhalt Diakonissenanstalt


Honorary citizen



  • 1895: Emil Poetsch, Mayor of the City of Roßlau (1864–1895)
  • 1909: Elbine Poetsch born. Porse used Porse, patroness
  • probably 1912: Georg Sachsenberg, factory owner, patron
  • 1975: Rudolf Wöhl, anti-fascist resistance fighter
  • 1993: Barbara Elze, pastor, activist in 1989/1990
  • 1993: Heinrich Unland, retired mayor D. of the city of Ibbenbüren, father of the town twinning
  • 2007: Klaus J. Sachsenberg, sponsor of the city of Roßlau and its association


  • 2015: Jürgen Neubert (1940–2015), Lord Mayor and City Councilor in Dessau
  • 2017: Hans-Dieter Göring (* 1940), doctor at the Dessau Municipal Clinic
  • 2018: Karl-Heinz Heise (* 1928), entrepreneur

sons and daughters of the town

Numerous sons and daughters of the cities of Dessau and Roßlau are also known nationwide. The most famous personalities include Leopold I ("The Old Dessauer"), Moses Mendelssohn , Leopold III. ("Father Franz"), Samuel Heinrich Schwabe , Wilhelm Müller , Carl von Basedow , Fritz Hesse , Kurt Weill , Heinz Schubert , Hans Joachim Pabst von Ohain , Dieter Hallervorden and Thomas Kretschmann .

For all other important Dessau-Roßlauers see the list of sons and daughters of the city of Dessau-Roßlau .

People who worked on site

Panorama of Dessau

Panorama of Dessau from the
old smoke tower viewing platform

See also

Web links

Commons : Dessau-Roßlau  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt, population of the municipalities - as of December 31, 2019 (PDF) (update) ( help ).
  2. urban area. Subdivision of the city of Dessau-Roßlau. City administration Dessau-Roßlau, accessed on September 24, 2017 .
  3. ^ StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2007
  4. census database
  5. ^ State Statistical Office of Saxony-Anhalt: Population movements in the district-free city of Dessau-Roßlau
  6. Local election 2019: These 50 candidates sit in the new city council of Dessau-Roßlau. May 27, 2019, accessed on May 31, 2019 (German).
  7. ^ Results of the city council election of May 25, 2014 in the city of Dessau-Roßlau . City of Dessau-Roßlau, December 2014 (pdf; 6.3 MB)
    Local elections in Saxony-Anhalt on May 25, 2014: District-free city of Dessau-Roßlau: Final result . State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt , March 28, 2019, accessed on May 6, 2020 . Special issue Dessau-Roßlau in facts and figures: Results of the city council election of April 22, 2007 in the city of Dessau-Roßlau . City of Dessau-Roßlau, September 2007 (pdf; 5.5 MB). Local elections in Saxony-Anhalt on April 22, 2007: District-free city of Dessau-Roßlau: Final result . State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt , May 8, 2007, accessed on May 6, 2020 . .

  9. Calendar sheet October 19 and 25. In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  10. Calendar sheet September 17th. In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  11. Calendar sheet December 25th. In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  12. Calendar sheet December 25th. In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  13. Calendar sheet March 1st. In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  14. Calendar sheet February 10th. In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  15. Do you know your hometown Roßlau? The Porse Memorial Hall p. 3. In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  16. Calendar sheet February 10th. In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  17. Calendar sheet September 23. In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  18. Calendar sheet July 5th. In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  19. Calendar sheet July 5th. In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  20. Calendar sheet May 1st. In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  21. Calendar sheet June 9th. In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  22. Calendar sheet June 9th. In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  23. Calendar sheet June 9th. In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  24. Calendar sheet April 3rd. In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  25. Speculations after Facebook photo Why bears were slaughtered in Roßlau. In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  26. Calendar sheet June 21. In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  27. ^ The 750th anniversary of the city of Roßlau (Elbe). In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  28. Calendar sheet October 26th. In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  29. Calendar sheet May 5th. In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  30. Calendar sheet May 23. In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  31. Calendar sheet February 5th. In: Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  32. Our city partnerships. City administration Dessau-Roßlau, 2017, accessed on May 6, 2020 .
  33. Thomas Altmann: Mühlstedt village church - And sometimes the stones whisper. In: Mitteldeutsche Zeitung. December 20, 2003.
  34. ^ Natho - St. Johannis. Evangelisches Regionalpfarramt Roßlau, accessed on May 6, 2020 .
  35. Current results - VGR dL. Retrieved January 7, 2019 .
  36. State of Saxony-Anhalt. Federal Employment Agency, accessed on January 7, 2019 .
  37. Everyday cycling. City administration Dessau-Rosslau, accessed on May 6, 2020 . .
  38. Europaradweg R1. City administration Dessau-Rosslau, accessed on May 9, 2020 .
  39. RAN1 website, media data (broadcast area)
  40. ^ Statistics from the Federal Employment Agency.
  41. IHK Halle-Dessau: Most employers in the manufacturing industry 2017. Accessed on October 12, 2017 .
  42. ^ IHK Halle-Dessau: Most employers in the service sector. Retrieved October 12, 2017 .
  43. ^ "Kurt Weill" music school. City administration Dessau-Rosslau, 2017, accessed on May 6, 2020 .
  44. OncoMap. Center search. OnkoZert GmbH, accessed on November 29, 2015 (directory of all centers certified by the German Cancer Society).
  45. Hans-Joachim Mellies: People and personalities, explorations on the Dessau cemetery III. Jonitzer Verlag, Dessau 2014, ISBN 978-3-945927-01-4 .
  46. a b c information portal of the city of Dessau-Roßlau , honorary citizen of the city [1]
  47. ↑ A great honor for Karl-Heinz Heise: the jubilee receives the highest award in the city of Dessau-Roßlau. In: Mitteldeutsche Zeitung , April 3, 2018