Zerbst / Anhalt

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Zerbst / Anhalt
Zerbst / Anhalt
Map of Germany, position of the city of Zerbst / Anhalt highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 58 '  N , 12 ° 5'  E

Basic data
State : Saxony-Anhalt
County : Anhalt-Bitterfeld
Height : 67 m above sea level NHN
Area : 467.77 km 2
Residents: 21,470 (Dec 31, 2019)
Population density : 46 inhabitants per km 2
Postcodes : 39261,
39264 (Bias, Bornum, Buhlendorf, Deetz, Dobritz, Gehrden, Gödnitz, Grimme, Güterglück, Hohenlepte, Jütrichau, Leps, Lindau, Luso, Moritz, Nedlitz, Nutha, Polenzko, Pulspforde, Reuden, Steutz, Straguth, Walternienburg, Zernitz)Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / zip code contains text
Primaries : 03923, 039243, 039244, 039246, 039247, 039248
License plate : ABI, AZE, BTF, KÖT, ZE
Community key : 15 0 82 430

City administration address :

Schloss Freiheit 12 39261 Zerbst / Anhalt
Website : www.stadt-zerbst.de
Mayor : Andreas Dittmann ( SPD )
Location of the city of Zerbst / Anhalt in the Anhalt-Bitterfeld district
Aken Bitterfeld-Wolfen Südliches Anhalt Südliches Anhalt Köthen Muldestausee (Gemeinde) Osternienburger Land Südliches Anhalt Raguhn-Jeßnitz Sandersdorf-Brehna Südliches Anhalt Südliches Anhalt Zerbst/Anhalt Zörbig Sachsen-Anhaltmap
About this picture

Zerbst / Anhalt is a town in the Anhalt-Bitterfeld district in the state of Saxony-Anhalt . With 467.77 km², Zerbst is the fifth largest municipality in Germany in terms of area .


The core city of Zerbst is about 13 km north of the middle Elbe , about halfway between the cities of Magdeburg and Wittenberg . In Zerbst the southern Nuthearm joins the northern and central Nuthe tributaries coming from the north. The area around Zerbst slopes gradually from east to west towards the Elbe.

City structure

On January 1, 2010, the Elbe-Ehle-Nuthe administrative community was dissolved. 21 municipalities with their districts came to the unit municipality of Zerbst / Anhalt.

On July 1, 2014, the new municipal constitutional law of the state of Saxony-Anhalt came into force. In its §14 (2) the municipalities are given the opportunity to assign this designation to the districts that were towns before the incorporation. The city of Zerbst / Anhalt has made use of this regulation. Their main statutes came into force with their first amendment with effect from April 18, 2015. In §1 (2) the districts are listed with their official names. The locations are listed in §16 (1).

Zerbst has 26 localities, 56 districts with 35 smaller settlements (in brackets):

  • Leps with OT Leps, Eichholz, Kermen
  • Lindau with OT Stadt Lindau (with Alte Sorge, Neue Sorge, Vordamm, Ziegelei), Kerchau, Lietzo, Quast
  • Luso with OT Luso, Bone (with Bonesche Mühle, Teichhaus)
  • Mühlsdorf
  • Moritz with OT Moritz (with Moritz mill), Schora (with freight yard), Töppel
  • Nedlitz with OT Nedlitz, Hagendorf
  • Nutha with OT Nutha, Niederlepte (with official mill and meadow mill), Nutha settlement (with Nuthasche mill)
  • Polenzko with OT Polenzko, Bärenthoren , Mühro
  • Pulspforde with OT Pulspforde (with Pulspford mill), Bonitz
  • Reuden / Anhalt with OT Reuden / Anhalt, Reuden-Süd
  • Steutz with OT Steutz (with flax work), Steckby
  • Straguth with OT Straguth, Badewitz, Gollbogen
  • Walternienburg with OT Walternienburg (with Poleymühle), Ronney
  • Zernitz with OT Zernitz, Kuhberge (with Neue Mühle), Strinum (with Alte Mühle)

The only part of the village is Kleinleitzkau (with a break in the council). These small settlements belong to the city:

  • Akensche suburb
  • Altbuchsland
  • Amtsmühlenweg
  • Arrival
  • Bushmill
  • Fire mountain
  • Foal pasture
  • Pieces of stone
  • Devil stone
  • Vogelherd
  • Forest peace
  • Water tower
  • Mountains of wheat
  • Wilhelminischer Hof
  • Zerbst-North


Early history

Prehistoric finds in the area of ​​today's city of Zerbst indicate a settlement since the end of the Neolithic ( Corded Ceramists ), around 3000–2000 BC. Chr.

Medieval Heidetor, part of the Zerbst city fortifications
City wall with defense tower "Kiekinpott"

Slavic administrative center

As a result of the permanent border conflict between the neighboring peoples, the Slavs began to secure their settlement area politically and militarily in the 9th and 10th centuries. In the course of the German colonization of the East , the area immediately in the East Elbe came under German administration. The first documentary mention of the important Slavic administrative district of Ciervisti in the founding document of the Diocese of Brandenburg from the year 948. As a result, it can be assumed that an eponymous (fortified) Slavic settlement already existed as the Gau capital. The general Slav uprising revised the balance of power in favor of the Slavs and in the following period constant border wars determined the events in the region.

In 1008 the Zirwisti Castle was mentioned in the chronicle of Thietmar von Merseburg . He reports that the Polish Duke Boleslaw I took the place during a conflict with Henry II in 1007 and partly abducted its inhabitants.

Medieval German history

Since the early 12th century the area came under German influence, some immediately adjacent villages were owned by Magdeburg's Nicolaikirche .

A market settlement developed next to the castle. The oldest coin from Zerbst has survived from 1214. The Bartholomäus Church in the outer bailey was mentioned for the first time in 1215, and the Franciscan monastery of St. Johannes for the first time in 1235 . The first stone city wall was built around 1250.

Since 1278 the lords of Barby were owners of the town and rule of Zerbst. In 1298 the Cistercian convent moved from Ankuhn to Zerbst. During this time, a collegiate monastery was established at the Bartholomäuskirche.

In 1307 Count Albrecht I acquired the city and established the rule of the Ascanian Counts of Anhalt-Zerbst for centuries. The city became the center of their dominion. In 1348 an Augustinian monastery was founded. From that time on, Zerbst fought with the Princely House for urban freedom. In 1506 there was a serious fire in the city.

Reformation time

In 1517 Johann Tetzel also preached in Zerbst and sold letters of indulgence. Reformatory impulses soon reached Zerbst from nearby Wittenberg. After Luther's visit in 1522, the city was one of the first to turn to the evangelical creed. The three monasteries and the monastery were dissolved.

In 1582 the Francisceum was founded as a grammar school illustrious , which was of considerable importance for the dissemination of Philipp Melanchthon's ideas and Calvinism during this period.

Residential city

Zerbst around 1650 (engraving by Matthäus Merian )

From 1603 to 1793 Zerbst was the residence of the Principality of Anhalt-Zerbst , whose territory also included the Jever rule .

Mansfeld's troops storm the city (pen drawing by Max Dorn )
Inscription on the city wall

The city fell during the Thirty Years War . After being spared from the war, Zerbst was stormed, devastated and occupied in 1626 by Ernst von Mansfeld's troops under Danish command . The breach made in the city wall at the Franciscan monastery (today's Francisceum) is still marked with an inscription. After Mansfeld's defeat in the Battle of Dessau , imperial troops under Wallenstein occupied the city. Like Mansfeld, Wallenstein also lived for a short time in the "New House" (destroyed in 1945) on Zerbster Markt and imposed high contributions on the city as a punishment for "supporting" the Protestant troops. In the following years until the end of the war, Zerbst was repeatedly occupied by various armies, which ultimately ruined it economically and made it poor. Furthermore, several plague epidemics raged in the city by the occupation forces, which probably more than one in three residents fell victim to.

The Zerbster Castle was an important Renaissance and Baroque building. It burned down in 1945 and has been in ruins since then.

After the war, the city increasingly came under the influence of the Anhalt princes, who sought to transform the town of Zerbst into a residential city. In 1681 the construction of the representative castle began instead of the moated castle.

From 1722 to 1758 the important baroque composer Johann Friedrich Fasch was court conductor in Zerbst . Fasch festivals have been held in his honor since 1983. In 1745 Princess Sophie Auguste Friederike von Anhalt-Zerbst married the Russian heir to the throne Peter III. As Catherine II (the great) she ascended the Tsar's throne herself in 1762 and ruled Russia until 1796 . In 1797, after the division of Zerbst , the city became part of the Principality of Anhalt-Dessau .

19th century

During the Napoleonic Wars , Zerbst was occupied by French troops of the 1st Corps under Marshall Bernadotte from late 1806 to early 1807 after defeated Prussian troops had passed through Jena and Auerstedt .

With the beginning of the Wars of Liberation , the Lützow Freikorps moved into Zerbst in 1813 , whereby the poet Theodor Körner found accommodation in the house of his relatives living in the city (until it was destroyed in 1945, this was called the Körner House). In preparation for the nearby battle of Möckern , the town was occupied by Prussian troops under General Yorck in early April 1813 . During and after the fighting, wounded coalition troops were cared for in emergency shelters and hospitals in the city.

From 1891 to 1928, the Zerbst tram ran a horse-drawn tram in the city, which was one of the longest-running horse-drawn trams in Germany.

Third Reich and World War II

From 1935, as part of the German rearmament, a military airfield of the Luftwaffe was built in the immediate vicinity of the city .

Fighter pilot school 2 was stationed there from autumn 1940 to autumn 1944 and was responsible for pilot training. Towards the end of the war in March / April 1945, air force units ( KG (J) 54 , NAGr 1 ) equipped with type Me 262 jet fighters were still stationed at the airfield. Towards the end of World War II military airfield a labor camp which was on the edge of Organization Todt for so-called " Mischlinge first degree " and " married to Jewish " from mixed marriages erected ( detail J ). 700 men were used from there for forced labor in road construction, airport construction and peat cutting. After the end of the war, the airfield was used by units of the Red Army until 1992 , mainly by the 126th Fighter Division.

Main article: Air strikes on Zerbst

During the Second World War, especially as a daytime raid on April 16, 1945, 80 percent of Zerbst and its residential, cultural and industrial buildings were destroyed by US air raids . It burned for four days, aided by sustained American artillery fire . At least 574 people were killed. The air raids in April 1945 by the Ninth Tactical Air Force of the USAAF carried out. Out of 7,100 apartments, 4,100 (3,700 total) were destroyed or damaged. This resulted in 126 hectares of destroyed area and 372,000 m³ of rubble. The doctor Dr. Wille and the export merchant Heinrich Gelzenleuchter took the courageous step on April 21, as parliamentarians, to convey to the US troops not far from the city that they were ready to surrender the Wehrmacht units in the city. Her courageous act prevented another total bombing after four American ultimatums that had passed unused. However, until April 26th, Zerbst was under sometimes heavy artillery fire every day.

On April 28, the city was handed over to the US ground forces without a fight . The first night without shelling followed for the population.

GDR time

On May 6, 1945, the Red Army replaced the American occupation. Zerbst became part of the Soviet occupation zone and, in 1949, the GDR .

In 1956, at the request of General Curtis LeMay , who ordered the atomic bombs to be dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 and recommended preventive nuclear war, around 1,100 targets were selected. An atomic bomb with an explosive force of 1200 kilotons TNT was supposed to hit the Zerbst military airfield. In comparison, the atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki in August 1945 had the equivalent of 20 kilotons of TNT.

The old town was partially rebuilt in the following decades, significantly changing the cityscape. A number of historical buildings have been preserved or restored.

After the turn

Population pyramid for Zerbst / Anhalt (data source: 2011 census)

From 1991 to 2008, 15 million euros were invested in the renovation of the old town.

The name was changed on July 1, 2006, when the city was renamed from Zerbst to Zerbst / Anhalt . On July 1, 2007, the city of Zerbst / Anhalt, along with some municipalities of the previous district of Anhalt-Zerbst, was incorporated into the newly founded district of Anhalt-Bitterfeld with the district town of Köthen .

In the course of a community reform in 2010 and the ensuing incorporation of 21 communities, the city of Zerbst / Anhalt grew to become the fifth largest community in Germany .


The majority of the residents are non-denominational .

Protestant church

  • Evangelical Parish of St. Nicolai and St. Trinity
  • St. Bartholomäi parish
On December 14, 2015, Lucas Cranach the Younger unveiled the picture of the Mercy Seat with Princes Joachim and Wolfgang von Anhalt from 1565 in the church of this parish . It is said to have been an order from Prince Wolfgang (1492–1566) or from his nephews Joachim Ernst or Bernhard , presumably as an altarpiece. In the following centuries, the painting was repainted several times and was finally forgotten in an archive in Halle. The work was restored for the national exhibition Cranach the Younger and has now returned to its original location in Zerbst.
  • St. Marien parish
Catholic parish church of St. James the Elder

Catholic Church

Free Churches

Cityscape and landmarks


In Zerbst, too, a German castle replaced a Slavic castle as part of the eastward expansion. The building at the confluence of three arms of the Anhalter Nuthe developed into a castle settlement with the Bartholomäikirche, first mentioned in 1215. In the 17th and 18th centuries, the castle complex gave way to a representative castle for the princes of Anhalt-Zerbst . Until it was destroyed during the war in 1945, the old town consisted mainly of half-timbered buildings and some representative solid buildings such as the town hall.

In the old town several historic churches, the former are Cistercian - nunnery , the Francisceum (former Franciscan monastery from 1246), the Guildhall , the sand stone statue of Roland of 1446, the city wall with several towers and gates in different states of preservation (the coat of arms of the city shows the wall and all five towers) as well as individual half-timbered houses, which, however, no longer form a coherent ensemble. Otherwise, the development consists mainly of buildings that have been built since the 1950s. After the fire and the demolition of the corps logis and the west wing of the palace in 1945 and 1947, the east wing, the guard, the restored cavalier houses with elaborate baroque decorations and the ruins of the stables are still preserved.


Ruin of the east wing of the Residenzschloss, as it was in 2005

The residential palace of the Princes of Anhalt-Zerbst , built from 1681 onwards, was a large three-storey, three-wing complex with central projections . It was built according to the plans of Cornelis Ryckwaert and continued after his death by G. Simonetti . The west wing was built between 1705 and 1711 and contained the castle chapel with the crypt of the Zerbst Ascanians. The corps de logis was dominated by its tower by Johann Christoph Schütze . The east wing was built from 1744 to 1747 according to designs by Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff , as was the decoration of the audience hall. The castle contained significant evidence of the Frederician Rococo spatial art by Johann Michael Hoppenhaupt . Most recently it housed the Anhalt State Archives, the Zerbst City Archives and the Anhalt State Museum . The castle was destroyed by a US air raid on April 16, 1945 and after 1945 it was dismantled down to the east wing. This has been preserved as a ruin. In order to stop the ongoing deterioration of the building structure, safety work was initiated in 2005 on the initiative of a development association with the aim of rebuilding it later. In the meantime, several interior rooms have been prepared, which are used, among other things, for exhibition purposes. The former princely riding school is located in the palace garden, now restored and used as a town hall.

Castle freedom, baroque gentlemen's houses

In addition to the former castle guard, there are two baroque cavalier houses built by Johann Tobias Schuchardt from 1710 to 1713 , which were initially used as residential buildings for the highest court officials and later for administrative purposes. They burned down on April 19, 1945 after an air raid and were rebuilt from 1958 to 1960, outwardly in their old form.

The Trinity Church was built from 1683 to 1696 according to plans by the master builder Cornelis Ryckwaert for the Lutherans as a cross-shaped central building in the Baroque style. It was badly damaged in an air raid on April 14, 1945; on April 16, it burned down with all its valuable equipment . From 1951 to 1967 the reconstruction took place without the galleries.

Ruin of the ev. Nikolaikirche

The Nikolaikirche was a late Gothic, three-aisled hall church that was built as the city's parish church from 1430 . It was well equipped. On April 16, 1945 the church burned down to the surrounding walls in an air raid and has been in ruins ever since . The central tower was blown up so that only the north and south towers can be seen. Securing work has been taking place since 1991, in which the German Foundation for Monument Protection is involved. A bell house was set up in the north tower. The first renovated bell was installed there on September 1, 2007. This was followed by two more refurbished bells and a new one by 2008, which was financed by a sponsor and manufactured in the Lauchhammer art and bell foundry . A fifth, also historic, bell is ready for installation. It is planned to install them in the south tower. The oldest bell dates from 1378, the other two historical bells already installed from 1447 and 1660.


St. Bartholomäi was the palace's court church and the burial place of the princes. In essence, it goes back to a Romanesque basilica made of quarry stone and was consecrated around 1215. The nave was converted into a three-aisled hall church in the 15th century, using the field stone from the original church. Further modifications and additions in the following centuries. 1700 addition of the princely crypt in the court and collegiate church. The free-standing bell tower made of field stones received this function in the 15th century, before the thick tower was probably the keep of the castle district. In the 16th century it got a renaissance structure. The church and tower burned down due to artillery fire on April 18, 1945, together with the very valuable interior. The choir and transept have been rebuilt, the nave is a secured ruin. The tower received a simple tent roof.

The partial ruin of the Church of St. Marien

The St. Mary's was the parish church outside the city walls suburban Ankuhn the north Zerbsts. Originally built as a stone church, it was later rebuilt and expanded. In the air raid on April 16, 1945, it was destroyed except for the surrounding walls and thus a ruin. Only the choir received an emergency roof. In 1991 it was separated from the nave by a glass and steel wall and then used again for church services. Next to the church is a wooden tower with a small bell from the time of the monastery around 1250.

The Francisceum Zerbst was a Franciscan monastery founded in 1235. It is very well preserved with cloisters and vaults and is used by the grammar school, the Zerbst city museum and the Francisceum library. Martin Luther preached in the former Augustinian monastery. The remains of the building are contained in what is now a retirement and nursing home.

Other buildings are a small and large monastery courtyard, as remains of an earlier Cistercian monastery. A few half-timbered houses across the street survived the war-related destruction of Zerbstes. The portal of the Mühlenbrücke 60 house dates from 1667 and shows magnificent carvings. The historic post office building from 1897 was built in the style of historicism , while the district office around 1900 has elements of Art Nouveau .

The city ​​fortifications are still largely preserved. There is a large part of the city wall, several city gates and towers, for example from the 15th century.

Buildings destroyed and not rebuilt

Zerbst in June 1907 (parade)

Until it was destroyed on April 16, 1945, the old town of Zerbst offered a closed historical cityscape with buildings from the 16th to 19th centuries, especially many half-timbered and Renaissance buildings. Completely destroyed or burned out and then removed, among other things:

Postcard of the town hall of Zerbst around 1910
  • The town hall , built as a brick building in the 15th century, later expanded and renovated several times. It had a Renaissance portal and, together with the Nicolaikirche behind it, dominated the market square in the north, the center of the town. It burned down on April 16, 1945 and the ruins were removed.
  • The new house. (Markt 11, corner of Brüderstraße): built 1534–1545 as a department store, jury and council cellar, in 1839 redesigned as a citizen's tavern. Main portal in Renaissance form, other portals in Gothic style. The upper floor was destroyed in an air raid on April 14, 1945, the rest of the building burned down on the following two days from artillery shelling. The ruins were demolished in 1967 and the main portal recovered.
  • Most of the town houses on the east and west side of the market, at the Hohen Holzmarkt and Fischmarkt.
  • Most of the half-timbered houses in the old town, including the court pharmacy with portal from 1676, the council pharmacy from 1610 and the "Schleibank". Some of the destroyed town houses were remarkable baroque gabled houses and classical buildings.
  • The main wing with the tower and the west wing of the castle.
  • The combing , southwest of the castle: built around 1700.
  • The royal stables , west of the castle, with horse stable and carriage dungeon.
  • The orangery , north of the castle: built before 1714, rebuilt in 1740 by Johann Christoph Schütze . The ruin still served as an open-air stage.
  • The flower mill. (A sister building to the flower mill with the same layout and appearance is the rear mill in Bad Belzig . A relative of the master miller Jaeger in Belzig liked the rear mill so much that he had it rebuilt in Zerbst and named it flower mill.)
  • The synagogue Brüderstraße / Wolfsbrücke, sponsored by Prince Franz in 1905 , was inaugurated and devastated in the November pogrom 1938. Then used as a DRK home. Destroyed by a direct hit on April 16, 1945. Memorial plaque since 1993.

Cemeteries and memorials

Bomb victims 1945 burial place
  • Inside the Heidetorfriedhof there is a cemetery of honor for the victims of the bombing raid of April 16, 1945. Of the 574 aerial warfare deaths in April 1945, 434 found their final resting place here.
  • Memorial stone on the "Old Russian Cemetery". (also popularly known as the "Muchelnfriedhof") in memory of 21 Soviet medical soldiers who were victims of an air raid towards the end of the war.
  • The Frauentor cemetery was laid out in 1595 for the St Bartholomew Congregation and redesigned in 1816. The way to the cemetery leads through a sandstone portal. The cemetery has numerous historical grave monuments, including some from the Baroque period from the mid-18th century.
  • Memorial at the Heidetorfriedhof for victims of Nazi terror and for resistance fighters , including the Zerbst communists Max Sens, Fritz Brandt (resistance fighters), Max Kilz and Otto Hörnicke.

Monuments and sculptures

The market square with Roland (back) and Butterjungfer (front)
  • On April 30, 1899, a bust monument was erected on Moltkeplatz for the leader of the wars of unification , Field Marshal Helmuth Fürst von Moltke . The bust was cast according to a design by the Berlin sculptor Friedrich Pfannschmidt .
  • Memorial to the victims of fascism by Professor Gustav Weidanz from 1951 on the Roter Garten square ; In the crypt below, four urns with the ashes of 74 Polish prisoners from the Straguth camp were inserted
  • Memorial by the sculptor Lutz Gaedicke from 1970 at the Francisceum Sek II (in GDR times Albert Kuntz School ), Am Weinberg 1, in memory of the communist resistance fighter Albert Kuntz , who was murdered in 1945 in the Dora-Mittelbau concentration camp .
  • Memorial plaque from 1976 on the remains of the foundation wall of the field barn. von Straguth to the 200 Polish prisoners who perished miserably here.
  • Memorial stone in the courtyard of the school at the Schloß Freiheit , which was named after Max Sens during the GDR era.
Catherine monument
  • The Katharina monument is located in the Zerbst palace gardens. It is intended to commemorate the Russian Tsarina Katharina II , who lived in Zerbst as Princess Sophie Auguste Friederike von Anhalt-Zerbst from 1742 to 1744. The 4.70 m tall statue, cast in bronze , was created by the Moscow sculptor Michail Perejaslavets and inaugurated on July 9, 2010.
  • The Roland statue on the market square was erected in 1445 as a 9 m high sandstone figure by Master Curd as a symbol of urban freedom. The figure was later given a canopy and an iron fence with Anhalt bears on the corners. Damaged in 1945, the Roland was restored in 1980.
  • The maid of butter. on the market is a gold-plated metal figure on a column. It can be traced back to 1403, the current figure dates from 1647.
  • The Zerbster water jet. was erected as a fountain figure in memory of Henriette Schulze, a Zerbster original.


City council

Since the local elections on May 26, 2019, the city council has been composed as follows:

Groups of voters CDU SPD AfD FDP THE LEFT GREEN total
10 seats 7 seats 6 seats 5 seats 3 seats 3 seats 2 seats 36 seats

Another member of the city council with voting rights is the directly elected mayor.


Andreas Dittmann (SPD) has been Mayor of Zerbst since July 1, 2012. He was elected in the mayoral election on April 22, 2012 with a turnout of 42.9% with a majority of 54.1% in the first ballot and replaced Helmut Behrendt (FDP), who had been mayor since 1990 and will not be up for election again started.


Pulspforde was incorporated on April 1, 2002. Bias and Luso followed on January 1, 2005. 21 municipalities of the Elbe-Ehle-Nuthe administrative community were added on January 1, 2010.

Coat of arms tree with the Zerbst city arms and the 24 coats of arms of the Zerbst localities

coat of arms

The coat of arms was approved by the Dessau Regional Council on February 9, 1995 and registered in the Magdeburg State Archives under the coat of arms roll number 10/1995.

Blazon : "In silver a tinned red city wall with an open blue-roofed gate and raised portcullis, behind the city wall five unequal sized tinned red towers with blue pointed roofs, gold knobs and crosses on them, the city wall is covered with two shields: the front shield is split, in front in silver at the slit a red eagle, in the back divided nine times by black and gold, covered with a green diamond; the rear shield shows a sloping, tinned red wall in silver, on whose battlements a black bear with a golden crown and collar rises. "

The city colors show red - silver (white).


The flag was approved on July 24, 1995 by the Dessau Regional Council.

The flag is striped in red and white and covered with the city's coat of arms.

Town twinning

  • Lower SaxonyLower Saxony Jever in Lower Saxony
  • Baden-WürttembergBaden-Württemberg Nürtingen in Baden-Württemberg
  • RussiaRussia Pushkin in Russia

Economy and Infrastructure

Economic structure

  • Various medium-sized companies in the craft and service industries
  • Location for companies in metal construction, machine tool construction, special glass processing, meat and sausage production, delicatessen production, hospital laundry, refrigeration and warehouse management
Established businesses
Francisceum , the oldest grammar school in Saxony-Anhalt

Zerbster institutions


The Biederitz –Trebnitz – Leipzig railway runs through the Zerbst metropolitan area . There is a stop in Zerbst and a train station in Güterglück. Operation of the Jütrichau stop was discontinued in 2012 as part of the route modernization. Regional express trains on the Magdeburg – Dessau – Leipzig route run every hour .

The area around the train station in Zerbst was redesigned between 2016 and 2019. Around 900 passengers use the station every day.

The city lies on the federal highways 184 ( Leipzig - Magdeburg ) and 187a ( Köthen - Zerbst). The nearest motorway junctions are about 25 km to the south-east ( Dessau-Ost and Coswig on the A 9 Munich - Berlin ) and about 35 km to the north ( Burg-Ost on the A 2 Berlin- Dortmund ).

The closest inland port is on the Elbe in Roßlau .

The Leipzig / Halle airport is about 86 km from Zerbst, the airfield Dessau is about 25 km away.


The SKV Rot-Weiß Zerbst is 13 times in a row German champions and multiple world cup winners in classic bowling .


Honorary citizen

1992: Erich Hänze , district monument curator
  • Former honorary citizens

(According to the municipal statutes, honorary citizenship expires with the death of its bearer.)

1893: Heinrich Christoph Gottlieb Stier , grammar school director
1897: Heinrich Sitzenstock , printer and bookseller
1898: Friedrich von Kracht , major general
1907: Carl Friedrich Sandkuhl , Privy Councilor of Commerce
1925: Hermann Laundry , historian, archivist in Zerbst, author and dialect poet
1935: Adolf Hitler , Chancellor and President (so-called "leaders" of the German Reich.), 2007 was honorary citizenship from the city council of the city stripped of Zerbst / Anhalt
1935: Wilhelm Friedrich Loeper , Nazi Gauleiter , 2007 was the honorary citizenship from the city council of the city of Zerbst / Anhalt revoked

sons and daughters of the town

Personalities connected to Zerbst

Catherine II , called Catherine the Great


  • H. Becker: History of the city of Zerbst. Friedr. Gast's Hofbuchhandlung, Zerbst 1907, DNB 572186916 .
  • W. van Kempen: Zerbst in Anhalt. (German art guide 49). Augsburg 1929
  • Franz Münnich: The architectural monuments of the city of Zerbst. In: Zerbst home calendar. 1950, pp. 55-60.
  • Zerbst home calendar 1950. Central German printing and publishing house, Halle / S., Zerbst City Council, 1950.
  • Zerbst in April 1945, a chronicle based on reports from eyewitnesses. (Contributions to the Zerbster story 2). Zerbst 1955.
  • Joachim Castan: Higher Education and Reformed Confessionalization. The Illustre Grammar School of the Principality of Anhalt in Zerbst, 1582–1652 (= studies on regional history . Volume 2). Mitteldeutscher Verlag, Halle an der Saale 1999, ISBN 978-3-89812-016-6 (on the Reformation and confessionalization of the city of Zerbst in the 16th and 17th centuries).
  • Reinhold Specht : History of the city of Zerbst. 2 volumes, Anhaltinische Verlagsgesellschaft, Dessau 1998, ISBN 978-3-910192-66-9 .
  • Michael Malliaris : Archaeological discoveries in Zerbst (= small booklets on archeology in Saxony-Anhalt . Booklet 4). State Office for Monument Preservation and Archeology Saxony-Anhalt; State Museum for Prehistory, Halle an der Saale 2005, ISBN 978-3-910010-94-9 .
  • Peter Riedel: With miter and statutes. Episcopal action in the late medieval diocese of Brandenburg . Revised dissertation University of Potsdam (= Heinz-Dieter Heimann , Klaus Neitmann on behalf of the Brandenburg Historical Commission and Brandenburg State Main Archive [ed.]: Studies on Brandenburg and Comparative State History . Volume 19). 1st edition, Lukas Verlag für Kunst- und Geistesgeschichte, Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-86732-264-5 , Exemplary episcopal action: The example of Zerbst, pp. 27–90.

Web links

Commons : Zerbst / Anhalt  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt, population of the municipalities - as of December 31, 2019 (PDF) (update) ( help ).
  2. Local constitution law of the state in the version of July 1, 2014
  3. Main statutes in the version of April 18, 2015
  4. Main statutes of the city of Zerbst / Anhalt. (PDF) (No longer available online.) April 18, 2015, formerly in the original ; accessed on June 18, 2017 .  ( Page no longer available , search in web archives )@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.stadt-zerbst.de
  5. District directory of the state of Saxony-Anhalt (directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality), territorial status January 2014, State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt, Halle (Saale), 2016
  6. ^ Certificate of Otto I. Regesta Imperii II, 1 No. 168
  7. ^ Chronicle of Thietmar von Merseburg
  8. ^ History of Zerbst
  9. Long before Luther there was a riot
  10. Luther was the city ​​of Zerbst here
  11. Renate Kroll: Zerbst . In: Götz Eckardt (Ed.): Fates of German architectural monuments in the Second World War. Volume 1, Henschel-Verlag, Berlin 1978, p. 275.
  12. ^ Olaf Groehler : Anhalt in the air war. Approach to IDA-EMIL . Anhaltische Verlagsgesellschaft, Dessau 1993. ISBN 3-910192-05-X . Pp. 167/168
  13. ^ Alfred Harendt: Das Ultimatum , in: Die Stunden Null, Berlin 1966, p. 170
  14. ^ Zerbst in April 1945 . Ed. Heimatmuseum der Stadt Zerbst. Zerbst 1955
  15. Irradiated Politics 2016.
  16. Future of Life Institute: 1100 published targets of US atomic bombs futureoflife.org 2016.
  17. Database census 2011, Zerbst / Anhalt, city, age + gender
  18. StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2006
  19. Cranach painting returns in Zerbster church. In: Domradio. December 14, 2015, accessed December 14, 2015 .
  20. Mitteldeutsche Zeitung - Köthener Zeitung, "Regionales ~ Ruine with bells", March 10, 2008, p. 12.
  21. Renate Kroll: Zerbst. In: Götz Eckardt (Ed.): Fates of German architectural monuments in the Second World War. Volume 1, Henschel-Verlag, Berlin 1978, pp. 275-276.
  22. Bernd Gerhard Ulbrich : The November pogrom 1938 in the Free State of Anhalt (PDF) . Excerpt from: Ders .: National Socialism and Anti-Semitism in Anhalt. Sketches for the years 1932 to 1942 . Edition RK. Dessau 2005, ISBN 978-3-934388-25-3
  23. ↑ Honorary cemetery for bomb victims on Heidetorfriedhof
  24. Local elections 2019 - State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt. Retrieved August 5, 2019 .
  25. StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2002
  26. StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2005
  27. StBA: Area changes from January 01 to December 31, 2010
  28. Transport Minister Webel: South side of Zerbst train station opened up for commuters. In: starker-nahverkehr.de. October 22, 2019, accessed October 23, 2019 .
  29. Thomas Gerlach: The other Champions League champion . In: The daily newspaper: taz . March 27, 2018, ISSN  0931-9085 , p. 4–5 ( taz.de [accessed on March 27, 2018]).