|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Administrative region :||Detmold|
|Height :||110 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||179.59 km 2|
|Residents:||151,633 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||844 inhabitants per km 2|
|Primaries :||05251, 05252, 05254, 05293|
|License plate :||PB, BÜR|
|Community key :||05 7 74 032|
|LOCODE :||DE PAD|
|City structure:||Core city and
City administration address :
|Am Abdinghof 11
|Mayor :||Michael Dreier ( CDU )|
|Location of Paderborn in the Paderborn district|
The city of Paderborn is a large city in the eastern part of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia with over 150,000 inhabitants . It lies in the district of the same name and is the county seat , is a university town , regional center and the center of the region Bishopric of Paderborn . The name refers to the sources of the Paders in today's city center.
Paderborn was first mentioned in a document in 777, when a Reichstag and a mission synod were held in Paderborn under Charlemagne . The first Westphalian university was founded in Paderborn in 1614 , which was later converted into an independent theological faculty . A new university was founded in 1972. The city has been the seat of a diocese since the ninth century ; this was elevated to an archbishopric in 1930 .
The city got its current boundaries through the incorporation of the surrounding communities in the course of the territorial reform in North Rhine-Westphalia in 1974, which made Paderborn a major city.
Today Paderborn ranks 56th among the largest cities in Germany .
Paderborn is located in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia in the western part of East Westphalia . The city is located in the south-eastern corner of the Westphalian lowland bay . Here the flat landscape rises to the south and east to the Paderborn plateau . The Eggegebirge rises east of the city as part of the Teutoburg Forest / Eggegebirge Nature Park . The city emerged in the headwaters of the Pader , where some ponds are fed by around 200 karst springs, which are likely to have attracted early settlers and were venerable as a miracle or sanctuary, as the immediately adjacent cathedral still bears witness to today. With a length of 4 km, the Pader is Germany's shortest river . It flows into the Lippe in the Paderborn district of Schloss Neuhaus , which also includes the Alme there . Many stagnant bodies of water enrich Paderborn excursion areas, so there are numerous lakes in the city area. The highest point in the city is in the Neuenbeken district at ( ), the lowest in Sande at ( ). . The city is accessed by the Westphalian Hellweg , which has been known since the Middle Ages , which leads from Duisburg via Paderborn to the Weser crossing at Corvey and from there further east, today it is the B 1 .
According to the main statute of the city, seven city districts were formed in the city of Paderborn . Together with the core city, there are eight administrative units. These correspond to the districts identically , only the districts of Schloss Neuhaus and Sande, which are combined into one district, form a common district.
In the two most populous city districts of Schloss Neuhaus / Sande and Elsen, the city council sets up district committees after each local election . The city council elects a local councilor for each of the other less populous districts .
There is also a district administration office in each of the city districts of Schloss Neuhaus / Sande and Elsen. The district committees and the town councilors should take care of the district's interests vis-à-vis the council and can also be given certain tasks of the day-to-day administration. The “core city” of Paderborn, which includes the area that does not belong to the districts, is not a district in the sense of the main statute; it corresponds to the city in the borders before 1969. Marienloh and Wewer were independent communities before 1969; the remaining parts of the city were independent municipalities until 1974. Paderborn has grown to its present size through the regional reform of 1975.
As of December 31, 2017 (without secondary apartments)
In addition to the official districts, there are numerous smaller places that are not officially designated as districts (e.g. Mönkeloh, Nesthausen, Gesseln, Mastbruch etc.). These all have their own character and are sometimes even mentioned in bus transport as end stations and in press articles.
On April 30, 2017, 150,338 people had their primary residence in Paderborn. At this point in time the rent was on average 6.45 euros per square meter; in January 2020 an average rent of 8.34 euros per square meter was measured.
Expansion and use of the urban area
Paderborn covers an area of 179.38 km². The largest share of the area is forest and agricultural area with a total of around 62.1%, settlement and traffic areas cover a further 30%.
The largest extension in north-south direction is about 16.4 km, in east-west direction about 17.7 km.
according to type of use
|Area in km²||Share of total area|
|Building, open and operational space||36.52||20.36%|
|Sports and green space||6.93||3.86%|
The following cities and municipalities border Paderborn ( starting clockwise in the north): Hövelhof , Bad Lippspringe , Altenbeken , Lichtenau , Borchen , Salzkotten and Delbrück (all in the Paderborn district ). The closest large cities are in the north west of Bielefeld , Gütersloh and Munster , in the east of Göttingen , in the southeast of Kassel and to the west Hamm .
The subsoil of the municipality consists primarily of marl limestone from the Upper Cretaceous . It is not tectonically disturbed, slightly inclined to the west towards the interior of the Münsterland Bay and is covered there by younger clay marl stones from the Emscher marl. The rocks lie on a plinth made of folded Devonian and Carboniferous rocks . The lowlands west of Paderborn are covered by mostly sandy loose rock of the Quaternary over chalk. It consists of glacial deposits such as ground moraine and meltwater sands, as well as the river sediments of the rivers Lippe , Alme and Pader .
The uppermost groundwater level in the urban area is formed from sands from the Senne and river sands and gravel from the Lippe, Pader and Alme. This groundwater is used locally for individual supplies. The lower-than-sands hard rocks of the Mesozoic era are well-drained, but pollution endangered karst aquifer . In the north of the urban area, they are overlaid by Emscher marl, which is only slightly permeable. The karst groundwater that flows in from the south is dammed below this marl. It comes to the surface in a variety of sources on a line between the inner-city Riemeke district and Marienloh ; the Pader that arises here, for example, emerges in more than 200 individual sources. This karst groundwater has drinking water quality and is used in conjunction with the pore groundwater from the Boker Heide and the Diebesweg waterworks to supply the core city and the eastern parts of the city. The southern parts of the city are supplied with drinking water from the Aabach dam and Benhausen and Neuenbeken receive their drinking water from the Altenbeken-Hossengrund waterworks, made from rocks from the Lower Cretaceous and Lower Muschelkalk .
Paderborn has an important cement industry that extracts marl limestones from the Upper Cretaceous. Sand and to a lesser extent gravel of Quaternary is a bulk material used, building sand and sand-lime brick production. Quaternary clay and silt from the Quaternary are also used as brick raw material .
The Paderborn plateau makes up the eastern part of the urban area. There, the marl limestones of the Upper Cretaceous are weathered on the surface to form a 50 cm thick, nutrient-rich brown earth made of clayey loam . Local deposits of loess from the Ice Age have eroded as a result of clearing in the Middle Ages and form colluvia in dry valleys . In the west of the urban area, acidic, nutrient-poor podsols predominate, some of which are interspersed with stone in the subsoil . In the gullies, valleys and lowlands, the deposits of flowing waters are filled with groundwater right up to the surface of the ground. The resulting gleye are used as grassland. The wide floodplains of Alme and Lippe are mainly covered by floodplain soils .
The suitability of Paderborn for the use of geothermal heat sources by means of a geothermal probe and for heat recovery through heat pump heating is very different locally. Large parts of the urban area are moderately suitable for use, individual locations on a line from Schloss Neuhaus / Marienloh to Elsen / Wewer are not suitable. With the beginning of the ascent towards the Egge Mountains in the eastern part of the city, the usability improves (see the adjacent map).
The climate in Paderborn is described by the location of the city in the oceanic-continental transition area of Central Europe in general and the location in the backwater of the Teutoburg Forest to the east in particular. The area lies mainly in the sub-Atlantic maritime climate with partly temporary continental influences . The winters are mostly mild under Atlantic influence, the continental influence is shielded by the Teutoburg Forest. The summers are moderately warm. The temperatures in the low-lying districts of the city in the Westphalian Bay are on average 9 to 10 degrees, in the rising areas to the Teutoburg Forest they are lower and are around 8 degrees.
The precipitation is significantly influenced by the location in the Teutoburg Forest. Overall, Paderborn is one of the cities with the highest rainfall in North Rhine-Westphalia, along with the cities in Bergisches Land and Siegerland. The annual precipitation is well above the national average in all months. However, depending on the location, the amount of precipitation usually fluctuates annually between around 750 and 1000 millimeters. Since the prevailing winds mostly blow from the south-west and bring with them moist air from the Atlantic , there is pronounced uphill rain on the windward side of the Teutoburg Forest, which is the first barrier on the edge of the Weserbergland .
Prehistory and early history
Individual settlement finds in the Paderborn region can be identified from the end of the Paleolithic Age and the receding glaciation with the end of the Ice Ages. There are several archaeological sites of Middle Stone Age camps, larger earthworks and Neolithic stone box graves , as well as Bronze Age barrows and permanent living spaces since at least the pre-Roman Iron Age . In Roman times, Paderborn generally belonged to the settlement area of the West Germanic peoples and thus to the area of different tribes over the centuries. At the time of the Roman supply depot near Anreppen a few kilometers to the west, which was established in AD 4 and only existed for a few years as a result of the Roman defeat in the Varus Battle , these were the Brukterer . Due to logistical considerations on marching distances, water supply and connections to passes, it is unlikely that this camp was the easternmost Roman camp along the Lippe. It is more likely that one or more other, as yet undiscovered camps were located near the sources of the Lippe or the Pader in the Paderborn area.
The large medieval craftsmen's settlement Balhorn along the Alme in the west of the city (Balhorner Feld, today between the city center and the Wewer district ), at the intersection of Hellweg and Frankfurter Weg (via regia) , probably existed until its demise at least around Christ Birth. At the time of the mass migration between around 300 and 600, with a few exceptions, settlement continuity was broken and individual Germanic settlements in the Paderborn area fell into disrepair.
Early middle ages
In the 7th century the Saxon tribes invading from the north established themselves , in the greater Paderborn area the Engern (west of it the Westphalia , east the East Falcons ). In 772 the Frankish Saxon Wars decided at the Imperial Assembly of Worms began . As a result, Charlemagne invaded the Engern region from the south via the via regia . In 776, Charlemagne stayed in Paderborn after (controversial among contemporaries) violent submission of the pagan Saxon tribes. The Karlsburg was founded and, after its destruction, the Palatinate Paderborn at the Pader springs was Christianized by the Saxons. In 777 the first Reichstag and a mission synod took place under Charlemagne in Paderborn. At the same time, this was the first official naming of the settlement at the Paderquellen (patris brunna) . Further imperial assemblies of Karl in Paderborn took place in 780, 782, 783, 785, 799, among others.
After long battles, several uprisings by the Saxons and the decisive battle on the Sintfeld south of Paderborn, the city belonged to the Franconian Empire from 794 . Pope Leo III met in 799 . , who had to flee from a revolt from Rome, with Charlemagne in the Palatinate Paderborn, to ask for his help. In return was the promise of Charles's coronation as emperor, which took place on December 25, 800 in the Basilica of St. Peter in Rome. In addition, the Diocese of Paderborn was founded, from which today's Archdiocese of Paderborn emerged . Construction of the first predecessor church of today's Paderborn Cathedral also began in 799. The first bishop of Paderborn was the Saxon Hathumar, who originally grew up as a hostage under the Franks, in 806 . He had the cathedral enlarged and, for the first time, a brick fortification built around the settlement near the cathedral , the cathedral freedom .
An imperial assembly in Paderborn in 815 under Emperor Ludwig the Pious decided to found the Neu-Corbie monastery, later Corvey, and the new Hildesheim diocese, with the appointment of the Reims canon Gunthar as the first bishop of Hildesheim ; he received a protection and immunity diploma from Ludwig the Pious . In 822 Ludwig the Pious granted the diocese of Paderborn under Bishop Badurad the right to mint . To strengthen the new Christian faith among the converted Saxons, the relics of St. Liborius were transferred from Le Mans to Paderborn in 836. This marked the beginning of the oldest town twinning in Europe.
After the division of the Franconian Empire in the Treaty of Verdun , Paderborn belonged to the East Franconian Empire under Ludwig the German from 843 and was the capital of the eponymous monastery in this later Old Empire .
The Hungarians marauding in the empire were unable to take Paderborn in their third campaign in 924, thanks to the steadfastness of the unofficial militia. According to the law on the military constitution of the cities issued by King Heinrich I , an official vigilante group was established to defend the city, which required the existence of an official city charter due to the citizen's oath. It is speculated that Paderborn's good fortifications and its unofficial vigilante groups served the king as a model for the law. The official vigilante group existed until it was banned in 1806.
High Middle Ages
In the year 1000 a major fire raged in the city, which also destroyed the Palatinate and the early cathedral. In 1002, Kunigunde (wife of Heinrich II. ) Was crowned king in Paderborn . A new cathedral was built between 1009 and 1015, begun by Meinwerk (bishop until 1036), from which the two small round towers today come. He also founded the Abdinghof Benedictine monastery (1019) and the Busdorf monastery , had the bishop's palace and Bartholomew's chapel built, and renewed the fortifications of Hathumar's Carolingian castle town and town.
The founding of churches by Bishop Meinwerk was part of a planned church cross of four monasteries, of which only the two that formed the east-west axis were realized. For the Abdinghof monastery he founded in the west of the city, he called monks from Cluny, and for the Busdorf Church in the east, Bishop Meinwerk sent to Jerusalem in 1033 in order to use the measurements of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher there as a basis. He had Byzantine builders from Constantinople build the Bartholomew Chapel north of the cathedral. The planned foundation of another monastery in the south of the city was not carried out; its function as a representation of Rome was finally taken over by the Abdinghof Church, whose western transept more Romano symbolized St. Peter's Basilica. The various church buildings thus formed a sacred topography, the center of which was the Meinwerk cathedral.
After the death of Willigi's elector and archbishop of Mainz, as well as arch chancellor of the empire, Paderborn was released from worldly dependence on Mainz in 1011 and made a diocese directly under the empire . The first documentary mention of Paderborn as a city comes from 1028.
From 1051 to 1076, Bishop Imad had the cathedral built with today's large west tower (from 1068) and expanded the Busdorf Church between 1060 and 1071. In 1058, almost the entire city fell victim to a second great conflagration. There was another big city fire as early as 1133. The outer city fortifications evidently existed in 1146 in the expansion of the core ring that is still visible today (description in a papal bull to Bishop Bernhard I ). After another major fire in 1165 in the west of the city, the Marktkirche and Abdinghof were rebuilt.
The oldest surviving document with a city seal dates from 1222. In the same year the citizens revolted against the episcopal rule. In 1225, King Henry VII severely restricted the power of the episcopal count and granted the citizenry privileges. In 1241 the city name "Paderborn" was finally determined. In 1247, Emperor Friedrich II awarded Bishop Simon I zur Lippe (until 1277) the first title of “Prince Bishop”.
Late Middle Ages
In 1254 Paderborn joined the Rhenish Association of Cities . A year later, the bishop temporarily moved his seat to Neuhaus . The first mention of a town hall is in 1279. In return for an annual fee of three marks, which is to be paid through the "rathus sive pretorium", Otto von Rietberg , Bishop of Paderborn, and the cathedral chapter give the town jurisdiction over bread and Beer. In 1289 a great conflagration raged across the city. In 1295 Paderborn is mentioned in a document as a member of the Hanseatic League . Here the important trade routes north / south (the Via Regia Bremen - Frankfurt ) and west / east (the Hellweg Aachen - Königsberg ) crossed.
Bishop Bernhard V affirmed the right to free council elections in 1327. In 1340 there was another big fire in the city. During the reign (1341-1361) of Prince Bishop Balduin von Steinfurt , the rampant plague decimated the city's population. In 1370 the Prince-Bishop finally relocated his residence to Neuhaus Castle. The Electorate and Archdiocese of Cologne , which had tried for decades to forcibly incorporate the Diocese of Paderborn, made peace with Paderborn in 1449, as did the Landgrave of Hesse , which lasted 33 years. After a campaign against Count Otto von Waldeck after his raids in the diocese (plundering of Lichtenau) in 1474, peace was concluded with Waldeck a year later .
Early modern age
The great city fire in 1506 revealed the lack of extinguishing options, which resulted in the construction of an artificial water supply (the "water art" on the floorboard). With the completion of the pumping station and pipes in 1523, Paderborn received its first own pipe network. In 1571 Paderborn had about 5,400 inhabitants.
In the age of confessionalization , the majority of the Paderborn city population became Protestant, mostly against the episcopal sovereign. After a riot in the cathedral freedom (1528), there were factions and sometimes civil war-like revolts among the population, which lasted until 1604. The new faith found its first legal recognition in 1555 under popular pressure. With Heinrich IV. Even the prince-bishop confessed to the new denomination for a short time. In 1578 he rode into Paderborn with his wife. With his death in 1585, the “ Counter Reformation ” began, for which the cathedral chapter brought the Jesuits to Paderborn. In 1604 the Protestant mayor Liborius Wichert (alternatively Wickard or Wichard) was executed in the “Battle for Paderborn” , and the city lost its independence to the Catholic prince-bishop. 1612 is the year the Theodorianum was founded . From 1613 to 1618 today's town hall was built in the Weser Renaissance style . In 1614 the Jesuits founded a university that was the oldest university in Westphalia until it was dissolved in 1818. In 1618 there were demonstrably 300 brewing citizens in Paderborn. Christian von Braunschweig stole the Libori shrine in 1622 and melted it down (see Pfaffenfeindtaler ) after its Protestant troops were able to invade the city through betrayal. Five years later (1627) the Libori relics were returned. In 1630 Friedrich von Spee wrote the Cautio Criminalis against the witch madness in the Paderborn Jesuit College .
The city experienced a total of 16 sieges during the Thirty Years' War and was severely affected several times by shelling, revenue and looting. Under Field Marshal Carl Gustav Wrangel , it was razed in 1646 by Hessian and Swedish troops. The repair of the war damage to the city fortifications was completed in 1651. In 1652, the sixty-six card game was played for the first time in the tavern at Eckkamp No. 66 (according to a memorial plaque attached at this point) , which is why it is also known under the name Paderbörnern .
In 1658 the Augustinian choir women founded the Michaelskloster with the St. Michael Paderborn grammar school, the oldest girls' school in North Rhine-Westphalia. Bishop Ferdinand von Fürstenberg ruled from 1661 to 1683 . Construction of the Franciscan Church began in 1661, followed by St. Michael's Church in 1686.
Clemens August von Bayern ruled as Prince-Bishop from 1719 to 1761. In the Seven Years' War he turned against Prussia. The war became a severe test of endurance for his possessions, so that even the existence of the Paderborn Monastery was at stake. Prince-Bishop Wilhelm Anton von der Asseburg initiated the establishment of the fire insurance company in Paderborn in 1769. In 1770 he opened the first orphanage in Paderborn. From 1772 he had the Paderborn Intelligence Journal published. After the Jesuit order was abolished in 1773, he reorganized the Paderborn University , took over the grammar school and university under his direct supervision, and one year later he set up additional chairs for law and the French language . In 1777 he founded the first Paderborn seminary to better care for the future clergy. The 18th century was also shaped by the building activities of the baroque master builder Franz Christoph Nagel .
In the years 1802/1803 the bishopric fell to Prussia as a result of the secularization , and the prince-bishop lost his secular office as prince. The Napoleonic troops took the city without a fight in 1806 and banned the vigilante group. This continued to exist as an unofficial guard until 1830, but lost more and more of its jurisdiction. From 1807 to 1813 Paderborn belonged to the Napoleonic Kingdom of Westphalia . In 1809 the decade-long removal of the ski jumping facility in front of the city gates began. In 1804/1805 Friedrich Sertürner , a pharmacist from Neuhaus, isolated morphine from opium for the first time in a house on the market square .
As a result of the Congress of Vienna (1815), Paderborn finally became part of Prussia and became the seat of a district in 1816 and again a garrison town in 1815 with the entry of the fusilier battalion of the 2nd Westphalian Infantry Regiment No. 15. In addition, the 1st Westphalian Hussar Regiment No. 8 and from 1897 to 1914 the 7th Lorraine Infantry Regiment No. 158 were stationed in Paderborn from 1851 to 1914 .
In 1818 the Prussian government dissolved the University of Paderborn . After a professional police force had been introduced in Paderborn in 1825, the vigilante group was re-established in 1831 as a citizen-shooting association, which still exists today.
One of the oldest routes in the history of railways in Germany is the Paderborn- Hamm connection, opened in 1850 by the Royal Westphalian Railway Company , the first section of the Hamm-Warburg railway line . The Paderborn- Warburg line followed in 1853 with the Altenbeken viaduct across the Egge Mountains , where there was a connection to the railway line to Kassel built by the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Nordbahn-Gesellschaft (FWNB) .
In 1854 a gas production plant was established which, from 1855, enabled gas-powered street lighting, among other things.
The Protestant community received the Abdinghof Church in 1863. A large fire, the so-called "Ükernbrand", destroyed the Ükern area in 1875 and also spread to the cathedral. In 1879 the hamlet of Dören (municipality of Benhausen) was incorporated. Two years later, the Prussian state transferred the city wall to the city free of charge. Because of the poor state of preservation of the wall, this end of the state maintenance obligation led to its forced dismantling; it also hindered urban expansion.
In 1890 the first military training area was built near Sennelager north of the city. From 1898 to 1906, various railway lines opened: from Paderborn in the direction of Büren (Westphalia) ( Almetal-Bahn ) (1898), in the direction of Bielefeld ( Senne-Bahn ) (1902) and in the direction of Lippspringe (1906). 1909 was the founding year of the Paderborn Electricity and Tram Company (PESAG).
As a result of the Lateran Treaty of February 11, 1929, the Diocese of Paderborn was elevated to an archbishopric through the Prussian Concordat in 1930 . Since then, the city has been the seat of the Central German Church Province ( Archdiocese of Paderborn ).
Paderborn under National Socialism
During the Weimar Republic , Paderborn was a stronghold of the Catholic Center Party , which almost always achieved an absolute majority . In 1929 the first local NSDAP association was established in Paderborn, which was initially very small, but soon fought street battles with the KPD . After the seizure of power of Adolf Hitler on 30 January 1933 Hitler soon became an honorary citizen appointed, as well as the then Reich President Paul von Hindenburg . In the Reichstag election on March 5, 1933 , the Center Party received 62.94% (27,963 of 44,429 votes) and the NSDAP 23.73%.
During the Reichspogromnacht from November 9th to 10th, 1938, in which Jewish shops and synagogues were vandalized and set on fire , there were also riots against Jews in Paderborn. On November 10, 1938, the Paderborn synagogue burned down. The building of the Kolping Education Center in Paderborn stands on the site of the former synagogue , so today's memorial is located about 50 meters west of the former synagogue. Many deportations took place in Paderborn : over a hundred Jews from Paderborn perished. Some of the city's Jewish citizens were able to flee abroad.
When the Second World War began on September 1, 1939, life in Paderborn was initially relatively unaffected (many men were later called up for military service). There were a few bomb attacks on the station facilities, barracks and the air force airfield in Paderborn-Mönkeloh, in which there were relatively few injuries and deaths and which caused comparatively little damage to the cityscape. As the German air defense gradually lost its strength and the bombing of German cities by the Allies ( Area Bombing Directive ) increased, the danger for Paderborn also increased. In 1944, more and more Hitler Youth and BDM girls were deployed as flak helpers . Many Paderborn citizens closely followed the coded air situation reports from the military “ Luftwaffe transmitter Primadonna ”, which sent them to the air raid shelter when there was danger for “Konrad Siegfried 2”, the grid square for Paderborn . Air alarms and the howling of sirens became everyday occurrences that restricted the lives of the population and reduced productivity in the war economy .
On January 17, 1945 USAAF B-17 bombers flew the first major air raid on Paderborn . 153 bombers of the 397th Bombardment Group of the USAAF dropped 1,154 tons of bombs on the marshalling yard in Paderborn ; 239 people died. There is evidence that this attack was aimed at the train station. Thousands fled Paderborn. Paderborn was also bombed on March 22nd, killing 41 people. On March 27, 1945, 266 Royal Air Force Lancaster bombers attacked Paderborn. This was the last and largest air raid on Paderborn. At least 344 of the few thousand people who remained in Paderborn died; In the end, over 85 percent of the inner city, in which there were many wooden half-timbered houses , was destroyed.
The attack made railway lines and Reichsstrasse 1 impassable for weeks; As a result, supplies to the Ruhr basin were cut off five days before the Ruhr basin was completely enclosed (near Lippstadt). On April 1, the 3rd US Armored Division captured Paderborn after local fighting. The conquest and the fighting in the Paderborn area were related to the closure of the Ruhr basin .
At the beginning of the Second World War (1939) Paderborn had 42,490 inhabitants, after the war 29,033.
Paderborn after the Second World War
In 1946 the Pedagogical University was founded (as the Pedagogical Academy). In 1972, this merged the universities of applied sciences in Paderborn, Höxter , Meschede and Soest to form a comprehensive university, at the same time as the University of Paderborn was founded . In 1964 the excavations of the Carolingian and Ottonian imperial palaces began. In 1965 Paderborn was connected to the natural gas network. The friendship between cities and Le Mans, which had existed since 836 (since the relics of St. Liborius were transferred from Le Mans to Paderborn), was officially sealed in 1967.
In 1975 the Diocesan Museum was created. Two years later the big 1200th anniversary took place, and the reconstruction of the Ottonian imperial palace, which today houses the museum in the imperial palace , began.In 1981 the Paderhalle was built. During the Cold War , the city was also a garrison of the 33rd British Armored Brigade .
In 1994 the 4th North Rhine-Westphalia State Horticultural Show took place in Neuhaus Castle. In 1996 Pope John Paul II visited the city. In 1999 both the celebration of the diocese jubilee and the 1200th anniversary of the meeting between Charlemagne and Pope Leo III took place. instead of. When Germany's largest university party with almost 20,000 people took place on the campus of Paderborn University in 2001, the MTV television station broadcast the event.
In 2017, Paderborn was established as the leading municipality in the first digital model region East Westphalia-Lippe in North Rhine-Westphalia. An electronic citizens' office is to be developed in a three-year model project.
On January 1, 1969, the Marienloh community was incorporated. The municipality of Wewer followed on July 1, 1969 . According to the Sauerland / Paderborn Law , the city of Paderborn and the communities of Schloß Neuhaus, Elsen, Sande (all of the Amt Schloß Neuhaus ), Dahl ( Amt Kirchborchen ), Benhausen, Neuenbeken (all of the Amt Altenbeken ) became the new town of Paderborn on January 1, 1975 merged and integrated with simultaneous dissolution of the offices.
After 1890 there were 20,000 inhabitants in Paderborn. By 1939 this number doubled to 43,000, and then fell by around 40 percent (17,000 people) to 26,000 inhabitants in 1945 due to the effects of the Second World War. After 1950 the population returned to pre-war levels. On January 1, 1975, the number of inhabitants of the city exceeded the limit of 100,000 as a result of several incorporations, which gave it the status of a large city . In recent years the number of inhabitants in Paderborn has increased again.
At the end of December 2015, according to an update by the State Office for Data Processing and Statistics, there were 148,126 people with their main residence in Paderborn . The following overview shows the population of the city of Paderborn according to the respective territorial status, with some figures also according to today's territorial status. The numbers before 1818 are estimates, from 1818 to 1970 mostly and for 1987 census results and from 1975 official updates of the State Office for Data Processing and Statistics . The figures from 1975 to 1985 are estimated values, the figures from 1990 are extrapolations based on the results of the 1987 census. From 1871 and 1946, the figures relate to the local population , from 1925 to the resident population and from 1985 to the population at Location of the main residence . The population figures from before 1871 come from inconsistent survey methods.
With 150,580 inhabitants - which is also a historic high - Paderborn is the second largest city in the Detmold administrative region after Bielefeld (as of December 31, 2018). In a Germany-wide comparison , the city ranks 56th.
Added to this are the approximately 600–700 members of the British armed forces , which are not listed in the official statistics , who are either stationed in the barracks or live with their families in Paderborn.
In Paderborn the same name was 799 diocese established later from which Bishopric of Paderborn as a spiritual and secular at the same time territory within the German Holy Roman Empire Nation developed which to secularization was 1802/03.
The Reformation gained a foothold in the city from Lippstadt and the Landgraviate of Hesse from 1525, initially in the Minorite monastery. Bishop Erichs suppressed this in 1528 with countermeasures. The reformatory efforts began again in 1532 and intensified from 1566 onwards. The cathedral chapter and finally the majority of the population accepted the Evangelical Lutheran creed. Evangelical preaching was held in the market church.
From 1580 the Jesuits initiated the re-Catholicization. Bishop Dietrich von Fürstenberg had the market church closed by force in 1596 and finally subjugated the city, which even Hessian support could not help, in 1604 completely. After that there were no more Protestant services. Even the brief Protestant occupation under Christian von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel in 1622 could not change anything and so Paderborn remained an almost exclusively Catholic city until 1802. There were several parish churches next to the cathedral. After the abolition of the Paderborn Monastery, the Paderborn diocese was redesigned at the beginning of the 19th century. As a result of the Prussian Concordat , it was elevated to an archbishopric in 1930 . The current Catholic parishes of the city all belong to the Paderborn deanery of the archbishopric.
From 1802 a Protestant community was formed. They were initially given the Abdinghof Church , then the Alexius Chapel, in 1817 the Busdorf Church and finally in 1863 the Abdinghof Church. While the city's Protestant Christians initially belonged to the Bielefeld district synod , Paderborn became the seat of its own district synod with a superintendent within the Evangelical Church in Prussia and its Westphalian provincial church in 1840 . From the Paderborn District Synod, today's parish of Paderborn developed , to which today 24 Protestant parishes within the Evangelical Church of Westphalia belong. The parish includes all parishes in the Höxter and Paderborn districts as well as the Lügde parish in the Lippe district . The three parishes in the Paderborn urban area are Paderborn (with the districts Abdinghof, Martin Luther, Markus, Matthäus, Johannes and Lukas), Elsen and Neuhaus Castle (with the churches in Neuhaus Castle and Sennelager). The districts of Benhausen, Marienloh and Neuenbeken belong to the neighboring parish of Bad Lippspringe .
In addition to the Catholic and Protestant congregations in Paderborn, there are also various free churches , including an Evangelical Free Church ( Baptist ) congregation , the “Free Christian Fellowship” and the “International Christian Fellowship” (both belonging to the Bund Freikirchlicher Pfingstgemeinden), a Free Evangelical Congregation (FeG) and an Adventist Church . The New Apostolic Church is also represented in Paderborn. Since 2009 there has been another free church in Paderborn belonging to the ICF Movement .
Members of the Independent Evangelical Lutheran Church living in the Paderborn district regularly celebrate the Lutheran Mass as guests in the retreat chapel of the mother house of the Sisters of Mercy of St. Vincenz from Paul zu Paderborn .
The house of worship of the Syrian Orthodox community stands on the valley .
The services of the Russian Orthodox Church were celebrated in the Alexius Chapel at Paderborn Cathedral until 2018. Since 2018 these have been taking place in the former Roman Catholic Maximilian Kolbe Church in Bad Lippspringe, which was dedicated to the icon of the Holy Mother of God Feodorovskaya.
There are also six Jehovah's Witnesses congregations , four of which are in English, Italian, Russian and Turkish.
In Paderborn there are two Islamic communities and the Jewish community with its own synagogue . The Jewish community of Paderborn includes the districts of Paderborn, Soest and Höxter. There is a Jewish cemetery on Warburger Strasse in front of the university campus.
Due to its affiliation to the former bishopric, the majority of the population in Paderborn is traditionally Catholic . The denominational affiliation of the students in Paderborn can be an indication of the distribution of religions. Accordingly, in the 2006/2007 school year, 23.5% of the students stated Protestant, 55.8% Catholic and 6.9% Islamic as their religion. 5.0% stated another religion and 8.8% no denomination.
The Paderborn City Council currently has 64 seats. In addition, the mayor is the council chairman. In the 2014–2020 electoral period, a CDU / FDP coalition provides the majority in the city council. The coalition ended on December 15, 2017. For the 2018 budget year, a rainbow coalition was formed from the SPD, Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen, Left Party / Open List (formerly DIP), FDP, FBI / Free Voters, LKR and a non-attached member of the City Council. The CDU was in the opposition for the first time since 1949. In the 2019 budget year, a grand coalition of CDU / SPD had a majority in the city council, while the 2020 budget was passed by a Kenya coalition of CDU / SPD / Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen.
The following table shows the local election results since 1999:
On June 2, 2017, the Democratic Initiative Paderborn (DIP) group renamed itself to the left-wing parliamentary group / open list.
According to the city's budget estimate, the city's total debt level should be 234 million euros at the end of 2017.
A “comes civitatis” appointed by the bishop has been at the head of the city since around 1100. A council and a mayor gradually emerged from the 13th century . Bishop Bernhard V granted free council elections, which took place annually on New Year's Eve . In the 15th century there was a 40-member citizens' committee , which was elected annually on Candlemas (February 2nd). From 1532 the number was reduced to 24 members. In addition, in the 15th and 16th centuries there was the "Vierer", a body chosen from the four farmers in the city, which had to confirm the council. From 1599 to 1604 a prince-bishop bailiff and mayor, who was above the council, ran the city. The council then had 12 members, including 2 mayors and 2 chamberlains. In 1619 and 1639 the administration was reorganized. From 1800 there was a magistrate , which consisted of a ruling and an associate mayor, a syndic, two chamberlains, eight councilors and four deputies. From 1805 there was a city magistrate with a city director and in 1807 the city formed a canton with a mayor at the head. In Prussian times, a mayor and a council ran the city. At the end of the 19th century, the mayor temporarily held the title of mayor .
During the Nazi era , the NSDAP appointed the mayor. After the Second World War, the military government of the British Occupation Zone appointed a new mayor and in 1946 it introduced the local constitution based on the British model. Then there was a “city council” elected by the people, whose members are known as “city councilors”. The council initially selected the mayor from among its members as chairman and representative of the city, who was active on a voluntary basis. Furthermore, from 1946 the council also elected a full-time city director as head of the city administration. Since 1999 there is no longer a dual leadership in the city administration, only the full-time mayor. He is chairman of the council, head of the city administration and representative of the city. He was elected directly by the people for the first time in 1999.
After losing the absolute majority in the 2009 election, Mayor Heinz Paus ruled with the votes of a CDU-FDP coalition from 2009 to 2014. Since the local elections in May 2014, the CDU politician Michael Dreier has been mayor of Paderborn . He received 59.01% of the valid votes in the mayoral election. He was sworn in in June 2014.
coat of arms
|Blazon : "The coat of arms of the city of Paderborn consists of a red coat of arms, which shows a golden cross in the upper part and four golden vertical stakes below."|
Reasons for the coat of arms: The city colors are red-yellow. The coat of arms was approved as the city's official coat of arms on July 22, 1975. It does not go back to the city seal documented since 1245, but to the Paderborn families Bulemast and Stapel. The Ministerial Heinrich Bulemast used it in 1328 in a banner seal. The cross shown in the upper part can be traced back to the Hochstift cross and has been found in the city's secretion seal since 1310. The current form of the coat of arms can be found in a presentation by the Ministry of the Interior of the State of Prussia to the city of Paderborn in 1931.
But it already has an older tradition. Possibly the cross stands for the former prince-bishopric of Paderborn . The stakes are declared with the city banner that appears in the seals of the city in the 13th century. Occasionally one speaks of a "talking" coat of arms, because the stakes can also come from "Palborn", the dialect of the city.
The city of Paderborn maintains city partnerships with six cities worldwide, five of them in Europe and one in North America. The oldest partnership is that with the French city of Le Mans , where the first intensive clerical relationships existed as early as the Middle Ages. On June 3, 1967, it was officially founded as a city partnership. This was preceded by the Élysée Treaty of 1963 between Germany and France , which promoted community partnerships on a large scale. Next came the partnership with the British city of Bolton in the United Kingdom in 1975 .
Further partnerships were only added in reunified Germany, in 1990 in Belleville, Illinois in the USA and in 1992 in Pamplona in Spain . Then they began to orient themselves towards Eastern Europe: In 1993 the partnership with Przemyśl in Poland and in 1994 with Debrecen in Hungary was established. A cooperation agreement has existed between Paderborn and the Chinese city of Qingdao since 2003 .
The city partnerships are coordinated by a sponsoring association, which in turn has a contact person in the city administration in Paderborn.
Paderborn is also a member of the New Hanseatic League of Cities .
Culture and sights
Theater and museum
After ten years of deliberation, planning and construction, a new theater building costing 24 million euros was built at Neuer Platz 6 in the heart of the city for the Westfälische Kammerspiele, founded in 1957 , and opened with the premiere of Das Käthchen von Heilbronn on September 9, 2011. Since then the theater has been called “Theater Paderborn - Westfälische Kammerspiele”; it unites the large house with 400 seats, the studio stage and the theater meeting place with youth theater under one roof . The own ensemble consists of 10 permanent members and is complemented by a varying number of guest actors. The ensemble has already been invited to the NRW Theatertreffen several times. The Kammerspiele are known far beyond the region because of their repertoire of classical and experimental modern pieces.
The University of Paderborn has its own theater, the studio stage. Students play there under the guidance of a theater scholar. Often individual players from the studio stage are engaged in the annual theater production of the “ Dalheimer Sommer ” cultural festival in the former Dalheim monastery (south of Paderborn). As a cabaret, the Amalthea Theater on Jüßenplatz also stages numerous plays, it is Westphalia's smallest theater. Mention should also be made of the open-air stage in the Neuhäuser Schlosspark, which performs a children's play and an evening play every year and thus attracts thousands of visitors year after year.
Paderborn has 12 museums that show art and historical collections as well as exhibits from industrial culture. The museum in the Imperial Palatinate exhibits exhibits from the Carolingian and Ottonian times. The Archbishop's Diocesan Museum and Cathedral Treasury houses a collection of primarily sacred art from the 10th to 20th centuries. The Heinz Nixdorf MuseumsForum (HNF) is the world's largest computer museum and shows 5,000 years of history of information and communication technology. The Städtische Galerie am Abdinghof houses graphics from Expressionism and the Dresden Secession , among other things . In the Paderborn School Museum , the 1200-year history of Paderborn's school is presented. The ars sacrale is a museum for sacred art and is located in the Cassau house. The Museum of City History in the Adam and Eve House shows exhibits from the city's history from the time it was founded to its reconstruction after the Second World War. The focus of the natural history museum in the stables of the castle is the local fauna and flora. The municipal gallery in the riding hall shows paintings and graphics from the 17th to the early 20th century. The German Tractor and Model Car Museum houses a collection of over 100 tractors from major German manufacturers. The Kunsthalle Paderborn with contemporary art has changing exhibition locations. The district museum of the Paderborn district is located in the Wewelsburg .
In the "Paderhalle" music and entertainment events such as operas, musicals, concerts, cabaret, drama and cabaret as well as balls and parties take place all year round. The “Kulturwerkstatt” houses rehearsal rooms and concert halls for small and medium-sized events, which are often used for punk or rock concerts.
The most important architectural monuments in the city of Paderborn were built between the 10th and 13th centuries and during the Baroque in the 17th and 18th centuries . Century. In the period after the Second World War, some old houses were demolished to make way for modern buildings such as the Diocesan Museum. In terms of a car-friendly city center, an assembly group shaped by the material concrete was created on Königsplatz .
- Cathedral , surrounded by the Pader springs , symbol of the city with the three rabbits window
- Bartholomäuskapelle , oldest hall church north of the Alps, excellent acoustics.
- Market church , baroque
- Abdinghof Church
- Busdorf Church
- Capuchin Church
- Sacred Heart Church
- Franciscan monastery
- Michael's Monastery
- Town hall , built in the Weser Renaissance style.
- Heiersburg on the city wall, it served as the guards' quarters in the Middle Ages and as a theologian convict in the 19th century .
- Neuhaus Castle in the district of the same name , with a moat, stables and baroque garden.
- Haxter Warte, also called Lichtenturm, a former guard tower southeast of the city, which was probably built in the 15th century and was part of the Landwehr around Paderborn. After it was accidentally blown up in 1945, it was rebuilt in 1986 as a 9 m high observation tower .
Green spaces and recreation
Around the Padersee, but above all the “ Paderquellgebiet ”, is the central green area in Paderborn, which also includes around 200 karst springs . They feed the paders. From there, the Paderauen extend along the Pader to the district of Schloß Neuhaus, where Pader, Lippe and Alme meet in the "Schloß- und Auenpark", the site of which was part of the North Rhine-Westphalia State Horticultural Show in 1994 .
Large parks and forest areas in the city area invite you to relax: For example, the “Bürgerpark” in the southern part of the city on Borchener Straße, the Riemekepark in the Riemekeviertel, the “Park am Tausendquell” and the area around the fish ponds.
The soccer club SC Paderborn 07 played two seasons in the 3rd division from 2016 to 2018 after surprisingly promoted to the 1st Bundesliga in 2014 . There he was only able to hold out for one season and was relegated twice in a row. For the 2018/19 season, SC Paderborn 07 was promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga . In the 2019/20 season, the club will play in the 1st Bundesliga again, but was again only able to hold out for one season.
One of the most successful baseball teams in Germany with 6 German championships between 1999 and 2005 are the Untouchables Paderborn . The basketball club Paderborn Baskets plays in the 2nd Bundesliga . The shooting sports club St. Hubertus Elsen has been shooting in the air rifle Bundesliga since the 2004/2005 season and was German team champion in 2006. American football is played at the Paderborn Dolphins . After successful years in the first and second Bundesliga in the 1990s, a new beginning was dared in 2004 in the Association League NRW. After two seasons with winning all games, the Dolphins are now in the Regionalliga NRW.
The Paderborn Squash Club (PSC) is now one of the most successful squash clubs in Europe and was u. a. Organizer of the men's squash team world championship 2011 in the Paderborn Ahorn Sportpark. 10 German team championships and 7 titles at European level as well as numerous participation in world and European championships are evidence of this. The men's and women's teams were German champions several times, the men even winners of the European Cup in 2003, 2004 and 2005; In 2006 they took 3rd place. With Simon Rösner, the reigning and eight-time German single champion plays for the club.
The sport of lane golf (mini golf) is represented in Paderborn with four mini golf courses and four clubs. The most successful team is the “1. BGC Paderborn ”, whose facility“ At the fish ponds ”is also a popular destination. Sports scientists with a research focus on motor / sensor technology and all students can use the Paderborn University Golf Academy with its own golf course .
The SC Grün-Weiß 1920 e. V. Paderborn is the largest popular sports club in the region with around 3500 members. A wide range of sporting activities is covered in 21 departments. The TC Grün-Weiß Paderborn is a tennis club that was split off from SC Grün-Weiß in 2008 and, with 491 members, is the largest tennis club in the Paderborn district and one of the largest in East Westphalia-Lippe. The 1st Paderborn swimming club is represented with its women's and men's teams in the 2nd Bundesliga. The underwater rugby team plays in the 1st Bundesliga. The LC Paderborn has more than 900 members of the largest athletic association in Paderborn and made repeated Olympians such. B. Claudia Tonn and Lilli Schwarzkopf . The TV 1875 Paderborn is a large local grassroots and competitive sports club with 16 departments.
The VdP 1989 e. V. (Association of Pool Players) is the local pool club and with its 120 members and 4 teams already plays in the top league. The “Association of Friends for the Promotion of Skate Night Paderborn e. V. “regularly organizes public inline skate tours on the streets of Paderborn. The Luftsportgemeinschaft Paderborn e. V. operates the Paderborn-Haxterberg airfield and a model airfield between Paderborn and Borchen with the offers of motorized flight, motor glider flight, glider flight, microlight flight and model flight. The airfield is a state performance base for gliding and was the site of various state and world championships. Various world championship participants in glider aerobatics come from the ranks of the association.
In the 2011/2012 school year, the Lise-Meitner-Realschule will be the first school in North Rhine-Westphalia to introduce so-called sport profile classes, which lead to the technical college entrance qualification on the G9 basis. In this way, the school supports ambitious students and gives them the opportunity to combine school and competitive sports. Before that, the Reismann-Gymnasium Paderborn had already had sport profile classes for several years and has had the status of NRW Sport School since the school year 2012/2013 .
At sports facilities, Paderborn offers the Paderkletterpark with boat rental; the (lighted) walking path at the fish ponds; the skate and inline park on "Goldgrund" behind the soccer training facilities; the Ahorn Sports Park u. a. with a stadium and a sports hall for athletics, weight training, dancing, gymnastics, volleyball, badminton and squash, as well as an illuminated running path and small playing areas; the maple ball park for baseball; the sports center at Maspernplatz , also called Maspernhalle u. a. for basketball; the Hermann-Löns-Stadion , formerly a soccer stadium, now home to the American Footballer (Dolphins) ; the Waldstadion Südstadt (venue of the football club “Sportfreunde Blau Weiß Paderborn”); the Inselbadstadion (venue for the soccer teams of the “SC Grün-Weiß”); the Benteler Arena , a football stadium with 15,000 seats; a shooting range, three bowling facilities; Sailing on the Lippesee ; Water skiing facilities on the neighboring Nesthauser See ; Diving in several lakes (Habichtsee, Nesthauser See etc.), canoe course on the Pader and on the Lippe at the level of the B 64 ; Equestrian sport in several centers and facilities (Füllersheide, Thunhof, Haxtergrund); " Haxterberg Glider and Motor Flight Center "; Sports and meeting center in Goldgrund (fitness studio, climbing wall, dance halls, boxing, budo). A new sports park - the Haxterpark - is under construction, where golf (18-hole course) is to be offered on a golf course that is unique in North Rhine-Westphalia, as well as archery and climbing. In the entire city there are 12 tennis clubs with their own tennis facilities, five of these clubs also have an associated tennis hall.
There are two outdoor pools and four indoor pools in Paderborn, namely the outdoor pools Waldbad and Rolandsbad , as well as the indoor pools Swimming Opera (with 8 × 50 m competition pool, electronic timing system and spectator stand), Residenzbad , Alisobad and Kiliansbad . In Bad Lippspringe, the Westfalen-Therme offers bathing facilities with slides, saunas and whirlpools.
For a few years now, Paderborn's event year has started with the carnival parade . The previous Thursday (Weiberfastnacht) has almost the character of a city festival. In April it continues with Lunapark , the youngest fair in Paderborn. The oldest street run in Germany, the Paderborn Easter Run, starts on Holy Saturday . In addition to the five and ten kilometer runs and the half marathon distance, there are also competitions for inline skaters, handbikers and walkers or Nordic walkers. The Paderborn Puppet Show Weeks have been taking place in March for over 30 years , and the Paderborn Literature Days for several years now . In May there is a spring festival , the theater festival in the city center and Drums'n'Percussion . The latter is Europe's largest drum and percussion festival. The Musica sacra Paderborn festival takes place every two years .
In the quarter from May to September is Castle Neuhaus Castle summer . The summer festival of the AStA at the university follows in June , the largest festival organized by students in Germany. In July Paderborn celebrates the Schützenfest . The biggest celebration for nine days from the last weekend in July is one of the biggest folk festivals in Germany, the Liborifest with Europe Day and Crafts Day. Hochstift days are in August . The cathedral festival is also held every two years in summer .
In September there is an invitation to the Paderborn Organ Summer . In October, the Germany-wide Honky Tonk pub festival also takes place in Paderborn. Also in October in Paderborn there is Herbstlibori , the smaller edition of the Liborifest. The annual Christmas market on Domplatz and Rathausplatz concludes.
In Paderborn and the surrounding area, Paderborn country bread is a mixed rye bread. Paderborn beer has been brewed in Paderborn since the Middle Ages , especially in the Pilsener style . With the acquisition of the Paderborn brewery from the private brewery Nies group, the brands Paderborner Pilsener and Paderborner Goldpilsener belong to the group of the Warsteiner brewery Haus Cramer since 1992 .
There are two multiplex cinemas in Paderborn, both of which are located in the city center, the Cineplex in Westernstrasse and the “ UCI Kinowelt” in the Libori-Galerie, a shopping center on the south-eastern edge of the old town. The Lichtblick program cinema initiative, launched by students at the University of Paderborn, offers regular cinema programs in the Cineplex and in the university’s cinema room.
Economy and Infrastructure
Paderborn has a strong food and automotive supplier industry. Thanks to the computer pioneer Heinz Nixdorf , the IT industry has grown at an above-average rate since the 1970s. Many companies are spin-offs from the University of Paderborn. The service sector also expanded. One of the decisive factors for the growth of the city was or is the expansion of the infrastructure (e.g. construction of the airport, construction of the A 33, connection to the IC / [ICE] network). Paderborn is a shopping town for the districts of Paderborn, Höxter, Soest (Altkreis Lippstadt), parts of the Hochsauerlandkreis (Altkreis Brilon) and for the northern part of the Waldecker Land in northern Hesse .
Companies based in Paderborn are active in the areas of information technology ( Atos ( IT services), Diebold Nixdorf ( ATMs , kiosk systems , computer tills ), Phoenix Contact Power Supplies GmbH (power supply technologies), Siemens AG ( IT services)), manufacturing ( Benteler (Steel / pipe, automotive technology, trade), glass painting Peters (glass art), Gebr. Lödige Maschinenbau GmbH), lighting technology (Lightpower GmbH (stage lighting)), construction company (Bremer AG), vehicle manufacturing ( Claas (agricultural machinery), Deutsche Bahn AG (vehicle maintenance ), dSPACE GmbH (development tools for control units)), traffic engineering ( Hartmann International (forwarding, logistics), Universal Transport Michels ), furniture ( Finke (furniture retail)) and food ( Stute Nahrungsmittelwerke ).
The Asseln wind farm, located on the Paderborn plateau , generates 36 MW (electric) with 62 installed wind turbines and extends over an area of 380 hectares. It is located near the village of Asseln (Lichtenau) , in the Paderborn district , but also in the areas of the Paderborn districts of Benhausen and Neuenbeken and thus in the urban area. When it was completed in 1997, it was one of the most powerful inland wind farms in Europe.
In 2002 the city sold its municipal utilities to Paderborner Elektrizitätswerke und Straßenbahn AG (PESAG). In 2003 PESAG was incorporated into E.ON Westfalen Weser . In the course of remunicipalisation , the network business was taken over by Westfalen Weser Energie , with the Paderborn municipal operations holding a majority stake . The energy customers stayed with E.ON Energie Deutschland. E.ON continues to be the basic supplier . In 2015, Stadtwerke Paderborn GmbH was re-established, an energy supply company and sales company without network operation for natural gas, electricity and heating. The customer center is located at the company's former headquarters at Rolandsweg 80 in Paderborn.
The two large regional daily newspapers from Bielefeld, Neue Westfälische and the Westfalen-Blatt , appear in Paderborn under the title Westfälisches Volksblatt . The free advertising paper Paderborn Am Sonntag appears once a week . The free city magazine Das Heft appears monthly , which mainly contains event information and cultural news, as well as port01 , which appears as a print magazine and can be read digitally on the city magazine's website and in its free mobile app on iPhone and Android smartphones, and Hochglanz is also published quarterly in Paderborn the magazine Die Warte for the Paderborn and Höxter districts, with articles on regional history, literature and art.
The local radio station Radio Hochstift can be received in the urban area at 93.7 MHz and 88.1 MHz terrestrially and at 87.6 MHz in the cable network . The English-language radio program for members of the British armed forces and their families is freely receivable in the city area (BFBS Radio 1 from the Paderborn-Sennelager station: 105.00 MHz, in the cable network: 94.85 MHz; BFBS Radio 2 from the Paderborn-Sennelager station: 91, 20 MHz). The multi-channel BFBS television program has been digital since May 2006 and can only be received by authorized persons (via cable or satellite). The university radio L'UniCo has been broadcasting terrestrially on 89.4 MHz since autumn 2009, as well as web stream.
The WDR set up a regional office in Paderborn at the beginning of 2007. The regional contributions and news for the WDR window programs (radio, television) relevant for Paderborn come from the WDR studio in Bielefeld . The public television for Paderborn and the surrounding area was the Open Channel Paderborn , which could be received via the cable network until the end of 2008.
Internet access with DSL speeds is available throughout the city center, including VDSL in many areas . There are also several dozen public hotspots in the city . The Freifunk Hochstift initiative operates one of the largest free radio networks in Germany with over 800 hotspots .
The first university in Paderborn was what is now the Paderborn Faculty of Theology , founded in 1614 as a Jesuit University . This makes it the oldest university in Westphalia. From 1917 the university was initially called the "Philosophical-Theological Academy". Pope Paul VI granted her legal status as a theological faculty in 1966 and confirmed her rights to confer degrees. The library of the faculty is the Archbishop's Academic Library Paderborn .
In 1790 the normal school was founded in Paderborn to train rural school teachers for the Hochstift. In 1965 the Pedagogical University of Westphalia followed, Paderborn department, which was re-established in 1972 as the University of Paderborn . In 2012, the university was able to raise a total of around 38 million euros in third-party research funding. In the funding ranking of the German Research Foundation (DFG) in 2006, the university was placed in the top field in the field of electrical engineering, computer science, and systems engineering. The two Fraunhofer institutions in Paderborn work closely with the university. There are also several joint ventures between the university and high-tech industry, and the University of Paderborn has one of the highest spin-off rates in all of North Rhine-Westphalia. In 2003, the university and the local University of Science and Technology founded a Sino-German Technical Faculty (CDTF) in Qingdao, China . The Heinz Nixdorf Institute HNI of the University of Paderborn cooperates with the Fraunhofer project group IPT-EM.
The Catholic University of North Rhine-Westphalia was founded in 1971 as the Catholic University of Applied Sciences North Rhine-Westphalia and, in addition to Paderborn, has locations in Aachen , Cologne and Münster . The university is supported by the archbishopric or dioceses of Aachen , Essen , Cologne , Münster and Paderborn as shareholders of the Catholic University of North Rhine-Westphalia.
The training center for information processing professions , founded by Heinz Nixdorf , is a private vocational school , technical college and vocational school for applied computer science and today a registered, non-profit association with additional locations in Bergisch Gladbach and Hanover. In connection with dual training , IHK qualifications are awarded, and state vocational qualifications (state-certified IT specialist or state-certified information technology assistant) are awarded for purely school-based training.
The Fachhochschule der Wirtschaft (FHDW) was founded in 1993 by the training center for information processing professions (see above). The state-recognized, privately owned university has other locations in Bergisch Gladbach , Bielefeld , Mettmann and Hanover .
The circle sponsors the six vocational colleges, which are the Ludwig-Erhard vocational college and the Schloss Neuhaus vocational college for the areas of economics and administration . There is the Helene Weber Vocational College for education, social affairs, design and gastronomy, the Edith Stein Vocational College for social and health care (sponsored by the Archdiocese of Paderborn ), the Richard von Weizsäcker Vocational College for technology and for agriculture the Gregor Mendel Vocational College .
Several further education institutions are located in Paderborn.
In Paderborn there are three comprehensive schools, six grammar schools, one of which is privately owned. The Abitur can also be obtained at the Westfalen-Kolleg Paderborn . In Paderborn there are four state secondary schools, the private secondary school St. Michael and four secondary schools.
The Paderborn / Lippstadt Airport , some 15 kilometers southwest of the town center of Paderborn, near the hamlet of Ahden the city Bueren , provides regular service to Munich and Frankfurt, as well as charter flights to southern holiday destinations.
The airport can be reached via federal highway 1 and the airport feeder as well as from federal highway 44 via the Büren exit. An express bus runs from the main train station every 30 minutes and arrives at the airport after 20 minutes.
The Paderborn-Haxterberg airfield in the extreme south of the city is mainly used for individual air traffic and air sports.
From the west, the city is reached from the direction of Dortmund / Soest via the B 1 , which then continues to the northeast in the direction of Detmold . Coming from the east in the direction of Höxter you can reach Paderborn via the B 64 , which continues in a north-westerly direction to Münster . Coming from the south in the direction of Warburg / Korbach you can enter the city via the B 68 .
The IC line Düsseldorf - Hamm - Kassel - Erfurt - Gera stops here for long- distance passenger transport . Local transport is served by RE and RB lines in the direction of Hamm-Düsseldorf, Herford , Bielefeld , Höxter - Holzminden , Göttingen , Warburg and Münster . The S-Bahn line S 5 to Hameln - Hannover Hbf - Hannover Airport also ends in Paderborn . In December 2010 the RE1 was extended from Aachen to Paderborn. This has been suspended between Paderborn and Hamm since December 2016. The RE11 ( Rhein-Hellweg-Express ) runs from Düsseldorf via Hamm and Paderborn to Kassel. In addition, Paderborn has been connected to the InterCity Express network again since the end of 2010 . A pair of trains runs from Dortmund via Paderborn, Kassel and Würzburg to Munich. Since March 2016, IC2 train pairs should also be in use on IC line 51 between Düsseldorf, Kassel and Weimar, but the operation has been postponed for technical reasons. In the next few years, as part of the DB long-distance traffic offensive, a 2-hour cycle is to be introduced on IC line 51 between Düsseldorf, Kassel, Erfurt, Jena and Chemnitz .
The Senne-Bahn leading to Bielefeld serves the Paderborn Kasseler Tor and Paderborn Nordbahnhof stations in the city center and the Paderborn-Schloß Neuhaus and Sennelager stops in the outskirts . The new stop in Neuhaus Castle has been in operation since October 30, 2008. Since the 2015 timetable change, the Paderborn repair facility has no longer been served; Scheduled stops had become rare and were omitted because of the newly introduced half-hourly service on the railway line.
An Almetalbahn also ran to Büren until 1981 . This train also stopped at the former Paderborn-Wewer stop . The Almetalbahn was also closed for freight traffic in 2006 and the tracks were dismantled. In recent years, there have been considerations to reactivate this route in order to better connect Paderborn / Lippstadt Airport to public transport. In December 2015 the local transport association Paderborn / Höxter registered the route between Paderborn and Büren in the new regional rail transport demand plan of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
Local road transport in the city is served by city buses operated by the Pader Sprinter . The name PaderSprinter for the was introduced in 2000 by the operator at that time, PESAG (the former Paderborner Elektrizitätswerke und Straßenbahn AG ). The name was retained when PESAG was merged into E.ON Westfalen Weser in 2003. Since the end of 2012 the PaderSprinter has been a municipal subsidiary of the Paderborn municipal operations (PKB). The PaderSprinter currently operates 13 main lines (12 main lines on Sundays), 7 secondary lines and 8 inner-city night bus lines on weekends and before selected public holidays .
Local public transport from the city is ensured by regional buses operated by BahnBus Hochstift GmbH (since November 1, 2008 DB Bahn Ostwestfalen-Lippe-Bus ). You drive u. a. to Delbrück , Borchen , Büren (Westphalia) and via Lichtenau (Westphalia) to Warburg . The bus routes to Hövelhof and Bad Lippspringe have been operated by the go.on local transport company since 2014. On weekends and before selected public holidays, 10 night bus express lines run by go.on from the city of Paderborn to the other cities and communities in the Paderborn district as well as to Schlangen and Bad Driburg . For trips back to the city of Paderborn, however, the normal day bus routes must be used. The most important regional bus routes are the S30 express bus to Bad Driburg, the R70 regional bus to Alfen, the R82 to Atteln and Lichtenau (Westphalia), the R50 / R51 to Bad Lippspringe and Schlangen , the R20 to Hövelhof, the S85 to Lichtenau and Warburg, the S60 to the airport and to Büren (Westphalia), the S40 to Delbrück and S80 to Brilon .
All regional trains and buses run at uniform tariffs within the Westphalian tariff . Until August 2017, the tariffs of the Paderborn-Höxter local transport network ("Hochstift tariff") were in effect. As of August 2017, Westfalen-Lippe introduced the new “Westphalian tariff”. This means that the "Hochstift tariff" is no longer applicable.
The Paderborn tram has been phased out since 1951. The last tram ran in Paderborn on September 27, 1963 from the main train station to the Neuhaus Castle district. Shortly after the closure, the tram tracks had to give way to new lanes and the model of a car-friendly city at the time.
In 2004, the share of cycling in Paderborn was 18% of the journeys made by the residents, which is above average for large German cities. It is noticeable that in addition to schoolchildren, employed and non-employed persons with a car have relatively high cycling rates, while students have a rather low rate of only 10%. There is a bicycle city map from 2002.
The most famous of the personalities born in Paderborn include the engraver and painter Heinrich Aldegrever (1502–1561), the singer and actress Sophie Schröder (1781–1868), the pharmacist and discoverer of morphine Friedrich Sertürner (1783–1841), the democratic politician Franz von Löher (1818–1892) and the resistance fighter Josef Wirmer (1901–1944). Also born in Paderborn are the computer pioneer and entrepreneur Heinz Nixdorf (1925–1986), the journalist and moderator Dieter Thoma (1927–2017), the CDU politician and honorary citizen Wilhelm Lüke (* 1934), the SPD politician and member of the European Parliament Mechtild Rothe (* 1947), the cabaret artist Rüdiger Hoffmann (* 1964), the Tagesschau spokeswoman Judith Rakers (* 1976), the television presenter Stefan Gödde (* 1975) and the football player Alexander Nübel (* 1996).
Honorary citizens include President Paul von Hindenburg (1933), Archbishop Lorenz Cardinal Jaeger from Paderborn (1956), President of the Bundestag and former Federal Minister Rainer Barzel (1984) and Archbishop of Paderborn Johannes Joachim Cardinal Degenhardt (1991).
Important personalities who lived and worked in Paderborn for a long time were or are, among others, the Jesuit priest Friedrich Spee von Langenfeld (1591–1635, author of the Cautio Criminalis and most prominent opponent of torture and witch trials), who lived here between 1623 and 1633 (student of the Jesuit University, then Professor of Moral Philosophy), the confessor of Emperor Charles VI. , Vitus Georg Tönnemann (1659–1740), the late Romantic composer Engelbert Humperdinck (1854–1921), the Chancellor of the Weimar Republic Wilhelm Cuno (1876–1933), the Essen bishop Franz Cardinal Hengsbach (1910–1991), the church critic and Professor Eugen Drewermann (* 1940), the CDU politician Friedhelm Ost (* 1942) and the SPD politician Ute Berg (* 1953).
Paderborn belongs to the catchment area of the East Westphalian dialect group of Low German . Low German is still widely spoken in the Paderborn region, but is hardly used by younger generations. In the urban area itself, the formerly widespread “Paderborner Platt” or “Paderbörnsch” can no longer be found, and is only documented by interested citizens out of traditional awareness. Standard German is used almost exclusively with occasional typical Westphalian idiosyncrasies and expressions.
The city of Paderborn has been a corporate member of the German Language Association since 2011 .
Paderborn is pronounced in the old Paderbornian Platt : Paterboärn , in Paderborn colloquial language nowadays Pad (d) aboan .
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