Diocese of Aachen
|Diocese of Aachen|
|Metropolitan bishopric||Archdiocese of Cologne|
|Diocesan bishop||Helmut This|
|Emeritus diocesan bishop||Heinrich Mussinghoff|
|Auxiliary Bishop Emeritus||
|Vicar General||Andreas Frick|
|founding||August 13, 1930|
|Dean's offices||64 (December 31, 2011 / AP 2013 )|
|Parishes||326 (December 31, 2018)|
|Residents||2,010,000 (December 31, 2018)|
|Catholics||1,021,002 (December 31, 2018)|
|Diocesan priest||360 (December 31, 2018)|
|Religious priest||71 (December 31, 2018)|
|Catholics per priest||2,369|
|Permanent deacons||81 (December 31, 2018)|
|Friars||92 (December 31, 2018)|
|Religious sisters||600 (December 31, 2018)|
|Liturgical language||Latin , German|
The diocese of Aachen ( Latin Dioecesis Aquisgranensis ) is a Roman Catholic diocese in the German church province of Cologne . The bishop's seat is the city of Aachen and the cathedral church of the High Cathedral in Aachen , which in 1978 was the first German monument to be included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites . Heinrich Mussinghoff was the diocesan bishop from 1994 until his retirement on December 8, 2015 . On September 23, 2016, Pope Francis appointed the auxiliary bishop of Trier, Helmut This, as the new bishop of Aachen . He took office on November 12, 2016.
The diocese of Aachen is located in the far west of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia . On the German side it borders on the Archdiocese of Cologne and the dioceses of Münster , Essen and Trier . On the Dutch side, there are shared borders with the Diocese of Roermond , and on the Belgian side with the Diocese of Liège .
The diocese of Aachen is divided into the eight regions Aachen-Stadt, Aachen-Land, Düren, Eifel, Heinsberg, Kempen-Viersen, Krefeld and Mönchengladbach with a total of 71 communities of the communities . The level of the deaneries was abolished on January 1, 2007.
The diocese includes
- the independent cities of Krefeld and Mönchengladbach
- the Aachen city region
- the circles
- Parts of the Rhine district of Neuss
- Parts of the Euskirchen district
1802 to 1825
Already at the beginning of the 19th century there was a diocese of Aachen for a short time. Its history is shaped by Napoléon's power politics and the reactions of the Holy See. It was established in 1802 by Napoléon, who composed it from the left bank of the Rhine area of the Archdiocese of Cologne and parts of the Diocese of Liège and smaller parts of the Dioceses of Utrecht , Roermond and Mainz . In 1808 it was expanded to include the Wesel area. The first bishop was Marc-Antoine Berdolet , appointed by Napoléon. After Berdolet's death (August 13, 1809), Napoléon raised Jean-Denis-François Camus , known as Le Camus, as his successor, who, however, did not find approval from the Vatican . Pope Pius VII wanted to show the limits of the emperor's authority. After the end of French rule, the diocese was dissolved by the Pope with the bull De salute animarum de jure on July 16, 1821 and incorporated into the Archdiocese of Cologne. The final dissolution of the first Aachen diocese then took place on 24/25. March 1825 after the last session of the cathedral chapter .
Today's diocese of Aachen was established on August 13, 1930. First, in 1929, the Prussian Concordat between the Holy See and the Free State of Prussia was signed by Nuncio Pacelli, who later became Pope Pius XII. , and the Prussian Prime Minister Otto Braun . With the papal bull Pastoralis officii nostri on August 13, 1930 and the decree of the Apostolic Nuncio in Germany, regarding the cathedral chapter Circumscripto of the diocese of Aachen , the re-establishment was carried out. Joseph Heinrich Peter Vogt was ordained bishop.
In recent years, a process of amalgamation of parishes and the formation of pastoral care units in the diocese of Aachen has been initiated. The background to this is the declining numbers of priests and parishioners and the resulting need to save.
In 2018 there were still 1.02 million Catholics living in the diocese. This is 16,350 (around 1.6 percent) less than in 2017. The number of weekend worshipers fell even more sharply in 2018: an average of 74,178 people attended the services - a decrease of 8.3 percent compared to 2017.
In the New Year's Eve sermon 2017, Bishop This announced a synodal discussion and change process that should last until 2021. Encounters, then discussion forums and individual sub-process groups are set up with the strong participation of interested laypeople in particular.
Patroness and diocesan calendar
The patroness of the diocese of Aachen and the Aachen Cathedral is the Mother of God Maria under the title of her acceptance into heaven (August 15).
In the Diocese of Aachen, the regional calendar for the German-speaking area is supplemented by the following celebrations (followed by the rank):
- January 15: St. Arnold Janssen , priest - g
- January 28th: Charlemagne , patron of the city of Aachen - in the city of Aachen H. The G des St. Thomas Aquinas is celebrated in the city of Aachen on January 29th.
- February 11: St. Benedict of Aniane , Abbot - g
- April 30th: Bl. Pauline von Mallinckrodt , Jungfrau - g
- Clara Fey from the poor child Jesus , virgin - g May 8: Bl.
- May 13: St. Servatius , Bishop - g
- May 21: St. Hermann Josef , priest - G (in RK g)
- July 17th: Consecration of the High Cathedral , in Cathedral H, in the rest of the Diocese of F
- July 18: St. Arnold - g
- August 15th: Assumption of Mary into heaven , patronage festival of the Aachen diocese and the high cathedral church - H
- Mary of the Apostles (Therese von Wüllenweber) , Virgin - g September 5th: Bl.
- September 11th: St. Maternus , Bishop - g
- November 13th: Anniversary of your own church consecration , whose consecration day is not known or cannot be celebrated - H
- November 28th: Bl. Maria Helena Stollenwerk , Virgin - g
- Adolph Kolping , priest - g December 4th: Bl.
- December 14th, Sel. Franziska von Aachen (Franziska Schervier) , virgin - g. The G of St. John of the Cross is celebrated in the Diocese of Aachen on December 15th.
Abbreviations: H = high festival, F = festival, G = mandatory day of remembrance, g = non-mandatory day of remembrance, CRG = Calendarium Romanum Generale , RK = regional calendar for the German-speaking area
Churches and chapels
- Aachen Cathedral - UNESCO - World Heritage since 1978
- St. Adalbert , Aachen - collegiate church consecrated in 1005 and the second oldest church in Aachen
- St. Johann-Baptist , Aachen- Burtscheid - former abbey church of the Reichsabtei Burtscheid , houses the abbey treasure
- Propsteikirche St. Kornelius , Kornelimünster - Abbey church of the imperial abbey of Kornelimünster, which has existed since Charlemagne
- Münster St. Vitus , Mönchengladbach - minor basilica since 1974
- Steinfeld Basilica , Kall - minor basilica since 1960
- Aachen Cathedral Singing School (primary school)
- Episcopal Pius-Gymnasium Aachen
- St. Angela School (Düren)
- Episcopal Marienschule Mönchengladbach
- Albertus-Magnus-Gymnasium Viersen-Dülken
- Episcopal Liebfrauenschule Eschweiler
- Episcopal Gymnasium Sankt Ursula Geilenkirchen
- Aachen: Aachen Cathedral with the Shrine Tour
- Aachen- Kornelimünster : to the sanctuary tour Kornelimünster and to St. Cornelius in the provost church of St. Kornelius
- Aldenhoven : on the miraculous image of Our Lady in the grace chapel
- Düren : to the Annahaupt in the Anna Church
- Düren: on the miraculous image of the Consolatrix Afflictorum (comforter of the afflicted) in the Madonna's house
- Düren- Arnoldsweiler : for St. Arnold in the Arnoldus Chapel
- Eschweiler-Kinzweiler: to the mother of the good advice in the pilgrimage church of St. Blasius
- Eschweiler- Nothberg : to the Sorrowful Mother and God's Need in the Church of St. Cäcila
- Heimbach : to the Heimbacher miraculous image in the pilgrimage church of St. Salvator
- Jülich : to the Sel. Christina von Stommeln in the provost church of St. Mariä Himmelfahrt
- Kall- Steinfeld : to St. Hermann Joseph in the Basilica of St. Potentius, Felicius and Simplicius
- Mönchengladbach: Mönchengladbach Minster St. Vitus with the sanctuary tour Mönchengladbach
- Mönchengladbach- Hehn : to the Mother of God in the Chapel of Grace Heiligenpesch
- Nettersheim- Engelgau : to St. Servatius in the Ahekapelle
- Viersen- Süchteln : Heiligenberg and Irmgardiskapelle , scene of the Irmgardisoktav
- Wassenberg- Birgelen : Birgelener Pützchen
- Wegberg- Holtum : to the Black Mother of God in the Holtum pilgrimage chapel
- Wassenberg- Ophoven : pilgrimage church of St. Mary of the Assumption
- Willich- Neersen : to the little Jerusalem chapel
The diocese's balance sheet total in 2017 was EUR 808.2 million with income of EUR 346.9 million, of which EUR 252.4 million (75.8 percent) was church tax , that of the Episcopal See was just under 8, 7 million euros. The Episcopal See Aachen is an independent corporation under public law . The balance sheet total of the cathedral chapter in Aachen amounted to a good 26 million euros in 2017.
- Diocese of Aachen
- History of the Diocese of Aachen on the Diocese website
- Entry for the Diocese of Aachen on catholic-hierarchy.org
- Catholic Church in Germany. (PDF: 1,041 kB) Statistical data 2018. Secretariat of the German Bishops' Conference, July 19, 2019, p. 3 , accessed on July 19, 2019 .
- Warm welcome for the newly appointed Bishop of Aachen. In: bistum-aachen.de. September 28, 2016, accessed August 13, 2019 .
- Communities of the municipalities (GdG) in the diocese of Aachen. In: bistum-aachen.de. Retrieved August 13, 2019 .
- Maria Buttermann: Diocese of Aachen in transition. November 23, 2006, accessed August 13, 2019 .
- History of the Diocese of Aachen. In: bistum-aachen.de. Retrieved August 13, 2019 .
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- Bishop Helmut This announces synodal discussion process. Retrieved June 7, 2018 .
- Directory of the Diocese of Aachen for 2019 (PDF; 1.1 MB). Diocese of Aachen. Retrieved November 26, 2019.
- pilgrimage. In: sankt-martin-aldenhoven.de. Retrieved August 13, 2019 .
- Homepage of the parish of the Holy Spirit: History of the parish of St. Cäcilia ( Memento from January 26, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
- Balance. In: bistum-aachen.de. Diocese of Aachen - Episcopal General Vicariate - Communication Department, accessed on August 13, 2019 .
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