Diocese of Trier

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Diocese of Trier
Erzbistum Freiburg Erzbistum Bamberg Erzbistum Berlin Erzbistum Hamburg Erzbistum Köln Erzbistum München und Freising Erzbistum Paderborn Bistum Aachen Bistum Augsburg Bistum Dresden-Meißen Bistum Eichstätt Bistum Erfurt Bistum Essen Bistum Fulda Bistum Görlitz Bistum Hildesheim Bistum Limburg Bistum Magdeburg Bistum Mainz Bistum Mainz Bistum Münster Bistum Münster Bistum Osnabrück Bistum Passau Bistum Regensburg Diözese Rottenburg-Stuttgart Bistum Speyer Bistum Trier Bistum Trier Bistum WürzburgMap of the Diocese of Trier
About this picture
Basic data
Country Germany
Ecclesiastical province Cologne
Metropolitan bishopric Archdiocese of Cologne
Diocesan bishop Stephan Ackermann
Auxiliary bishop Robert Brahm
Jörg Michael Peters
Franz Josef Gebert
Auxiliary Bishop Emeritus Alfred Kleinermeilert
Vicar General Ulrich von Plettenberg
surface 12,870 km²
Dean's offices 32 (December 31, 2015)
Parishes 887 (December 31, 2018)
Residents 2,423,000 (December 31, 2016 / AP 2017 )
Catholics 1,337,807 (December 31, 2018)
proportion of 55.2%
Diocesan priest 611 (December 31, 2015)
Religious priest 276 (December 31, 2015)
Catholics per priest 1,508
Permanent deacons 168 (December 31, 2015)
Friars 230 (December 31, 2015)
Religious sisters 1,188 (December 31, 2015)
rite Roman rite
Liturgical language Latin , German
cathedral Trier Cathedral
address Behind the cathedral 6
54290 Trier
Website www.bistum-trier.de
Ecclesiastical province
Erzbistum Freiburg Erzbistum Bamberg Erzbistum Berlin Erzbistum Hamburg Erzbistum Köln Erzbistum München und Freising Erzbistum Paderborn Bistum Aachen Bistum Augsburg Bistum Dresden-Meißen Bistum Eichstätt Bistum Erfurt Bistum Essen Bistum Fulda Bistum Görlitz Bistum Hildesheim Bistum Limburg Bistum Magdeburg Bistum Mainz Bistum Mainz Bistum Münster Bistum Münster Bistum Osnabrück Bistum Passau Bistum Regensburg Diözese Rottenburg-Stuttgart Bistum Speyer Bistum Trier Bistum Trier Bistum WürzburgMap of the Church Province of Cologne
About this picture

The diocese of Trier ( Latin Dioecesis Trevirensis ) in the church province of Cologne is the oldest Roman Catholic diocese in Germany. The bishopric is the city of Trier with the cathedral church , the Trier Cathedral , which was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1986 . Stephan Ackermann has been the incumbent diocesan bishop since 2009 .

The diocese of Trier includes parts of the federal states of Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland and the exclave churches (Sieg) . It is the oldest local Roman Catholic church in Germany and was founded (at the earliest) in the 3rd century by Bishop Eucharius . Until the beginning of the 19th century, Trier was an archbishopric and the Trier archbishops were electors in the Holy Roman Empire .


Archdiocese of Trier

The beginnings of the diocese probably lie in the high imperial period of the Roman Empire, when Trier became one of the most important cities north of the Alps as Augusta Treverorum . It is uncertain when Trier was made a bishopric. The first bishops of Trier handed down in medieval sources were Eucharius , Valerius and Maternus , who is also the first documented bishop of Cologne , whose terms of office can be assumed to be in the second half of the 3rd century. The earliest historically secure mention refers to the Council of Arles in 314, in which Agritius participated as Bishop of Trier.

Archiepiscopatus Trevirensis in 1645

The Archdiocese of Trier was an important spiritual territory in the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation . Its head, the archbishop , presided over an area along the Moselle river between Trier and Koblenz . He was one of the seven electors since the late Middle Ages . The spiritual district (archbishopric) and the secular state ( electorate ) were administered separately from each other. They were largely, but not entirely, coherent.

The historical area of ​​the archbishopric also included the three suffragan dioceses of Metz , Toul and Verdun ( Trois-Évêchés ), and later Nancy and St. Dié (now French).

After 1792 the area of ​​the archbishopric on the left bank of the Rhine was completely French occupied as a result of the First Coalition War and in 1798 after the Peace of Campo Formio (1797) it was incorporated into French national territory. After the state church treaty concluded between Napoleon and Pope Pius VII in 1801 , Bishop Charles Mannay was installed in the newly established diocese of Trier in 1802 . The part of the previous archbishopric on the right bank of the Rhine existed as a second diocese of Trier under its original archbishop Clemens Wenzeslaus , who had fled to Augsburg. It was administered from Ehrenbreitstein . In 1803, the remainder of the secular state (Electorate) on the right bank of the Rhine - which later became part of the newly founded Diocese of Limburg - was assigned to the Principality of Nassau-Weilburg and secularized by the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss .

Diocese of Trier

In 1821 the diocese was renewed and has been a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Cologne ever since . During the time of the Kulturkampf , Trier Bishop Matthias Eberhard was arrested on March 6, 1874 as the second Prussian bishop and then sentenced to a fine of 130,000 gold marks and nine months in prison. He died six months after his release from prison at the height of the Kulturkampf. At the time of his death in May 1876, 250 priests had been tried and 230 parishes in his 731 diocese were vacant. As in the Namborn case , there were occasional violent arguments with the Prussian authorities. They accumulated in the time of the apparitions of Mary in Marpingen in 1876/1877 . The Prussian authorities reacted very restrictively to this expression of popular piety, in connection with which there were several arrests and the military was deployed to prevent pilgrimages to Marpingen.


Word of God celebrations

After they were stopped under Bishop Marx, Sunday celebrations of the Word of God with communion distribution are celebrated again in the parish communities . The diocese offers courses in conducting celebrations of the Word of God.

Sexual abuse

In March 2012, Der Spiegel reported that the Abuse Commissioner of the German Bishops' Conference and Trier's Bishop Stephan Ackermann employed at least seven pedophile and, in some cases, previously convicted priests as pastors in the Diocese of Trier . The diocese did not want to give exact figures, but confirmed that priests who have been noticed for sexual abuse continue to be active in pastoral care. However, these are not used in the normal priestly service, but are only active under certain conditions in the context of the guidelines for dealing with sexual abuse of minors by clerics, members of the order and other employees in the area of ​​the German Bishops' Conference and are under no circumstances involved in the work Used for children and young people.

A priest, against whom a preliminary investigation was currently being initiated on suspicion of sexual abuse of minors in the 1970s, was banned by the bishop from celebrating public services and any activity in the field of child and youth work, and the diocese also informed the responsible public prosecutor.

coat of arms

Coat of arms of the diocese of Trier

Description: Red cross on a white background. It goes back to the cruise of Low German crusaders in 1217.

Diocese area

Map of the Diocese of Trier with 35 "Parishes of the Future"
Map of the diocese

The diocese today roughly covers the northwest of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, namely the former administrative districts of Trier and Koblenz without the Westerwaldkreis and the Rhein-Lahn-Kreis , as well as the Saarland without the Saarpfalz-Kreis .

Deviating from this, the district of Rolandswerth (city of Remagen ) and the local community of Kalenborn (near Altenahr) do not belong to the diocese of the district of Ahrweiler . From the district of Neuwied , the northern part, the community lacks Kasbach and Verbandsgemeinden Unkel and Asbach (excluding the municipality of Neustadt (Wied) , which, however, belongs to the diocese). The district Altenkirchen mostly lack the western part, these are the Verbandsgemeinden Old Church Flammersfeld , Hamm (Sieg) and knowledge , as well as the community located in the north Friesenhagen . Exceptions to this are the communities of Horhausen (Westerwald) , Peterslahr , Bürdenbach , Eulenberg , Güllesheim , Krunkel , Niedersteinebach , Obersteinebach , Pleckhausen and Willroth , which are located in the southwest of the community of Altenkirchen-Flammersfeld and are part of the diocese. The eastern part of the district of Altenkirchen (the church deanery (Sieg) ) is called " Trierische Insel ". The district of Mayen-Koblenz belongs completely to the diocese area, with the exception of the Stromberg (Bendorf) district (which was incorporated in 1974 and previously belonged to the Unterwesterwaldkreis; so it still belongs to the Limburg diocese to this day ).

The districts of Westerwaldkreis and Rhein-Lahn-Kreis, which belong to the former administrative district of Koblenz, are completely part of the Limburg diocese , as they belonged to Hesse-Nassau in the historic state of Prussia and not, like most of the current diocese of Trier, to the Rhine province .

From the Bad Kreuznach district , the communities that are completely east of the Glan (south of the Nahe ), were formerly Palatinate , do not belong to the diocese (they are part of the Speyer diocese and means the communities Ebernburg , Altenbamberg , Feilbingert , Hallgarten , Hochstätten , Duchroth , Oberhausen an der Nahe , Callbach , Lettweiler , Becherbach , Reiffelbach , Schmittweiler ). Likewise, the former Hessian areas of the Bad Kreuznach district, which are affiliated to the diocese of Mainz ( Verbandsgemeinde Bad Kreuznach and the districts of Bosenheim , Ippesheim and Planig ).

The former administrative district Rheinhessen-Pfalz includes the municipalities of the Verbandsgemeinde Lauterecken-Wolfstein of the administrative district Kusel , which lie completely north of the Glan ( Hoppstädten , Buborn , Deimberg , Grumbach , Hausweiler , Herren-Sulzbach , Homberg , Kappeln , Kirrweiler , Langweiler , Merzweiler , Unterjeckenbach ), and on the Glan the communities of Odenbach , Wiesweiler , Offenbach-Hundheim and Glanbrücken to the diocese of Trier. Likewise, the communities Niederalben , Herchweiler and Reichweiler in the Kusel district which do not belong to the Lauterecken-Wolfstein association. (With the exception of the communities of Odenbach, Hundheim , Hachenbach (district of Glanbrücken) and Herchweiler, all of them changed from the district of Birkenfeld (which belongs to the former administrative district of Koblenz) to the district of Kusel during the district reform of 1969. ) The diocese also includes the association community of Rhein- Nahe and Bingerbrück in the district of Mainz-Bingen (which only came to the district of Mainz-Bingen as a result of the district reform of 1969 ).

The Saarland belongs completely to the Diocese of Trier except for the Saarpfalz district and excluding the Ostertal locations Osterbrücken, Hoof, Niederkirchen, Bubach, Marth and Saal (districts of the district town of St. Wendel ), which were also formerly Palatinate and still belong to the Diocese of Speyer today .

Diocese structure

Development of membership numbers

The diocese of Trier is divided into 32 deaneries ("middle level") in three " visitation districts " (Koblenz - Saarland - Trier). In April 2004, a structural reform dissolved the seven regions and 75 deaneries that had existed until then and assigned their tasks partly to the newly created 35 deaneries and partly to the three visitation districts, which had been strengthened in their functionality. The administration of the districts is subject to the auxiliary bishops .

At the end of its two-and-a-half-year synod , the diocese passed a fundamental structural reform on May 1, 2016, according to which around 60 large parishes of a new type of parish should be founded in the future instead of almost 900 parishes. On March 24, 2017, the Diocese of Trier presented a draft that only envisaged 35 large “parishes of the future”. It was discussed in a "resonance phase" until autumn 2017. In the future large parishes, there should therefore be church locations (which should not only be understood geographically) with different focuses - depending on the church life that has always existed or that is to develop again. Large parts of the administration of the “parishes of the future” are to be bundled centrally in a “parish”. At the end of February 2018, the "exploration phase" began, in which ten exploration teams visited the "parishes of the future". Together with local exploration teams, they should "rediscover" the present and future of Christian and church life there and also establish contact with people and groups who have so far been or have hardly been seen by the local church.

In November 2019 the Congregation for the Clergy ordered to suspend the implementation of the reorganization of the diocese. Thereupon, Bishop Stephan Ackermann withdrew the decrees to repeal the previous parishes, parishes, parish communities and parish associations as well as to establish the first "parishes of the future" on January 1st, 2020.

Church institutions



Church schools of the Diocese of Trier

High schools
  • Bischöfliches Angela-Merici-Gymnasium: state-recognized private school of the Diocese of Trier
  • Episcopal Cusanus Gymnasium in Koblenz
  • Marienschule: Episcopal grammar school in Saarbrücken
  • Willi-Graf-Gymnasium: Episcopal Gymnasium in Saarbrücken
  • Alfred Delp School: Episcopal cooperative comprehensive school sponsored by the Diocese of Trier in Hargesheim near Bad Kreuznach (cooperative comprehensive school: i.e. separate school branches, which also include a grammar school upper level, the Mainz study level )
  • Episcopal secondary school St. Matthias in Bitburg
  • Episcopal secondary school Marienberg in Boppard
  • Episcopal secondary school in Koblenz
  • Maximilian Kolbe School in Neunkirchen (Saar)
  • Willi-Graf-Realschule in Saarbrücken
  • Blandine-Merten Realschule in Trier (sponsored by the Ursuline Congregation Calvarienberg-Ahrweiler )
Elementary , secondary and special schools
  • Episcopal primary school St. Matthias in Bitburg
  • Nikolaus-Groß-Schule: Episcopal elementary and extended secondary school in Lebach
  • Maximilian Kolbe School: Elementary and secondary school in Neunkirchen (Saar)
  • Episcopal Primary School St. Paulin: All-day school in cooperation with Trier Cathedral Music in Trier
  • Private school St. Maximin: state-recognized secondary school in Trier
  • Episcopal special school St. Josef (focus on learning) in Trier
Vocational schools
  • Hildegard von Bingen School: Episcopal college for social affairs in Koblenz
  • Edith Stein School: Academy for Educators a. Educator, episcopal college for social education in Neunkirchen (Saar)
  • St. Helena School Trier: vocational school (higher vocational school social assistance; technical school social affairs with specializations in social and curative education) in Trier

Church advisory services of the Diocese of Trier

Life advice centers in the Diocese of Trier are located in Bad Kreuznach, Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler, Betzdorf, Bitburg, Cochem, Gerolstein, Hermeskeil, Koblenz, Lebach, Mayen, Merzig, Neunkirchen (Saar), Neuwied, Saarbrücken, Saarburg, Saarlouis, Simmern, St. Wendel, Trier and Wittlich.

The telephone pastoral care in the area of ​​the Diocese of Trier are usually ecumenically sponsored. Telephone and confessional pastoral care in Trier is borne solely by the diocese. The locations are Trier and Saarbrücken .


In addition to the regular budget, which is largely derived from church taxes, the diocese has extensive fixed assets . Added to this are the assets of the episcopal see available to the bishop . The diocese's fixed assets amounted to 759.6 million euros in 2015. It consisted of financial assets valued at 543.2 million euros and real estate that the diocese reported with a value of 179.4 million euros. The diocese puts the total assets of the Episcopal See at a balance sheet value of almost 84 million euros. This includes assets, receivables, liquid funds and real estate.

The real estate that can be used comprises a total of 38 buildings whose real valuation is pending. In the balance sheet, they are mostly given with a kind of memorable value. Recent property purchases are not quoted with the current market value, but with the purchase price. The disclosure is therefore based on § 253 HGB in conjunction with § 255 HGB

The balance sheet total (assets and liabilities) as of December 31, 2018 was 968.3 million euros for the Diocese of Trier and 132.1 million euros for the Episcopal See, a total of 1.1004 billion euros.

Pilgrimage sites

The graves of the first Trier bishops Eucharius and Valerius in the Benedictine Abbey of St. Matthias , Trier
In Trier
Outside of Trier

Diocesan calendar

In the diocese of Trier, the regional calendar for the German-speaking area is supplemented by the following celebrations (followed by the rank):

January 3rd: St. Irmina of Trier , abbess -
January 19th: St. Agritius , Bishop of Trier -
January 29th: St. Valerius , Bishop of Trier -
January 30th: St. Adelgundis , founder of Maubeuge in Hainaut -
February 13th: St. Castor , priest in Karden -
February 17th: St. Bonosus , Bishop of Trier -
February 23rd: St. Willigis , Bishop of Mainz -
February 24th: St. Matthias , Apostle, Patron of the Diocese of Trier -
March 6th: St. Quiriakus, priest monk in Trier -
March 17th: St. Gertrud von Nivelles , abbess -
April 19th: St. Leo IX. , Pope - g
Friday of the 2nd Easter week: Memorial Day of the Holy Rock - in Trier Cathedral F, in the rest of the diocese g
Saturday of the 4th Easter week: Mary, Comforter of the Afflicted - g
May 1st: Anniversary of the consecration of the High Cathedral - in Trier Cathedral H, in the rest of the diocese F
May 2nd: St. Athanasius , Bishop of Alexandria and Doctor of the Church - G
May 6: St. Britto , Bishop of Trier -
May 12th: St. Modoald , Bishop of Trier - May
15th May: St. Rupert von Bingen , hermit -
May 18th: Bl. Blandine Merten OSU, teacher and religious -
May 29th: St. Maximin , Bishop of Trier -
June 2nd: St. Simeon , hermit in the Porta Nigra in Trier -
June 8th: St. Medard , Bishop of Noyon -
June 19th: Bl. Maria Rosa (Margaretha Flesch) , founder of the order -
June 23: Bl. Peter Friedhofen , founder of the order, brother - g
July 6: St. Goar , priest and hermit on the Middle Rhine - g
July 8: St. Disibod , hermit on the Nahe - g
July 27: St. Magnerich , Bishop of Trier - g
July 28th: ​​St. Beatus and St. Bantus, priest in Trier -
August 5th: St. Emidius (Emygdius), Bishop of Ascoli Piceno -
August 13th: Bl. Gertrud , Abbess of Altenberg -
August 18th: St. Helena , Roman Empress - in Trier Cathedral G, in the rest of the diocese
August 26th: St. Gregory von Pfalzel , employee of St. Boniface -
August 31st: St. Paulinus , Bishop of Trier and martyr -
September 11th: St. Maternus , Bishop of Trier -
September 17th: St. Hildegard von Bingen , abbess, mystic, founder of Rupertsberg and Eibingen -
September 23rd: St. Basin and St. Liutwin , Bishops of Trier - g
30th September: St. Jerome , priest and doctor of the church - G
1st October: Remigius , Bishop of Reims - g
3rd October: St. Niketius, Bishop of Trier - g
5th October: Memorial Day of Trier Martyrs - g
October 13: St. Lubentius , priest in Kobern - g
October 20: St. Wendelin , hermit in Saarland - g
October 31: St. Wolfgang , Bishop of Regensburg - g
November 5: anniversary of the ordination of the churches that do not celebrate their consecration day - H
November 6th: St. Modesta , Abbess in Trier - g
November 7th: St. Willibrord , abbot of Echternach, bishop of Utrecht and messenger of the faith - G
November 12: St. Kunibert , Bishop of Cologne - g
December 7: St Ambrose , bishop, doctor of the church - G
December 8: Solemnity of the virgin and received without original sin Mother of God Maria Patronatsfest of the Diocese of Trier - H
December 9th: Hl. Eucharius , First Bishop of Trier - F
December 10th: Hl. Petrus Fourier , priest and social reformer in Lorraine - g

Abbreviations: H = high festival , F = festival , G = required day of remembrance , g = not required day of remembrance


  • Benedikt Caspar: The Archdiocese of Trier in the age of religious division up to the proclamation of the Tridentine in Trier in 1569 . Aschendorff, Münster 1966.
  • Martin Persch , Michael Embach (Eds.): The bishops of Trier since 1802 . (Publications of the diocese archives Trier, 30) Trier 1996
  • Brigitte Hammerschmidt: The church building of the 20th century in the Rhineland-Palatinate part of the Diocese of Trier , Kliomedia , Trier 2006 (History and Culture of the Trier Land 4), ISBN 978-3-89890-085-0 .
  • Fritz Rörig: The emergence of the state sovereignty of the Archbishop of Trier between Saar, Mosel and Ruwer and their struggle with the patrimonial powers, Trier 1906.
  • Wolfgang Seibrich: The auxiliary bishops of the Diocese of Trier . (Publications of the diocese archive Trier, 31) Trier 1998.
  • Frederik Simon: The Trier Diocesan Synod of 1920: A Forgotten Synod? In: Archive for Middle Rhine Church History 70 (2018), pp. 289–348.
  • Martin Persch and Bernhard Schneider (ed.): History of the Diocese of Trier . (Publications of the diocese archive Trier). Vol. 1, 3-5. Trier 2000 ff.
    • Volume 1: H. Heinen, HH Anton, W. Weber: In the upheaval of cultures, late antiquity and early Middle Ages. Trier 2003.
    • Volume 3: B. Schneider, M. Persch: Church reform and denominational act 1500-1801. Trier 2010.
    • Volume 4: M. Persch, B. Schneider: On the way to modernity, 1820-1880. Trier 2000.
    • Volume 5: B. Schneider, M. Persch: Persistence and Renewal, 1881-1981. Trier 2004.

See also

Web links

Commons : Diocese of Trier  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Topographia Colonia et al.  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Diocese of Trier: Diocese of Trier: location and structure. (No longer available online.) January 2016, archived from the original on July 22, 2016 ; Retrieved July 22, 2016 .
  2. a b Catholic Church in Germany. (PDF: 1,041 kB) Statistical data 2018. Secretariat of the German Bishops' Conference, July 19, 2019, p. 3 , accessed on July 19, 2019 .
  3. Des Hohen Erz-Stifts and Churfürstenthums Trier court, state and estate calendar 1860 ( dilibri.de )
  4. ^ David Blackbourn: Marpingen - The German Lourdes in the Bismarck Period , Historical Contributions of the Saarbrücken State Archives, Volume 6, Saarbrücken 2007, ISBN 978-3-9808556-8-6 , p. 128
  5. ^ David Blackbourn: Marpingen - The German Lourdes in the Bismarckian Period , Historical Contributions of the Saarbrücken State Archives, Volume 6, Saarbrücken 2007, ISBN 978-3-9808556-8-6 , p. 129
  6. Jump up ↑ Basic course in conducting Word of God celebrations . Retrieved June 26, 2017 .
  7. ^ Bishop Ackermann. Catholic Abuse Officer spares pedophiles ; Der Spiegel, March 18, 2012. Retrieved March 18, 2012
  8. Publication in SPIEGEL-Online on March 18, 2012: Statement by the Episcopal Press Office Trier on March 18, 2012 - Bishop in an interview ; Diocese of Trier; Retrieved July 13, 2012
  9. Priests released from clergy: Bishop Ackermann imposes punishment for sexual abuse ; Press release of the Diocese of Trier from March 16, 2012.
  10. Hans Horstmann: The origin of the diocese coats of arms of Cologne, Trier and Utrecht. From the quarterly journal of the Society for Useful Research , 1957, Issue 3
  11. http://www.volksfreund.de/nachrichten/region/rheinlandpfalz/rheinlandpfalz/Heute-im-Trierischen-Volksfreund-Bistum-Trier-segnet-bundesweit-beispielloses-Reformpaket-ab;art806,4472750
  12. Press release by the Diocese of Trier: Rome suspends the implementation law for review , November 21, 2019, accessed on November 23, 2019.
  13. Press release of the Diocese of Trier: No start on January 1, 2020. The Diocese of Trier announces measures as a result of the suspension of the implementation law , November 26, 2019, accessed on November 28, 2019.
  14. Life advice centers in the Trier diocese, Lebensberatung.info , accessed on January 27, 2015
  15. The richest dioceses of the Catholic Church , assets of the Diocese of Trier, in welt.de, accessed on December 21, 2015
  16. ^ After the financial affair in Limburg, real estate valuation problems in Trier, Handelsblatt.com, accessed on December 21, 2015
  17. Annual report 2019 (with annual accounts 2018) of the Diocese of Trier