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A decree ( Latin decretum "decision", "ordinance", to dēcernere "decide", "decide") is a legal act issued by an authority , government or head of state , usually in the form of an ordinance or order with the force of law .

In German legal language , the decree is also referred to as a decree . In very linguistically correct expression is a decree ( of the competent authority) issued while a decree ( by the competent authority) has been made .

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In certain cases, many constitutions allow decrees that can be passed by the executive without parliamentary participation , for example after a state of emergency has been declared ( emergency ordinance ).

In monarchies and presidential systems , laws (including those passed by parliament) and ordinances are often published and enacted by decrees of the respective head of state, for example in Italy ( Decreto del Presidente della Repubblica , 'Decree of the President of the Republic', presidential decree ).

In Belgium , a decree ( Dutch decreet , French décret ) is the legal norm that has been passed by the parliament of a community or region (except in the Brussels-Capital Region , where these norms are called ordinances ).

In Germany, the expression decree , which was coined by the French legal language, was particularly common in the 18th and 19th centuries, today only the term decree is used to designate official or judicial orders or ministerial administrative regulations . Both terms - often synonymous - are used for corresponding processes in the legal systems of other countries (also depending on the source-language terminology) .

In Roman Catholic canon law , a decree is a legislative (equivalent to the law) administrative act of the church legislature or church administration, which can be addressed to all believers (general decree, general decree ) or to one or more individuals (individual decree , individual decision ). In addition to papal and episcopal decrees, decisions of the councils have also been issued in the form of council decrees . A distinction is to be made between decrees and instructions from the church authority, which as guidelines for interpretation have no legal force of their own.

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Wiktionary: decree  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations