The ukase ([ ˈuː.kas ], Cyrillic указ ) ( ) is a monarch, government or presidential decree with legal force in several states in Eastern and Southeastern Europe .
Russia or the Soviet Union
In Tsarist Russia and in the Russian Empire, a ukase was a decree of the tsarist and imperial government or the orthodox church leadership ( patriarch ) with the force of law. The terms edict and decree are comparable .
After the October Revolution , official government decrees were called decree (декрет) in the Soviet Union , special decrees were called ukas .
According to the Constitution of the Russian Federation of 1993, a ukase is a presidential decree that has the force of law, but cannot override existing laws unless approved by the Duma .
- A. Gorkin et al. a .: Populjarny juriditscheski enziklopeditscheski slowar . In: Bolschaja rossijskaja enziklopedija . Moscow 2001, ISBN 978-5-7905-1099-1 , pp. 742-743 (Russian).
Wiktionary: Ukas - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations