Archdiocese of Bamberg
|Archdiocese of Bamberg|
|Diocesan bishop||Ludwig Schick|
|Auxiliary bishop||Herwig Gössl|
|Emeritus diocesan bishop||Karl Braun|
|Vicar General||Georg Kestel|
|Dean's offices||21 (December 31, 2015 ( AP2016 ))|
|Parishes||346 (December 31, 2018)|
|Residents||2,138,513 (December 31, 2018)|
|Catholics||669,115 (December 31, 2018)|
|Diocesan priest||321 (December 31, 2018)|
|Religious priest||92 (December 31, 2018)|
|Catholics per priest||1,620|
|Permanent deacons||51 (December 31, 2018)|
|Friars||205 (December 31, 2018)|
|Religious sisters||435 (December 31, 2018)|
|Liturgical language||Latin , German|
The Archdiocese of Bamberg ( Latin Archidioecesis Bambergensis ) is a diocese in the north of Bavaria and comprises large parts of the administrative districts of Upper Franconia and Middle Franconia as well as a small part of the administrative districts of Lower Franconia (Iphofen) and Upper Palatinate (Auerbach). Suffragan dioceses are Eichstätt and Würzburg as well as the diocese of Speyer in Rhineland-Palatinate .
At the Imperial Synod in Frankfurt (Main) , which began on November 1, 1007 and in which 8 archbishops and 27 bishops took part, King Heinrich II , who achieved the imperial dignity in 1014, established the diocese of Bamberg from parts of Würzburg and Eichstätt . At the synod, Eberhard , the king's chancellor, was ordained by the Archbishop of Mainz Willigis as head shepherd of the new border bishopric. Also at the Synod, rich donations were made to the diocese in order to put it on a solid economic basis. In his favorite foundation, Bamberg, Heinrich wanted the monastic rigor of the Hildesheim Cathedral Foundation - he was brought up there himself - and the study enthusiasm of the churches of Liège that was celebrated at the time .
The diocese of Bamberg was initially subject to Mainz and from 1245 to Rome directly ( exemt ) and gained special importance in the Christianization of the Slavs living between Main and Regnitz . Suitger, the second Bamberg bishop, was elected Pope in 1046 and assumed the name of Clement II when he was enthroned . He was buried in Bamberg Cathedral at his own request - it is the only preserved papal grave north of the Alps.
Heinrich's father, Heinrich the Quarrel , was Duke of Bavaria. In 1002 Heinrich II was crowned king and in 1014 emperor. At the Imperial Synod on November 1, 1007, Heinrich established the diocese of Bamberg. He founded many monasteries. Heinrich II died on July 13, 1024. He is buried in Bamberg Cathedral and was given to him by Pope Eugene III. Canonized in 1146. Remembrance day is July 13th.
She came from Luxembourg and married Heinrich around 999. Kunigunde played a decisive role in equipping the diocese of Bamberg. She also founded the Kaufungen Benedictine Monastery , which she entered after her husband's death. She died on March 3, 1033 in Kaufungen and is buried in Bamberg Cathedral. Kunigunde was canonized in 1200. Remembrance day is March 3rd.
He came from the Swabian nobility and initially worked at the court of the Polish Duke Władysław II , before entering the service of Emperor Heinrich IV . In 1102 Otto was appointed bishop of Bamberg. He had the burned down cathedral rebuilt and worked as a missionary in Pomerania. In 1189 Otto was canonized. In the Archdiocese of Bamberg he will be commemorated on September 30th.
According to tradition , Sebald came to the Nuremberg area in the 8th century , where he settled as a hermit and worked as a missionary. Sebald is especially venerated as the city saint in Nuremberg. He was canonized in 1425. His feast day is August 19th.
In the Archdiocese of Bamberg, the regional calendar for the German-speaking area is supplemented by the following celebrations (followed by the rank):
H = high festival, F = festival, G = required day of remembrance, g = not required day of remembrance
- Johannes Nepomuk Neumann (died 1860), Bishop - g January 5th: St.
- January 16: Bl. Teresio Olivelli (d. 1945), martyr - g
- Kunigunde - (died 1033), wife of Emperor Heinrich II, patroness of the diocese - H March 3: St.
- April 23: St. George (died around 303), martyr, second patron of the cathedral church - in Bamberg Cathedral F, in the archdiocese G
- Friday of the second Easter week: Remembrance day of St. Lance and the hll. Nails of our Lord - in Bamberg Cathedral and in the Frauenkirche (Nuremberg) G, in the Archdiocese g
- Maria , patron saint of Bavaria - H May 1st
- cathedral church - in the cathedral parish H, in the archdiocese F May 6: Dedication day of the
- May 11: St. Gangolf (died around 760), martyr - g
- Saturday of the fourth Easter week St. Fourteen emergency helpers in the Basilica Vierzehnheiligen H, in the archdiocese G
- Odoardo Focherini (d. 1944), martyr - g June 6th: Bl.
- July 13th: St. Heinrich (died 1024), emperor and patron of the diocese - H
- July 15th: St. Gumbert (died 795) Abbot Bishop, messenger of faith in Franconia - in Ansbach and the surrounding area G, in the Archdiocese g
- July 15: St. Bonaventure (died 1274) Bishop, Doctor of the Church - g (in the regional calendar for the German-speaking area G)
- August 19: St. Sebald Einsiedler near Nuremberg - in Nuremberg and the surrounding area F, in the archdiocese G
- September 30th: St. Otto (died 1139), Bishop of Bamberg, messenger of faith in Pomerania - F (in the regional calendar for the German-speaking area June 30th)
- Hieronymus (died 420), priest, doctor of the church G (in the regional calendar for the German-speaking area September 30) October 3: St.
- Josef Mayr-Nusser (died 1945), father of a family, martyr - g October 5th: Bl.
- October 14: St. Burkhard (d. 755), Bishop of Würzburg - g
- Bernhard Lichtenberg (d. 1943 in Hof ), martyr, Righteous Among the Nations - g November 5th: Bl.
Under Bishop Otto I , the Holy, 1102–1139, the cathedral school experienced a new heyday. He founded or renewed 27 monasteries in seven dioceses from Carinthia to Halberstadt. With the establishment of the Aegidien Hospital and the Gertruden Hospital, Bishop Otto I began the charitable activity of the medieval church in Bamberg as well; it can still be seen in the hospitals of old cities. Church services and pastoral care, education and culture, economic development and social activities, spreading faith and promoting peace were the tasks and goals of the Bamberg Church in the Middle Ages.
The Reformation left deep traces in the Franconian region: For example, of 190 parish churches in the course of the 16th century, 105 with most of the branch churches fell to Protestantism; In 1648 there were still 64 priests available for 110 parishes.
The bishops of the Baroque era , at the same time rulers of the bishopric with over 200,000 inhabitants, were friends and patrons of the arts and sciences. Posterity owes them important church buildings, palace complexes and a general cultural heyday. At the same time they dedicated themselves to pastoral tasks (reorganization of the parishes, promotion of the monasteries, calling of the Jesuits). Prince-Bishop Franz Ludwig von Erthal (1779–1795) deliberately refrained from continuing the baroque lifestyle. As a “prince for the people” he wanted their welfare. He cared for the sick and poor through laws and institutions that paved the way for modern social and insurance systems. So he created the Poor Institute, which systematically took care of the needy in the form of a permanent commission in Bamberg, Forchheim, Kronach, Lichtenfels and Weismain. In 1789 he built the General Hospital in Bamberg and promoted the introduction of a health insurance company.
The Bamberg lion , as heraldic animal and common figure in heraldry , has a proper name and was in the coat of arms of the Bamberg Monastery. He joined the list of heraldic lions. In many coats of arms its main direction is ascending and heraldically turned to the right. He is usually in gold, a right- facing black lion, covered with a silver diagonal right-hand bar and armed in red . It has been on the crack in the coat of arms since the 16th century.
The Bamberg lion can be found in many coats of arms if the influence of the bishopric was significant, for example in the coats of arms of Weisendorf (turned to the left), Scheßlitz (turned to the right), Litzendorf (turned to the right), Oberscheinfeld (turned to the right), District of Upper Franconia , District of Bamberg , District of Erlangen -Höchstadt , district Haßberge , Forchheim district . The Archbishop of Bamberg, Ludwig Schick , also has the lion in the coat of arms.
Secularization and a new beginning
The secularization of 1802/1803 ended the secular government duties of the church princes: The Bamberg Monastery fell to the Kingdom of Bavaria . After the Bavarian Concordat concluded in 1817 , Pope Pius VII ordered the redistribution of the Bavarian dioceses in a circumscription bull on April 1, 1818 . Bamberg became the seat of an archbishop with the suffragan dioceses of Eichstätt , Speyer and Würzburg . In 1826, by papal decree, the Catholics of the Duchy of Saxony-Coburg came under the spiritual direction and jurisdiction of the Archdiocese of Bamberg.
Diocesan structure - deaneries and pastoral care areas
The Archdiocese of Bamberg is divided into ten deaneries and 35 pastoral care areas. A lead pastor was appointed for each pastoral care area.
- Pastoral care area Dreifrankenland in the Steigerwald
- Pastoral care area Oberer Aischgrund
- Pastoral care area Ansbach city and country
- Pastoral care area Gügel
- Pastoral care area Main-Itz
- Pastoral care area Bamberg East
- Pastoral care area Bamberg West
- Pastoral care area Geisberg-Regnitztal
- Pastoral care area Main-Aurach
- Pastoral care area Steigerwald
Bayreuth Dean's Office
- Pastoral care area Bayreuth
- Pastoral care area Franconian Switzerland North
- Pastoral care area Auerbach-Pegnitz
Coburg Dean's Office
- Pastoral care area Coburg city and country
- Divine garden pastoral care area
- Pastoral care area Lichtenfels-Obermain
- Pastoral care area Obermain-Jura
- Pastoral care area Aurach-Seebachgrund
- Pastoral care area Erlangen North-West
- Pastoral care area Erlangen
- Jura-Aisch pastoral care area
- Pastoral care area Franconian Switzerland
- Pastoral care area new building
- Forchheim pastoral care area
- Pastoral care area Höchstadt
- Pastoral care area Fürth city
- Pastoral care area Fürth Land
- Pastoral care area Hofer Land
- Pastoral care area Kulmbach
- Pastoral care area Frankenwald
- Pastoral care area Kronach
- Pastoral care area Pegnitztal
- Pastoral care area Nuremberg center-north-west
- Pastoral care area Nuremberg North-East
- Pastoral care area Nuremberg Südstadt-West
Ludwig Schick has held the office of Archbishop of Bamberg since 2002 . He is the 50th in the line of Archbishops of Bamberg. His predecessor as shepherd of the Archdiocese of Bamberg and the ecclesiastical province of Bamberg was Karl Braun .
Cathedral, basilicas, churches (selection)
Other important churches
- Ansbach , St. Ludwig , in the old town
- Bamberg , St. Gangolf , in the Bamberg gardeners' quarter
- Bamberg, St. Jakob , on the Jakobsberg
- Bamberg, St. Kunigund , in the garden city
- Bamberg, St. Martin , within the world cultural heritage of the old town of Bamberg
- Bamberg, St. Michael , on the Michelsberg, former Benedictine monastery
- Bamberg, Upper Parish , on the Kaulberg
- Banz Monastery , former Benedictine monastery
- Bayreuth , Castle Church , in the city center
- Coburg , St. Augustin , below the Coburg Fortress
- Hof (Saale) , St. Marien , in the old town
- Kronach , St. Johannes d. T. , in the city center
- Nuremberg , St. Elisabeth , on Jakobsplatz
- Nuremberg, Frauenkirche , on Nuremberg's main market
- Nuremberg, St. Klara , in the old town, today a meditation church
In the years 2002 to 2005, the lower incomes of the Archdiocese of Bamberg could only be compensated by saved reserves. A consolidation process was therefore started in 2004 in order to reduce expenditure and create synergies. So were among other things
- the expenditure for the pastoral care areas / church foundations is determined according to a fixed key according to the number of Catholics and area.
- Subsidies to youth and education centers and large charitable institutions linked to the development of the church tax.
- Material and personnel costs have been cut in almost all areas and administration in the professorship has been streamlined.
The consolidation process and the economic upturn in the years 2006 to 2008 led to a stabilization of the budget. During this period, additional income was recorded, which made it possible to implement individual savings measures, such as B. lift the hiring freeze for pastoral workers. The existence of certain church institutions could also be secured with the surpluses. B. the employee training and meeting center in Obertrubach and the operation of the vocational schools Maria Hilf in Bamberg. The year 2009 ended on a positive note. The effects of the economic and financial crisis in 2009/2010 had no negative impact on the diocesan budget due to the rapid economic recovery.
The partially implemented building concept illuminates all buildings with regard to their economic efficiency and utilization. Churches, rectories and parish centers are checked. In future only one complex will be subsidized by the diocese. Above all, the parish centers must orientate themselves with their assembly area to the number of Catholics. As a result, some parishes have to close their parish centers or partially rent them out to third-party users.
Of church closings , the Archdiocese of Bamberg, still hardly affected unlike some other dioceses in Germany. In 2003, the St. Josephs Church of the girls' secondary school in Schillingsfürst , built in 1962, was profaned and converted into a multi-purpose hall. In 2009 the church at Schloss Untermerzbach was profaned because the Pallottines residing there had moved to Salzburg . In 2010 the former St. Boniface Church in the MUNA settlement of Marktbergel was sold.
Establishment of pastoral care areas
In the course of the consolidation process, 96 pastoral care units were formed from the 367 parishes, which were installed at Pentecost 2006. Since then, the pastoral care team (priests and staff) is no longer responsible for just one parish, but for the entire pastoral care sector. In practice, however, this is mainly limited to the staff and hardly to the priests, who are still assigned to a particular parish. From around 2010, there will actually be two priests available for each pastoral care unit. With the current development of the priesthood there will only be one priest around 2020/2025.
In autumn / winter 2008/09 all pastoral care teams had to take part in a joint advanced training course. The joint work was highlighted and an attempt was made to set a new course for the future. The pastoral care units were obliged to carry out at least one project together, but there will be no review of the implementation. The position of the leading pastors was not changed.
Diocese house of St. Otto
The seminary on Heinrichsdamm in Bamberg, which opened in 1928, was converted from 2004 to 2007 into the diocese of St. Otto. About 80 companies were involved in the construction work. Two thirds of the costs of less than 25 million euros were shared by the Archdiocese of Bamberg and one third by the seminar foundation.
The diocese house of St. Otto is used as a seminary and by the Archbishop's Ordinariate. In the seminary there are 64 rooms available for the alumni (priest candidates) and guests. There are also chapels, study and group rooms, a theological and catechetical library and apartments for the directors of the seminary. The other part of the building houses the main departments of Pastoral Personnel , Schools and Religious Education . The diocesan offices of World Mission and Vocations of the Church are also located there. It can also be used as a conference center with halls, seminar rooms, a dining room and cafeteria. The media center of the archdiocese and the Heinrichsverlag with the church newspaper Heinrichsblatt are also located in the diocese house of St. Otto.
Millennial bishopric anniversary
From November 1st, 2006 to November 1st, 2007, the Archdiocese of Bamberg celebrated its millennium under the motto Under the Starry Mantle . The celebrations were not limited to Bamberg. Also in other places in the Archdiocese of Bamberg, such as Events took place, for example, in Nuremberg, Forchheim or Ansbach . The highlight of the anniversary year was the Heinrichsfest from July 6th to 8th, 2007, which attracted around 30,000 visitors. The then Archbishop of Munich , Friedrich Cardinal Wetter , appeared at the festive service as Pope Benedict XVI's special envoy .
On March 11, 2007, a service to mark the millennium of the diocese was celebrated in Bamberg Cathedral. In a process that is unique in Germany, the Archbishop of Bamberg, Ludwig Schick, asked for forgiveness because of the failure of Christians and the Church. Church misconducts such as the persecution of witches , crusades and denominational wars, support for National Socialism and the lack of commitment to the oppressed were named in the service. “Also deplorable is the rampant witch craze in the first third of the 17th century, to which 900 people fell victim in the Bamberg monastery . The gifted Jesuit Friedrich von Spee was able to assert himself with the insight: 'Only torture creates the witches' and thus put an end to the ghost. "
Diocesan partnership with Thiès (Senegal)
On September 22, 2007, the Archbishop of Bamberg, Ludwig Schick, and the Bishop of the Senegalese diocese of Thiès , Jacques Sarr , signed the document for the partnership between the two local churches. The two dioceses agreed on a community of prayer, learning and solidarity. Among other things, they want to exchange experiences of the transmission of faith. For example, priests from the Diocese of Thiès come to the Archdiocese of Bamberg to provide support. The Franconian diocese wants to help the Senegalese diocese with the establishment of churches, parish centers, schools and social stations.
Energy and climate offensive of the Archdiocese of Bamberg
In 2009, the Archdiocese of Bamberg made five million euros available for an energy and climate offensive. A further three million euros were made available in the course of 2010. The funds from the Energy Fund are used to prepare energy reports and to carry out thermographic examinations before the start of construction and maintenance measures. In addition, the money is to be used for the energetic renovation of buildings. Above all, the two church houses on the Feuerstein near Ebermannstadt , the youth education center and the Catholic country folk college , play a pioneering role. There is already a solar system, a photovoltaic system, a biomass plant and thermal insulation windows.
- Christine and Klaus van Eickels (eds.): The Bamberg Diocese in the World of the Middle Ages (= Bamberg interdisciplinary medieval studies. Lectures & lectures 1). University of Bamberg Press, Bamberg 2007, ISBN 978-3-923507-28-3 ( full text ).
- Luitgar Göller (Ed.): 1000 years of the Bamberg diocese. 1007-2007. Under the stars . Catalog for the exhibition in the Diözesanmuseum Bamberg. Imnhof, Petersberg 2007, ISBN 978-3-86568-261-1 .
- Ludger Stühlmeyer (in writing) Stations in church music in the Archdiocese of Bamberg . Published by the Office for Church Music in the Archdiocese of Bamberg, Bamberg 2007.
- Michael Kleiner, Ludwig Unger (Ed.): Under the stars. 1000 years of the Bamberg diocese - history in life pictures . Heinrichsverlag, Bamberg 2006, ISBN 978-3-89889-051-9 .
- Sven Pflefka: The diocese of Bamberg, Franconia and the empire in the Staufer period. The Bamberg bishop in the elite structure of the empire 1138–1245. Society for Franconian History, Bamberg 2006, ISBN 3-7686-9307-4 .
- Josef Urban (Hrsg.): The Bamberg diocese around 1007th anniversary of the Millennium (= studies on the Bamberg diocese history 3). Archive of the Archdiocese of Bamberg, Bamberg 2006, ISBN 3-9808138-4-3 .
- Josef Urban: The Diocese of Bamberg in Past and Present, Issue 1–5. Bamberg 1992 ff.
- Johann Looshorn: The history of the diocese of Bamberg . 7 volumes (in 8 volumes). Bamberg 1886-1910.
- Thomas Breuer: Ordered change? The conflict between the National Socialist claim to power and the traditional way of life in the Archdiocese of Bamberg. Matthias Grünewald Verlag, Mainz 1992, ISBN 3-7867-1666-8 .
- List of the archbishops and bishops of Bamberg
- List of auxiliary bishops in Bamberg
- List of the Bamberg canons
- List of Bamberg Cathedral Preachers
- Bamberg Monastery
- List of Frankish knight families
- Caritas Association for the Archdiocese of Bamberg
- Website of the Archdiocese of Bamberg
- Website 1000 years (1007–2007) Diocese of Bamberg
- Entry on the Archdiocese of Bamberg on catholic-hierarchy.org
- Bamberg and the royal estate of the Salians
- Context of the foundation of the diocese
- Catholic Church in Germany. (PDF: 1,041 kB) Statistical data 2018. Secretariat of the German Bishops' Conference, July 19, 2019, p. 3 , accessed on July 19, 2019 .
- Coat of arms of the archbishop ( memento of October 14, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- Frank Altrichter and Isolde Kalter: Faith and community under the patronage of St. Ottilia . Neustadt bei Coburg 2012, ISBN 978-3-00-039714-1 , p. 16.
- Overview. Retrieved March 27, 2020 .
- Archive link ( Memento from June 25, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- Archived copy ( Memento from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
- Gero Selg: Former Muna Church becomes a warehouse. In: nordbayern.de. Nürnberger Nachrichten, September 8, 2011, accessed on July 26, 2019 .