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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Kronach
Map of Germany, position of the city of Kronach highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 14 '  N , 11 ° 20'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Upper Franconia
County : Kronach
Height : 318 m above sea level NHN
Area : 66.99 km 2
Residents: 16,815 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 251 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 96317
Area code : 09261
License plate : KC, SAN
Community key : 09 4 76 145

City administration address :
Marktplatz 5
96317 Kronach
Website :
Mayor : Angela Hofmann ( CSU )
Location of the city of Kronach in the district of Kronach
Langenbacher Forst Birnbaum (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Landkreis Coburg Landkreis Hof Landkreis Kulmbach Landkreis Lichtenfels Thüringen Ludwigsstadt Weißenbrunn Marktrodach Tettau (Oberfranken) Schneckenlohe Mitwitz Küps Nordhalben Wilhelmsthal Tschirn Teuschnitz Steinbach am Wald Reichenbach (Landkreis Kronach) Wallenfels Stockheim (Oberfranken) Steinwiesen Pressig Kronachmap
About this picture
Three-tier city structure of Kronach an der Haßlach: directly on the river the buildings of the suburb, above it the old town surrounded by a city wall and in the background on the left the fortress Rosenberg above Kronach
City tower and parish church Kronach from the fortress Rosenberg
Rosenberg Fortress and old town from the west
Kronach from the west

Kronach ( East Franconian -regional Gronich ) is the district town of the Upper Franconian district of Kronach and a middle center in Bavaria . The city lies at the foot of the Franconian Forest , where the rivers Haßlach , Kronach and Rodach converge. Kronach is the birthplace of Lucas Cranach the Elder. Ä. And with the Rosenberg Fortress, it has one of the best preserved fortifications in Germany. The cityscape is shaped by the almost completely preserved old town with sandstone and half-timbered houses, city ​​walls, gates, towers and vaulted cellars . Kronach is located on Burgenstraße , Bier- und Burgenstraße and Bayerische Porzellanstraße .


Geographical location

Kronach is located southwest of the Franconian Forest . The three rivers Haßlach , Kronach and Rodach meet in the urban area .

The city center with the historic old town is elevated on a mountain spur and is also called the Upper City . It is enclosed by the Haßlach in the west, the Kronach in the southeast and the Rosenberg in the north in the shape of a triangle.

City structure

Kronach has 67 officially named parts of the municipality and consists of the core city and the following districts, hamlets and remote farms :

Neighboring communities

Starting in the north, the following communities in the Kronach district border the town of Kronach in a clockwise direction : Wilhelmsthal , Marktrodach , Weißenbrunn , Küps , Mitwitz and Stockheim . In the southeast, between Marktrodach and Weißenbrunn, the municipality of Rugendorf , located in the district of Kulmbach , borders the urban area of ​​Kronach.


Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Kronach
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 2 4th 9 14th 19th 22nd 24 23 20th 14th 7th 3 O 13.5
Min. Temperature (° C) −4 −3 0 3 7th 11 12 12 9 5 1 −2 O 4.3
Precipitation ( mm ) 45 36 42 46 56 74 70 63 49 47 43 50 Σ 621
Hours of sunshine ( h / d ) 2 3 4th 6th 7th 7th 8th 7th 6th 4th 2 1 O 4.8
Rainy days ( d ) 10 9 9 10 11 11 10 9 8th 7th 10 10 Σ 114
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


Coat of arms of the bishopric of Bamberg and the city of Kronach above the Bamberger Tor
April 1945: Two US soldiers of the 101st Infantry Regiment during the explosion of a German petrol tank trailer in the market square. Note: The scene was set for recording.

Until the 19th century

The place Kronach probably originated in the eighth or ninth century AD and was first mentioned in 1003 in the chronicle of Thietmar von Merseburg as urbs crana . In 1122, Emperor Heinrich V. donated Kronach and the surrounding areas, the so-called praedium crana , to the Bamberg Monastery . Until the secularization of the bishopric in 1802/03, the Bamberg prince-bishops retained rulership over the city. Between the Reformation period (from 1517) and the Peace of Westphalia of 1648, Kronach was the northern bulwark of the Catholic bishopric to the Protestant electorate of Saxony . As a result of this border location, Rosenberg Castle, which was first mentioned in a document in the middle of the 13th century, became an early modern one Castle fortress expanded.

During the Thirty Years War , Kronach was besieged several times between 1632 and 1634 by a large majority of Swedes and their German allies. However, thanks to the strategically favorable structure of the city and the resolute resistance of its residents, the attackers were successfully repulsed. The Swedish procession, which has taken place every year since 1633, still commemorates these events. A distinctive feature of the procession is that the women go ahead of the men for their bravery in defending the city.

The nickname of the Kronachers as "Kroniche Housnküh" (Kronacher rabbit cows) goes back to the time of the sieges. Since the city could not be taken directly, the attackers tried to starve the residents by cutting them off from the food and water supplies from the surrounding area. According to legend, the Kronachers let the last living animal, a female hare, roam free on the city wall as a trick in order to simulate a large supply of food in the city. The Swedes are said to have broken off the siege, which was considered pointless, and withdrew. The "Kroniche Housnkuh" - Feline from the fortress - is the town's mascot today.

With the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss the Bamberg Monastery was forcibly dissolved in 1803 and its territories transferred to the Electorate of Bavaria . At the beginning of October 1806, the town and fortress served as a camp for the army of the French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte , who started his campaign against Prussia from here, which culminated in the Battle of Jena and Auerstedt on October 14, 1806 .

20th century

During the First World War , Rosenberg Fortress served as an officer's prison camp, which in 1917 temporarily housed the French captain Charles de Gaulle , who later became General and President of France . After two unsuccessful escape attempts, de Gaulle was first transferred to a camp in the fortress of Ingolstadt and later to the Wülzburg near Weißenburg in Bavaria .

Kronach survived the Second World War relatively unscathed. Towards the end of the war, production halls for the manufacture of parts for the Messerschmitt Me 163 rocket aircraft were to be built at Rosenberg Fortress . However, the planned facilities were only partially completed and never put into operation, which saved the city and fortress from extensive bombing by the Allies. From March 1945 air raids on the city took place regularly . During the attacks, the population found refuge in the numerous cellar vaults that run through practically the entire mountain spur below the old town. On the afternoon of April 12, 1945, American troops marched into Kronach after several hours of artillery bombardment and occupied the city.

Population development of the city of Kronach (with incorporations) since 1840

The post-war period was characterized by the proximity to the inner-German border and the integration of a large number of expellees. After 1945, the population of the city increased from the original 6,500 to over 10,000. In more recent times, the preparations for the State Garden Show in 2002 enabled the elimination of construction and environmental sins in an area that has been used as an industrial area in the past decades; today the site serves as a recreational area close to the city.


On July 1, 1971, the previously independent community of Knellendorf was incorporated. Ziegelerden was added on January 1, 1972, Vogtendorf followed on July 1, 1972. Höfles joined the district town on January 1, 1975. On January 1, 1978 Dörfles and Gundelsdorf were incorporated. The series of incorporations was completed with the incorporation of the previously independent municipalities Fischbach, Friesen, Gehülz, Glosberg, Neuses and Seelach on May 1, 1978.

Population development

In the period from 1988 to 2018, the population fell from 18,246 to 16,874 by 1,372 inhabitants or 7.5%.


Memorial stone for the Jewish victims of National Socialism in Kronach

Catholic and Protestant community

Due to the history of the place, which until the beginning of the 19th century belonged to the dominion of the Catholic bishopric of Bamberg , 55% of the population are Catholic, especially in the core city and the southern, northern and western parts of the community. Evangelical Christians were only granted citizenship in Kronach after the secularization of the monastery in 1803. In 2016, 26% of the population were Protestant, especially in the eastern districts.

Jewish community

Jewish families had resided in the city since at least the 17th century . In 1880 they founded an independent religious community, and in 1883 a synagogue was built. This building was sold in February 1938 to the city of Kronach, which used it as a medical depot until 1972 and then leased it as a warehouse until 1988. As a result, the building survived the November pogroms of 1938 unscathed, while the furnishings of the synagogue that had been moved to Bamberg were destroyed there. The Jewish community in Kronach was dissolved in 1942; the former synagogue, which was restored in 2002 by the Kronach Synagogue Action Group, is now used as a memorial and cultural event space. The Kronach city council honored the Jews of the city persecuted and murdered by the National Socialists with a memorial stone in the Christian cemetery in 1964, naming the families who were destroyed. The artist Gunter Demnig laid a total of 25 stumbling blocks in front of the former residential buildings of Kronach Jews in 2017 and 2018 .

Other religious communities

There is also a Free Christian Congregation in Kronach, a Kingdom Hall for Jehovah's Witnesses and a congregation for Jesus Freaks .


City council

The city council has 25 members (the first mayor and 24 city councilors). The 2020 local elections resulted in the following distribution of seats:

Party / list Seats
City council election 2020
Turnout: 58.40%
CSU 11 *
FW 3
Green 2
List of women 1
AfD 1
total 25th

* including the first mayor


The full-time First Mayor has been Angela Hofmann (CSU) since 2020.

From 2008 to 2020 Wolfgang Beierlargelein (Free Voters) was Mayor of Kronach. His predecessor was Manfred Raum (SPD).

Baptist Hempfling (CSU) held office from 1970 to 1984 and Herbert Schneider (CSU) held this office from 1984 to 1990.

coat of arms

Depiction of the new city arms from 1651 on the back of the Old Town Hall
Coat of arms of the city of Kronach
Blazon : “Divided by silver and red; at the top a green laurel wreath, surrounded by two red heraldic roses; below next to each other a silver wall crown and a gold bearing crown over a silver heraldic rose. "
Justification of the coat of arms: The first impressions of the seals are handed down from the year 1320. They show a crenellated wall behind which there is a crenellated tower surrounded by three roses. This image appears for the first time in a coat of arms in an imprint of a seal dated 1553 . Representations of this coat of arms can be found, for example, above the entrance portal on the east side of the old town hall and above a passage in the city wall behind the new town hall.

The coat of arms used today was awarded to Kronach in 1651 by the Bamberg prince-bishop Melchior Otto Voit of Salzburg . The reason for this was the bravery of the Kronach in their successful defense against the Swedes and their German allies, who had attacked and besieged the city several times during the Thirty Years' War . Two men, who carry their stripped skin under their arms, serve as shield holders for the coat of arms. They recall an incident during the first siege in 1632: Four Kronacher men were at a loss where they several guns of the besiegers by nailing the firing holes , taken unusable made by the Swedes and flayed . Between 1819 and 1938, these two shield holders were not included on the city's official seals .

Town twinning

Kronach maintains city partnerships with three European cities and municipalities. The first partnership was concluded on August 31, 1990 with the city of Hennebont in France , the second twin city was on October 22, 1994 Kiskunhalas in Hungary. The third partnership with the municipality of Rhodt unter Rietburg in Germany was officially recorded in 2001; The relationship between the two places has existed since 1951. FranceFrance HungaryHungary GermanyGermany

On August 7, 1955, Kronach took over the sponsorship of the former residents of the Sudeten German city ​​and the home district of Podersam , who had been driven from their homeland. In a document, the expellees from Podersam were guaranteed Kronach as a “second home and main place of care and preservation of local traditions and culture”. Czech RepublicCzech Republic

Culture and sights

View from the Rosenberg Fortress over the old town of Kronach
Melchior-Otto-Platz with Johannes-Brunnen
Michaelsbrunnen on the market square in front of the New Town Hall

Leisure and sports facilities

Kronach offers many opportunities to spend your free time. For educational travelers, the historic old town and Rosenberg Fortress offer old buildings as well as museums and galleries.

A rafting -Verein in the district of Neuses organized raft trips on the trail of a once important for the region economic sector.

With the state horticultural show in 2002, a large leisure and recreation park with an adventure playground was set up. The Crana Mare adventure pool with a giant slide in the outdoor pool area and a steam bath in the indoor pool area is also used by Kronach pupils. A summer and a winter toboggan run, several tennis courts and mountain bike trails are ideal for outdoor activities.

In winter, a ski lift is operated in the Gehülz district.

For indoor sports there is an archery center, the SG Kronach rifle house for sport shooters and a billiards club. The Turnerschaft 1861 eV Kronach has various sporting offers ready. There is a modern three-screen cinema. There is a sports facility, a sports hall and an airfield on Kreuzberg.

Hiking trails

You can walk to Kronach from the east on the Hubertusweg , from the southeast on the Burgenweg , from the west (via Mitwitz ) on the Döbra - Radspitz -Weg and from the north on the path through the Kremnitz Valley to Gifting , then continue on the Burgenweg.

The Frankenweg long-distance hiking trail also touches the city and leads to the Lucas Cranach Tower .


State Garden Show 2002

For the state horticultural show in 2002, an area of ​​around five hectares with former commercial space was renovated along the Haßlach and a recreational area was created close to the city. A 13-meter-wide and 200-meter-long promenade, which is surrounded by an avenue of lime trees, has since led from the north entrance to a stepped stone terrace that serves as a spectator stand for the floating stage on the opposite bank. From there you overlook the central exhibition area of ​​the state horticultural show with an adventure playground, a climbing and observation tower, the circular teaching garden and the flood basin, which absorbs the Haßlach overflowing the bank when the water floods. There is a sculpture trail on the State Horticultural Show that begins at the Plessi Tower Water-Fire and ends at the sculptures of the Sandstone Triennial. If you follow the path over the so-called knee to the south, you come under the south bridge over a footbridge into the Höringsgarten . From there, the garden show area opens up with a lift bridge over the Rodach . In the adjoining area, in the direction of the Neuses district, there is a skater facility, a playing field for ball sports and a dock for raft trips.

From a small park in Jahnsallee west of the city walls with old trees on the Haßlach you have a beautiful view of the old town.

The city park is located in the city center at Marienplatz. Its extension is the city moat. The facility is around 500 meters long and includes a children's playground.

At Kreuzberg there is a 500 meter long park near the sports center; the castle garden with numerous old trees offers a view over Kronach.

Museums and galleries

The commanders' and princely buildings of the Rosenberg fortress

The Rosenberg Fortress houses several museums. The Franconian Gallery is located in the renovated former commandant's residence as a branch museum of the Bavarian National Museum . On two floors it presents important panel paintings from the 13th to 16th centuries with four hand-painted paintings by Lucas Cranach the Elder. Ä. as well as a large selection of precious sculptures from the Gothic period and the early Renaissance , almost all of them in their original colors. It contains numerous works of the first order (including works by Tilman Riemenschneider and Adam Kraft ). An insight into the art of Franconia is offered ; but other areas are also represented. There is also a stonemason museum on the fortress. In Fürstenbau changing special exhibitions, including contemporary art. The German Fortress Museum project is still in the planning stage and is intended to fill a gap in the museum landscape between the themes of castle and palace in the future . The gallery of the Kronacher Kunstverein e. V. in the district cultural area, the gallery in the district office, the gallery in the district library and the Kronach synagogue , which was renovated in 2002, show changing exhibitions.

In the Upper City, the Podersamer Heimatstube in the building Lucas-Cranach-Straße 27 provides information about the Sudeten German sponsor community of Kronach; A village museum can be visited in the Neuses district.

Hexenturm with city wall
Historic inn at the Scharfen Eck


Since Kronach survived the Second World War relatively unscathed, it can boast a number of historical buildings. The so-called Upper City, the historic old town, with an ensemble of buildings with the historic town hall and the parish church of St. John the Baptist extends below the Rosenberg fortress, which is visible from afar and towers over the city . The four-storey, almost square Lehlauben- or Hexenturm as part of the city walls is not far from the new town hall. It was built in 1444 and was initially the northeast corner pillar of the city fortifications. In its basement there is a dungeon that served as a prison until the 17th century.

Outside the city walls there is the Oblate Monastery with the monastery church in the west, the Spitalkirche with the citizens' hospital in the south and the Kronach synagogue in the east , which was extensively renovated in 2002. The baroque Holy Cross Chapel, built in 1644, is located on the Kreuzberg . Another chapel from the late 14th century , dedicated to St. Nicholas of Myra , stands at the town's cemetery .

In Kronach districts, the pilgrimage church of Maria Glosberg, the church of St. Georg in Friesen with medieval wall frescoes and the Heunischenburg in Gehülz are worth a visit.

Architectural monuments

Regular events

Festivals and markets

Historical city spectacle

The cultural life of Kronach is shaped by a series of regular events, of which the annual rifle festival , the Kronacher Freischießen , has the greatest attraction. It was founded by the Kronach city riflemen who have been handed down since 1444 and who trained on the Hofwiese in order to be able to defend the city in an emergency. Free shooting has existed as a festival in itself since 1588. It ends on the penultimate Sunday in August and begins ten days before on Thursday with the beer tasting and the traditional beer tapping by the Mayor.

Every year in May, the Kronach lights festival is held, at which the old town of Kronach and the Rosenberg fortress are artistically illuminated by numerous light installations in the evening and night. The planning and construction of the installations for the event, which was held for the first time in 2006, is carried out in collaboration with architecture and lighting design students from various German and international universities.

In memory of the eventful history of Kronach, which was besieged several times by Swedish troops during the Thirty Years' War, the so-called Swedish procession has been taking place on the Sunday after Corpus Christi since 1633 . A peculiarity of this procession is that women have been advancing over men since 1634 in honor of their bravery in defending the city.

Every two years - in the uneven years - the historical city spectacle takes place on the last weekend in June , during which, among other things, the Swedish storm of 1634 is recreated with costumed troops. Alternating with the city spectacle, the Crana Historica festival is held on and around the Rosenberg fortress in even years, also in June . Internationally known musicians and reenactors meet market people.

Markets are held at the Kronach Old Town Festival at the beginning of September, at the three-country meeting on the Day of German Unity and at Kronach Christmas on every Advent weekend in the Upper City. During the carnival season, the Kronich Fousanaocht is celebrated with large handmade paper evenings and in mid-July the Kaiserhof brewery invites you to a brewery festival .

Art, theater, music

From 1995 to 2015, the Faust Festival, initiated by Daniel Leistner and Ulrike Mahr, took place in the summer on an open-air stage at Rosenberg Fortress , alongside Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Faust. A tragedy. Performing classics of world literature in short, popular versions in historical costumes. Since 2016, the Festival takes place with a changed concept and a new management team under the name Festival Rosenberg instead.

During the winter months the ensemble recorded by Daniel Leistner the work stage in the historic town hall. After the end of the Faust Festival after the 2015 season, the Werkbühne moved to the neighboring Marktrodach in 2016 .

The Kronach Summer Academy holds courses on the subjects of mosaics, pottery, sculpture and nude painting on the fortress grounds. The Franconian Gallery in the Rosenberg Fortress shows paintings and sculptures from the late Middle Ages to the time of Lucas Cranach, who is represented with four works. In addition, changing exhibitions of contemporary artists are shown; Works by Ren Rong , Elvira Bach, Dao Droste and Wilhelm Holderied were on display.

The sandstone triennial of the Kronacher Kunstverein e. V. has been taking place on the state horticultural show site since 2002.

The orchestra project of the Kronacher Klassik Akademie has been rehearsing since 2004 and ends its work phase with a symphonic final concert in the atrium of the Maximilian von Welsch secondary school in Kronach.

Since 2006, the rock festival "The Fortress Rockt" has been taking place at Rosenberg Fortress, at which well-known bands such as Emil Bulls, Montreal and the Donots have played. The organizer is the youth center Struwwelpeter.

Economy and Infrastructure


The economy in Kronach is mainly characterized by medium-sized companies . The largest employer is Dr. Schneider group of companies whose headquarters have been in the Kronach district of Neuses since 1959. The company, which is represented internationally with around 4,000 employees at several locations, employs around 1,300 people in Kronach and develops and produces plastic parts for the automotive industry. The second largest employer (2018) with 650 employees is the Southfield , United States- based Lear Corporation , which manufactures electronic components for the automotive industry in Kronach. In third place is with 620 employees Frankenwaldklinik, a hospital level of care  2 and part of the Helios-Kliniken Group .

For a long time the most important industrial company in Kronach, originally employing around 1,000 people, was the entertainment electronics manufacturer Loewe , which has had its headquarters here since March 1945. After the company ran into financial difficulties in 2013 and had to lay off a large part of its employees, production in Kronach continues with around 500 employees. In May 2019 insolvency proceedings in self-administration were applied for.


The Kronach train station
The train station in Kronach


Kronach is at a cross of the following federal highways:


The Kronach station is located on the Franconian Forest Railway , further breakpoints exist in the districts Neuses and Gundelsdorf. From here there are hourly connections to the south ( Lichtenfels , Bamberg ) and north to Thuringia ( Saalfeld ) from 5 a.m. to 10 p.m. The Rodachtalbahn to Nordhalben , which began in Kronach, was dismantled in 2005 between Kronach and Steinwiesen and replaced by a cycle path . In the following section, a museum train runs seasonally .


Kronach has a glider airfield . It is located on the Kreuzberg, about 150 meters above the city. The closest international airport is Nuremberg Airport .


By Kronach in the east-west direction of lead Mannheim to Prague extending Castle Road and the Beer and Castle Road , the Bad Frankenhausen and Passau connects.

Hiking trails

The Franconian Marienweg runs through Kronach .


Kronach has a primary school, a secondary school, two secondary schools and two grammar schools and is the location of several vocational and vocational schools, including one of eleven vocational schools for music in Bavaria.

  • High schools
    • Kaspar-Zeuss-Gymnasium
    • Frankenwald high school
  • Realschulen
    • Siegmund Loewe Secondary School
    • Maximilian-von-Welsch-Realschule
  • Secondary schools
    • Gottfried Neukam Middle School
  • Elementary schools
    • Lucas Cranach Primary School
  • Special schools
    • Pestalozzi School
    • Petra-Döring-School
  • Vocational schools
    • Lorenz Kaim School, Kronach Vocational School Center
    • Sabel Kronach private technical college
  • Other schools


Born in Kronach

Lucas Cranach the Elder
Johann Kaspar Zeuss

The most famous personality born in Kronach is the painter and graphic artist Lucas Cranach the Elder (1472–1553).

Also born in Kronach:

People connected to the city

  • Weigand von Redwitz (1476–1556), Bamberg prince-bishop. He attended school in Kronach, was senior pastor there for a few years and, as prince-bishop, made a decisive contribution to the expansion of Rosenberg Castle into a Renaissance palace. He expressly emphasized his close relationship with the city; he died in the princely apartments on the Rosenberg.
  • Balthasar Neumann (1687–1753) rebuilt the commanders' building at Rosenberg Fortress on behalf of the Bamberg prince-bishop Lothar Franz von Schönborn (1655–1729).
  • Sebastian Mantel (1792–1860), forester, reformed the forests around Kronach
  • Andreas Bauer (1897–1964), native writer, lived in the Kronacher Strau for 34 years until his death.
  • Thorolf Hager (* 1942), German surgeon and from 1983 to December 2007 chief physician in the department for general and visceral surgery at the Frankenwaldklinik in Kronach.
  • Werner Schnappauf (* 1953). The CSU politician attended the Kaspar-Zeuss-Gymnasium in Kronach, was district administrator of the Kronach district from 1989 to 1998 and Bavarian State Minister for the Environment, Health and Consumer Protection from 1998 to 2007.


  • An Embraer ERJ-190 of Lufthansa CityLine with the registration D-AECE named Kronach .
  • The non-player character Stanislaus Braun from the role-playing game Fallout 3 comes from Kronach, according to his personal notes that can be viewed in the game.
  • The "1000 Years of Kronach" stamp issued to mark the city's anniversary in 2003 can be seen in the film Mission: Impossible III on a postcard sent to the main character Ethan Hunt ( Tom Cruise ) by a colleague who was later killed.
  • A geodetic reference point has been located on the state horticultural show site since 2015 .
  • In mid-October 2018, shooting for the film Resistance about the French pantomime Marcel Marceau took place at Rosenberg Fortress and in the Upper Town of Kronach .


Web links

Commons : Kronach  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Kronach  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. ^ Kronach in the local database of the Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online . Bavarian State Library
  3. (temperatures, hours of sunshine, rainy days)
  4. ( amount of precipitation)
  5. Data on the city's history. Club 1000 years Kronach e. V., accessed on March 12, 2013 .
  6. Kroniche Housnkuh in the Franconian Forest. Bayern-Online, accessed on March 12, 2013 .
  7. Bernd Wollner: The Rosenberg Fortress: A guide and companion through Kronach's famous fortification . Ed .: Tourism and event management of the city of Kronach. Helmut Angles Druck & Verlag, Kronach 2002, ISBN 3-00-009879-8 .
  8. Destroyed and (re) built. Bavaria after 1945. House of Bavarian History , accessed on April 20, 2013 .
  9. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . C. H. Beck'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 500 .
  10. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 689 f .
  11. Christian Kreuzer: 400 Christians lay the foundation stone. Neue Presse Coburg , September 21, 2011, accessed on March 22, 2013 .
  12. Holger Schramm ( Statistics - City in Numbers · Get ​​an overview of the latest figures for the city of Kronach. // Town hall, city administration & municipal utilities of the city of Kronach. Retrieved October 11, 2018 .
  13. ^ History of the Kronach Synagogue. Action group Kronacher Synagoge e. V., accessed on July 24, 2011 .
  14. Ulrike Puvogel: Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Schleswig-Holstein . In: Federal Center for Political Education (ed.): Memorials for the victims of National Socialism. A documentation . tape 1 . Bonn 1995, ISBN 3-89331-208-0 , pp. 156 .
  15. Heike Schülein: Memory work with hammer and spatula. In: September 18, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017 .
  16. Heike Schülein: Stolpersteine ​​in Kronach: Remembrance work against forgetting. In: July 18, 2018, accessed July 18, 2018 .
  18. Entry on the coat of arms of the city ​​of Kronach  in the database of the House of Bavarian History , accessed on August 29, 2017 .
  19. ^ Bernhard Peter: Kronach: Old Town Hall. Retrieved May 15, 2013 .
  20. ^ Bernhard Peter: Kronach: honor column on the Melchior-Otto-Platz. Retrieved May 15, 2013 .
  21. Town twinning and school sponsorships. City of Kronach, accessed on May 15, 2013 .
  22. Bianca Hennings: A hint from the city council - The end of the Faust Festival: Next year there will be the Rosenberg Festival . In: New Press Coburg . Local edition Kronach. September 29, 2015, p. 7 .
  23. Bianca Hennings: Werkbühne moves to Marktrodach . In: New Press Coburg . Local edition Kronach. January 16, 2016, p. 7 .
  24. Kronacher Klassik Akademie
  25. ^ House of Bavarian History (Ed.): Kronach ., P. 5
  26. history. Dr. Schneider Group, accessed August 2, 2015 .
  27. Our headquarters and lead plant in Kronach-Neuses, Germany. (No longer available online.) Dr. Schneider group of companies, archived from the original on September 2, 2015 ; accessed on August 2, 2015 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  28. Global Locations. (No longer available online.) Lear Corporation, archived from the original on September 7, 2015 ; accessed on August 2, 2015 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  29. ^ A b Franziska Rieger: These are the 10 largest employers in the Kronach district., October 23, 2018, accessed on October 23, 2018 .
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