Reichenbach in Vogtland
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Vogtland district|
|Management Community :||Reichenbach in Vogtland|
|Height :||380 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||34.47 km 2|
|Residents:||20,487 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||594 inhabitants per km 2|
08491 (Jägerhaus) ,
08499 (Mylau, Obermylau)
|Area code :||03765|
|License plate :||V, AE, OVL, PL, RC|
|Community key :||14 5 23 340|
|LOCODE :||DE RIV|
City administration address :
08468 Reichenbach in Vogtland
|Lord Mayor :||Raphael Kurzinger ( CDU )|
|Location of the town of Reichenbach in the Vogtland in the Vogtlandkreis|
Neighboring communities in the Vogtlandkreis are Heinsdorfergrund , Lengenfeld , Limbach , Netzschkau and Neumark . In the north, Reichenbach borders on the municipality of Mohlsdorf-Teichwolframsdorf, which belongs to the Thuringian district of Greiz, and on the district town of Greiz .
Reichenbach includes the districts of Brunn , Cunsdorf , Friesen , Mylau , Obermylau , Oberreichenbach , Rotschau and Schneidbach . The Reichenbach administrative community in Vogtland , to which Reichenbach and Heinsdorfergrund belong, has existed since 2000 .
High and late Middle Ages
The city's origins are believed to be a Slavic settlement on the Raumbach. In 1085 the Naumburg bishop Günther I von Wettin is said to have consecrated a wooden church during the course of German settlement. This was made in stone around 1100, but soon afterwards destroyed by invading pagan Slavs and rebuilt around 1140. There is evidence that Franconian settlers also settled here at the beginning of the 12th century . Around 1180, the northern Vogtland was finally settled by Germans on a large scale . The place quickly developed into an up-and-coming small town in the valley near Mylau Castle in a convenient and safe location. In the year 1224 a manor house is mentioned in Reichenbach, which was once the Vorwerk of the Mylau Castle. From 1270 he was subordinate to the bailiffs of Plauen .
The name, at that time still Richenbach, presumably named after the water-rich streams in the area of today's old town, was first documented in 1212, but the older settlement received town charter as early as 1240 and is named "civitatis richenbach", i.e. fortified small town , in a document from 1271 with defense, commercial and self-government rights, mentioned.
Remains of the medieval city fortifications are still visible to a large extent on Sebastian-Bach-Platz, the former city gates are reminiscent of the street name Mylauer Tor between Markt and Roßplatz, the former cattle market. The location of the Upper Gate is marked by a replica of a Saxon postal mileage pillar from 1724. The exact course of the former city wall can be seen on the basis of a historical city model in the Neuberin Museum. The location of the city church of St. Peter and Paul , the oldest parts of which in the base of the tower also date from the 12th century, outside the fortification is astonishing , which points to the likely wooden predecessor buildings above the Franconian settlement - i.e. between the old town and the walled city.
Reichenbach was conquered by the Bohemians in 1336 and sold to the surrounding villages in 1367 by Heinrich Reuss , Vogt von Plauen , the German Emperor and Bohemian King Charles IV . In 1422 the town was pledged to the Wettins . Reichenbach and the church were completely destroyed by the Hussites in the spring of 1430 . Due to its favorable location, it was rebuilt and developed into a regionally important craftsmen and traders' settlement. In the 15th century, Reichenbach came to the Lords of Metzsch , who converted the former castle into a residential palace. The documentary naming of the manor as a manor is documented for 1577. The von Metzsch family sat on Reichenbach for centuries and had to put up with two fires at their castle.
Early modern age
After the Thirty Years' War , cloth making established itself and brought prosperity to the city. After previous city fires, efforts were also made to ensure greater fire safety, but initially without success. In 1681 135 houses burned down. In 1690 the council issued fire fighting regulations. At that time around 300 cloth makers were active in the city, up to 1720 there were around 500. On August 17, 1720, another city fire occurred, in which around 500 of the 700 houses were destroyed. The extensive destruction of the place led to an economic decline, as many craftsmen left the place and built a new life elsewhere. After the castle was partially rebuilt in 1773, the fire of 1833 required a completely new building. In 1856 the city of Reichenbach took over the manor house and opened a museum in it in 1875.
In addition to the Saxon distance column in the center, the Saxon full-mile column at the Gasthaus Schwarze Katzen in Oberreichenbach is reminiscent of the old Frankenstraße, which is used as an important post road, along today's B 173 ("Hofer Chaussee") .
19th and early 20th centuries
Reichenbach came in the 16th century with the rule of Mylau to the Electoral Saxon or later royal Saxon office of Plauen , to which the place was subject until 1856. In 1856 Reichenbach became the seat of the Reichenbach court office . In 1875 the city was incorporated into the Plauen administration .
In 1833 the historic town hall in the middle of the market square was the most prominent building, together with residential quarters and an entire barn district, were destroyed in a renewed city fire. In 1846, the opening of the first Reichenbach train station as the temporary terminus of the Leipzig – Hof railway line ( Saxon-Bavarian Railway ) accelerated the city's economic development. In the years that followed, the railway provided new impulses for industrial settlements with route extensions and new buildings in the direction of Nuremberg and the surrounding areas, which still marks the long-gone branch lines in the Reichenbach cityscape.
The industrial plants attracted numerous new residents to the city, who mainly found work in worsted and woolen spinning mills or weaving mills. For example, the wool and silk weaving mill Schultz & Donner, founded in 1883, developed into an export-oriented, internationally known company . In addition, metal processing companies settled in and in the early 20th century, among other things, paper production and processing followed.
August Horch also put his innovative and entrepreneurial spirit into practice in Reichenbach from 1902 to 1904 and built the first Saxon automobile with the Horch Tonneau . In 1903 he presented the first German car with a four-cylinder engine, the Model 3 with a displacement of 2382 cm³ and an output of 22 hp (16 kW).
The municipal power station with an intercity center made Reichenbach a modern city in 1909. The water tower built in 1926 based on a design by city architect Rudolf Ladewig ensured the city's increased water requirements. In the same year the foundation stone was laid for the new building of the Higher Textile School , also planned by Ladewig and completed in 1928 , which is now a location of the West Saxon University .
In 1924 Reichenbach became district-free.
On June 28, 1925, the ADAC carried out a mountain test drive on the Reichenbach-Schwarze-Tafel- Mühlwand route for the first time . These “Mühlwander mountain races” were carried out from 1921 to 1981 by the Alaunwerk zur “Black Board”. In 2004 this tradition was revived with historic racing cars and motorcycles.
With the landing of the airship LZ 127 "Graf Zeppelin" in Brunn on September 28, 1930, the region experienced a spectacle that was attended by over 130,000 enthusiastic spectators.
time of the nationalsocialism
Reichenbach was also not spared the events of National Socialism , which began here with the establishment of the NSDAP local group in August 1923. Immediately after Hitler came to power in 1933, searches of party homes, houses and apartments began, which culminated in the occupation of the Volkskaus (today's town hall on the market) and the raising of the swastika and SS flags. From March 1933 onwards, the arrests of undesirable people, such as SPD and KPD functionaries, as well as MPs and Lord Mayor Dr. Bold one. Among those arrested was Albert Janka (KPD) , a member of the Reichstag from Chemnitz . The prisoners were detained, interrogated and tortured in what was then the “Volkshaus”. Some prisoners, including Janka, did not survive the torture. The others were later transferred to the Sachsenburg concentration camp .
The small Jewish community of Reichenbach still had 19 members at the census on June 16, 1933, who were gradually deported in the following years. For the last time, on December 31, 1940, there were four Jewish citizens.
During the Second World War , private iron fences, four monuments, four church bells, inventory of the local history museum and furnishings (washbasins) from the ranks of the hairdressers' guild were sacrificed for the armaments industry in the course of metal collections.
After 186 air raid alarms had been recorded in previous years, Reichenbach was attacked directly for the first time on March 21, 1945. In the American bomb attack by 34 B-17 bombers , 161 people were killed, 73 buildings completely destroyed and 675 damaged. The Albert School at that time, now the Peace School, was used as a hospital at that time ; the shelter in front of it was supposed to protect the residents from such attacks.
The station was only slightly damaged, and only the buildings in today's “Park of Peace” and along Bahnhofstrasse were lost. The most important bomb victims were the "Kaiserhof" on the site of today's Neuberinhaus, the inn and hotel "Goldenes Lamm" on the site of today's Sparkasse on Postplatz and the Carl Werner printing works.
On April 17, 1945, the city of Reichenbach was renamed after Mayor Dr. Otto Schreiber had been surrendered without a fight at the insistence of the fire brigade subordinate Hermann Thoss, contrary to orders, and was occupied by US troops, which in turn were relieved by the Soviet Army on July 1, 1945 . The surrender of the city to the Americans without a fight saved Reichenbach from an inferno of three bomb attacks.
1945 to 1989
Due to its location in the Soviet occupation zone , Reichenbach belonged to the newly founded GDR from 1949 and became the district town of the new Reichenbach district with 55,000 inhabitants in the Chemnitz district (renamed the Karl-Marx-Stadt district in 1953 ) after it lost its district freedom and briefly became part of the Plauen district -Country heard.
Reichenbach remained the district town of the now Saxon district of Reichenbach, but after the German reunification lost many jobs in addition to many jobs. In 1995 the city became part of the Vogtlandkreis and was therefore no longer a district town, but retained numerous positions in the new district office and was given the title of large district town . On May 1st, 2003 the town of Reichenbach / Vogtl. renamed in Reichenbach im Vogtland . From September 7th to 9th 2007 the Day of the Saxons took place in Reichenbach .
The city benefits from its location on the A 72 between the regional centers of Plauen and Zwickau and the proximity to the Thuringian district town of Greiz . As a medium-sized center, it is anchored in long-term spatial planning, so that numerous new jobs have now been created in the industrial and commercial areas . The cityscape is characterized by refurbished Wilhelminian-style buildings and residential areas of various types and lost the once characteristic density of historical, but not very attractive industrial buildings , especially during the 5th Saxon State Garden Show (May 1 - October 18, 2009) and urban redevelopment programs .
At the same time, comparatively historically valuable buildings in the inner city were and are being demolished and excess capacities in the large GDR housing estates on the outskirts of the city are being reduced. In the city center in particular, the city administration is trying to increase the attractiveness by designing green spaces and creating parking spaces on the derelict areas. In some areas (Am Graben, Kirchgasse, Johannisgasse, Obere and Untere Dunkelgasse), the urban structure typical of an old town is significantly impaired by demolitions.
Oberreichenbach was incorporated on January 1, 1908. Cunsdorf followed on April 1, 1924. Brunn and Friesen were incorporated on March 1, 1994, Rotschau on January 1, 1996. Schneidbach was added on January 1, 1999.
On January 1, 2016, Mylau (with Obermylau, which was incorporated on January 1, 1996) and Reichenbach in the Vogtland merged to form the new town of Reichenbach in the Vogtland.
Development of the population (from 1960 December 31) :
1834 to 1925
1933 to 1984
1990 to 2004
2005 to 2014
2015 to 2018
Data source from 1998: State Statistical Office Saxony
The voter turnout increased significantly from 42.5% to 55.2%, but remained at a low level overall.
Due to the merger agreement with the neighboring municipality of Mylau on January 1, 2016, the electoral associations GVM (Gewerbeverein Mylau) and IV FFW (Interest Association Fire Brigade Mylau) were represented in the city council, but they no longer ran for election. The BIM (Citizens 'Initiative Mylau) was formed into the Citizens' Initiative Reichenbach-Mylau (BI-RM) and set up citizens of Reichenbach in addition to the previous city councils. None of the city councilors previously represented in the Mylau municipal council managed to be re-elected to the Reichenbach city council.
Of the total of 26 seats to be filled, only 23 could be filled, as only one candidate was available for election on the AfD's list and of the four seats to which the party is entitled, three remain vacant.
- CDU : 6 seats
- LEFT : 4 seats
- FDP : 3 seats
- Trade association Reichenbach e. V. “Together for Reichenbach” (GVR): 3 seats
- Citizens' Initiative Mylau-Reichenbach (BI-RM): 2 seats
- Citizens' Initiative BITex (BITex): 2 seats
- SPD : 1 seat
- GREEN : 1 seat
- AfD : 1 seat
GVR, BI-RM and FDP together form a parliamentary group and, with eight seats, represent the largest parliamentary group. The LEFT and the SPD city council form a parliamentary group (5 seats in total). Furthermore, the BITex and GRÜNE continue their already existing parliamentary group (3 seats).
Raphael Kurzinger (CDU) has been Lord Mayor since May 9, 2016. In the election for the new Lord Mayor on April 17, 2016, he prevailed in the first ballot with an absolute majority (55.49%) against three competitors (turnout: 40.5% ↓).
His predecessor in the office of Lord Mayor of the major district town since August 1, 2001 was Dieter Kießling (CDU). He carried out the official business from January 1, 2016 through the merger with Mylau as administrative administrator .
The city council elected Thomas Höllrich (Die LINKE) and Peter Tillack (BITex) as honorary deputies of the Lord Mayor in its constituent meeting , who had already held this office.
coat of arms
In 1753 the city coat of arms appeared for the first time on a hymn book . Blazon : In blue a golden wall with two red-roofed golden towers , each with one large and two small windows, the one on the right with a golden button, the one on the left with a golden flag ; between the towers, Saint Peter, nimbly and dressed in gold, with a silver face and silver hands, holding a gold key in his right hand and a book with a red cover and a silver book block in his left.
Reichenbach im Vogtland maintains the following city partnerships:
- Nordhorn in Lower Saxony (signed 1988, ratified 1989)
- Jędrzejów in Poland (since 2005)
- Maʿalot-Tarshiha in Israel (since 2014).
In addition, there are friendly relationships, without contractual regulation, with the Reichenbach district of the community
The district of Rotschau maintains a town partnership with the community
Furthermore, the district of Mylau maintains town partnerships with:
- Waldenbuch in Baden-Württemberg (since 1990)
- Althen-des-Paluds in France (since 2006)
- Montecarlo in Italy (since 2006)
- Karlštejn in the Czech Republic (since 2006).
Culture and sights
The Neuberin Museum on the life and work of the stage reformer Friederike Caroline Neuber is funded by the Vogtland-Zwickau cultural area as a regionally significant institution. The exhibitions include the theater history of the 18th century, the history of the city and special exhibitions.
The Vogtland Philharmonie Greiz Reichenbach is based in the Neuberinhaus, which was built between 1946 and 1949.
The water tower built in the New Building style, which also offers a viewing platform , and the parish church of St. Peter and Paul with a Silbermann organ from 1725 are worth seeing. The oldest part of the church is the Romanesque tower stump with a square floor plan from the 12th century , on which an octagonal baroque structure was built in 1780 . Other churches are the Evangelical Trinitatis Church and the Catholic Church of St. Mary. Four kilometers west of the city, not far from Netzschkau , is the Göltzschtalbrücke , the largest brick bridge in the world.
- Grave field in the main cemetery for 189 KZ-prisoners from the outer bearing Lengenfeld (Vogtland) of Flossenbiirg
- Memorial stone on the same cemetery for resistance fighters against the Nazi regime from the Reichenbach district: Erich Knabe , Helmut Walther , Ewald Purfürst , Alfred Hoffmann , Otto Richter , Paul Beierlein , Alfred Fuchs , Reinhard Rödel , Paul Kölbel , Harwig Luckter , Felix Mauersberger and Max Kranz
- FIR memorial plaque at the former Hotel Goldener Anker on the market square in memory of the numerous political opponents of the Nazi dictatorship who were caught and tortured there in an early "protective custody camp"
- Graves and memorial stone in Bürgerholz for 245 Soviet forced laborers and prisoners of war who fell victim to forced labor in the Reichenbach area
- Cenotaph from 1946 in Bahnhofstrasse for all victims of fascism . Since 1990 it applies to all "victims of war and tyranny"
- Graves in the cemetery of the district of Cunsdorf for four Polish and one Jewish prisoners who fell victim to forced labor during the Second World War
In Mühlwand is the stalactite grotto Alaunwerk Mühlwand , a former alum slate mine in the Göltzsch valley , which has colorful sinters . About a hundred meters further down the göltzschabrück, in the direction of Rotschau, is the geological monument lying fold .
- Spring market with season opening in the Park of Generations (on May 1st)
- Music School Summer Festival (annually in June)
- "Reichenbacher Organ Summer" (annually from June to September)
- "Music in the Park" (every year in early July)
- Reichenbacher Bürgerfest (every year on October 3rd)
- Reichenbacher Christmas market (on the 4th Advent)
Every year at the beginning of April there is a (prog) rock festival in the Neuberinhaus, the ArtRock Festival attracts visitors from all over Europe.
Economy and Infrastructure
Reichenbach's upper station is on the Leipzig – Hof railway line , which is part of the Saxony-Franconia main line . Until the electrification of the Reichenbach – Hof section (2013) it was the south-western end point of the electrical route network in Saxony. North of Reichenbach near Werdau is the Werdau triangle with branches to the north in the direction of Werdau, Gößnitz and Leipzig and to the east in the direction of Zwickau and Chemnitz .
In neighboring Neumark (Vogtland) has the Vogtlandbahn their maintenance and repair center. Reichenbach has been a station in the ICE network of Deutsche Bahn since June 2001 . Since the ICE route Nuremberg-Dresden was not fully electrified then as it is now, the diesel- powered ICE TD was used with Deutsche Bahn AG , which brought travel time savings on the winding route thanks to the tilting technology . After frequent breakdowns, it was replaced as intercity trains in December 2002 by locomotive-hauled IC trains or class 612 railcars repainted in IC colors . With these railcars, DB Regio also operated the regional express from December 2006 under the Franken-Sachsen-Express brand . With the completion of the electrification, double-decker push- pull trains were initially used, which have now been replaced by the new railcars of the Central Saxony electrical network .
The regional express RE3 Dresden – Chemnitz – Zwickau– Reichenbach –Plauen – Hof (operator: Bayerische Oberlandbahn under the brand Mitteldeutsche Regiobahn ) and the regional train RB2 Zwickau Zentrum (–Werdau) - Reichenbach –Plauen – Adorf (–Cheb ) (Operator: The Länderbahn under the Vogtlandbahn brand ) every hour.
Reichenbach is part of the Vogtland transport association .
In city traffic, the Reichenbacher Verkehrsbetrieb Gerlach GmbH operates five city bus routes, three of which are grouped under route C. The lines serve the central transfer points Oberer Bahnhof and Roßplatz / Postplatz in the city center, where there are transitions to the numerous regional bus routes to the surrounding area and the neighboring cities. There is a connection to regional and long-distance trains at the upper station.
Reichenbach is the starting point of the regionally important bus route Reichenbach - Greiz - Zeulenroda - Triptis operated by PRG Greiz . It runs within the city on the routes of lines A and C from Friesen to the hospital.
Between the built-up urban area and the A 72 there is a commercial area and two contiguous industrial areas, which the city has designated together with the municipality of Heinsdorfergrund. Another commercial area with some industrial companies is located on the B 173 (Zwickauer Strasse) on the northeastern outskirts.
The privately operated Paracelsus Clinic Reichenbach is a standard care hospital with 185 beds.
The railway company IntEgro Verkehr is based in the city.
Local media from / for Reichenbach im Vogtland are:
- Free Press - Reichenbacher Zeitung (regional daily newspaper)
- Vogtlandanzeiger - Auerbach, Reichenbach (regional daily newspaper)
- Vogtland Radio (regional radio station, based in Plauen)
Until December 31, 2015, Vogtland Regional Fernsehen (VRF) was a regional television station that could be received via cable. After its bankruptcy, TV Westsachsen has been broadcasting daily reports from the region since February 1, 2017 .
In Reichenbach, Deutsche Telekom AG operates a radio transmitter for VHF, among others for Vogtland Radio, on a concrete telecommunications tower . The Reichenbach / Vogtland transmitter should not be confused with the Reichenbach medium-wave transmitter in Reichenbach / OL , which broadcast the MDR Info program on 1188 kHz .
The Westsächsische Hochschule Zwickau operates the textile and leather technology department in Reichenbach with the associated courses in textile and leather technology (diploma with various specializations)
Public schools The city has a grammar school (Goethe grammar school), an upper school (Weinhold school) and three elementary schools (Dittess school, Friederike-Caroline-Neuber school and Weinhold school). In addition, the neighboring cities and municipalities have other elementary and secondary schools that are also attended by Reichenbach students. In Reichenbach there is also a special school for physically and mentally handicapped people.
Private school The city's general education offers are supplemented by the HANSA commercial school ( technical college ).
Vocational training In addition to the vocational training center for technology operated by the Vogtlandkreis , there are other vocational training centers, such as the Saxon Business Education Center (bsw) or the Business Training Academy (FAW).
Extracurricular education The adult education center of the Vogtlandkreis offers numerous courses at its Reichenbach location, which primarily serve the acquisition of language skills. In addition, numerous cultural associations and the Vogtland Music School offer extensive leisure-time educational programs.
Libraries The municipal Jürgen Fuchs Library has a range of fiction , children's and non-fiction. It is located on two floors in the historic town hall on the market and was named after one of the city's great sons.
In addition, the Goethe-Gymnasium has a school library with an extensive textbook and non-fiction book collection in the Goetheschule school section and the Textile and Leather Technology department of the West Saxon University has a branch library of the Zwickau University Library at the Reichenbacher Klinkhardtstraße behind the historic university building.
- 1849: Robert Wilke (1804–1889), builder of the Göltzschtal bridge
- Wilhelm Usbeck (1807–1883), church council, cashier of the Sparkasse and holder of the Albrechts Order
- Johann Carl Friedrich Jacob (1805–1877), school principal
- 1895: Otto von Bismarck (1815–1898), first German Chancellor
- 1899: Carl Heinrich Müller (1828–1900), Reichenbach entrepreneur (cloth maker)
- 1903: Hugo Klinkhardt (1842–1906), mayor of the city for 28 years
- 1911: Leonie Sarfert (1831–1913), entrepreneur and founder of the infant care facility
- 1925: Otto Eduard Schmidt (1855–1945), educator and writer
- 1926: Wilhelm Polster (1847–1929), Lord Mayor
- 1932: Philipp Wagner (1867–1946), mayor and local history researcher
- 1982: Kurt Schwabe (1905–1983), chemist, pioneer of electrochemical sensor technology, professor and rector of the Technical University of Dresden
- 1982: Heinrich Dathe (1910–1991), Director of the Berlin Zoo
- 1984: Gretchen Knoch (1909-2005), anti-fascist
- 1987: Wolfgang Mattheuer (1927–2004), painter , graphic artist and sculptor
- 2004: Otto Paetz (1914–2006), painter and graphic artist
- 2009: Hans-Günter Ehlert (* 1941), chief physician of the district hospital
- 2010: Adolf Förster (* 1919), ice skating coach (honorary citizen Mylaus )
- 2010: Josef Wetzl (1930–2016), painter and graphic artist (honorary citizen Mylaus )
- 2013: Gotthold Lange (* 1932), evang.-luth. Pastor i. R. (honorary citizen Mylaus )
Previous Mylauer honorary citizens have been treated as honorary citizens of the city of Reichenbach in Vogtland since 2016 as part of the city merger.
sons and daughters of the town
- Friedrich Rappolt (1615–1676), classical philologist, pedagogue and theologian
- Adam Friedrich von Glafey (1692–1753), legal historian and archivist
- Friederike Caroline Neuber (1697–1760), called “Die Neuberin”, theater reformer
- Franz Karl Conradi (1701–1748), legal scholar
- Karl August Böttiger (1760–1835), philologist, archaeologist, educator and writer
- Johann Friedrich Krause (1770–1820), Evangelical Lutheran theologian, general superintendent in Weimar
- Carl Friedrich Solbrig (1807–1872), businessman and politician, member of the Saxon state parliament
- Carl Bernhard Speck (1831–1905), conservative politician, member of the Saxon state parliament
- Fedor Flinzer (1832–1911), illustrator, author and educator
- Gustav von Metzsch-Reichenbach (1835–1900), manor owner, chamberlain, born in the Friesen district
- Karl Georg Levin von Metzsch-Reichenbach (1836–1927), Prime Minister of Saxony, born in the Friesen district
- Eduard König (1846–1936), Protestant theologian, biblical scholar, linguist and university professor
- Emil Schreiterer (1852–1923), architect ( Schreiterer & Below architects )
- Otto Eduard Schmidt (1855–1945), educator and writer
- Emil Claviez (1866–1931), textile manufacturer, inventor and composer
- Georg Zöphel (1869–1953), lawyer, politician and President of Creditreform
- Ella Schwarz (1869–1962), educator
- Johannes Nagler (1876–1951), legal scholar
- Arthur Arzt (1880–1953), politician, member of the Reichstag (SPD)
- Richard Benz (1884–1966), Germanist and writer
- Ernst Beutler (1885–1960), literary historian and Goethe researcher
- Rudolf Herold (1893–1982), composer, born in the Rotschau district
- Alfred Kuhn (1895–1960), chemist and entrepreneur
- Arnulf Meinhold (1899–1943), cyclist ( pacemaker )
- Alfred Stiegler (1904–1972), Mayor of Düren
- Walter Hochmuth (1904–1979), politician (KPD), GDR diplomat
- Willy Rudolf Foerster (1905–1966), engineer and one of the leading industrialists in Japan , at the time one of the richest foreigners in the island state
- Kurt Schwabe (1905–1983), chemist, pioneer of electrochemical sensor technology, professor and rector of the Technical University of Dresden
- Harry Behr (1907–1966), painter, graphic artist and author
- Rudolf Krause (1907–1987), racing driver
- Heinrich Dathe (1910–1991), director of the Berlin zoo
- Johannes Dreßler (1924–2019), Protestant theologian
- Wolfgang Mattheuer (1927–2004), painter, graphic artist and sculptor
- Günter Horlbeck (1927–2016), painter
- Karlheinz Schädlich (1931–2007), historian and Stasi employee
- Hans Joachim Schädlich (* 1935), writer
- Eberhard Dietzsch (1938–2006), painter, graphic artist and cartoonist
- Gerhard Lahr (1938–2012), painter, graphic artist and illustrator
- Wolfgang Viebahn (* 1943), local history researcher, educator and local politician
- Josef Bachmann (1944–1970), Rudi Dutschke's assassin
- Marietta Jeschke (* 1945), painter, graphic artist, sculptor and object artist
- Alexander Ilyinsky (1948–2009), dramaturge, director, director of the Friedrichstadt-Palast
- Andreas Lindenlaub (* 1949), politician (DSU) and former member of the People's Chamber of the GDR
- Jürgen Fuchs (1950–1999), GDR civil rights activist and writer
- Utz Rachowski (* 1954), writer and dissident in the GDR
- Heike Taubert (* 1958), Thuringian Minister of Social Affairs (2009-2014), Thuringian Minister of Finance (since 2014) (SPD)
- Petra Heß (* 1959), Thuringian politician (SPD), MdL Thuringia ( 1999–2002 ) and Member of the Bundestag ( 2002–2005 and 2005–2009 )
- Henry Stöhr (* 1960), judoka
- Sven Dietrich (* 1969), lawyer and politician
Personalities associated with the city
- Georg Friedrich Spitzner (1688–1764), bailiff in Reichenbach
- Karl von Metzsch (1804–1880), owner of the Reichenbach manor, father of Gustav and Georg von Metzsch-Reichenbach who were born there
- Oskar Theodor Kuntze (1827–1911), lawyer and politician, Mayor of Reichenbach
- Carl Eduard Schubert (1830–1900), organ builder
- Ernst Ahnert (1859–1944), a shorthand stenographer well-known throughout Germany in his time, a. a. of speeches by Otto von Bismarck and at the peace negotiations in Versailles (1919). Ahnert received his first systematic training as a stenographer at the secondary school in Reichenbach
- August Horch (1868–1951), founder of Audi , had his first factory in Reichenbach from 1902–1904
- Rudolf Ladewig (1893–1945), architect in Reichenbach from 1925 to 1934, later resistance fighter and victim of National Socialism
- Karl Nitz (* 1932), judoka
- Uwe Grüning (* 1942), writer and politician (CDU), MdV ( 1990 ), MdL Saxony ( 1990– , 1994– , 1999–2004 ), member of the Saxon Media Council (2004–), lived in Reichenbach from 1988–1993
- Elisabeth Dressel: Family Book Reichenbach, Vogtl. with Oberreichenbach and Schneidbach, Unterheinsdorf, Klein-Weißensand and Cunsdorf (Vogtlandkreis district, Saxony) 1530–1630 (= Central German local family books of the AMF . Vol. 67; German local family books . Vol. 00.653). AMF, Leipzig 2012 (printed as manuscript).
- Gero Fehlhauer: With the Reichsbahn across the zone border . EK, Freiburg 2009, ISBN 978-3-88255-728-2 .
- Alfred Harendt : Bomber over Reichenbach. In: Zero hour. Factual reports about experiences from the last days of the Second World War. Edited by Ursula Höntsch. Verlag der Nation, Berlin 1966.
- Johann Balthasar Olischer: Draft of a chronicle of the old Voigtland town of Reichenbach. Friedrich Lankischen's heirs, Leipzig 1729 ( digitized version ).
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- Saxony regional register
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- New mayor declares war on the emergency among family doctors. In: Freiepresse.de. Chemnitzer Verlag und Druck, accessed on May 12, 2016 .
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- Water tower Reichenbach ( Memento of the original from December 23, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on the website of the Vogtland e. V.
- Send-off for Vogtland regional television. Flurfunk Dresden from January 8, 2016. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
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