The Vogtland ( Czech Fojtsko , Latin Variscia ) is a region on the border between Bavaria , Saxony , Thuringia and Bohemia . "Vogtland" refers to the former domain of the bailiffs of Weida , Gera , Plauen and Greiz .
Over 550,000 people live in the whole of the Vogtland.
Name and location
It can be assumed that as early as 1180 Friedrich I (HRR) bestowed the title of advocatus ( Vogt ) on the Lords of Weida . When the parent company was divided, the title was carried on by all branches and passed on like a hereditary imperial fief. In 1254, the bailiffs of Gera, Greiz, Plauen and Weida negotiated an alliance with the Margrave Heinrich the Illustrious of Meissen, in which they appeared as equal partners. In the document they distinguished the land of the margrave (terra marchionis) from their area ( terra nostra , our land). It can be assumed that the margrave demarcated his country from the land of the bailiffs (terra advocatorum) in the opposite direction in order to distinguish the countries . However, the certificate for this has not been preserved. The name appears afterwards, in 1317 and later, as "woyte lande" or in a similar form in other documents, which, however, always contain agreements by other rulers over the Vogtland. The name Vogtland can only be proven in 1343.
The Bohemian Vogtland has its historical references in the Ascher Ländchen , which was separated from the Egerland at an early stage . The Egerland was an imperial territory before it was pledged to the Crown of Bohemia. The bailiffs expanded their sphere of influence here in the north. In 1281 Heinrich I (Plauen) received the Asch market . Johann von Böhmen left the Egerland pledged to him in 1322 by Ludwig the Bavarian to the bailiffs for administration. For this reason, some historians extend the term Vogtland to the entire Egerland.
Today Vogtland is also a colloquial term for the Vogtlandkreis . In contrast, the natural Vogtland also includes parts of Thuringia and Bavaria, but excludes the altitude focus in the east, which in natural terms must be assigned to the Western Ore Mountains.
Museums and collections
The history of the Vogtland is dealt with, for example, by the Bavarian Vogtland Museums in Hof and the Vogtland Museum in Plauen and the Voigtsberg Castle Museum in Oelsnitz / Vogtl. In Adorf , the sights of the region are presented in the miniature exhibition area Klein-Vogtland . Museums on the rural way of life and culture of the Upper Vogtland are located in Landwüst , Eubabrunn and Bad Brambach . The musical instrument museum in Markneukirchen deals with the history of the Vogtland musical instrument making . In Adorf / Vogtl. there is also a botanical garden and a small arboretum in Klingenthal .
The landscape of the Vogtland looks very idyllic with fields, meadows and wooded hilltops. In the south and southeast, the Vogtland rises to the low mountain range and, especially in the east, also takes up parts of the Ore Mountains . This area is called the Upper Vogtland . There the coniferous forest predominates (spruce, mostly in monoculture). The city of Adorf is considered the gateway to the Upper Vogtland and forms a crossroads to Bohemia and Franconia. The highest mountain in the country is the Vogt Schneehübel (974 m) in the western Erzgebirge . However, better known and more striking are the Aschberg near Klingenthal (936 m) and the Schneckenstein (883 m), both also in the Western Ore Mountains.
The more northerly hill country is cut through by some river valleys, especially the Weisse Elster and the Göltzsch . Furthermore, the Saale runs through the Bavarian and Thuringian Vogtland. Mighty bridges were built for railways and road traffic to cross the valleys. The Göltzschtalbrücke , the largest brick bridge in the world, and its “little sister”, the Elstertalbrücke , achieved particular fame . Both are railway bridges on the Nuremberg – Dresden connection. In addition to the road bridges on the A 72 autobahn at Hof (Saale Valley), at Pirk (Weisse Elster) and at Weißensand (Göltzsch), the Friedensbrücke in Plauen is of particular importance: It is the largest stone arch bridge in Europe. There are also a number of dams in the Vogtland. The Pöhl dam (Trieb, a tributary of the Weisse Elster), the Pirk dam ( Weisse Elster ), the Bleilochtalsperre (Saale), the Zeulenroda dam and the Untreusee are known as recreational areas .
In addition to the Ore Mountains, which occupy parts of the east, the Vogtland is bordered by the Thuringian Slate Mountains along with the Franconian Forest and the Fichtel Mountains in the west and southwest. The Saxon Vogtland belongs in its southeastern part to the Ore Mountains / Vogtland Nature Park . The Vogtland is part of the Euregio Egrensis , an association with working groups in Bavaria, Saxony, Thuringia and the Czech Republic.
The Vogtland is one of the most volcanically active zones in Central Europe . Signs of this are swarm quakes , mineral springs and gas leaks. With 100 noticeable small earthquakes in 1824, an earthquake swarm was first described there. Stronger quakes in the region there were 1897, 1903, 1908, 1936 and 1962, 1985 and 2000 and 2014. In the winter of 1985/86 was the strongest earthquake measured in Vogtland / Bohemia that a magnitude of 4.6 on the Richter scale reached . The latest swarmquake series took place in July / August 2018. The health resorts of Bad Elster and Bad Brambach with the strongest radon source in the world have allowed springs with healing properties to flourish. With Marienbad , Franzensbad and Karlsbad on the Czech-Bohemian side, the two Saxon state baths form the so-called bath pentagon .
- Major cities in the Vogtland
- Saxon Vogtland: Plauen ( district town of the Vogtlandkreis ), Auerbach , Oelsnitz , Reichenbach , Rodewisch , Lengenfeld , Elsterberg , Falkenstein , Klingenthal , Pausa-Mühltroff , Bad Elster , Adorf , Schöneck , Treuen , Markneukirchen and Netzschkau
- Thuringian Vogtland: Gera , Greiz (administrative seat of the district of Greiz ), Zeulenroda-Triebes , Hohenleuben , Berga , Ronneburg , Auma-Weidatal , Münchenbernsdorf , Schleiz (administrative seat of the Saale-Orla district ), Weida , Bad Lobenstein and Gefell
- Bavarian Vogtland: Hof , Selb , Schönwald and Rehau in Upper Franconia
- Bohemian Vogtland (in the broadest sense): Aš (Asch), Cheb (Eger), Luby (Schönbach), Hranice u Aše (Roßbach), Kraslice (Graslitz)
In the Vogtland you can mainly hear variations of East Franconian ( Upper German ). This mainly applies to the region around and south of Plauen up to the Göltzschtal with the towns of Auerbach, Rodewisch and Falkenstein. In the southeast of the Vogtland the border to the Central German dialects with the Erzgebirge and Upper Saxon is fluid. Central German dialects also predominate in the Thuringian part with variations of Thuringian. A northern Bavarian dialect is spoken in the upper Vogtland around the towns of Adorf, Markneukirchen and Bad Brambach . The dialect around Klingenthal, which is related to the Erzgebirge, has its own particularly melodic sound (singsang) . In the former Egerland part, Czech is spoken today, the Egerland (North Bavarian) dialect has been extinct there since 1946. The speakers usually simply refer to their dialect as Vogtland .
The landscape name Vogtland (formerly Voigtland, terra advocatorum ) goes back to the reigns of Weida , Gera and Plauen who ruled here from the 11th to the 16th centuries . In the 12th century, Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa appointed the first bailiffs as administrators of his eastern imperial forest areas to secure his rule, after he had taken over Heinrich von Weida from the ministry of Duke Heinrich the Lion . These had their headquarters at the Osterburg in Weida , which is why Weida is often referred to as the cradle of the Vogtland. Other privileges of the governors, the 1232 through belonged to Frederick II. Granted mining and coinage .
The bailiffs had numerous lower aristocratic families in their followers . These families include those of Dobenck , Feilitzsch , Reitzenstein , Sack or Zedtwitz . A peculiarity of the Vogtland nobility was the formation of manors , so that rights tended to be more associated with the goods than with the family network than elsewhere. In Johann Siebmacher's coat of arms from 1605, they appear distributed among the Thuringian , Saxon and Franconian knighthood due to multiple fiefdoms . Siebmacher does not use the term Vogtland knighthood at all, but assigned the family mostly to the Meissnian nobility . The genealogist Johann Gottfried Biedermann dedicated a volume of books to the Vogtland knighthood in 1752.
Because of the claims to power of the Margraves of Meißen at the beginning of the 14th century, Heinrich von Plauen submitted to the feudal rule of the Bohemian Crown in 1327 , only the rule of Voigtsberg was excluded, which remained an imperial lord . In 1349 his son of the same name, Heinrich, also placed Voigtsberg under the Bohemian feudal sovereignty; thus the entire Vogtland had become a Reichsafterlehen . The territorial and dynastic disputes over the Vogtland culminated in the Vogtland War , which led to a reorganization in 1357. In 1357 there was an exchange of territory with the Margraviate of Meißen, whereby inter alia. Wiedersberg, Liebau, Adorf, Pausa, Neuenkirchen and Hirschberg became Meißnisch and instead Borna, Geithain and Kohren went to the Vogt. Heinrich's cousins challenged the exchange in the affected sidelines. From 1379 on, Auerbach, Pausa and Liebau were given back to the Lords of Plauen, as they called themselves from then on, as a Meissen fief. Since 1426 they were also burgraves of Meißen and were in a constant power struggle with the Saxon electors.
Heinrich II von Plauen fell out of favor with King Georg von Podiebrad because of his open support for the aristocratic opposition, who took the fire of the royal Graslitz castle during fights between Heinrich and his opponents as an opportunity to deprive him of the fief and the Vogtland in 1466 by the Saxon Elector Ernst occupied. Ernst received the Vogtland as a fiefdom, which passed to the Ernestines when Leipzig was divided in 1485 . the Bergregal remained communal. After the Battle of Mühlberg , the Ernestines lost the Vogtland again in 1547 and Ferdinand I gave it to his Chancellor Heinrich IV von Plauen . The Saxon Elector Moritz also became a co-owner of the fief. Henry IV went into debt heavily, and after his death in 1554, his sons Heinrich V and Heinrich VI. fail to meet their debt obligations towards Elector August . Because of the tithes arrears and other claims, the brothers pledged the Vogtland to Electoral Saxony in 1559.
With Heinrich VI. von Plauen ended the rule of the bailiffs von Plauen over the Vogtland after he could no longer redeem the pledged land. In 1566, Elector August acquired the offices and cities of Voigtsberg, Oelsnitz, Plauen and Pausa. After the main settlement of friends and brothers in 1657, the official people of the Vogtland district as well as the offices of Plauen, Voigtsberg and Pausa were awarded to the Duke of Saxony-Zeitz , while the manors in writing and the town of Schöneck remained with the Electorate of Saxony. In 1718, after the Sachsen-Zeitz line died out, the areas reverted back to Kursachsen. In addition to an electoral Saxon part, the Auerbach and Schöneck forests formed a special part during this time, which was jointly electoral and ducal.
Upper Administratively, the Saxon Vogt land belonged since 1835 to the District Directorate of Zwickau , from 1874 to Kreishauptmannschaft Zwickau and from 1939 until the dissolution of Saxony after the Second World War to the administrative district of Zwickau . With the introduction of the GDR districts, the region was incorporated into the Karl-Marx-Stadt district. After the turn of the Saxon Vogtland finally came to the administrative district of Chemnitz, who after the local government reform in 2008 Direktionsbezirk Chemnitz was renamed. In the course of this reform, the Vogtland “capital” Plauen was also deprived of the privilege of district freedom .
The settlement chamber around Gera , which is documented in the written sources around the year 1000, was probably settled by Slavs who belonged to the tribal union of the Sorbs from the late 7th or 8th century . Large parts of the Vogtland were still forested and were only settled in the course of the high medieval eastern settlement in the late 11th and 12th centuries by Slavs and Germans from the old settlements in Franconia , Thuringia and Saxony . This can still be seen today in the serious dialect differences in the immediate vicinity as well as in certain common dialects. In some villages in the Upper Vogtland, for example, a dialect is still spoken as in the Upper Palatinate (ou for u, as in Kou for cow or Rou for calm).
Conveniently located at the intersection of the traffic routes from north to south and west to east in the middle of Germany, economy and industry in Vogtland were able to prosper very early.
The engine of industrial development was and is the city of Plauen, which is characterized by the manufacture of lace and embroidery ( Plauener Spitze ) and mechanical engineering, among others. with rotary printing presses and trucks (" Plamag ", " Vomag "), became known. Industrial focal points also formed in Reichenbach, Greiz and Zeulenroda-Triebes. Carpet weaving (Halbmond, Adoros) dominated the market in Oelsnitz and Adorf .
The instruments from the so-called Musikwinkel with the towns of Markneukirchen and Klingenthal in the upper Vogtland are known internationally . 80 percent of the orchestral instruments that were manufactured in the world came from the Vogtland until the Second World War. Around 1910, Markneukirchen was the richest city in Germany in relation to the number of inhabitants and had its own American consulate for flourishing exports.
The mass production promoted during the GDR era was replaced with the return to the manufacture of high-quality products and master instruments after the fall of the Wall. In many top orchestras, the instruments now come from workshops in the Vogtland region. In the course of globalization, the Musikwinkel is called Musicon Valley with its own quality brand . Exports more than doubled between 1995 and 2005.
The decline of the textile industry in Hof was counteracted by the settlement of forwarding companies.
Especially since the economic decline of some industries after 1990, tourism has played an increasingly important role for the economy in the region. Regardless of the season, the region has become more attractive as a destination for excursions.
Railway traffic in Vogtland began in the middle of the 19th century, and in 1841 the Saxon-Bavarian Railway Company received the concession for the Leipzig – Hof railway line . However, the first section of Werdau – Reichenbach to reach Vogtland was not opened until 1846. The Plauen – Hof section followed in 1848, and in the section in between, bridging the valleys of the Weisse Elster and the Göltzsch was extremely complicated. After the completion of the Göltzsch and Elstertal bridges - the two largest brick bridges in the world to this day - the missing section was opened in 1851.
With the inauguration of the Vogtland State Railway Herlasgrün – Falkenstein – Oelsnitz – Adorf – Eger of the Saxon State Railway in 1865 and the Neumark – Greiz line opened in the same year by the private Greiz – Brunner Railway Company , larger parts of the Vogtland were connected to the rail network. The Cheb – Oberkotzau railway line, which touches the Bohemian Vogtland , was also opened that year; the northern foothills of the Vogtland received a rail link in 1865 with the Gößnitz – Gera railway line.
After the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71, a great railway construction boom began. On the north-western edge, the Gera – Eichicht section of the Leipzig – Probstzella railway line was inaugurated in 1871 . The long, unfavorable route of the Vogtland State Railroad led to the opening of the much shorter Plauen – Oelsnitz connection in 1874 ; the remaining Herlasgrün – Oelsnitz section was henceforth operated as an independent line. The Zwickau – Falkenstein railway lines of the Zwickau-Lengenfeld-Falkensteiner Railway Company , Wolfsgefärth – Weischlitz of the Saxon-Thuringian Railway Company and the Chemnitz – Adorf of the Chemnitz-Aue-Adorfer Railway Company were all opened in 1875. However, all companies had taken over the railway construction, so that they were sold to the Saxon state by the end of the 1870s. The Weida – Mehltheuer railway line operated by the Mehltheuer-Weidaer Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft was only opened in 1884 under state railway management. In the decades that followed, additional branch and narrow-gauge railways were opened, giving the Vogtland an extremely dense network of routes compared to the rest of the German Empire. The small community of Gassenreuth was only 12 km away from a train station, and there were only three villages that were more than 10 km from the nearest train station.
The decline of the route network began as early as the Second World War . Although the Vogtland railway systems were hardly the target of Allied air raids, maintenance was severely neglected. At the end of the war, the retreating Wehrmacht blew up numerous railway systems, especially bridges. At the end of the 1950s, the first wave of line closures began, which lasted until the mid-1970s. Nevertheless, a dense route network was retained in the Vogtland, partly due to the border location. After the economic changes, there was a sharp drop in traffic, which is why larger sections of the route were closed again in the 1990s. The remaining lines were extensively renovated at the end of the 1990s, as the Vogtland Railway took over the passenger traffic on a large part of the lines that were also in danger of being closed.
Since December 2006 the Vogtland has been completely cut off from the long- distance passenger traffic of the Deutsche Bahn , regional trains are currently running on the connection from Dresden to Nuremberg ( Saxony-Franconia Magistrale ) and on the section of the Elstertalbahn from Gera to Greiz. After the Vogtland Express was discontinued, the IRE 1 Dresden – Nürnberg with stops at Reichenbach , Plauen , Mehltheuer and Hof is the highest quality passenger train connection . Hof's main train station is an important hub in Vogtland with connections to Munich, Leipzig, Dresden, Nuremberg, Bamberg and internationally to Cheb. Most of the regional train traffic is operated by the Vogtlandbahn. Together with Plauener Straßenbahn GmbH and some regional bus companies, it forms the Vogtland Transport Association .
In addition to some federal highways that run through the Vogtland, the A 72 motorway from Hof to Chemnitz (still under construction to Leipzig) is an important traffic axis . The Hermsdorfer Kreuz ( A 4 and A 9 motorways ) is near Gera (Thuringian Vogtland), the Bavarian Vogtland motorway triangles (A 9 and A 72 motorways ) and Hochfranken ( A 93 and A 72 motorways ) are close by Hof ( Bavarian Vogtland ).
- Johann Adam Tresenreuter (born November 3, 1676 in Neustadt am Kulm ; † 1754); Magister and Evangelical Lutheran theologian, father of Johann Ulrich Tresenreuter , attended the grammar schools in Gera and Hof in the Vogtland
- Nikolaus Medler (born October 15, 1502 in Hof (Saale), † August 24, 1551 in Bernburg (Saale)), Lutheran theologian and reformer
- Georg Kresse (* 1604 in Dörtendorf ; † November 1, 1641 in Auma), legendary person from the Thuringian Vogtland, who is known as the farmer general of the Thirty Years War
- Johann Caspar von Kerll (born April 9, 1627 in Adorf / Vogtl. , † February 13, 1693 in Munich), organist, harpsichordist and composer
- Georg Samuel Dörffel (born October 21, 1643 in Plauen , † August 16, 1688 in Weida ), theologian and amateur astronomer. Provided that the comets move on parabolic orbits with the sun in their focus
- Adam Friedrich Zürner (born August 15, 1679 in Marieney ; † December 18, 1742 in Dresden ) Protestant pastor and German cartographer. Carried out very precise measurements of the road network with geographic measuring vehicles and is the originator of the Saxon postal mile columns
- Johann Friedrich Böttger (born February 4, 1682 in Schleiz , † March 13, 1719 in Dresden) was a German alchemist. Together with Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, he is the inventor of European porcelain
- Friederike Caroline Neuber ( Die Neuberin ), (born March 9, 1697 in Reichenbach ; † November 30, 1760 in Dresden-Laubegast), actress and theater reformer. Co-founder of the regular German drama
- Johann Gottlob Trampeli (born November 22, 1742 in Adorf / Vogtl. , † March 18, 1812 ibid), organ builder
- Otto Carl Erdmann von Kospoth (born November 25, 1753 in Mühltroff; † June 23, 1817 there), chamberlain and composer
- Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner (born December 13, 1780 in Hof (Saale), † March 24, 1849 in Jena), chemist who is considered a pioneer in the creation of the periodic table and paved the way for catalysis with the study of platinum
- Christian Friedrich Martin (Senior), (born January 31, 1796 in Markneukirchen ; † February 16, 1873 in Nazareth (Pennsylvania) ), master musical instrument maker, founder of the traditional American brand CF Martin & Co. Inc.
- Ehregott Grünler (born July 17, 1797 in Zeulenroda; † September 9, 1881 there), portrait and history painter
- Johann Georg August Wirth (born November 20, 1798 in Hof (Saale), † July 26, 1848 in Frankfurt am Main), political writer of the Vormärz
- Julius Mosen (born July 8, 1803 in Marieney , † October 10, 1867 in Oldenburg ), poet and writer. Author of the Andreas Hofer song ("Zu Mantua in Gangs"), today the Tyrolean national anthem
- Johann Andreas Schubert (born March 19, 1808 in Wernesgrün ; † October 6, 1870 in Dresden ) German universal engineer, designer (including steam ships, steam locomotives, Göltzschtal bridge) and university lecturer
- Konstantin von Tischendorf (born January 18, 1815 in Lengenfeld , † December 7, 1874 in Leipzig ), theologian
- Otto Georgi (born November 22, 1831 in Mylau, † April 1, 1918 in Leipzig), lawyer, first mayor of the city of Leipzig and member of the Reichstag
- Heinrich Gerber (born November 18, 1832 in Hof (Saale) ; † January 3, 1912 in Munich) was a German engineer and inventor of the tanner carrier
- Gustav Schreck (born September 8, 1849 in Zeulenroda, † January 22, 1918 in Leipzig), music educator, composer and Thomaskantor in Leipzig from 1893 to 1918
- Hilmar Mückenberger (born January 26, 1855 in Eibenstock , † May 14, 1937 in Plauen ), Vogtland-Ore Mountains folk musician. Composer of the song with the popular refrain "Mei Vogtland is wunnerschie"
- Otto Eduard Schmidt (born August 21, 1855 in Reichenbach (Vogtland), † February 14, 1945 in Dresden), German educator and writer
- Hermann Petzold (born April 10, 1870 in Lambzig ; † February 26, 1927), leader of the socialist consumer cooperative movement
- Carl August Brückner (born March 7, 1872 in Mylau; † April 8, 1949 in Dresden), founder of the Reformed Apostolic Congregation Association
- Max Schmerler (born October 30, 1873 in Zwota , † June 26, 1960 in Dresden ) was a native Vogtland writer , dialect poet and author of children's books , creator of the name Musikwinkel for the upper Vogtland
- Martin Mutschmann (born March 9, 1879 in Hirschberg , † February 14, 1947 in Moscow ), Gauleiter of the NSDAP and Reich Governor in Saxony
- Rudolf Friedrichs (born March 9, 1892 in Plauen, † June 13, 1947 in Dresden) was Prime Minister of the State of Saxony from July 4, 1945 until his death
- Max Schlosser (politician) (born April 3, 1894 in Klingenthal; † March 15, 1968 in Klingenthal) was a German politician, active in the SPD, later in SAP and SED.
- Hugo Hartung (born September 17, 1902 in Netzschkau; † May 2, 1972 in Munich), writer
- Erich Ohser eo plauen (born March 18, 1903 in Gettengrün; † April 6, 1944 in Berlin ), caricaturist, comic artist. Draftsman of the comic series Father and Son ,
- Johannes Gerhard Weber (born June 11, 1909 in Mylau; † March 17, 1986 in Berg), architect and university professor, builder of the Hamburg State Opera, the National Theater in Mannheim and the research reactor ("Atom-Ei") in Munich Garching
- Oskar Sala (born July 18, 1910 in Greiz ; † February 26, 2002 in Berlin ), musician and composer, pioneer of electronic music and instrument making from trautonium to synthesizer ; Creator of the soundtrack for Alfred Hitchcock's classic The Birds
- Heinrich Dathe (born November 7, 1910 in Reichenbach; † January 6, 1991 in Berlin-Friedrichsfelde), zoologist and director of the Berlin Zoo for 34 years
- Hansgeorg Stengel (born July 30, 1922 in Greiz; † July 30, 2003 in Berlin), journalist, poet, satirist and cabaret artist
- Wolfgang Mattheuer (born April 7, 1927 in Reichenbach ; † April 7, 2004 in Leipzig ), painter, graphic artist and sculptor; with Werner Tübke and Bernhard Heisig founding father of the Leipzig School
- Helmar Meinel (born March 9, 1928 in Wernitzgrün ), journalist and satirist in Cologne
- Eberhard Zeitler (born March 9, 1930 in Mylau ; † November 25, 2011 in Nuremberg), internationally recognized radiologist and scientist in the field of angiology and cardiology, recognized with a Nobel Prize nomination, pioneer of cardiac catheter examinations
- Gotthard Graubner (born June 13, 1930 in Erlbach; † May 24, 2013 in Neuss), painter of the abstract ("pillow pictures")
- Harry Glaß (born October 11, 1930 in Klingenthal, † December 14, 1997 in Rodewisch), GDR ski jumper
- Christian Döschner (born September 25, 1936 in Mylau ), professor of automation technology
- Sigmund Jähn (born February 13, 1937 in Morgenröthe-Rautenkranz ; † September 21, 2019 in Strausberg ), cosmonaut , first German in space
- Eberhard Dietzsch (born January 3, 1938 in Reichenbach ; † January 3, 2006 in Gera ), painter , graphic artist and cartoonist
- Eberhard Hertel (born November 29, 1938 in Lauterbach (Oelsnitz) ), singer and yodeler in the GDR, father of Stefanie Hertel
- Heinz Badewitz (born May 26, 1941 in Hof; † March 10, 2016 in Graz , Austria ) was a German filmmaker and founder of the Hof International Film Festival
- Ulf Merbold (born June 20, 1941 in Greiz), astronaut
- Jürgen Hart (born September 20, 1942 in Treuen ; † April 9, 2002 in Leipzig), cabaret artist (" academixer "), lyricist of the song Sing, mei Sachse sing
- Jürgen Fuchs (born December 19, 1950 in Reichenbach ; † May 9, 1999 in Berlin), writer and GDR civil rights activist
- Gerd Bonk (born August 26, 1951 in Limbach (Vogtland), † October 20, 2014 in Greiz), world champion in weightlifting
- Angelika Bahmann (born April 1, 1952 in Plauen), Olympic champion in canoeing
- Utz Rachowski (born January 23, 1954 in Plauen), writer and GDR civil rights activist
- Volker Schlott (born April 20, 1958 in Oelsnitz), musician (saxophone, flute), composer and producer, lecturer in the fields of jazz, pop, symphonic, living in Berlin since 1974
- Kornelia Grummt-Ender (born October 25, 1958 in Plauen), Olympic and world champion in swimming
- Marlies Rostock (born April 20, 1960 in Klingenthal), German cross-country skier, gold medalist at the Olympic Games
- Katrin Weber (born January 15, 1963 in Plauen), German singer, musical artist, actress and cabaret artist
- Olaf Schubert (born November 7, 1967 in Plauen), Vogtland cabaret artist and musician
- Stefanie Hertel (born July 25, 1979 in Oelsnitz ), singer of popular hits
- Original Vogtlandecho (founded 1991 in Plauen ), Frank Jahn and Volker Rausch, Vogtland folk music
The Vogtland cuisine is a simple, hearty cuisine that mainly consists of staple foods, especially potatoes.
Typical dishes include:
- Vogtland sour eggs
- Spalkn (stew with potatoes)
- Schwammespalkn (mushroom stew)
- Plauener Hoosnbrotn (rabbit with white wine, bacon and sour cream)
- Gänsklaa (little goose)
- Egg marinated herring (salted herring marinated in milk)
- Bambes (buttermilk potato fritters)
- Griene Klaus / Griegeniffte (dumplings made from raw potatoes)
- Nackede Maadle (curd cheese, potato, flour and quark pancakes)
- Pancakes (pancakes, pancakes)
- Hiefeklass (yeast dumplings with plum or cherry compote)
- Erdepfelkuung / Erdäppelkuung (potato cake)
- Elderberry soup (elderberry soup)
- Gschling (stew or pan dish with offal)
- Hofer Schnitz (vegetable stew)
A culinary tradition is the " no matter " as a combination of nine different dishes or ingredients on Christmas Eve. The compilation can vary widely depending on the exact place of residence and family usage (previously: depending on availability).
Vogtland in Berlin
In the middle of the 18th century, craftsmen of Vogtland origin worked in Berlin during the summer months . By order of Frederick the Great , buildings were built for these craftsmen in the area of today's Rosenthaler Vorstadt in order to permanently settle them in Berlin. This district was called Voigtland until the 19th century . The term Vo (i) gtland was a synonym for the growing social misery in Berlin in the period of early industrialization.
- The Upper Vogtland (= values of our homeland . Volume 26). 1st edition. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1976.
- Plauen and the middle Vogtland (= values of our homeland . Volume 44). 1st edition. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1986.
- The eastern Vogtland (= values of the German homeland . Volume 59). 1st edition. Verlag Hermann Böhlaus successor, Weimar 1998, ISBN 3-7400-0938-1 .
- The northern Vogtland around Greiz (= values of the German homeland . Volume 68). 1st edition. Böhlau, Cologne / Weimar / Vienna 2006, ISBN 978-3-412-09003-6 .
- Max Benedict: The place names of the Saxon Vogtland in their linguistic and historical relationships , in: Mitteilungen des Altertumsverein zu Plauen , 14th annual publication for the year 1900, Neupert printing house, Plauen 1900, 128 pages ( link to the digitized version )
- Gerhard Cheap : Pleißenland - Vogtland. The kingdom and the governors . Investigations into the ruling organization and state constitution during the Middle Ages under the aspect of periodization. Vogtland-Verlag, Plauen 2002, ISBN 3-928828-22-3 .
- Manfred Blechschmidt, Lutz Hergert, Klaus Walther: The big book from Vogtland . Chemnitzer Verlag, Chemnitz 1999, ISBN 978-3-928678-52-0 .
- Enno Bünz, Sönke Friedreich, Christian Ranacher, Lutz Vogel: Vogtland (= cultural landscapes of Saxony . Volume 5 ). Edition Leipzig, Leipzig 2013, ISBN 978-3-361-00680-5 .
- Horst Fröhlich : Vogtland mosaic. Folklore and cultural-historical highlights . Vogtland-Verlag, Plauen 2004. ISBN 3-928828-31-2 .
- Johann August Ernst Köhler : Popular custom, superstition, sagas and other old traditions in Voigtland with consideration of the Orlagau and the Pleißnerland. Published by Fr. Fleischer, Leipzig 1867; Reprint Verlag Rockstuhl, Bad Langensalza 2008, ISBN 978-3-86777-042-2 .
- Walter Ludwig: About the name Vogtland . In: Plauener Kulturspiegel 1960/61 or Heimatbote des Kreis Greiz 1962, issues 4, 5 and 6.
- Kurt Schurig: Contributions to the history of mining in the Saxon Vogtlande. depicted according to archival sources . Hohmann, Plauen 1875 ( digitized version ).
- Brigitte Unger and others (Ed.): The Vogtland Atlas. Regional atlas on the nature, history, population, economy and culture of the Saxon Vogtland. 3rd ext. Edition. Verlag Klaus Gumnior, Chemnitz, 2007, ISBN 978-3-937386-18-8 .
- Matthias Werner: On the development of cities in eastern Thuringia and in Vogtland . In: Yves Hoffmann, Uwe Richter (ed.): The early history of Freiberg in a national comparison. Early urban history - mining - early house building . Mitteldeutscher Verlag, Halle / Saale 2013, ISBN 978-3-95462-132-3 , pp. 153-198.
- Walter Ludwig: On the name Vogtland. In: Plauener Kulturspiegel 1960/61 or Heimatbote des Kreis Greiz 1962, issues 4, 5 and 6.
- quake swarms in the area of Novy Kostel (Czech Republic) , umwelt.sachsen.de, Retrieved on June 3, 2014
- Jens Skapski: Juski's earthquake news. August 24, 2018. Retrieved September 23, 2018 .
- Regional language usage in regional daily newspapers ( Memento of the original from April 25, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. by Oliver Lohmann
- In the valley of musical instruments. In: MDR FIGARO. May 22, 2012. Retrieved November 28, 2014 .
- Musicon Valley - Departure in the Valley of Tones . In: The time . No. 42 , October 11, 2007, p. 40 ( online [accessed November 28, 2014]).
- Presentation of four certified hiking trails on vogtland.de
- Wilfried Rettig: The railways in Vogtland - Volume 1: Development, main lines, vehicles, depot and buildings. EK-Verlag, Freiburg 2001, ISBN 3-88255-686-2 , p. 7.
- Wilfried Rettig: The railways in Vogtland - Volume 1: Development, main lines, vehicles, depot and buildings. EK-Verlag, Freiburg 2001, ISBN 3-88255-686-2 , p. 7 f.
- Wilfried Rettig: The railways in Vogtland - Volume 1: Development, main lines, vehicles, depot and buildings. EK-Verlag, Freiburg 2001, ISBN 3-88255-686-2 , p. 9