|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative headquarters :||Plauen|
|Area :||1,412.42 km 2|
|Residents:||225,997 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||160 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||V, AE, OVL, PL, RC|
|Circle key :||14 5 23|
|Circle structure:||37 municipalities|
|Address of the
|District Administrator :||Rolf Keil ( CDU )|
|Location of the Vogtlandkreis in Saxony|
Neighboring districts are the Thuringian district of Greiz in the north, the district of Zwickau and the Erzgebirgskreis in the east . The Czech administrative district Karlsbad ( Karlovarský kraj ) joins in the south, the Bavarian district Hof in the southwest and the Thuringian Saale-Orla district in the west.
The Vogtlandkreis is located in the Saxon Vogtland . With its southern part, the area of the district is part of the Erzgebirge / Vogtland Nature Park . There are the southwestern foothills of the Erzgebirge ( Westerzgebirge ) and the Elstergebirge . It is therefore largely characterized by a low mountain range that flattens out to the west and north. The most important rivers are the Zwickauer Mulde and the White Elster . The highest mountain is the snowfall . The Erzgebirge ends in Erlbach with the Hohen Stein .
The formation of a Vogtlandkreis with the seat of the district administration in the independent city of Plauen, which does not belong to the Vogtlandkreis, was already provided for in the original draft law of the Saxon state government of June 29, 1992. It should be done by amalgamating the aforementioned counties.
Due to the intense influence of the Auerbach CDU district association and the local district administrator Winfried Eichler , who insisted on the formation of two districts, it was decided in Dresden that the economically weaker district town of Auerbach should become the seat of the district. In the meantime, Plauen had surprisingly made friends with the two-circle variant.
As part of the legislative process, the creation of two districts, the Elstertal district based in Plauen (districts Plauen Land and Oelsnitz and parts of the district of Klingenthal) and the Göltzschtalkkreis based in Auerbach (districts of Auerbach, Reichenbach and other parts of the Klingenthal district) was favored . This variant was also decided in the District Reform Act of June 24, 1993.
However, at the request of a citizens' initiative led by the non-attached District Councilor Volker Liskowsky, the district council of the then Reichenbach district lodged a constitutional complaint with the Saxon Constitutional Court against this regulation, which ruled that this decision was null and void.
With the 2nd District Area Amendment Act of September 6, 1995, the formation of the Vogtland District was decided on January 1, 1996 with its seat in the independent city of Plauen. With the formation of the Vogtlandkreis, the license plate V was generally mandatory for new vehicle registrations.
On August 1, 2008, as part of the Saxony district reform in 2008, the Vogtland district was enlarged by incorporating the previously independent city of Plauen, where the district administration was already located. The associated revocation of the status as an independent city took place against massive resistance from Plauen. The district has an area of 1412 km². Its population on December 31, 2015 was 232,318.
Today's Vogtlandkreis corresponds to the area of the Electoral Saxon Vogtland District , apart from minor deviations . A small part in the northeast, mainly Neumark , belonged to the Erzgebirge district.
In the district election on June 7, 2015, Rolf Keil (CDU) prevailed against two competitors with 56.9% of the votes in the first ballot. Before that , Tassilo Lenk had been its district administrator since the formation of the Vogtlandkreis, even before the district reform in 2008 .
The district council of the Vogtlandkreis was elected on May 26, 2019. The 86 seats in the district council are distributed among the individual parties as follows:
|Parties and constituencies||Percent
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||30.4||27||37.8||33||37.1||33|
|AfD||Alternative for Germany||19.1||17th||6.2||5||-||-|
|THE LEFT.||THE LEFT.||12.4||11||15.8||14th||20.4||18th|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||10.0||9||15.8||14th||14.2||12|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||9.8||8th||6.7||6th||9.8||8th|
|FWV||Free Voters Vogtland eV||8.2||7th||6.1||5||6.7||6th|
|GREEN||Alliance 90 / The Greens||6.2||5||4.0||3||3.1||2|
|DSU||German Social Union||2.2||1||3.4||3||5.1||4th|
|III. path||The III. path||1.7||1||-||-||-||-|
|NPD||National Democratic Party of Germany||-||-||3.6||3||3.6||3|
|Turnout in percent||60.5||47.8||42.5|
At the federal level, the Vogtlandkreis and the formerly independent city of Plauen form constituency 166 .
coat of arms
Blazon : “ Split shield. On the left, on a black field, a right-facing golden lion , armored in red, with a red tongue and a golden crown. On the right on a golden field a black, right-facing, red armored eagle with a red tongue. "
The lion as the actual heraldic animal of the Vogtland corresponds to the Bavarian or the Palatinate lion. It was featured in the coat of arms during the medieval rule of the bailiffs of Weida , Gera and Plauen and their successors since the 13th century. The black imperial eagle to the realm country character of other parts of the former Vogtlandes ( Egerland , Regnitzland remember).
In addition to the baths in the health resorts of Bad Elster and Bad Brambach , the manufacture of musical instruments in the so-called music corner and tourism - especially winter sports - play an important role. In the Plauen area, the textile industry (Plauener Spitze), printing machine construction and the vehicle industry (buses) are also important.
In 2009, the Vogtlandkreis was named “Municipality of the Year” in the Grand Prize for Medium-Sized Enterprises competition.
In the future atlas 2016 , the Vogtlandkreis took 342th place out of 402 rural districts and urban districts in Germany, making it one of the regions with “future risks”.
In the ZDF "The Great Germany Study 2018", the Vogtlandkreis took 97th place out of 401 districts and cities in Germany.
In Vogtlandkreis there are 14 hospitals, including a hospital of specialized care and a specialist clinic . The Vogtlandkreis tries to attract doctors to the region with the program “Doctors for Vogtland”.
- Specialist care hospital
- Helios Vogtland-Klinikum Plauen GmbH
- Standard care hospitals
- Specialist clinic
- Rehab clinics
- Celenus German Clinic for Integrative Medicine and Naturopathic Treatment Bad Elster
- Vogtland Clinic Bad Elster
- Paracelsus Clinic Am Schillergarten Bad Elster for oncology, gynecology and orthopedics
- Mediclin Klinik am Brunnenberg Bad Elster for cardiovascular diseases, orthopedics and rheumatology
- Celenus specialist clinic Sachsenhof Bad Elster for orthopedics and cardiology
- Evangelical specialist clinic Sonnenhöhe of the DGS-Diakoniegesellschaft Sachsen gGmbH Bad Elster, specialist clinic for children and adolescents
- Klinik Bad Brambach, rehabilitation clinic for rheumatology , cardiology and orthopedics
- Professional association clinic for occupational diseases Falkenstein
There are MVZs of the Paracelsus clinics in Adorf, Reichenbach and Schöneck, there are others in Ellefeld, Klingenthal and Plauen.
- Medical technology
The A72 federal motorway crosses the Vogtland in the north. There are also several federal highways. Several road border crossings connect the Vogtlandkreis with its Bohemian neighbors.
On January 1, 1996, the district kept the distinctive signs of the previous districts AE (Auerbach), OVL (Obervogtland; Klingenthal and Oelsnitz), PL (Plauen) and RC (Reichenbach). These were replaced on March 1, 1996 by the new distinguishing mark V. It is still issued today. On January 1, 2009, the city of Plauen also lost its PL.
Since November 9, 2012, the distinguishing marks AE, OVL, PL and RC are available again in connection with the license plate liberalization .
Traditionally, there is a close-knit rail network in the Vogtland. However, this network has been heavily thinned through a number of line closures. The following route sections used in local rail transport are located in the Vogtland district:
- (Leipzig–) Neumark - Reichenbach - Plauen - Schönberg - Gutenfürst (- Hof) ( Saxony-Franconia Mainline )
- Plauen - Oelsnitz - Adorf - Bad Brambach (- Vojtanov)
- Weischlitz - Plauen - Elsterberg (- Greiz - Gera)
- (Zwickau -) Lengenfeld (Vogtl) - Falkenstein - Grünbach - Muldenberg - Schöneck - Zwotental - Zwota - Klingenthal (- Kraslice)
- Herlasgrün - Falkenstein
All routes are served at least every two hours, most every hour. The operator of many transport facilities is the private Vogtlandbahn , which has been operating regional trains on the modernized branch lines of the Saxon Vogtland since 1996 . A regional express , DB Regio Südost, commuted three times a day on the Adorf - Plauen - Leipzig route . There was also an offer similar to long-distance transport, the Franken-Sachsen-Express, which connected Nuremberg and Dresden via Plauen and Reichenbach. It was created when the ICE traffic on the Saxony-Franconia Magistrale was discontinued when the timetable was changed in December 2006 . Since then, Deutsche Bahn's InterRegioExpress trains have been running every two hours . With the timetable change in December 2007, the Regional Express Dresden - Hof was extended to Nuremberg due to the high demand, so that hourly connections Dresden - Reichenbach - Plauen - Nuremberg were available. Since June 2005 the Vogtlandbahn has also offered a daily long-distance train (Adorf–) Plauen - Berlin, the so-called Vogtland Express . This attractive offer replaced the previously discontinued InterRegio and was very well received by the population. Between February 16 and April 8, 2009, the connection was temporarily suspended for economic reasons. The Vogtlandbahn closed the railway connection on October 1st, 2012. The route is currently served by bus.
In addition to the national routes, there are also two border crossings into the Czech Republic, Bad Brambach / Vojtanov (four pairs of trains per day; Vogtlandbahn in cooperation with ČD ) and Klingenthal / Kraslice (every hour; Vogtlandbahn in cooperation with GW Train Regio ).
The largest expansion measure in recent years is the electrification of the Reichenbach - Hof section. It is the basis for integrating the city of Plauen into the network of Central Germany's S-Bahn with continuous trains, as diesel vehicles are not permitted in the new Leipzig City Tunnel . As the special purpose association for local public transport Vogtland (ZVV) has not yet participated in the financing and there are vehicle bottlenecks in the S-Bahn, implementation is currently not in sight. Until then, there are only transfer connections to Leipzig via Werdau or Zwickau Hbf .
Local public transport association Vogtland
96% of the settlement area is supplied with public transport , so that all places that have no rail connection can be reached relatively easily by buses, at least on weekdays. There are also city transports in Auerbach , Reichenbach , Klingenthal and Plauen , where this is organized by the Plauener Straßenbahn GmbH with buses and trains. In recent years, interfaces between train and bus lines have been increasingly built at the stations, which make it easier to change trains and improve the range of rail and bus services through the implementation of the network concept.
The public transport association Vogtland , or ZVV for short , acts as the responsible body . The Vogtland network tariff of the Vogtland transport association , which, as a subsidiary of the ZVV, performs its tasks, applies throughout the Vogtland district .
cities and communes
(Population figures as of December 31, 2019)
- Adorf / Vogtl. (4844)
- Auerbach / Vogtl. , Major district town (18,237)
- Bad Elster (3675)
- Elsterberg (3925)
- Falkenstein / Vogtl. (7947)
- Klingenthal (8184)
- Lengenfeld (7124)
- Markneukirchen (7470)
- Netzschkau (3854)
- Oelsnitz / Vogtl. , Major district town (10,143)
- Pausa-Mühltroff (4919)
- Plauen , large district town (64,597)
- Reichenbach im Vogtland , large district town (20,487)
- Rodewisch (6373)
- Schöneck / Vogtl. (3142)
- Faithful (7784)
Administrative communities and administrative associations
- Administrative community Falkenstein with the member communities Falkenstein / Vogtl., Grünbach and Neustadt / Vogtl.
- Administrative association Jägerswald with the member communities Bergen, Theuma, Tirpersdorf (VV headquarters) and Werda
- Administrative community Netzschkau-Limbach with the member communities Netzschkau (VG headquarters) and Limbach
- Administrative community Oelsnitz / Vogtl. with the member communities Bösenbrunn, Eichigt, Oelsnitz / Vogtl. and Triebel / Vogtl.
- Administrative community Reichenbach in Vogtland with the member communities Heinsdorfergrund and Reichenbach in Vogtland
- Administrative community Schöneck / Mühlental with the member communities Mühlental and Schöneck / Vogtl. (VG headquarters)
- Administrative community Treuen with the member communities Neuensalz and Treuen
- Bad Brambach (1833)
- Bergen (958)
- Bösenbrunn (1142)
- Eichigt (1192)
- Ellefeld (2546)
- Gruenbach (1643)
- Heinsdorfergrund (1968)
- Limbach (1427)
- Mill Valley (1276)
- Dump hammer (3025)
- Neuensalz (2106)
- Neumark (2964)
- Neustadt / Vogtl. (959)
- Poehl (2482)
- Rosenbach / Vogtl. (4133)
- Steinberg (2743)
- Theuma (1019)
- Tirpersdorf (1356)
- Triebel / Vogtl. (1222)
- Weischlitz (5806)
- Werda (1492)
Changes since the district was founded
On January 1, 1999, several parishes were incorporated into others or they merged with other parishes. In detail this concerned:
- Beerheide was incorporated into Auerbach / Vogtl.
- Brockau was incorporated into Netzschkau
- Dröda was incorporated into Burgstein
- Eich / Sa. was incorporated after Treuen
- Hartmannsgrün was incorporated into Treuen
- Jößnitz was incorporated into Plauen
- Kauschwitz was incorporated into Plauen
- Kloschwitz was incorporated into Weischlitz
- Kürbitz was incorporated into Weischlitz
- Landwüst was incorporated into Markneukirchen
- Leubetha was incorporated into Adorf / Vogtl.
- Neundorf was incorporated into Plauen
- Oberlauterbach was incorporated into Falkenstein / Vogtl.
- Rodau joined forces with Leubnitz and others
- Rößnitz joined forces with Leubnitz and others
- Schneckengrün joined forces with Leubnitz and others
- Schneidbach was incorporated into Reichenbach in the Vogtland
- Schönberg was incorporated into Mehltheuer
- Schönbrunn was incorporated into Lengenfeld
- Straßberg was incorporated into Plauen
- Trieb / Vogtl. was incorporated into Falkenstein / Vogtl.
- Waldkirchen was incorporated into Lengenfeld
- Wernitzgrün was incorporated into Erlbach
On January 1, 2003 the community Rebesgrün was moved to Auerbach / Vogtl. incorporated. On October 1, 2009 the communities Hammerbrücke , Morgenröthe-Rautenkranz and Tannenbergsthal merged to form the new community Muldenhammer . On January 1, 2011, the community was Burgstein by Weischlitz amalgamated and the municipalities Leubnitz , Mehltheuer and Syrau joined the new municipality Rosenbach / Vogtl. together.
On January 1, 2013, the Pausa administrative community was dissolved and the town of Mühltroff became the town of Pausa / Vogtl. incorporated. The resulting unified community bears the name Pausa-Mühltroff . In addition, Zwota was incorporated into Klingenthal .
There are 39 designated nature reserves in the district (as of February 2017).
- Brigitte Unger (Ed.): The Vogtlandatlas: regional atlas on nature, history, population, economy, culture of the Saxon Vogtland . 2nd edition 2004., 104 pp., ISBN 3-937386-02-5 .
- Population of the Free State of Saxony by municipalities on December 31, 2019 ( help on this ).
- Result of the district election 2015. Accessed on June 10, 2015 .
- Result of the district council election 2019. Retrieved on June 1, 2019 .
- speech for the award as Commune of the Year ( Memento of the original from July 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Future Atlas 2016. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 23, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ZDF: ZDFzeit: Where is it best to live? The great Germany study. Retrieved August 16, 2018 .
- - ( Memento of the original from November 4, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Population of the Free State of Saxony by municipalities on December 31, 2019 ( help on this ).
- Report on the integration of Mühltroff into the town of Pausa in Vogtland-Anzeiger from September 27, 2012. Accessed on October 26, 2012 .