|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative headquarters :||Schleiz|
|Area :||1,151.3 km 2|
|Residents:||80,312 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||70 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||SOK, LBS, PN, SCZ|
|Circle key :||16 0 75|
|Circle structure:||59 municipalities|
|Address of the
|Oschitzer Strasse 4
|District Administrator :||Thomas Fügmann ( CDU )|
|Location of the Saale-Orla district in Thuringia|
The Saale-Orla-Kreis is a district in the southeast of Thuringia and after the Wartburgkreis and the Schmalkalden-Meiningen district, it is the third largest in the Free State in terms of area. The county seat is Schleiz . In terms of spatial planning , the district belongs to the Eastern Thuringia planning region and is a member of the Eastern Thuringia planning community.
The district lies for the most part in the Thuringian Slate Mountains or in its transition areas to the Thuringian Woodland and the Vogtland . As a result, the terrain is clearly characterized by low mountain ranges, over 80% of the area of the district is over 400 m high. The lowest point is the Orlatal with a height of approx. 180 m above sea level. NN in the area of the municipality of Langenorla . The Sieglitzberg near Bad Lobenstein near the border with Bavaria is at 733 m the highest point in the district. The highest place is Rodacherbrunn at an altitude of approx. 700 m.
Neighboring districts are the Saale-Holzland district in the north, the Greiz district in the northeast, the Saxon Vogtland district in the southeast , the Bavarian district of Hof in the south, the Bavarian district of Kronach in the southwest and the Saalfeld-Rudolstadt district in the west .
The Saale river , which gives it its name, cuts deeply into the terrain and flows over a length of approx. 90 kilometers through the district. The second namesake is the Orla , a right tributary of the Saale, which flows through the Orlasenke in the north of the district .
The Thuringian natural areas of the Upper Saale Valley , Saale Sandstone Slab , Orlasenke , High Thuringian Slate Mountains - Franconian Forest , East Thuringian Slate Mountains – Vogtland , Schwarza-Sormitz area and Plothener Teichplatte are wholly or partly in the district area. Large parts of the district are located in the Thuringian Slate Mountains / Obere Saale Nature Park .
In the district there are 15 nature reserves of various types:
|NSG no.||Name of the area||Natural space||Area (ha)|
|Dreba - Plothener pond area||Plothener pond plate||
|Kulm||High Thuringian Slate Mountains – Franconian Forest||
|Goat wood||Schwarza-Sormitz area||
|Heinrichstein||Upper Saale Valley||
|Alpensteig||Upper Saale Valley||
|Lead mountain||Upper Saale Valley||
|Uhlstadt Heath||Saale sandstone slab||
|Kobersfelsen||Upper Saale Valley||
|Buchenberg near Krölpa||Oral cavity||
|Weißacker||Saale sandstone slab||
|Jägersruh-Accordinggrund-Mulschwitzen||High Thuringian Slate Mountains – Franconian Forest||
|Wettera||East Thuringian Slate Mountains – Vogtland||
|Middle ground||East Thuringian Slate Mountains – Vogtland||
|Friessnitz Lake - Struth||Saale sandstone slab||
The district was created as part of the district reform of Thuringia in 1994 by amalgamating the districts of Lobenstein , Pößneck and Schleiz . Historical predecessors include the district of Ziegenrück (until 1952) and the Neustädter Kreis (until 1920).
Development of the population:
- Data source: from 1994 Thuringian State Office for Statistics - values from December 31st
The 46 seats in the district council have been distributed among the individual parties as follows since the local elections on May 26, 2019 :
Thomas Fügmann (CDU) has been the district administrator of the Saale-Orla district since 2012 .
In the district election on January 15, 2012, District Administrator Frank Roßner ( SPD ) , who has been in office since 2000, re-ran and received the relative majority of the votes with 35.5%. He is followed by Thomas Fügmann from the CDU (30.6%), Andreas Scheffczyk (UBV; 14.7%), Thomas Hofmann ( Die Linke ; 11.8%) and Volker Ortwig ( FDP ), who is 7.5% of the current Votes received. The turnout was 38.9 percent.
Since none of the candidates received an absolute majority, there was a runoff election between Frank Roßner and Thomas Fügmann on January 29, 2012, which Fügmann won with 53.1% of the votes against Roßner, who achieved 46.9%, and Roßner thus replaced after twelve years in office as district administrator.
Former district administrators were:
coat of arms
The coat of arms designed by the heraldist Michael Zapfe was approved on January 27, 1995 by the Thuringian State Administration Office.
Blazon : “Above a red shield base with two silver wavy strips split by black and gold; in front a left-turning, red armored, tongued and crowned golden lion; behind a red armored and tongued black lion. "
The black lion is borrowed from the coat of arms of the Margraves of Meissen, which later became part of the Ernestine Wettins. The later dukes or grand dukes of Saxe-Meiningen and Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach came from this line. The black lion was also the heraldic animal of the Counts of Orlamünde, who were once predominant in this region. The golden, red-armored and crowned lion is borrowed from the family coat of arms of the Principality of Reuss. The counts and later princes of Reuss resided in the towns of Lobenstein and Schleiz for a long time, as evidenced by the former castles in the towns. Essentially, the former Schleiz and Lobenstein districts were owned by the Reuss. The two corrugated beams represent the rivers Saale and Orla, which shape today's district and give it its name.
An overview of the coats of arms of the towns and municipalities of the district can be found in the list of coats of arms in the Saale-Orla district .
Economy and Infrastructure
The district is crossed in a north-south direction by the federal highway 9 Berlin - Nuremberg and the federal highway 2 , which runs largely parallel to it . Important connections in the west-east direction are the federal road 281 , which connects from Saalfeld to the B 2 at Triptis, and the federal road 90 , which leads from Saalfeld through the south of the district via Bad Lobenstein to the B 2 at Gefell. The federal road 94 connects the district town Schleiz with Zeulenroda-Triebes .
In 1892, Oppurg station became the starting point for the Orlabahn , a cross-connection between the Saal-Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft and Orlamünde on its main line from Jena to Saalfeld . The line had been in operation from Pößneck lower station since 1889.
Since 1894–1897, the Triptis – Marxgrün railway line , which has been developed by the Prussian State Railway, has run from Triptis across the mountains via Ziegenrück - Lobenstein to Blankenstein and from 1901 on to Marxgrün in Upper Franconia. The Sormitztalbahn from Saalfeld via Wurzbach, which opened in 1907/08, meets them in Unterlemnitz .
The Schleizer Oberland was opened up with the Schönberg – Schleiz railway from the Schönberg station in the Saxon Vogtland district , which was established in 1887 as the state railway of the Principality of Reuss jL and which was not continued until 1930 by Schleizer Kleinbahn AG to Saalburg an der Saale. This new track is including a turnoff to Gräfenwarth been operated electrically -Sperrmauer long time. Passenger traffic has been suspended since 2006.
In the 1990s, the rail network in what is now the district area, which is a maximum of 158 km in length, was shortened to such an extent that less than half of it is used by passenger trains today, namely only 77 km. The following routes have been closed:
- 1939: Graefenwarth - barrier wall: 3 km
- 1945: Blankenstein / Saale - Lichtenberg - Marxgrün: 1 km
- 1946: Pößneck untied Bf - Oppurg: 3 km
- 1994: Schönberg - Unterkoskau - Hirschberg: 17 km
- 1996: Schleiz West - Saalburg: 14 km
- 1998: Triptis - Ziegenrück - Unterlemnitz: 43 km
There are 15 designated nature reserves in the district (as of January 2017).
(Residents on December 31, 2019)
* Administrative headquarters
For the terms "administrative community" and "fulfilling community" see administrative community and fulfilling community (Thuringia) .
- Renaming of the city of Lobenstein to Bad Lobenstein (March 21, 1995)
- Dissolution of the community of Gleima - incorporation into the community of Gahma (September 2, 1995)
- Dissolution of the Möschlitz community - incorporation into the town of Schleiz (December 29, 1995)
- Dissolution of the municipality of Gräfenwarth - incorporation into the city of Schleiz (June 4, 1996)
- Dissolution of the municipalities of Künsdorf , Mielesdorf , Rothenacker , Seubtendorf , Stelzen , Unterkoskau and Zollgrün - incorporation into the city of Tanna (January 1, 1997)
- Dissolution of the communities of Blintendorf , Dobareuth , Gebersreuth and Langgrün - incorporation into the city of Gefell (January 1, 1997)
- Dissolution of the communities Friedebach , Graefendorf , Herschdorf , Rockendorf and Trannroda - incorporation into the community Krölpa (January 1, 1997)
- Dissolution of the community Unterlemnitz - incorporation into Bad Lobenstein (January 1, 1997)
- Dissolution of the communities of Grumbach , Heberndorf , Heinersdorf , Oßla , Titschendorf and Weitisberga - integration into the city of Wurzbach (July 1, 1999)
- Dissolution of the municipalities of Altengesees , Burglemnitz , Eliasbrunn , Gahma , Liebengrün , Rauschengesees , Ruppersdorf , Thierbach , Thimmendorf and Weisbach - incorporation into the municipality of Remptendorf (July 1, 1999)
- Dissolution of the Liebschütz community - incorporation into Remptendorf (September 29, 2000)
- Dissolution of the city of Saalburg and the municipality of Ebersdorf / Thuringia - reorganization of the city of Saalburg-Ebersdorf (January 1, 2003)
- Dissolution of the municipality of Breitenhain - incorporation into the city of Neustadt an der Orla (December 1, 2010)
- Dissolution of the Dragensdorf community - incorporation into Dittersdorf (December 1, 2010)
- Dissolution of the municipality of Pillingsdorf - incorporation into the city of Triptis (January 1, 2012)
- Dissolution of the community of Chursdorf - incorporation into Dittersdorf (December 31, 2013)
- Dissolution of the communities of Birkenhügel , Blankenberg , Blankenstein , Harra , Neundorf , Pottiga and Schlegel - new formation of the community Rosenthal am Rennsteig (January 1, 2019)
- Dissolution of the municipality of Bucha - incorporation into Knau (January 1, 2019)
- Dissolution of the Stanau community - integration into Neustadt an der Orla (January 1, 2019)
- Dissolution of the community of Crispendorf - incorporation into Schleiz (January 1, 2019)
- Dissolution of the communities Linda bei Neustadt an der Orla , Knau and Dreba - incorporation into Neustadt an der Orla (December 31, 2019)
- Dissolution of the municipality of Burgk - incorporation into Schleiz (December 31, 2019)
Administrative communities and fulfilling communities
- Dissolution of the Heinersdorf administrative community - incorporation of the member communities Grumbach and Heinersdorf into the Wurzbach administrative community ; Unterlemnitz becomes an independent municipality (October 11, 1994)
- Foundation of the administrative community for the Wurzbach region (October 12, 1994)
- Expansion of the administrative community Oettersdorf to include the municipalities of Bucha , Dreba , Knau , Tegau and Volkmannsdorf (November 4, 1994)
- Dissolution of the administrative community Ranis-Oberland - incorporation of the member communities and the communities Crispendorf , Eßbach , Schöndorf and the city of Ziegenrück into the administrative community Ranis-Ziegenrück formed from it (March 9, 1995)
- The city of Neustadt an der Orla becomes a fulfilling municipality for Breitenhain , Kospoda , Linda bei Neustadt an der Orla and Stanau (June 16, 1995)
- Expansion of the administrative community in Oppurg to include the municipality of Langenorla (July 28, 1995)
- Dissolution of the Gefell administrative community - conversion of the member communities into the town of Gefell , with the exception of the community of Stelzen , which is incorporated into Tanna (January 1, 1997)
- Dissolution of the administrative community Krölpa - conversion of the member communities into the unified community Krölpa , with the exception of Seisla , which joins the administrative community Ranis-Ziegenrück (January 1, 1997)
- Dissolution of the administrative community Tanna - conversion of the member communities into the city of Tanna (January 1, 1997)
- Dissolution of the administrative community Region Wurzbach - conversion of the member communities into the city of Wurzbach (July 1, 1999)
- Dissolution of the Saale-Sormitz-Höhen administrative community - conversion of the member communities into the Remptendorf community (July 1, 1999)
- Outsourcing of the municipality of Burgk from the administrative community Saalburg - Remptendorf becomes the fulfilling municipality (July 1, 1999)
- Remptendorf becomes a fulfilling community for Liebschütz (July 1, 1999)
- Remptendorf is no longer a fulfilling community for Liebschütz (September 29, 2000)
- Dissolution of the administrative community Saalburg - the city of Saalburg merges with the municipality of Ebersdorf / Thuringia to form the city of Saalburg-Ebersdorf (January 1, 2003)
- The city of Neustadt an der Orla is no longer a fulfilling municipality for Breitenhain (November 30, 2010)
- Expansion of the administrative community Ranis-Ziegenrück to include the municipality of Krölpa (December 31, 2013)
- Dissolution of the Saale-Rennsteig administrative community - conversion of the member communities into the community of Rosenthal am Rennsteig (January 1, 2019)
- The city of Neustadt an der Orla is no longer fulfilling municipality for Stanau (January 1, 2019)
- Outsourcing of the community of Crispendorf from the administrative community Ranis-Ziegenrück (January 1, 2019)
- The city of Neustadt an der Orla is no longer fulfilling church for Linda (December 31, 2019)
- Spin-off of the Dreba and Knau municipalities from the Lake District administrative community (December 31, 2019)
- The municipality of Remptendorf is no longer fulfilling municipality for Burgk (December 31, 2019)
- from Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Oettersdorf to Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Seenplatte (November 3, 1994)
On July 1, 1994, the district was assigned the vehicle differentiation signs LBS (Bad Lobenstein), PN (Pößneck) and SCZ (Schleiz). On February 1, 1995, these were replaced by the new distinctive symbol SOK .
Until about the year 2000 vehicles from the old districts received special identification numbers:
|Old district Lobenstein||A to J||1 to 999|
|AA to JZ||1 to 99|
|Old district of Pößneck||K to S||1 to 999|
|KA to SZ||1 to 99|
|Altkreis Schleiz||T to Z||1 to 999|
|TA to ZZ||1 to 99|
Since November 24, 2012 the abbreviations LBS , PN and SCZ are available again.
- Population of the municipalities from the Thuringian State Office for Statistics ( help on this ).
Walter Hiekel, Frank Fritzlar, Andreas Nöllert and Werner Westhus: The natural spaces of Thuringia . Ed .: Thuringian State Institute for Environment and Geology (TLUG), Thuringian Ministry for Agriculture, Nature Conservation and Environment . 2004, ISSN 0863-2448 . → Natural area map of Thuringia (TLUG) - PDF; 260 kB → Maps by district (TLUG)
- Nature reserves in the Saale-Orla district, Obere Saale-Sormitz Nature Park Center, Leutenberg, 2015
- District election in the Saale-Orla district 2019 In: wahlen.thueringen.de .
- District election 2012
- New Thuringian Wappenbuch Volume 2, page 33; Publisher: Arbeitsgemeinschaft Thüringen eV 1998 ISBN 3-9804487-2-X
- Regional plan East Thuringia of October 28, 2011 , accessed on October 16, 2016
- Population of the municipalities from the Thuringian State Office for Statistics ( help on this ).