The natural areas of Thuringia

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The natural areas of Thuringia is a natural spatial structure of the state of Thuringia created on behalf of the Thuringian State Institute for Environment and Geology (TLUG) . It appeared in the form of a 380-page book of the same name (published in 2004) as well as in numerous maps, most of which are publicly accessible (via TLUG).

Difference from other outlines

The criteria of the natural spatial structure within Thuringia differ somewhat from the nationwide, but largely unfinished system of the manual of the natural spatial structure of Germany , which is also the basis for the BfN's classification, which is largely unfinished in East Germany . It is by no means as detailed as the single sheets 1: 200,000 of the manual , but differentiates a little more than the main units of the manual itself. This structure also differs significantly from the system of the structure of natural spaces in Saxony, which was created in parallel in the neighboring federal state, and from the latter, similar system in Saxony-Anhalt .

In contrast to the manual and its subsequent publications, the Thuringian structure is not hierarchized in simply connected main unit groups, which are further subdivided into main units and units of a smaller order, but is strictly divided into 7 basic geological structures to which each landscape unit is assigned.

Some newly defined natural area names in the immediate border with neighboring federal states can only be used to a limited extent for Germany-wide classifications. For the sake of simplicity, landscapes were often “included” or “removed” from these. So were z. B. all parts of the - outside of the Rhön - only marginal Thuringian East Hessian mountainous region are included, which are in their core in Thuringia.

List of natural areas in Thuringia

The Thuringian system distinguishes the following natural areas:

Overall, take the four main types of landscape low mountains , red sandstone hill country , limestone panels and -Bergländer and arable hill regions , each with roughly equal shares varying between 20 and 25% more than 90% of the area of Thuringia one. 23% of the land area alone is accounted for by the Thuringian Mountains and around 20% by the Central Thuringian Ackerhügelland , if one counts island-like ridges and meadows in the interior.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Walter Hiekel, Frank Fritzlar, Andreas Nöllert and Werner Westhus: The natural spaces of Thuringia . Ed .: Thuringian State Institute for Environment and Geology (TLUG), Thuringian Ministry for Agriculture, Nature Conservation and Environment . 2004, ISSN  0863-2448 . → Natural area map of Thuringia (TLUG) - PDF; 260 kB → Maps by district (TLUG)