|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 50 ° 27 ' N , 11 ° 38' E
|County :||Saale-Orla district|
|Height :||560 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||48.92 km 2|
|Residents:||5825 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||119 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||07356|
|Area code :||036651|
|License plate :||SOK, LBS, PN, SCZ|
|Community key :||16 0 75 062|
|LOCODE :||DE GO|
|City structure:||6 districts|
City administration address :
07356 Bad Lobenstein
|Mayor :||Thomas Weigelt (independent)|
|Location of the city of Bad Lobenstein in the Saale-Orla district|
Bad Lobenstein , until 2005 Lobenstein , is a small town in the Saale-Orla district in Thuringia . Before it was incorporated into this, Lobenstein was the district town of the district of the same name .
The city is located in the Thuringian Slate Mountains between the foothills of the Thuringian Forest and the Franconian Forest , south and west of the large Saale dams Hohenwarte and Bleiloch .
The districts of Helmsgrün , Lichtenbrunn , Mühlberg , Oberlemnitz , Saaldorf and Unterlemnitz belong to the city .
Neighboring communities are the cities of Gefell , Saalburg-Ebersdorf , Tanna and Wurzbach and the communities of Remptendorf and Rosenthal am Rennsteig .
The high medieval castle Lobenstein lies above the center of the city on the right of the Lemnitz on a mountain cone. It was used to monitor traffic on the route from Leipzig to Bamberg. Lobenstein was first mentioned in 1250 as a knight's seat. This was probably a foundation of the Lords of Lobdeburg . An Otto von Lobenstein was named at the castle in 1250. This is also the first documentary mention of Lobenstein. In the 13th century the fortress belonged to the bailiffs of Gera . It then remained the residence until 1601, since 1597 in the possession of the younger Reuss line. Around 1600 the castle was in serious disrepair. The Russians then moved into the castle. The castle played a brief role in the Thirty Years' War . In 1632 imperial troops stormed the Swedish-occupied complex. The keep and the remains of the curtain wall still tell of the castle.
Lobenstein was named a city as early as 1278 . The mayor and council are attested in 1411, they were entitled to the lower courts.
On October 8, 1806, the Napoleonic army marched through the city. At around 9 a.m., Emperor Napoleon I left Kronach . There he visited the fortress and strengthened it with his own and allied Bavarian troops in order to have a possibility of retreat in the event of a defeat by Prussia. He arrived in Lobenstein around 12:30 p.m. His way led over the Gallenberg to Ebersdorf, where he stayed with another 32 generals and staff officers. Around 190,000 men marched through Lobenstein day and night. The city and the entire surrounding area were affected. Bivouacs and looting were the order of the day. Despite the neutrality of the Russian Federation , the population suffered greatly.
The Marshal and later King of Norway-Sweden, Bernadotte , stayed in the New Palace . On October 14th the double battle took place near Jena and Auerstedt , with the outcome of which the fate of Prussia was sealed.
The citizen of Lobenstein, town clerk Christian Gottlieb Reichard , was known as far as Paris because of his extraordinary knowledge of geography. Napoleon asked him to work as a cartographer with the army. Reichard declined, referring to his health, he stayed in bed. It is not known exactly whether he was really ill. From 1597 to 1918 the town belonged to the Principality of Reuss Younger Line , where it was the residence of the Reuss-Lobenstein subline until 1824 and from then until 1848 to the Ebersdorf line . In 1848, together with Schleiz and Hirschberg (Saale), it formed a center of the bourgeois movement.
In 1862 almost all historical buildings were destroyed in a city fire. From 1868 onwards, healing earth extracted from the neighboring raised bogs and an iron mineral spring brought about the establishment of the spa in Lobenstein.
The city received a railway connection in 1896 to Triptis (direction Gera), 1901 to Hof and 1907 to Saalfeld .
During the Second World War , 60 men and women from Eastern Europe who were housed in two " Eastern Workers' Camps " had to do forced labor : in the Werner Schröder metal works , in the sawmill and in the railway maintenance office . In the Lobenstein cemetery, a wooden cross commemorates a concentration camp prisoner who was shot by SS men on a death march on the Gallenberg . In the spa gardens, a memorial with a sculpture “Mourning Mother” by a Polish artist commemorates all victims of Bad Lobenstein's fascism .
Since March 21, 2005, the city has officially been named Bad Lobenstein , making it the twelfth spa town in Thuringia. Lobenstein had previously fought for the title of a bathroom for decades.
On August 4, 1993, the previously independent towns of Helmsgrün and Lichtenbrunn were incorporated. This was followed by Unterlemnitz on January 1, 1997, and Oberlemnitz, the last municipality for the time being, in 1999.
Development of the population (from 1994: as of December 31) :
Data source from 1994: Thuringian State Office for Statistics
The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following result, with a turnout of 54.3% (+ 6.7):
|Party / list||Share of votes||+/-||Seats||+/-|
|The left||20.7%||- 2.4||4th||± 0|
|CDU||11.1%||- 6.4||2||- 1|
|FDP||10.3%||+ 1.6||2||± 0|
|Lobensteiner Citizen List (LBL)||30.9%||+ 12.4||6th||+ 2|
|ON! - Active, independent, fair||17.4%||+ 5.6||4th||+ 2|
|Citizens for Bad Lobenstein (BfL) *||12.0%||- 10.8||2||- 3|
+/−: Difference to the municipal election 2009 * 2014: SPD / BfL
On July 1, 2012 Thomas Weigelt took office as mayor. Predecessor Peter Oppel (SPD) held the office for 18 years.
coat of arms
Blazon : "The silver-black split hull of a hound floating in red ."
The trunk of the bracken is the crest of the Count Reuss older line; it was already set in a shield in the 15th century and shown by the city as a coat of arms.
The legend tells of another version of the name Lobenstein : "Praise the stone" is said to have proclaimed Emperor Ludwig the Bavarian, who lived from 1328 to 1347, when he hunted here in this wild and wooded area. The legend reports that his favorite dog was lost during the hunt. The hunters had to search for a long time until one of the knights found the animal exhausted and slightly injured by a stone. He carried the dog to his master, who gave the knight a fief for the "promised stone" as a thank you. In memory of the event, the place was given the name Lobenstein and from then on bore the brackish head in its coat of arms.
|The Bad Lobenstein city partnerships|
Culture and sights
- New castle with castle park : a baroque complex north of the old town, built between 1714 and 1718. Residence of the Princes of Reuss-Lobenstein (until 1824), in the garden there is a pavilion (built between 1746 and 1748). In front of the castle are the old guard in the classical style as well as the former princely carriage house.
- Lobenstein Castle : a ruined castle above the old town. Two towers have been preserved (including the 35 meter high keep) and some foundation walls. The complex was built around 1300 by the Lobdeburgers and destroyed in the Thirty Years War.
- City Church of St. Michaelis : built after the city fire of 1862
- Therme: since 2002 spa and moor treatments in the Ardesia-Therme
- Markt Höhler, a historical beer rock cellar, accessible as a mountain experience as part of guided tours since 2000, which was built between 1780 and 1798 by miners from Lobenstein. Expanded from 1861 to 1863, the Höhler market today consists of an approx. 55 m long tunnel and 20 large chambers and is almost half the size of the Bad Lobenstein market square. Here you can find out everything about the earlier storage of beer in the city and about the historical ore mining in the Lobenstein-Hirschberger Gangrevier.
- Regional museum in the princely chief forester's office: The two-storey, six-axis plastered building with a slate-covered hip roof , built after a town fire in 1714, was used as a forestry office in the 18th century and has housed the regional museum since the mid-1980s.
- In the tower of the Lobenstein town hall, a figure can be seen who appears to be urinating into a barrel through a funnel. This refers to "Lommesteener Fässleseecher", the pointed and Necknamen the Lobensteiner, as frugal craft weavers in the 19th century the ammonia to produce the finishing of fabrics from human urine have won. Several times a day the figure sprays directly onto the market square.
sons and daughters of the town
- Bad Lobenstein was the residence of the princes of Reuss-Lobenstein . They can be found in the Reuss master list .
- Heinrich Albert (1604–1651), composer
- Anton Friedrich Hohl (1789–1862), physician
- Johann Heinrich Stobwasser (1740–1829), lacquerware manufacturer
- Eduard Heinrich von Geldern (from 1846: von Geldern-Crispendorf) (1806–1866), Prussian administrative lawyer and Minister of State in the Reuss younger line
- Karl Bernhard Jäger (1825–1900), member of the Reichstag and Landtag
- Friedrich Behr (1898–1958), Protestant theologian, director of the Arnstadt Marienstift
- Dietrich Hofmann (1923–1998), medievalist, hairdresser and university lecturer
- Rolf Felix Müller (* 1932), graphic designer and illustrator
- Hans Kollhoff (* 1946), architect
- Mathias Grüner (* 1954), soccer player
- Anja Rücker (* 1972), athlete; since 1997 honorary citizen of Bad Lobenstein
- Georg Andreas Sorge (1703–1778), composer, from 1721 court organist in Lobenstein.
- Christian Gottlieb Reichard (1758–1837), Councilor and Syndic of Lobenstein, cartographer
- Werner Leich (* 1927), Protestant theologian, temporarily superintendent of Lobenstein
- Axel Teichmann (* 1979), cross-country skier, attended school here and was made an honorary citizen of the city on May 2, 2003 due to his great sporting successes
The station Bad Lobenstein is located on historic triptis-marxgrün railway . In contrast to the Saalfeld – Blankenstein railway line, which is in operation for passenger and freight traffic, the Triptiser line is partially closed. The trains run on the route Saalfeld (Saale) - Hockeroda - Unterlemnitz - Blankenstein (Saale) .
|610||KomBus||Lehesten - Bad Lobenstein - Saalburg - Schleiz|
|620||KomBus||Naila - Bad Lobenstein - Remptendorf - Ziegenrück|
|630||KomBus||Bad Lobenstein - Ruppersdorf - Remptendorf|
|640||KomBus||Bad Lobenstein - Neundorf - Titschendorf - Blankenstein|
|720||KomBus||Bad Lobenstein - Blankenstein - Schleiz|
|L1||KomBus||City traffic Bad Lobenstein|
The Christopherushof is managed by the Diakoniestiftung Weimar Bad Lobenstein .
There are several transmission systems on the Geiersberg , including:
- an FM transmitter for MDR AKTUELL 101.8 MHz (0.5 kW),
- a GSM / UMTS transmitter from Vodafone D2,
- a GSM transmitter from T-Mobile, E-Plus and O 2 .
- ^ Population of the municipalities from the Thuringian State Office for Statistics ( help on this ).
- ↑ Michael Köhler : Thuringian castles and fortified prehistoric and early historical living spaces. Jenzig-Verlag Köhler, Jena 2001, ISBN 3-910141-43-9 , pp. 175-176.
- ^ Wolfgang Kahl : First mention of Thuringian cities and villages up to 1300. A manual. 2nd, improved edition. Rockstuhl, Bad Langensalza 2001, ISBN 3-934748-58-9 , p. 39.
- ↑ Thomas Bienert: Medieval castles in Thuringia. 430 castles, castle ruins and fortifications. Wartberg-Verlag, Gudensberg-Gleichen 2000, ISBN 3-86134-631-1 , p. 216.
- ↑ Lobenstein Castle.
- ^ Lobenstein mud bath. In: Hans Joachim Kessler: Healing water and bubbling springs. Encounter with historical baths in Thuringia. Reinhold, Altenburg 2001, ISBN 3-910166-44-X , pp. 84-87.
- ↑ Thuringian Association of the Persecuted of the Nazi Regime - Association of Antifascists and Study Group of German Resistance 1933–1945 (Ed.): Local history guide to sites of resistance and persecution 1933–1945. Volume 8: Thuringia. VAS - Verlag für Akademische Schriften, Frankfurt am Main 2003, ISBN 3-88864-343-0 , 223 ff.
- ^ Federal Statistical Office: Municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states. Metzler-Poeschel, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 .
- ^ StBA: Changes in the municipalities, see 1997 and 1999 .
- ^ Thuringian State Office for Statistics - 2019 municipal council elections in Thuringia, final result: Bad Lobenstein
- ↑ http://schleiz.otz.de/web/schleiz/startseite/detail/-/specific/Kuenftiger-Buergermeister-von-Bad-Lobenstein-vor-die-Tuer-etzt-889755124
- ↑ Hartmut Ulle: New Thuringian Wappenbuch. Volume 2: Ilmkreis, Jena, Kyffhäuserkreis, Saale-Orla-Kreis, Saalfeld-Rudolstadt (district), Schmalkalden-Meiningen (district), Suhl. 2nd, changed, revised edition. Working Group Genealogy Thuringia eV, Erfurt 1997, ISBN 3-9804487-2-X , p. 39.
- ↑ Bad Lobenstein is also called ... on the city's website
- ↑ a b honorary citizen of Bad Lobenstein .
- ^ New necrology of the Germans. Vol. 15, Tl. 2, 1837, ZDB -ID 2794376-8 , pp. 799-819 .